A strategic partnership dedicated to advancing science to address the centraldevelopment challenges of our time: • Reducing rural poverty • Improving food security • Improving nutrition and health • Sustainably managing natural resourcesIts research is carried out by 15 International Agricultural Research Centers,working in close collaboration with hundreds of partners worldwide. www.cgiar.org
The new CGIAR System and Progress towards the implementation of GCARD Roadmap Carlos Perez del Castillo Punta del Este, Uruguay. October 29th , 2012
An important and challenging cultural change FROM TO 15 independents Centers Centers united in CGIAR Consortium 60 donors loosely coordinated Donors united in CGIAR Fund A Center focused approach research A program-focused research agenda Different Centers’ strategies A CGIAR Strategy and Results Framework 3000 bilateral projects More development -oriented results and outcomes through 16 CRPs Individual Central governance Streamlined System-level governance with clear accountability Different reporting required by donors Harmonized reporting for all CRPs Uncertain resources Multi-year commitment funding
Progress toward ARD .... Centers Consortium CRPs Projects One Partners Fund Voice on ARDPartners Donors Centers Past Current Future
The six-point plans of 2010 Roadmap for transforming AR4D1) The need for collective focus on key priorities, as determined and shaped by science and society,2) The need for true and effective partnership between research and those it serves,3) Increased investments to meet the huge challenges ahead and ensure the required development returns from AR4D4) Greater capacities to generate, share and make use of agricultural knowledge for development change among all actors5) Effective linkages that embed research in the wider development context and actions enabling developmental change6) Better demonstration and awareness of the development impact and returns from agricultural innovation
How has the CGIAR contributed to the six-point plans of the 2010 GCARD Roadmap?
1. The need for collective focus on key priorities, as determined and shaped by science and society
3 CRPs to improve farming systems CRP Objective CGIAR Centres involved To develop technology, policy and institutional innovations to improve ICARDA, Bioversity, IWMI,Dryland Systems livelihoods, targeting the poor and ICRISAT, CIP, ICRAF, WorldFish, highly vulnerable populations in dry ILRI areas. Transform the lives of rural poor in Bioversity, CIAT, CIP, FARA, ICIPE, the humid lowlands, moist savannas Humid Tropics IITA, ILRI, IWMI, and tropical highlands in tropical WorldAgroforestry Centre Americas, Asia and Africa. Reduce poverty and improve food Aquatic security for people whose Agriculture Bioversity, IWMI, Worldfish Systems livelihoods depend on aquatic agricultural systems
One CRP to improve markets, policy and institutions, and other CRP dedicated to improve health and nutrition CRP Objective CGIAR Centres involved Establish how policies, institutions, and Policies, markets can be used most effectively BIOVERSITY, CIAT, CIMMYT, CIP,Institutions, and to reduce poverty, improve food ICARDA, ICRAF, ICRISAT, IFPRI, Markets security, and grow small producers’ IITA, ILRI, and WORLDFISH incomesAgriculture for Accelerate progress in improving the Bioversity, CIAT, CIMMYT, CIP, ImprovedNutrition and nutrition and health of poor people ICARDA, ICRAF, ICRISAT, IFPRI, Health exploiting synergies with Agriculture. IITA, ILRI, IWMI, WorldFish Center
7 CRPs to improve crops, fish and livestock CGIAR Centres CRP Objective involved Dramatically boost farm-level wheat productivity and stabilize wheat prices, while Bioversity, renewing and fortifying the crops resistance to CIMMYT,ICARDA,WHEAT globally important diseases and pests, ICRISAT, IFPRI, ILRI, IRRI enhancing its adaptation to warmer climates, and IWMI and reducing its water, fertilizer, labor and fuel Requirements Stabilize maize prices and double the productivity of maize‐based farming systems, making them more resilient and sustainable IITA, CIAT, CIMMYT, MAIZE and significantly increasing farmers’ income ICRISAT, IFPRI, ILRI, and livelihood opportunities, without using WAC more land and as climates change and fertilizer, water, and labor costs rise
Continued… CGIAR Centres CRP Objective involved Reduce poverty and hunger, improve human health and nutrition, reduce theGRiSP (Rice) environmental footprint and enhance ecosystem Africa Rice, CIAT, IRRI resilience of rice production systems through high-quality international rice research, partnership, and leadership Raise the productivity of these crops to meet Dryland CIAT, ICARDA, Cereals growing demand, while retaining or even increasing ICRISAT and IITA their resilience against stresses. Improving chickpea, common bean, cowpea, groundnut (or peanut), faba bean, lentil, pigeonpea Grain Legumes and soybean crops grown by poor smallholder ICARDA, ICRISAT families in five regions including Eastern, Western, Southern and Central Africa.
Continued.. CGIAR Centres involved CRP Objective To tap the underutilized potential of root, tuber, and banana crops to Bioversity International, CIP, RTB improve food security, nutrition, and IITA, CIAT livelihoods Increase productivity of small‐scale livestock and fish systems so as to increase availability and affordability ofLivestock and meat, milk and fish for poor consumers CIAT, ICARDA, ILRI, WorldFish Fish and, in doing so, to reduce poverty Center through greater participation by the poor along animal source food value chains.
3 CRPs to improve sustainability of natural resource base, climate change adaptation and mitigation CGIAR Centres CRP Objective involved Bioversity, CIAT, CIMMYT, CIP, Learn how to intensify farming activities, ICARDA, ICRISAT, expand agricultural areas and restore degraded Water, Land IITA, ILRI, IWMI,and Ecosystems lands, while using natural resources wisely and WorldFish Center, minimizing harmful impacts on supporting World Agroforestry ecosystems. Centre, AfricaRice, IRRI Sustainable increases in the productivity and production of healthy food by and for the poor Bioversity,Forests, Trees, and use of natural resources and biodiversity to CIAT, CIFOR, World Agroforestry improve the livelihoods of the poor in response Agroforestry Centre to climate change. Promote policy and institutional change. Overcome the threats to agriculture and foodClimate Change, security in a changing climate, exploring new All CGIAR CentersAgriculture and Food Security ways of helping vulnerable rural communities (CIAT lead centre) adjust to global changes in climate.
Gender: Mainstreaming gender research in the CRPs From Gender Platform to CGIAR Consortium Gender Strategy CRPs have their Gender Research Strategy CGIAR Gender and Agriculture Research Network Senior Expert on Gender at the system level and a gender working team in each CRP.
2. The need for true and effective partnership between research and those it serves CRPs: To be eligible for funding, CRPs must engage in effective partnerships with stakeholders to clearly identifying their role across the R&D process and leading to concrete impact on the ground CRPs: were developed together with partners & stakeholders CRPs: developed effective mechanisms and processes along CRP impact pathwaysAs a Result: Partners work in CRPs as: i. co management (including M&E) ii. co implementation Different types of partnerships GCARD II (Wide stakeholder participation provide inputs to CRPs how to strengthen partnerships)
3. Increased investments to meet the huge challenges ahead and ensure the required development returns from AR4D • GCARD I highlighted that a CGIAR budget of US$ 1.6 billion (10% of total public R&D spending) by 2025 is required to make appropriate contribution to food security and poverty reduction • Our original objective in 2008 was to double our funding 1000 Projected from US$ 550 800 to US$ 1 billion 600 in 10 years. 400 US$ mill 200 0 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013
4. Greater capacities to generate, share and make use ofagricultural knowledge for development change among all actors CGIAR is a thought leader in agricultural research for development. CGIAR generates huge amounts of data and knowledge related to agricultural and natural resources from across the world. CGIAR supports an environment where sharing knowledge across research community is encouraged to improve likelihood of impact on the ground. Results More than 80,000 scientists trained over the last 40 years Many Communities of practice across the system (Gender, IPR, Capacity Building, Knowledge Managers... Institutional processes that support opening access to research products A new cgiar.org with more than 3,000 documents and growing
5. Effective linkages that embed research in the wider development context and actions enabling developmental changeThe CGIAR SRF Price Trade Policy REDD, PES,emphasis on shift in Reserve Policyresearch towards more Climateintegrated approaches Post Harvest Land Scape change mitigation Cropping Productions system Systems Soil, Water, Forages, Genomics: Crop Agroforestry, improvement Aquaculture Climate Change adaptation
6. Better demonstration and awareness of the developmentimpact and returns from agricultural innovation The Consortium is working with a new concept of management for results with concrete and measurable outcomes for the assessment of the CRP activities The CGIAR Performance Management System: A strategic and an integrated approach to delivering successful results by improving the performance and developing the capabilities of CRPs This is one of the key component of the SRF Action Plan submitted to the Fund Council by the COnsortium