CGIAR and FAO: Joining forces on genetic resources

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Presentation given by Emile Frison, Director General of Bioversity International at the celebration of the 40th Anniversary of CGIAR, at the FAO in Rome. 2 December 2011

http://consortium.cgiar.org/cgiar-turned-40/

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CGIAR and FAO: Joining forces on genetic resources

  1. 1. CGIAR and FAO: Joining forces ongenetic resources Emile Frison, Director General Bioversity International
  2. 2. CGIAR-FAO: a long and strong partnership on genetic resources Adoption of the IT on GPA on COP 10 PGRFA Nagoya AnGR Protocol GPA for the Conservation and GB2 Sustainable Utilization of PGRFA Trust establishment Establishment of the SGRP GB4 Creation of the ICWG-GR GB3 FAO Commission on Plant IT on PGRFA comes into Genetic Resources force IBPGR FoundationCGIAR First SoW published on PGRFAcreation Adoption of 1st Session of the Governing Body the CBD of the IT on PGRFA (GB1) GB agreements with Centers International Undertaking on PGRFA CBD PoW on Agricultural Biodiversity
  3. 3. CGIAR-FAO: a long and strong partnership on genetic resources Adoption of the IT on GPA on COP 10 PGRFA Nagoya AnGR Protocol GPA for the Conservation and GB2 Sustainable Utilization of PGRFA Trust establishment Establishment of the SGRP GB4 Creation of the ICWG-GR GB3 FAO Commission on Plant IT on PGRFA comes into Genetic Resources force IBPGR FoundationCGIAR First SoW published on PGRFAcreation Adoption of 1st Session of the Governing Body the CBD of the IT on PGRFA (GB1) GB agreements with Centers International Undertaking on PGRFA CBD PoW on Agricultural Biodiversity
  4. 4. The CGIAR System-wide Genetic Resources Programme (SGRP)• Established in 1994• Representatives of the Centres and the FAO constitute its Steering Committee - the Inter-Centre Working Group on Genetic Resources (ICWG-GR)• Bioversity acted as convening centre and Programme Leader
  5. 5. CGIAR Genetic Resources Policy CommitteeMulti-stakeholder committee:• CGIAR Donors (North and South)• CGIAR Centers (2 DGs and 2 BC)• Science Council• NARS• Non Governmental Organization• Farmers Organization• Private sector (Chair of ISF)• FAO / CGRFA• Secretary of IT invited as observer
  6. 6. The Treaty was adopted by the FAOConference on 3 November 2001
  7. 7. Building a multilateral system for PGR:The International treaty on PGRFA10% 14% 12% 20% 5% 8% 11%
  8. 8. Private Voluntary Sector contributions Others International Treaty (eg, NW, IT) 1,1% of net sales Benefit- Multilateral System sharing fund SMTA3 550,000+ transfers by CG Centres, first 1.5 years R2 Priorities Criteria SMTA2 Operational Procedures R1 priority: farmers in developing countries SMTA1 who conserve and sustainably P1 utilize PGRFA information On-farm sustainable Others exchange & conservation useCP tech.transfer Int’l org Natural and legal person
  9. 9. Agreements between the GB of the Treaty andthe 11 CGIAR collections of PGR• Settled the status of these international collections as being held “in trust” for the world community and• Under the policy guidance of the Governing Body of the IT• Represent half of the genetic resources in the multilateral system• Represent over 90% of the genetic resources exchanged with SMTA
  10. 10. Global Information System on PGR Genebanks’SINGER EURISCO GRIN information systems
  11. 11. In 2003Bioversity (for the Centres) and FAO created the Global Crop Diversity Trust www.croptrust.org
  12. 12. Building a global system Regional and sectoral collaboration Funding strategyLegal framework & mechanisms Agreed Agenda Global analyses Global information system Technical
  13. 13. Animal genetic resources• Ex situ Conservation of animal genetic resources: Montpellier workshop in 2005• Global Plan of action on animal genetic resources: Interlaken 2007
  14. 14. CGIAR Contribution to theCommission on Genetic ResourcesMulti-year Programme of Work:• 2011: Climate change and genetic resources Key issues for Aquatic Genetic Resources• 2013: SoW Forest Genetic Resources Key issues for Microbial Genetic Resources• 2015: Access to Aquatic Genetic Resources Review of work on Microbial Genetic Resources• 2017: SoW on Biodiversity for Food and Agriculture Update SoW Plant Genetic resources Update SoW Animal Genetic resources
  15. 15. Thank you!

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