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AAS – Presentation for Discussion with Donors and Partners – June 2013
AAS – Presentation for Discussion with Donors and Partners – June 2013
AAS – Presentation for Discussion with Donors and Partners – June 2013
AAS – Presentation for Discussion with Donors and Partners – June 2013
AAS – Presentation for Discussion with Donors and Partners – June 2013
AAS – Presentation for Discussion with Donors and Partners – June 2013
AAS – Presentation for Discussion with Donors and Partners – June 2013
AAS – Presentation for Discussion with Donors and Partners – June 2013
AAS – Presentation for Discussion with Donors and Partners – June 2013
AAS – Presentation for Discussion with Donors and Partners – June 2013
AAS – Presentation for Discussion with Donors and Partners – June 2013
AAS – Presentation for Discussion with Donors and Partners – June 2013
AAS – Presentation for Discussion with Donors and Partners – June 2013
AAS – Presentation for Discussion with Donors and Partners – June 2013
AAS – Presentation for Discussion with Donors and Partners – June 2013
AAS – Presentation for Discussion with Donors and Partners – June 2013
AAS – Presentation for Discussion with Donors and Partners – June 2013
AAS – Presentation for Discussion with Donors and Partners – June 2013
AAS – Presentation for Discussion with Donors and Partners – June 2013
AAS – Presentation for Discussion with Donors and Partners – June 2013
AAS – Presentation for Discussion with Donors and Partners – June 2013
AAS – Presentation for Discussion with Donors and Partners – June 2013
AAS – Presentation for Discussion with Donors and Partners – June 2013
AAS – Presentation for Discussion with Donors and Partners – June 2013
AAS – Presentation for Discussion with Donors and Partners – June 2013
AAS – Presentation for Discussion with Donors and Partners – June 2013
AAS – Presentation for Discussion with Donors and Partners – June 2013
AAS – Presentation for Discussion with Donors and Partners – June 2013
AAS – Presentation for Discussion with Donors and Partners – June 2013
AAS – Presentation for Discussion with Donors and Partners – June 2013
AAS – Presentation for Discussion with Donors and Partners – June 2013
AAS – Presentation for Discussion with Donors and Partners – June 2013
AAS – Presentation for Discussion with Donors and Partners – June 2013
AAS – Presentation for Discussion with Donors and Partners – June 2013
AAS – Presentation for Discussion with Donors and Partners – June 2013
AAS – Presentation for Discussion with Donors and Partners – June 2013
AAS – Presentation for Discussion with Donors and Partners – June 2013
AAS – Presentation for Discussion with Donors and Partners – June 2013
AAS – Presentation for Discussion with Donors and Partners – June 2013
AAS – Presentation for Discussion with Donors and Partners – June 2013
AAS – Presentation for Discussion with Donors and Partners – June 2013
AAS – Presentation for Discussion with Donors and Partners – June 2013
AAS – Presentation for Discussion with Donors and Partners – June 2013
AAS – Presentation for Discussion with Donors and Partners – June 2013
AAS – Presentation for Discussion with Donors and Partners – June 2013
AAS – Presentation for Discussion with Donors and Partners – June 2013
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AAS – Presentation for Discussion with Donors and Partners – June 2013

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  • 1. AAS: Making a differenceMontpellier 24 June 2013
  • 2. Today• What is AAS• Our focus• Our impact – IDOs• How we’ll getthere (ToCs + IPs)• Some questionswww.aas.cgiar.org
  • 3. “The definition of insanity isdoing the same thing overand over again andexpecting different results”Albert Einstein• Gender• ME&IA• Scaling• Partnerships• Capacity dep’t• Integration
  • 4. aquaticagriculturalsystems
  • 5. Aquatic Agricultural SystemsSystems and livelihoods – not commodities
  • 6. Aquatic Agricultural SystemsNOT ABOUT FISH!only
  • 7. Rural povertyNumber of rural poor (millions) (<US$1.25 per day)“… there are serious andgrowing threats to theproductivity and resilience of theGreen Revolution lands.Equitability has also been low.The larger landowners havereaped most of the benefits,while the poor and landless havemissed out.” (Conway 2012)
  • 8. Integrated Agricultural Systems
  • 9. Our focus
  • 10. Mekong The Coral TriangleGBM*ZambeziPopulation living on <$1.25/day,per grid cell (resolution : 9 km atthe equator)NigerLakesVictoria-KyogaSource of poverty map: CGIAR SRFDomain Analysis Spatial Team (2009)*GBM: Ganges-Brahmaputra-Megna delta(where learning from CoralTriangle will be scaled out)South Pacific CommunityAfrican InlandAsia mega deltas• High numbers of poor and/orHigh % of total population dependent on AAS• High vulnerability to change (climate/sea level/water)• Potential to scale outGeographical FocusAfrican Coastal
  • 11. Rural poverty and AASCa. 80m peopledependent on AAS66% living inpovertySource: Bené & Teoh, in prep.
  • 12. People using AASSystem Area (km²) People <US$1.25/dayAfrica – f’water 800,000 70m 43mAfrica - coastal 300,000 12m 7mAsian Deltas 50,000 100m 40mIslands SEA + Pfc 650,000 54m 22m236m 112mSource: Bené & Teoh, in prep.
  • 13. Our impact
  • 14. AAS IDOsIncomeProductivityControl ofassetsCapacity toinnovateGreaterresilienceCapacity toadaptPoliciesMinimizedeffectsCarbonsequestrationMaterialOutcomesInstrumentalOutcomesEnvironmentalOutcomesAccess tofoodConsumption
  • 15. People benefitting from AAS by 2023System Direct ScalingHubs National RegionalAfrican freshwater 3.8m 4m 6mAfrican coastal 2.5m 1m 2mAsian Mega Deltas 13.2m 5m 4mIslands Asia-Pacific 1.9m 3m 2mTotals 21m 13m 14mCombined total 48m
  • 16. Our numbersDirect• Communities and households in each hub• Community-community learning• Scaling via partners working in the hubsScaling• 25% of poor dependent on four focal systems• to be refined with development partners
  • 17. Example targets for AAS IDOsAAS IDO Indicator Targets2017 2020 2023Income Income in # poor households increasedby at least 30% and with 40% of thatincome earned by women270,000 1.2m 2.7mConsumption& nutrition50% increase in consumption ofnutrient rich small fish and vegetablesby women and children in # poor ruralhouseholds135,000 600,000 1.35mControl ofassets anddecisionmaking# of women, youth and marginalizedpeople in focal communities pursuingnew and beneficial choices …..135,000 600,000 1.35mCapacity toinnovateCommunity and hub level innovationplatforms established in a) # hubs(#platforms) with (b) # hubs fullyperforming (# platforms)a) 15 hubs(75 p’fms)b) 5 hubs(50 p’fms)a) 24 hubs(130 p’fms)b) 10 hubs(100 p’fms)a) 24 hubs(180 p’fms)b) 15 hubs(150 p’fms)
  • 18. Value PropositionW1/W2 Bilateral Total Beneficiaries Cost/personUS$m Millions US$/personAfricaInland141 130 272 13.8m 20AfricaCoastal101 93 194 5.5m 35Asian MegaDeltas141 130 272 22.2m 12Asia-Pacificislands121 112 233 6.9m 34i. AAS + partnersii. High density areas ≠more importantiii. Wider benefits from aasiv. Synergies other CRPs
  • 19. How we’ll getthere
  • 20. Generic Theory of ChangeScienceandoutreachTechnologyimprovedMeans toenhancegender equalityunderstoodPoliciesinformedKnowledgeco-created &sharedMarketsunderstoodAdaptivecapacityinformedIDOs SLOs SDGsStakeholders+DevelopmentpartnersMultiple scales:HouseholdCommunityHub/landscapeNationalBasin/CoastalRegionalGlobal
  • 21. AAS Theories of change and Impact PathwaysResearchOutputsResearchOutcomesCRP IDOsSystemIDOsSLOs SDGsAAS Approach AAS Impact PathwaysResearch Initiatives
  • 22. The AAS Approach: Programmatic Theory of Change
  • 23. Countries and hubs2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017Africa In 1 1 2 4 6 7Africa Co 0 0 1 2 3 5Asia MDs 1 2 3 5 5 7Asia-Pcf 1 2 2 3 5 5
  • 24. Integrated themes:GenderHealth & NutritionLearning/Sharing/CommunicationEngagement & EmpowermentEffective PartnershipsHigh potentialNRM value chainsFishAquatic PlantsFarm productivity &diversificationDiversified farming systemsDietary diversificationBaseline studiesEcosystem servicesAgrobiodiversityAgric. Knowledge + infosystemsGovernanceHigh potential agric.value chainsCattleRiceHUB strategic initiativesFlood risk managementGender transformativeapproachAwareness +communication in schoolsCanal managementProgramoperationsGovernanceManagementCommunicationsCapacity building forimplementationCommunitylevelinitiativesBarotse Hub,Zambia
  • 25. How we’ll measureachievements• Indicators andmetrics• AAS impactevaluation
  • 26. Indicators and metricsAAS IDO Indicator Metrics / methodIncome Income of poor households AAS multi-purpose HH survey;Use of, and participation in, existinglivelihood surveys (e.g. FtF Bangladesh)Consumption& nutritionConsumption of selected nutrient richfood in poor HHsDietary diversity of poor HHsNutrient intact from consumption of targetfoods/total intake from all foods consumedIndividual dietary diversity score (A4HN)Control ofassets anddecisionmaking# of women, youth and marginalizedpeople with greater control over assetsand decision makingWomen’s empowerment in agriculture index(WEAI)Others ….Capacity toinnovate# innovation platforms establishedRate of community-level innovation# of hubs and countries (idea of measuringperformance)TBD
  • 27. Foundation stones of AAS impact evaluation1. Theory of change2. Staged approach3. Understandingcausality4. Design framework
  • 28. Foundation 1: Build and test nested theoriesof change• With stakeholders• From the beginning
  • 29. Foundation 2: Staged evaluations• Pathways unclearto begin with• Staged approach• Ex-ante• Mid-term• Ex-post• In support oflearning andaccountability
  • 30. Foundation 3: Demonstrating andunderstanding causality• Across a wider set ofexpected change• Accountable to a widerset of stakeholders• Acknowledgecontribution• Parsimonious andpractical• Innovation required
  • 31. Foundation 4: Framework for selectingimpact evaluation designsFrom: Stern et al, 2012• Theory based• Case based• Participatory• Experimental
  • 32. Gender Equality OutcomesAAS IDO Indicators and TargetsHousehold income 40% of increased income earned and controlled by womenConsumption and nutrition 50% increase in consumption of nutrient rich small fish andvegetables by women and childrenPolicies Evidence of positive contributions to shifts in gender equitablepolicies, policy implementation or institutional contextControl of assets anddecision makingNumber of women, youth and marginalized groups-pursuing new and beneficial livelihood choices-accessing services and inputs-building personal and household assets-controlling decisions regarding production, assets, income,expenditure-% taking up leadership roles in communitiesProcess indicators:-Number of functional GTA reflection and learning groupsembedded in innovation platforms-Number of program staff, partners and service providers whoseskills have been built to facilitate GTA-Coalitions at different levels formed to facilitate uptake of gendertransformative approaches-Number of partner programs embedding GTA
  • 33. AAS Impact Pathway for gender equality
  • 34. Gender anddevelopmentanalysis,methods andtools focusedon AASdevelopmentchallengesAnalysis, toolsand methodsused to designand implementgendertransformativeRinD strategiesandinterventions inAASChanges in genderroles and normsIncreased access toassets, resources,knowledge, skills,social networks,markets andservicesEquity enablingpolicies andinstitutionsImproved range andquality of lifechoicesControl ofdecision-makingEnhancedengagement inmarketsEnhancedbenefits fromuse of assets,resourcesGender equitablesystems andstructuresHigher participationand leadership incommunity initiatives
  • 35. Gender Capacity 2013AAS Science ThemeLeadersFive program countries: Bangladesh, Cambodia,Philippines, Solomons, ZambiaHub genderresearch analystsHub developmentpartnersHub implementingteamHub genderresearch partnersGlobalgenderteamStrategic genderresearch partners(UEA, Johns Hopkins,Promundo, ICRW)ConsultantsGender WorkingGroup(Country programleaders)65Gender AdvisoryGroup
  • 36. Achieving outcomes at scalePathway 1Pathway 2Pathway 3
  • 37. AAS – pathways to impact at scalePathway 3Focus on national, regional andglobal scalingPathway 2Focus on hubs: transformingenabling conditionsPathway 1Focus on hubs: directengagement with communitiesand partners•Ensuring highest quality research•Demonstrating significant outcomes•Communicating effectively•Working through high quality developmentpartnerships•Enabling new alliances and collaborations•Transforming power relations and gendernorms•Creating opportunities to experiment•Improving knowledge, information andtechnology systems•Building capacity•Informing policy reform•Fostering community led innovation•Developing and disseminating technologies•Supporting improved governance•Engaging with power relations and gendernorms
  • 38. AAS – Partners and pathways to scalePathway 3Pathway 2Pathway 1•Global Development Institutions•Regional development institutions•Global Science networks•Regional science networks•International NGOs• National and local Governments• NARS• NGOs (national and international)• Other research partners• Private sector• Local Government• NARS• Community Organizations + NGOs• Other research partners• Private sector
  • 39. Key Partnerships - ZambiaTypes ofpartnersWho we’re working with Role in scalingCoreinstitutionsProvincial and National PolicyKeyimplementingpartnersProvincial and NationalCapacity (research anddevelopment)Integration of learning intodevelopment programs –landscape and nationalBREUNZAWith bilateral and multilateral agencies supporting locally and scaling nationallySenanga Farmers Assoc.
  • 40. Key partnerships - BangladeshTypes ofpartnersWho we’re working with Role in scalingCoreInstitutionsNational PolicyKeyimplementingpartners(research)Foster moreresponsiveresearch bynational levelresearchers andconnectivitybetween farmcommunities andresearchersBangladeshplanningcommission BARCDepartmentof FisheriesDepartment ofAgriculture andextensionBARI BRRIBangladeshAgricultureUniversityKhulnaUniversity
  • 41. Key partnerships – BangladeshTypes ofpartnersWho we’re working with Role in scalingKeyimplementingpartners(development)Integration offarmer andresearcherresearch andcapacities intolarge scaledevelopmentprogramsWith bilateral and multilateral agencies supporting locally and scaling nationally
  • 42. Collaboration with Other CRP’sAquaticHumidtropicsDrylandsWLE/CCAFSCommoditiesNutrition SensitiveLandcapes Climate Change Gender
  • 43. Somequestions
  • 44. What keeps us awake at night?• Approach?• IDOs?• Numbers?• Scaling – pathways 2 & 3?• Partnerships?• Capacity?
  • 45. Thank You

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