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  • 1. A GUIDE TOWorking in Wales
  • 2. Contents01 55The Job Market in Wales Section 5: The GO Wales Programme03 Work PlacementsSection1: Work TastersSectors of Employment Graduate Development FundAerospace and Defence GO Wales JobsAutomotive Online Advice and GuidanceBioscience GO Wales FairConstructionContact and Shared ServicesCreative Industries 63Energy and Sustainability Section 6:Financial Services Support Services forPublic Sector Graduates in WalesSocial CareTechnologyTourismNot for Profit OrganisationsSelf Employment23Section2:Graduate Salaries in Wales35Section 3:Recruitment MethodsCareers on the InternetJob Adverts in Regional and National PressSpeculative ApplicationsNetworking45Section 4:The Job Market For…Jobseekers with a DisabilityWelsh Speakers and LearnersInternational GraduatesMature GraduatesWorking in Wales has been compiled to provide students and graduates with an overview of the Job Market in Wales and to indicate good practicein the process of decision-making and job applications for this market. Whilst every effort has been made to ensure that the information in thisbooklet is accurate, it should be noted that contact details, especially web addresses and telephone numbers frequently change.Some material reproduced with the kind permission of Cardiff University.This version written & devised by Annie Jones, GO Wales, Cardiff University.
  • 3. WWW.GOWALES.CO.UK _ A GUIDE TO WORKING IN WALES _ 01The Job Market in WalesMany people want to build a career in Walesfollowing a period of study here. This booklet hasbeen compiled to give readers a broad overview ofthe Welsh economy in 2008 and to provideinformation on some of our key employmentsectors. It also signposts readers to the most likelysources of graduate jobs – throughout a range ofweb and paper based media – and includes thevery latest information on graduate salaries andthe GO Wales programme. Overview > Wales is an integral region of the United Kingdom and the European Union. The Welsh economy is built on a free enterprise approach and the free trade system. > Wales has a population of some 2.9 million people, with the greatest concentration found in the South East and the North East. The largest city in Wales is the Capital, Cardiff, alongside other major city centres such as Swansea, Newport and Wrexham. This is where the majority of opportunities tend to arise. > The Welsh economy is diverse, incorporating cutting edge technologies in electronics and IT, manufacturing, engineering, telecommunications, media, leisure, tourism and agriculture. Its heritage of innovation and creativity means that many leading companies now thrive in Wales. As a result, Wales has one of the most developed business infrastructures in Europe.
  • 4. 02 _ A GUIDE TO WORKING IN WALES _ WWW.GOWALES.CO.UKThe Job Market in WalesOverview continued> Into the 21st Century, Wales has transformed > Aerospace and biotechnology companies into a technologically advanced economy with are also expanding, in addition to the 170 new industries focussed on high-tech Healthcare companies that have already electronics, aerospace, engineering and invested in Wales – employing over 13,000 telecommunications. As well as boasting some staff in the process. of the highest manufacturing productivity rates > Wales also mirrors the prolific, world-wide in the U.K, Wales also employs the most growth in the media industry – with some of cutting edge means of doing e-business – the best regional and national media in the in an environment where start up costs are UK. These include the areas of print and among the lowest in the U.K. As a result, broadcast, film and television and music and 4 of the worlds 6 largest electronics entertainment. There is also a thriving manufacturers have established professional service industry which includes themselves here. news agencies, public and media relations> According to the Small Business Services consultancies and production companies. organisation, 99% of businesses in Wales are Wales is already leading the way with the Small to Medium Sized Enterprises (SMEs) launch of S4C digital, and one of the most employing less than 250 people – and the advanced and widespread digital cable majority of these are classified as micro- networks in the UK. organisations i.e. businesses with less than > Helping to fuel this growth in Welsh media 10 employees. Despite their high number are Welsh Universities, which have an however, SMEs are not the major employer. international reputation for providing some of> The Public Sector is by far the largest the best degrees in all aspects of the media. employer across all the Welsh regions. > Agriculture and food processing is also a key> Over the past 20 years, over 1,500 companies industrial sector in Wales. Approximately 80% have invested some £13 billion in Wales, of land remains devoted to agriculture with which has led to a significant presence of some 30,000 active holdings – the majority of larger commercial and manufacturing which are dependant on livestock production. companies. Under the guidance of the National Assembly,> Wales has shifted away from the heavy the Agri-food partnership has been extractive and manufacturing industries established to help improve efficiency and which shaped its past, and has embraced profitability in this industry, for which the technology as its future. The traditional view annual Royal Welsh Show in Builth Wells is its of Wales as a land of coal mines and steel showcase. Within the food processing sector, works is now very much outdated. seven of the UK’s top ten companies have operations in Wales – including Unilever> One growth employment sector in South Wales and Kellogg’s. is now the communications and associated > Tourism and Leisure are also key industries - service industries. These include global brands such as BT, Vodaphone, T-Mobile and with Wales’ popularity as a holiday destination NTL, all of which have a presence in Wales. mirroring the rapid development of the UK tourist industry in general. This sector employs> High-tech and opto-electronics companies an estimated 100,000 people and contributes producing semi-conductor wafer boards and £2 billion to the Welsh economy each year. fibre optic technology are also prospering in Wales – employing over 30% of the UKs workforce in this sector. walesworldnation
  • 5. SECTION 1:Sectors of Employment
  • 6. 04 _ A GUIDE TO WORKING IN WALES _ WWW.GOWALES.CO.UKSECTION 1:Sectors of EmploymentAerospace and defenceAerospace and defence are global industries led > In North Wales BAE Systems have a growingby a small number of large companies, who in presence at RAF Valley, and west Wales offersturn are supported by numerous small and ParcAberporth – a new European environmentmedium-sized enterprises. The UK has the for unmanned systems technologysecond largest aerospace industry in the world development (ParcAberporth is the only civil-and covers a number of world-class leading licensed airfield in the UK approved formanufacturers and suppliers. Aerospace and Unmanned Aerial Vehicle flying).defence cover a range of products and servicesincluding aeronautical, marine and land-basedvehicles, materials, personnel, medical devices, Contactselectronics, communication services andenvironmental technologies. The UK is the Airbussecond largest defence equipment manufacturer the world, and employs some of the most Babcock International Grouphighly-skilled workers in the UK. is a centre of excellence for aerospace. British Airways MaintenanceIn particular, MRO related activities repair & operations) employ Contour Premium Seating Ltdwell in excess of 20,000 people throughout www.contour.aero150 companies. State-of-the-art facilities now DARA (Defence Aviation Repair Agency)manufacture, supply, maintain, repair and civil and military aircraft from aroundthe world. GE Engine Aircraft Engine Services> In North Wales a strong cluster of global General Dynamics UK Ltd aerospace companies has developed around Airbus UKs wing manufacturing facility. NORDAM Europe Ltd Companies such as Raytheon Aircraft Services Ltd (RASL) and Raytheon Systems Ltd (RSL) are supported by a strong cluster of specialist Hawker Beechcraft aerospace engineering companies that include Qioptiq and Cytec. Qioptiq> South Wales is an established location for global MRO companies. British Airways has three facilities in south Wales: BA IBW Maintenance Cardiff (BAMC), BA Interiors Engineering, and BA Avionic Engineering. South Wales is also home to GE Aviation, NORDAM Europe and Lufthansa.> St. Athan in south Wales will also be the home for the UK MODs new tri-service training centre. The Metrix Consortium are the preferred bidders for the UK Defence Training Review – a 25 year, £10 billion contract.
  • 7. WWW.GOWALES.CO.UK _ A GUIDE TO WORKING IN WALES _ 05AutomotiveThe Wales automotive industry has a well Contactsestablished and diverse supply chain clusterthat offers the complete range of technological Calsonic Kansei Europe Plcsupport, covering the total product life-cycle www.ckeurope.comfrom concept, design and test, through to Meritor Heavy Vehicle Braking Systems (UK) Ltdmanufacture. In addition, Wales is the second www.arvinmeritor.commost successful UK region in securingautomotive foreign direct investment (after the Sogefi Filtration Ltdwest Midlands). Automotive investment is crucial www.sogefifiltration.comto Wales as the sector employs around 25,000 TRB Ltdpeople and plays an essential role in the national, generating over £3 billion annually. Kautex Textron CVS Ltd www.textron.comKey strengths and opportunities lie in: Northern Automotive Ltd> Advanced Powertrain and Alternative Fuel Technology Mitsui Components Europe Ltd> Niche Vehicles, Design and Development> Performance Engineering & Materials DT (Automotives) Ltd> Power Electronics & Telematics Ford Motor Company LtdCollaboration is benefiting from its excellent engineering Toyota Motor Manufacturing (UK) Ltdeducation and investing heavily in future with finance, human resources andcutting edge research: Robert Bosch TRW Steering Systems LtdA technology-led incubation network that www.trw.comprovides knowledge, support and physicalfacilities to help young technology businesses in IBWWales realise their potential for long-term growth.CETICSThe Centres of Excellence have a track record ofworking with industry on projects ranging fromshort-term problem solving, to long term strategicrelationships.
  • 8. 06 _ A GUIDE TO WORKING IN WALES _ WWW.GOWALES.CO.UKSECTION 1:Sectors of EmploymentBioscienceWales is home to one of the UKs most well Contactsestablished bioscience clusters. With itslongstanding reputation for scientific and GE Healthcareacademic excellence, over 250 companies www.gehealthcare.comhave chosen Wales as their base with the sector Convatec Ltdalready employing over 15,000 people. of the medical device and diagnostic firms British Biocell Internationalare clustered along the M4 corridor and in and www.bbigold.comaround Wrexham and Deeside. There are always Wockhardta number of factors that contribute to the www.wockhardt.comdevelopment of a med-tech cluster – the Huntleigh Diagnostics Ltdproximity of a stimulating academic and research and the availability of a skilledlabour force are essential. In many cases, a Norginecommitment at the public level, manifested by www.norgine.comtargeted support and a sound infrastructure, Molecular Light Technology Research Ltdis necessary. Merck Chemicals LtdWhile all of these elements are present in Wales www.emdbiosciences.coma spirit of convergence, as much as anythingelse, has contributed to the emergence of a Prothericsuccessful bioscience cluster. The cluster in www.protherics.comWales comprises links between organisations Penn Pharmaceutical Services Ltdof all sizes, from small local companies to the bioscience companies who rely Simbec Researcon them for support. Therefore sector breadth capability is broad: blue chip players,GE Healthcare, Huntleigh Diagnostics and Bayer,rub shoulders with niche companies like Q-Chip IBWand Zoobiotic.The Welsh bioscience cluster has trading andacademic partnerships with organisationsthroughout Europe and beyond – where demandfor Welsh bioscience expertise and products isset to grow substantially over the next decade.The continued success of the sector has beenbuilt upon the links between renowned academicinstitutes such as Cardiff University and otherindigenous companies. In addition, Wales alsoboasts a strong and stable skills base, purposebuilt infrastructure and a firm commitment to thesector by the Welsh Assembly Government.
  • 9. WWW.GOWALES.CO.UK _ A GUIDE TO WORKING IN WALES _ 07ConstructionWales construction industry has been enjoying a Contactsboom over recent years. Multi-million poundredevelopments of city centres and waterfronts in Macob Holdings LtdCardiff, Swansea and Newport have generated employment. Projects include David McLeanunprecedented development of houses and, major shopping complexes andiconic structures such as the Millennium Watkin Jones GroupStadium and Millennium Centre. CostainToday construction accounts for 93,000 jobs www.costain.comacross a broad range of trades and professions – Westbury/Persimmonapproximately 8% of the entire Welsh workforce. http://corporate.persimmonhomes.comThese are employed by around 10,000businesses, 90% of which are small enterprises Redrow Plcemploying fewer than 10 people. Businesses www.redrow.comrange from large civil engineering operations to Kingspan Ltdsmall specialist enterprises. Many of the big www.kingspan.comname contractors have permanent bases in Rowecord Holdings LtdWales – including Costain, Westbury and www.rowecord.comRedrow.The sector also includes what may be Walesoldest established company – Watkin Jones ofBangor. The family-owned firm formed in 1791,now employs 271 people across North Wales.
  • 10. 08 _ A GUIDE TO WORKING IN WALES _ WWW.GOWALES.CO.UKSECTION 1:Sectors of EmploymentContact and Shared ServicesThere are around 160 contact and shared Contactsservice centre businesses in Wales employing atotal of more than 27,000 people. These Ntl/Virgin Mediaoperations cover financial services, government, www.virginmedia.comutilities, telecommunications, retail, travel and IT. HBOS www.hbosplc.comAmong the blue chip players who have investedand reinvested in Welsh contact centres are ntl, ING DirectHBOS, Zurich and ING, and more recently, Tesco, Logica CMG and The Big Food LiberataGroup. The largest sector – finance and IT – www.liberata.comgenerally offers a wide range of activities Logica CMGincluding accounts payable, accounts receivable, www.logicacmg.comcash management, payroll and IT services. Laura AshleyOverall growth of the sector has continued in www.lauraashley.comrecent years – by 13% between 2002 and 2004. Centrica/British GasFactors influencing this growth include:> High staff retention and attrition rates well Lloyds TSB below the UK average> Highly positive feedback from employers Zurich on levels of motivation and commitment> Availability of suitable ready-to-occupy properties at affordable rates and sites for IBW development generally> Strong local network of professional business services> Two highly active employer forums which provide research, benchmarking, skills and recruitment support and networking opportunities> Increased collaboration with the academic sector on skills and research> Strong on-going public sector support> One of the most advanced digital telecoms infrastructures in Europe> A highly advanced digital telecommunications network
  • 11. WWW.GOWALES.CO.UK _ A GUIDE TO WORKING IN WALES _ 09Creative IndustriesAnimation FilmThe animation industry UK-wide consists of a The film industry employs some 27,000 peopleworkforce that stretches across many sectors across the UK, mainly in small productionin the audio visual industry. Animated content companies and mainly based in London – wherefeatures widely on television, in feature films, 95% of all UK film productions are located. Incommercials, websites and computer or video Wales, the industry is dominated by a few smallgames. production companies located in Cardiff, the majority of whom also produce TV and radioFast Facts content.> The 2006 Skillset Census identified 354 people working in animation in Wales Fast Facts (as both freelancers and employees). > The 2004 Skillset Film Production Workforce> According to the census, approximately 31% Survey estimates a total of 10,000 people of the animation workforce is freelance and a having worked on UK productions in 2002 of similar proportion is female. which 7% (or 720 people) had worked in Wales.> The census identified 36% Welsh speakers working in animation on census day, > Recent film productions from Wales include underlining the role of the Welsh medium Tomb Raider II, King Arthur, The Libertine, broadcast media in supporting the sector. Half Light, Hitch Hikers Guide to the Galaxy, Heidi, Daddys Girl & Big Nothing.> The sector is centred on Cardiff and to a lesser extent North Wales. However, its > The industry has also produced talented film growing links with multimedia may lead to practitioners including Director Marc Evans greater geographical dispersion across the whose credits include Snowcake, Trauma, country. My Little Eye, House of America and Beautiful Mistake, and actors such as Ioan Gruffydd> Welsh animation includes titles such as Sali and Matthew Rhys – who have starred in 102 Mali and Animated Tales of the World, and Dalmatians, ITV’s adaptation of The Forsyte brand new productions such as Hanas Saga, Black Hawk Down, King Arthur, Helpline, produced entirely in Wales by Calon Fantastic Four, Amazing Grace, Very Annie TV. Mary, Brothers and Sisters and The Edge of> Animated films from Wales have also won two Love collectively. Oscar nominations (Famous Fred and The Canterbury Tales) and a collection of Emmy The new Film Agency for Wales was established awards. in July 2006 with a remit to ensure that the economic, cultural and educational aspects of film are effectively represented in Wales, the UK and the world. They have just announced the first International Film and Music Festival for Wales, to be held during November 2008 at a range of venues across Cardiff, South Wales. The festival will be opened by Rhodri Glyn Thomas, the Minister for Heritage, supported by Danny Boyle and James Dean Bradfield. See for more information.
  • 12. 10 _ A GUIDE TO WORKING IN WALES _ WWW.GOWALES.CO.UKSECTION 1:Sectors of EmploymentTelevisionTelevision is economically vital to the media Contactsindustry in Wales, underpinning much of theactivity in related sectors such as facilities and BBC Walesfilm. Terrestrial television (BBC, ITV and S4C) independent production companies are S4Cthe most significant employers. Facts ITV Wales> Television has an occupationally diverse and highly skilled workforce split between staff and Tinopolis freelance employment – with a relatively high proportion of Welsh speakers (especially in the Calon TV independent sector – at 36%).> According to a Skillset workforce survey, Boomerang Wales accounts for 5% of the total UK television workforce. Motion Blur Ltd> TV companies in Wales regularly produce content for network transmission whilst we also have many small independents which Green Bay typically produce only one or two commissions a year, mostly in a single genre. Barcud Derwen> According to the 2006 Skillset census, the television industry accounts for more than Aspect Television 3,500 jobs in Wales, fairly evenly split between broadcasters and independent Dinamo producers. In the independent sector, over half of the workforce is freelance. Griffilms Ltd www.griffilms.comskillset Atticus Design and Media Young Creatives Network
  • 13. WWW.GOWALES.CO.UK _ A GUIDE TO WORKING IN WALES _ 11Energy and SustainabilityWales is presently at the forefront of sustainable Contactsenergy generation in the UK, with the WelshAssembly Government keen to increase Chevron UKinvestment in both hydro and wind power. Welsh www.chevron.comWater is currently Wales’ premier performing Elf Oil UKutility company with several other energy service performing competitively within thesector also. The main utility companies listed British Gasbelow offer graduate opportunities as do the energy/petrochemical operations. National Grid> In West Wales, Pembrokeshire has a strong Dwr Cymru Welsh Water cluster of petrochemical industries based around the refineries at Pembroke Dock and Milford Haven, and the liquefied natural gas Wales & West Utilities storage facility at Waterston.> In the renewable energy sector, the UKs most First Hydro Co powerful wind farm has been opened near Aberystwyth, capable of generating 42,000 Western Power Distribution (South Wales) Plc homes with electricity. Developed by Falck Renewables, there is great support from the United Utilities Operational services Ltd Welsh Assembly Government to develop more of these facilities in Mid, West and South Wales. Environment Agency Wales> South Wales has the main cluster of energy providers and utility services including Welsh Water, Wales and West Utilities and British IBW Gas. These are some of the largest single employers in Cardiff and Newport – with Wales and West Utilities having a current staff of 1200.> North Wales is home to both sustainable, hydro electric generation and multi utility providers. Machynlleth in Powys is also home to the Centre for Alternative Technology which is one of Europes primary sustainability centres – providing education, training and consultancy on renewable energy, environmental building, energy efficiency and eco transport.
  • 14. 12 _ A GUIDE TO WORKING IN WALES _ WWW.GOWALES.CO.UKSECTION 1:Sectors of EmploymentFinancial ServicesWales has a buoyant and growing financial Contactsservices sector. It is home to more than 1,800companies employing a total of around 28,000 Black Horse Financepeople, and contributes 5% to Welsh GDP. 2002 Lloyds TSB Insurance Services Ltd www.lloydstsb.comBanks and building societies dominate the sectorin Wales – employing 62% of the workforce – Firstplus Financial Group Ltdalthough insurance and pension companies an important sub-sector, accounting Composite Legal Expensesfor 21% of employment. The remainder work in www.composite-legal.comoperation and supervision enterprises. These HSBCinclude insurance brokers, independent financial, fund managers, asset managers,stockbrokers, actuaries, loss adjustors; risk Legal & Generalmanagers, exchanges, wealth managers. Admiral InsuranceSince the early 1990s many UK and global services companies have relocated and The Principality Building Societyexpanded in Wales. Among them are HBOS, TSB, HSBC, Zurich, GMAC, GE and Legal& General. In addition home-grown companies Julian Hodge Banksuch as Admiral Insurance, The Principality www.julianhodgebank.comBuilding Society, Julian Hodge Bank and Thomas CarrollThomas Carroll have expanded dramatically over years – Admiral began trading in Cardiff Evans & Reid Investment Co Ltdwith 57 staff in 1993, today it has a million, turnover of £548m and 1,700employees at sites in both Cardiff and Swansea. IBWThe breadth of services and functions is alsoincreasing. Legal & General opened a smallcontact centre in Cardiff in 1996, today the firmhas its UK service operations centre here, alongwith its retail investment business, directbusiness and medical underwriting centre. With2,000 employees, Cardiff is the companyslargest operation in the UK.
  • 15. WWW.GOWALES.CO.UK _ A GUIDE TO WORKING IN WALES _ 13Public SectorThe public sector employs by far the largest NHS Walesnumber of people in Wales – 23.7% of the population. Nationally, levels of public As the largest employer in Wales with 81,000sector employment have consistently increased employees and 133 hospitals and clinics, theacross a range of areas including: health service can offer a range of over 200> Health career opportunities.> Social Care> Education Welsh Assembly Government> Law Enforcement> Local/Regional Govt The Welsh Assembly Government is responsible> Higher Education for most day-to-day issues of people in Wales,> Prison Service including the economy, health, education, and> Fire Service local government.> Library Service> Museums National Library of Wales> Environment Agency> Housing The National Library of Wales offers a diversePublic sector jobs in Wales have a local, regional range of employment opportunities and seeksand national dimension. Generally employment to appoint enthusiastic staff to work within theopportunities require a range of generic skill sets Library’s services.– from finance and accountancy, law, projectmanagement, marketing, HR, IT, Sports Council Walescommunications and administration to industry qualifications and other specialisms. The Sports Council for Wales is the national organisation responsible for developing andThere are some Public Sector graduate training promoting sport and active lifestyles. It is theschemes which operate successfully in Wales main adviser on sporting matters to the Welshe.g. Civil Service Fast Stream, National Graduate Assembly Government and is responsible forDevelopment Programme (for Local Government distributing funds from the National Lottery.administration) and the NHS ManagementTraining Scheme Wales (in either finance orgeneral management). However, the majority ofgraduates will enter these areas of employmentby applying for advertised posts.It is worth noting that fast track schemes mayhave extremely early closing dates, and it isadvisable to check 12 months in advance forthose in your area. Direct entry jobs can beadvertised at any time of the year, and it is worthnoting that the speculative approach is lessapplicable here as the Public Sector alwaysadvertises its opportunities. Note that pay maybe lower in the Public Sector than in some largercompanies, but terms and conditions of serviceare generally very good, and trainingopportunities are usually excellent.
  • 16. 14 _ A GUIDE TO WORKING IN WALES _ WWW.GOWALES.CO.UKSECTION 1:Sectors of EmploymentPublic Sector continuedHM Prison Service Higher Higher Education Institutions employ largeThe Prison Service offers a variety of rewarding numbers of people. As diverse organisations,careers. As well as prison officers, there are they offer career opportunities across a broademployment opportunities in training, healthcare, range of areas from academics andchaplaincy, psychology, operational support, administrators, to lab technicians, legal officersagricultural, catering, building & allied trades and and catering managers. It is an environment thatadministration – as well as intensive development welcomes part-time and contract employees, andand managerial schemes. as student numbers continue to increase, there is sustained opportunity for promotion and careerPolice & Law development.All police forces in Wales welcome applicationsfrom all sections of the community - either as Aberystwyth Universityuniformed Police Officers, PCSOS, Special or Police Staff. Bangor Cardiff University North East Wales Institute of Higher Swansea Metropolitan UniversityFire Service Firefighters are highly trained torespond to a wide range of emergency calls, Trinity College, Carmarthenincluding fires, road traffic collisions, special, chemical spills and floods. Firefighters University of Glamorganalso spend time educating the public about fire via educational talks in schools and by University of Wales College, Newportvisiting individuals at home. Employment are found either as a Wholetime orRetained Firefighter, working in the Control room, University of Wales Institute, Cardiffor as a member of support staff. Swansea University University of Wales,
  • 17. WWW.GOWALES.CO.UK _ A GUIDE TO WORKING IN WALES _ don’t just have to be passionate about artand objects to work in a museum or art gallery.The focus for museums and galleries is onplacing their collections at the heart of the publicrealm, and finding new ways to ensure thatcommunities fully engage with collections.Gaining employment in museums and artgalleries in Wales is highly competitive though,and for some positions a postgraduatequalification is required. Many positions alsorequire extensive work experience and advertisedposts are often short-term or fixed-termcontracts. There are 7 national museums inWales:National Museum CardiffSt Fagans: National History MuseumBig Pit: National Coal MuseumNational Wool MuseumNational Roman Legion MuseumNational Slate MuseumNational Waterfront Museum
  • 18. 16 _ A GUIDE TO WORKING IN WALES _ WWW.GOWALES.CO.UKSECTION 1:Sectors of EmploymentSocial CareThe social care sector in Wales is made up of > The majority of employment in social care ispublic, private and voluntary employers who located in South East Wales, Althoughprovide a wide range of complex and diverse between 1990 and 2000 employment in theservices. These are designed to enable some of sector in North Wales grew by 30%.the most vulnerable people in our society to live > Trends across the sub-sectors cannot beas independently and safely as possible. There predicted at this stage as some are in declineare well over 100,000 people at any one time with others expected to grow – e.g. thereceiving support from social services authorities delivery of intermediate care and rehabilitationin their own home, in day settings and in services. However, overall the social careresidential and nursing homes. The quality and sector is expected to expand at a faster rateresponsiveness of the services that are provided than the Welsh economy as a whole.are directly linked to the quality, sufficiency andstability of the workforce. FSWThere are currently approximately 70,000 peopleemployed in social care in Wales with over 50% Contactsemployed by private employers. 80% of thoseworking in the sector are women and 62% over Ategithe age of 35. BAVO facts Care and Repair Cymru> The social care workforce of 70,000 (full-time and part-time) represents 4% of the total Hafal workforce in Wales, employing a similar number to the business and finance sector. Mind Cymru> The social care sector is complex. It is made up of three subsectors – the public, private and voluntary, delivering services in a range of home, community and residential settings to a diverse range of clients.> The balance of public to independent provision varies across service areas and localities. This mix is primarily driven by the commissioning and service strategies of local authorities that are developed within national policy frameworks.> The main vocational skill areas include social work and care skills, with over a quarter of employees in the sector working as care assistants.> The majority of services delivered are publicly funded, but the independent sector has grown significantly in the last 20 years and over half of the total workforce is estimated to now work in the private sector.
  • 19. WWW.GOWALES.CO.UK _ A GUIDE TO WORKING IN WALES _ 17TechnologyOver the last three decades, the Welsh Contactstechnology sector has established an impressivetrack record for innovation. Its 30,000-strong Alcatel-Lucentskilled workforce accounts for some 5.5% of www.alactel-lucent.comGross Value Added to the Welsh economy. The Mitel Networks Ltdindustrys combined turnover now exceeds £3.2 www.mitel.combillion, with a healthy mix of well-establishedbusinesses and young, fast-growing enterprises. International Rectifier Newport Ltd www.irf.comThe industrys balance has shifted markedly in IQE Plcrecently years from high volume manufacturing, www.iqep.comto lower-volume, higher-value niche production. Thomson Broadband UK LtdWales is now home to a stable base of smaller, specialist companies who tend to locatetheir HQ, research and development (or a Woodheadsubstantial part of their operation) here. It is www.woodheadconnectivity.comestimated that the technology industry in Wales Orion Electric (UK) Ltdconsists of around 300 medium to large-sized and up to 3,000 small, niche-market Harman/Becker Automotive Systemscompanies. www.harmanbecker.comThe overall technology sector in Wales breaks Biotrace International Plcdown into four key sub-sectors. These are:> High volume electronics manufacturing Biomet (UK) Ltd – Orthopaedic Solutions> Niche electronics manufacturing> Software and IT Services IBW> SemiconductorsWhilst smaller, niche companies are establishingthemselves throughout Wales, the technologyand telecommunications sector remains pre-dominantly along the M4 corridor and southeast/valleys area. Global companies locatingHQs in this area prefer the fast access to themajor legal and financial markets in London, aswell as access to a highly-skilled and technicalworkforce.
  • 20. 18 _ A GUIDE TO WORKING IN WALES _ WWW.GOWALES.CO.UKSECTION 1:Sectors of EmploymentTourismTourism in Wales is an important strand of the Fast Factseconomy – producing revenues of around £3bn > Tourists spend over £8 million a day on tripsa year. Overall, Wales attracts more than 11 in Wales – this amounts to around £3 billionmillion visitors per annum, 10 million of whom a year.come from within the UK itself. > In direct terms, tourism contributes 3.7% of whole-economy value added in Wales.In 2004-5, £6.7m of Welsh AssemblyGovernment funding was channeled into 111 > Approximately 100,000 people in Wales areprojects under its investment support scheme, employed in tourism – approx 9% of thegenerating £40m in total investment (£21.2m of workforce.which was from the private sector) – creating or > The UK accounts for 93% of tourism trips tosafeguarding 435 full-time-equivalent jobs. Wales. > 70% of UK tourists to Wales come for aThe major thrust of advertising and promotional holiday, 20% to visit friends or relatives andactivity during this period was via the Big Country 7% for a business trip.campaign, which, from a total budget of some£6m, generated additional income of more than > Over one million trips are taken to Wales£100m Wales wide. annually by overseas tourists. The most popular origins of overseas visitors are Republic of Ireland, USA, and Germany. > 50% of trips by UK tourists to Wales go to the countryside or small towns/villages. > The most popular activities undertaken by tourists in Wales are walking, swimming, visiting historic attractions such as castles and visiting museums and galleries. > The most popular attraction in Wales is the Museum of Welsh Life which attracts over 600,000 visitors annually. > In serviced accommodation in Wales, there are over 80,000 bed spaces available. Visit Wales For case studies and further information on each of these key sectors, refer to the Working in Wales section of the GO Wales web site (
  • 21. WWW.GOWALES.CO.UK _ A GUIDE TO WORKING IN WALES _ 19Not for Profit OrganisationsThe not for profit sector is also referred to as the Applications to thecharity, voluntary, third or community sector. It Not for Profit Sectoroffers a diverse selection of jobs in the paid and Types of employment vary between finance,unpaid sector. There are approximately 30,000 accountancy, personnel, fundraising and publicvoluntary and community organisations in Wales relations – and very few offer graduate trainingemploying an estimated 22,000 people. This schemes in Wales. Organisations tend tofigure represents 1.7% of the number of people advertise in the national and local press,employed in Wales in total. through charity or specialist press, and through recruitment agencies. It is also possible to applyWithin Not-For-Profit, there is an extensive mix of speculatively using a covering letter and CV. Ifdifferent organisations across the following applying in this way, always seek out the namesectors (note that this is not an exhaustive list). of the relevant person and enclose a stamped addressed envelope (as it tends to ensure a> Sports and recreation bodies speedier reply and demonstrates you are> Community organisations sensitive to the charity’s limited resources).> Health and social care Competition for jobs in this sector is stronger> Children, family work and youth work than it’s ever been, so experience and knowledge of both the sector and the charity you are> Arts, culture or heritage organisations applying for is essential. It is important that the> Environmental organisations following points are also considered:> Organisations involved with people with > Where possible, carry out voluntary work in physical or learning disabilities an organisation you are interested in. > Think carefully about the type of organisation you would like to work for and whether you are suited to it. > Make sure you are wholly sympathetic with the aims and objectives of the organisation you plan to apply to work for. > Network with as many people as you can in the not for profit sector.
  • 22. 20 _ A GUIDE TO WORKING IN WALES _ WWW.GOWALES.CO.UKSECTION 1:Sectors of EmploymentSelf EmploymentIf you are considering self employment or Graduating to Enterprise (G2E)establishing your own business there is plenty Open to students (undergrad and postgrad) andof support available from your local HE Careers recent graduates in Wales, the G2E smallService. In addition, each HEI in Wales has an business advice programme is flexible enough toEntrepreneurship Champion who can also offer provide individually tailored assistance to helpguidance and support specifically to students participants explore the idea of starting aand graduates interested in starting their own business in Wales. These channels of supportcan also provide information on the following A range of services are available to you on thisprogrammes available to students and graduates. programme, including advice from experienced business people, training, support and help withBOS accessing funding.If you have the beginning of a business ideaor if you just want to know whether starting a G2E offers:business is for you, the BOS project can help. > One-to-one mentoring and businessThis programme aims to inspire young people development support, both pre and post startand prepare them for self employment. up > Access to professional expertise andBOS offers: consultancy> Creative sessions designed to support self- > Training workshops to help you gain business employment and give an understanding of skills what it takes to set up in business. > An annual Business Start-up week – providing> Concept development support to help define extensive training in many business areas ideas> One-to-one mentoring support to build G2E is open to students and graduates (up to 3 confidence years after graduation) who wish to develop new> Access to professional expertise ideas. This service is completely free. Find out more from BOS project is open to those aged 18-30who are based in Wales and is completely free.Find out more
  • 23. WWW.GOWALES.CO.UK _ A GUIDE TO WORKING IN WALES _ 21Flying Start Knowledge Exploitation FundSupported by the National Council for Graduate ScholarshipsEntrepreneurship (NCGE), Flying Start Rallies are The Knowledge Exploitation Fund’s (KEF)one day events that direct people with Entrepreneurship Scholarship Programme mayentrepreneurial potential onto the path of forming also be able to help support you while you set uptheir own company. If you’re thinking about your business. The programme has beenstarting your own company after you graduate, developed to support start-up ideas from recentconsider attending one of these events to get graduates (of Further and Higher Educationhelp and advice. Institutions) who wish to launch their business specifically in Wales. The application processFlying Start Rallies are open to students and involves completing a full business planrecent graduates interested in starting a including a 3 year cash flow It doesn’t matter whether you have a Applications are then submitted by the Universitybusiness idea yet or not – the event is designed on the Scholars encourage you to take your ideas andaspirations to the next step. Rally attendees can If awarded, a KEF Scholarship offers:also apply to join the Flying Start Programme, a > A wage subsidy of £144 per week for up toprestigious intensive training programme run by 36 weeks (up to £5,184) to enable applicantsCambridge University which aims to give to devote their time to their businessbusinesses a head start. > Cost of business-related travel up to £500Flying Start offers: > Some support with childcare costs> An opportunity to explore the possibility of starting a business in a supportive There are some restrictions to the type of environment business that can be supported under KEF. Please contact the Entrepreneurship Champion> Networking with like-minded students and at your local HEI for more details under ‘campus graduates contact’ at> A chance to find out about alternative support> Intensive training for those accepted onto the Welsh Assembly Flexible Support for Flying Start Programme Business Service The Welsh Assembly Governments Flexible> An online peer support network to exchange Support for Business Programme ideas and make contacts ( is also designed to help and support those who wishFlying Start Rallies are open to students and to start, maintain or grow a business in Wales.graduates (up to 5 years after graduation) who The programme is based on three key supportare interested in starting their own business. The elements:Flying Start Programme is open to applicationsfrom rally attendees who are committed tolaunching their business within 12 months.Find out more from
  • 24. 22 _ A GUIDE TO WORKING IN WALES _ WWW.GOWALES.CO.UKSECTION 1:Sectors of EmploymentSelf Employment continuedAccessFast, simple and straight forward access toinformation, advice and support for all existingand prospective businesses – via a gateway thatincludes a single website, a national phonenumber, and face to face contact through anetwork of local centres.Relationship ManagementDedicated relationship managers to support thedevelopment of strategically importantbusinesses – by building a package of tailoredsupport to unlock growth potential.Funding and Specialist SupportA Single Investment Fund – the only source for apackage of financial and specialist support fromthe Assembly Government, to meet businesses’individual needs.The Business Information Gatewayfor WalesThe BIG website ( bringstogether useful contacts for those consideringstarting their own business in Wales – and forthose already up and running. It has referralpoints for business plans, locating finance, legalbasics for new businesses, and suggestions onhow to find out whether starting your ownbusiness is right for you.
  • 25. SECTION 2:Graduate Salariesin Wales
  • 26. 24 _ A GUIDE TO WORKING IN WALES _ WWW.GOWALES.CO.UKSECTION 2:Graduate Salaries in WalesResearch for this chapter has been conductedby Felicity Barr of Cardiff University, as part of All Wales Average Salariesthe GO Wales Work Taster Programme, March £2008. Administration 15,485.74Since its launch in November 2005, the GO Science, engineering and the environment 21,929.79Wales Jobs vacancy service has been advertising Public sector 20,315.19quality graduate vacancies on behalf of a wide Health professions 22,151.85range of Welsh employers. In an average monthover 350 new positions are posted, providing us Teaching, education, training 20,822.96with a valuable resource for calculating the very Legal 18,950.53latest graduate salaries across Wales. Financial 19,665.81This chapter gives an overview of the vacancy Advertising, promotion, marketing 19,924.51traffic through GO Wales Jobs for the period of Employment and recruitment 18,404.20January 2007 to December 2007, based on a Transport/travel 20,339.79total of 1896 records. Information technology 20,103.73 Art and design 17,988.30 Libraries, museums, heritage 19,554.65 Publishing, media and performing arts 19,472.73 Leisure, sport, recreation 20,036.50 Enforcement and protective services 20,938.00 Construction and property 20,336.89 Production and quality 21,632.39 Social and welfare care 21,340.86 Retail, wholesale, sales, buying 18,766.78 Hotel, catering, conferences, pubs 19,738.50 Business Services 19,329.35 Charity 21,355.57 Average Salary Total 19,834.11 Taking into account all employment sectors, our study showed that the average graduate salary in Wales during 2007 was £20,168. Nationally the highest average salary was found in Health Professions at £22,152, and the lowest in Administration at £15,485. How each employment category fared against the national average is detailed in the table overleaf.
  • 27. Sc ien ce ,e ng in ee rin Ad 0 5,000 10,000 15,000 20,000 25,000 30,000 Pay (£) g m an in d ist th ra e tio en vir n on Pu m en Te bl t ac He ic hi al se ng th ct ,e pr or du of es ca sio tio ns n, tra Ad in ve in rti g sin g, Le pr ga Em om Fi l pl ot na oy io nc m n, ia en m l ta ar nd ke tin re g cr ui Tr tm In an en fo sp t rm or at t/t io ra n ve Pu Li te ch l bl br no ish ar Ar in ie ta lo s, gy g, m nd m us de ed eu Average Pay per Category Per Annum ia m sig n an s, En d he fo Le pe rit rc isu rfo ag em re rm e en ,s in ta po g nd rt, ar re ts pr cr Co ot ea ns ec tio tru tiv e n ct se io Pr n rv ic an es od uc d pr tio op Re So n er ci an ty ta al d il, an qu Ho te wh d al l, ol we ity ca es lfa te al re e, rin sa ca g, le re co s, nf bu er yin en g Bu ce s, sin pu es bs s Se rv ic es Ch ar ity WWW.GOWALES.CO.UK _ A GUIDE TO WORKING IN WALES _ 25
  • 28. 26 _ A GUIDE TO WORKING IN WALES _ WWW.GOWALES.CO.UKSECTION 2:Graduate Salaries in Wales South West Wales Average Salaries This section of the study was based on 413 records £ Administration 17,960.44 Science, engineering and the environment 24,319.92 Public sector 20,734.05 Health professions 25,839.08 Teaching, education, training 22,386.87 Legal 18,242.75 Financial 21,366.06 Advertising, promotion, marketing 20,255.71 Employment and recruitment 15,500.00 Transport/travel 20,930.19 Information technology 21,311.90 Art and design 23,941.50 Libraries, museums, heritage 24,708.00 Publishing, media and performing arts 25,250.00 Leisure, sport, recreation 23,941.50 Enforcement and protective services 20,796.75 Construction and property 21,466.89 Production and quality 23,900.00 Social and welfare care 21,332.91 Retail, wholesale, sales, buying 22,157.89 Business services 22,971.29 Charity 20,401.44 Average Salary Total 21,805.23Taking into account all employment sectors, our studyshowed that the average graduate salary in South WestWales during 2007 was higher than the national average at£21,805. Regionally, the highest average salary was againfound in Health Professions at £25,839, and the lowest inEmployment and Recruitment at £15,500.How each employment category fared against the regionalaverage is detailed in the following table.
  • 29. Sc ien ce ,e ng in ee rin Ad 0 5,000 10,000 15,000 20,000 25,000 30,000 Pay (£) g m an in d ist th ra e tio en vir n on m Pu en Te bl t ac He ic hi al se ng th ct ,e pr or du of es ca sio tio ns n, tra in Ad in ve g rti sin Le g, ga Em pr om Fi l pl ot na oy io nc m n, ia en m l ta ar nd ke tin re cr g ui Tr tm In an en fo sp t rm or at t/t io ra n ve Li te l Pu br ch bl ar no ish ie Ar lo in s, ta gy g, m nd m us eu de ed sig ia m n an s, En d he rit fo Le pe ag rc isu rfo e em re rm ,s in en ta po g rt, ar nd ts pr re ot cr Co ec ea ns tio tru tiv e n ct se io rv n ic Pr an es od d uc pr tio op So n er ty Re ci an Average Pay per Category Per Annum (South West Wales) ta al d il, an qu wh d al ity ol we es lfa al re e, ca sa re le Bu s, sin bu yin es s g Se rv ic es Ch ar ity WWW.GOWALES.CO.UK _ A GUIDE TO WORKING IN WALES _ 27
  • 30. 28 _ A GUIDE TO WORKING IN WALES _ WWW.GOWALES.CO.UKSECTION 2:Graduate Salaries in Wales South East Wales Average Salaries This section of the study was based on 1351 records £ Administration 15,298.96 Science, engineering and the environment 20,556.65 Public sector 20,097.92 Health professions 22,571.00 Teaching, education, training 20,553.48 Legal 19,336.59 Financial 19,248.51 Advertising, promotion, marketing 19,778.94 Employment and recruitment 18,851.00 Transport/travel 20,318.00 Information technology 19,722.50 Art and design 16,666.67 Libraries, museums, heritage 13,826.79 Publishing, media and performing arts 19,161.22 Leisure, sport, recreation 19,771.69 Enforcement and protective services 21,322.85 Construction and property 20,106.49 Production and quality 18,730.50 Social and welfare care 21,864.07 Retail, wholesale, sales, buying 16,127.41 Hotel, catering, conferences, pubs 19,738.50 Business services 17,194.15 Charity 21,429.43 Average Salary Total 19,229.27Taking into account all employment sectors, our studyshowed that the average graduate salary in South EastWales during 2007 was slightly lower than the nationalaverage at £19,229. Regionally, the highest average salarywas again throughout the Health Professions at £22,571,and the lowest in the Libraries, Museums and Heritagesector at £13,826.How each employment category fared against the regionalaverage is detailed in the following table.
  • 31. Sc ien ce ,e ng in ee rin Ad 0 5,000 10,000 15,000 20,000 25,000 30,000 Pay (£) g m an in d ist th ra e tio en n vir on Pu m en Te bl t ac He ic hi al se ng th ct ,e pr or du of es ca sio tio ns n, tra Ad in ve in rti g sin g, Le pr ga Em om Fi l pl ot na oy io nc m n, ia en m l ta ar nd ke tin re g cr ui Tr tm In an en fo sp t rm or at t/t io ra n ve Pu Li te ch l bl br no ish ar Ar in ie ta lo s, gy g, m nd m us de ed eu ia m sig n an s, En d he fo Le pe rit rc isu rfo ag em re rm e en ,s in ta po g nd rt, ar re ts pr cr Co ot ea ns ec tio tru tiv e n ct se io Pr n rv ic an es od uc d pr tio op Re So n er ci an ty ta al d il, an qu Ho wh d al Average Pay per Category Per Annum (South East Wales) te ol we ity l, es lfa ca al re te e, rin sa ca g, le re co s, nf bu er yin en g Bu ce s, sin pu es bs s Se rv ic es Ch ar ity WWW.GOWALES.CO.UK _ A GUIDE TO WORKING IN WALES _ 29
  • 32. 30 _ A GUIDE TO WORKING IN WALES _ WWW.GOWALES.CO.UKSECTION 2:Graduate Salaries in Wales Mid Wales Average Salaries This section of the study was based on 50 records £ Administration 15,798.00 Science, engineering and the environment 20,080.94 Public sector management 21,479.87 Teaching, education, training 28,314.25 Finance 22,801.50 Advertising, promotion, marketing 23,823.00 Information technology 18,951.00 Libraries, museums, heritage 21,808.00 Publishing, media and performing arts 26,031.50 Construction and property 20,524.00 Social and welfare care 21,594.00 Retail, wholesale, sales, buying 22,566.00 Business services 20,894.67 Average Salary Total 21,897.44Taking into account all employment sectors, our studyshowed that the average graduate salary in Mid Walesduring 2007 was higher than the national average at£21,897.44. Regionally the highest average salary was inTeaching, Education and Training at £28,314, and thelowest in Administration at £15,798.How each employment category fared against the regionalaverage is detailed in the table overleaf.
  • 33. Sc ien ce ,e Ad 0 5,000 10,000 15,000 20,000 25,000 30,000 Pay (£) ng m in in ee ist rin ra g tio an n d th e en vir on m en t Te Pu ac bl hi ic ng se ,e ct du or ca tio n, tra in in g Ad ve rti sin Fi g, na pr nc om e ot io n, m ar In ke fo tin rm g at io Li n br te ar ch ie no Pu s, lo bl m gy ish us in eu g, m m s, ed he ia rit ag an d e pe rfo rm Co in ns g tru ar Average Pay per Category Per Annum (Mid Wales) ct ts io n an d pr So op ci er al ty an Re d ta we il, lfa wh re ol ca es re al e, sa le s, bu yin Bu g sin es s Se rv ic es WWW.GOWALES.CO.UK _ A GUIDE TO WORKING IN WALES _ 31
  • 34. 32 _ A GUIDE TO WORKING IN WALES _ WWW.GOWALES.CO.UKSECTION 2:Graduate Salaries in Wales North Wales Average Salaries This section of the study was based on 82 records £ Administration 15,256.13 Science, engineering and the environment 16,379.00 Public sector 19,029.90 Health professions 14,018.50 Teaching, education, training 17,384.36 Financial 19,167.38 Advertising, promotion, marketing 18,004.83 Transport/travel 18,000.00 Information technology 20,016.91 Art and design 16,000.00 Libraries, museums, heritage 17,259.25 Publishing, media and performing arts 16,000.00 Leisure, sport, recreation 18,250.00 Enforcement and protective services 16,500.00 Production and quality 19,000.00 Social and welfare care 17,309.25 Retail, wholesale, sales, buying 18,000.00 Business services 18,062.50 Charity 19,786.33 Average Salary Total 17,548.65Taking into account all employment sectors, our studyshowed that the average graduate salary in North Walesduring 2007 was slightly lower than the national average at£17,548. Regionally, the highest average salary was foundin the Information Technology sector at £20,016, and thelowest in Administration at £15,256.How each employment category fared against the regionalaverage is detailed in the table overleaf.
  • 35. Sc ien ce ,e ng in ee Ad 0 5,000 10,000 15,000 20,000 25,000 30,000 Pay (£) rin g m an in ist d ra th tio e n en vir on m en Pu t bl He ic Te se ac al ct hi th or ng pr ,e of du es ca sio tio ns Ad n, ve tra rti in sin in g, g pr Fi om na ot nc io ia n, l m ar ke Tr tin In an g sp fo or rm t/t at ra io ve n l te ch Li no Pu br Ar lo bl ar ta gy ish ie s, nd in g, m de us m eu sig ed m n ia s, an he d rit pe ag En Le rfo e fo isu rm rc re in em ,s g en po ar ta rt, ts nd re pr cr ot ea ec tio tiv n Pr od e Average Pay per Category Per Annum (North Wales) uc se rv tio ic So n es an Re ci al d ta qu an al il, wh d ity we ol lfa es re al ca e, sa re le s, Bu bu sin yin es g s Se rv ic es Ch ar ity WWW.GOWALES.CO.UK _ A GUIDE TO WORKING IN WALES _ 33
  • 36. 34 _ A GUIDE TO WORKING IN WALES _ WWW.GOWALES.CO.UKSECTION 2:Graduate Salaries in WalesPlease not that all averages do not accuratelyreflect the job market throughout Wales, justthose opportunities received through theGO Wales Jobs system during 2007.For further information on salaries in Wales,please refer to the Salary Guide section ofthe Hays recruitment website – (registrationrequired). Hays produce 30 salary guides peryear across a range of industries – offering youdetailed salary information (across public andprivate sectors) for benchmarking purposes.Graduate salary information for Wales 2007 canalso be found in the AGR Graduate RecruitmentSurvey – a bi-annual barometer of theemployment situation for graduates in the UK.The survey is based on the responses of 219AGR members – many of whom are some of theUK’s largest graduate recruiters in both publicand private sectors. The research for this latestreport was carried out during May and June2007, and a summary can be located (in News).In addition, ask at your HE Careers Service for acopy of the Destinations of Leavers from HigherEducation Institutions report (2005/2006). This isan annual survey conducted using data collectedapproximately six months after students leaveHigher Education, and relates to UK and EUdomiciled students only. This data is collected onbehalf of the Higher Education Statistics Agency(HESA, and provides us with avaluable insight into the employment status ofWelsh graduates.
  • 37. SECTION 3:Recruitment Methods
  • 38. 36 _ A GUIDE TO WORKING IN WALES _ WWW.GOWALES.CO.UKSECTION 3:Recruitment methodsCareers on the InternetThe Internet provides access to a wealth of relevant to all aspects of your future, The UK’s official graduate careers website is fulland is an increasingly popular medium for of essential information for students andemployers when recruiting. However, a graduates in Wales. It provides tools to assessperfunctory Google search won’t uncover all your skills, interests and experience, helps you tothere is to know about careers, further study and research your chosen career, offers job huntingjob hunting. To really benefit from on-line tips, lists vacancies and work experienceinformation, you need to know the best places to opportunities from hundreds of graduatestart looking, have skills that will help you get the employers in Wales, offers a comprehensive listmost from search engines and know where to of postgraduate courses and researchfind valuable, hidden information on the Internet. opportunities, and provides information onMore vital than all this, you should ensure the working overseas.Internet forms only part of your careers research.There will also be a great deal of developmental In addition, the following HEI Careers Servicessupport, information and guidance on offer at can provide you with a wealth of careersyour local HEI Careers Service. information on finding employment in Wales.Getting Started UW Aberystwyth, Careers Advisory ServiceSo, what sort of careers information is available You can use the Internet to: Bangor University Centre for Careers and> Assess your skills and interests Opportunities> Research career options in Wales> Search for Welsh vacancies Cardiff University Careers Service> Post your CV on-line University of Glamorgan Careers Service> Research Welsh companies and labour market information UW Lampeter, Employability Unit> Identify and apply for postgraduate courses throughout Wales NEWI Careers Centre> Find out about working overseas UW Newport Careers ServiceTwo of the key starting points are: Swansea University Careers Library andWe offer students and graduates living in Wales Information Centrethe chance to gain a head start in today’s job market via a range of advicematerials and quality work experience Swansea Metropolitan University Careers Centreopportunities. Updated daily, our GO Wales Jobs also advertises national graduate Trinity College Careers Servicevacancies from a broad range of sectors in your UWIC Career Development Services
  • 39. WWW.GOWALES.CO.UK _ A GUIDE TO WORKING IN WALES _ 37Gateways and Virtual Libraries, portals and virtual libraries are simply Powered by Fish4jobs,,a means of access to information on the Web. JobsWales features opportunities across allMost gateways are subject specific and as such, sectors in Wales.when regularly updated, provide an excellentstarting point for finding quality information on Internet. They are also a great alternative to Public sector jobs in Wales.sorting through a list of search engine results. Regional recruitment in Wales.The Online Careers Library from the Universityof London Career Group is a well established of careers and job-hunting websites The Welsh version of the UK job site, withfor UK graduates. salary checker, interview skills videos and CV Jobsearch Online from the University Strathclyde is an on-line guide of evaluated Jobs in Swansea and Carmarthen,resources to help graduates identify vacancies including a Virtual Jobs Fair for 2008.and opportunities in the UK and abroad. Graduate Prospects’ job search engine –Though it has a strong US bias, the Riley Guide, with a Welsh location filter.established in 1994, serves as a usefulintroduction to on-line job searching. GET from Hobsons is an established andJob Hunting and Vacancy Websites respected source of careers advice. The websiteThere are innumerable places to look for includes current graduate vacancies in Wales,vacancies on-line, some of which are listed including recruitment schemes, placements andbelow. As with printed publications, remember internships.not all vacancies will be advertised. Find the latest Welsh vacancies and year-roundGO Wales Jobs is a comprehensive vacancy graduate recruitment schemes from thelisting site dedicated to advertising graduate established Target Jobs website.vacancies based in Wales. Career opportunities in accountancy, actuarialThe popular networking site is a useful place to work, banking, engineering, IT, logistics,build career contacts and develop job management consultancy, patent law,opportunities - Graduate Prospects have recently purchasing and tax.developed an application that posts selectedWelsh job vacancies to your profile, while GO Wales The Recruitment and Employmentmanage a series of regional groups informing Confederation’s database of recruitment agenciesmembers of regional recruitment activities. is searchable by locality and specialisation.
  • 40. 38 _ A GUIDE TO WORKING IN WALES _ WWW.GOWALES.CO.UKSECTION 3:Recruitment methodsCareers on the Internet Researching EmployersMilkround On-line offers listings of current The Internet offers a great opportunity forvacancies, deadlines and recruitment events, identifying potential employers and researchingand allows you to post your CV on-line. the industries in which they operate. This is a crucial activity when preparing for applications and interviews. As a rule you should always visitThe graduate UK version of the American site, the company’s own website, but also considerwith career opportunities and a CV posting the following:service. icWales now offer online access to a number of current and past business publications. FollowHelp with Applying and Interviewing the link at for access to the following:Job hunting advice from Graduate Prospects. Business in WalesAdvice specifically for graduates, which includes Fast Growth 50the opportunity to have your CV checked, is Forward Walesavailable Bridgend The Top 300 2007 is the definitive guide toOffers help, advice and the opportunity to Wales’s leading companies and provides up-to-practice completing on-line application forms. date information on performance. wales/top-300-companies/ A directory of free business directories. A great place to start looking for employers if you have a particular country or industry in mind. For Welsh employers, start at Teldir has offered a route into Yellow Pages directories for 216 countries for more than 10 years.
  • 41. WWW.GOWALES.CO.UK _ A GUIDE TO WORKING IN WALES _ News SearchingOne of many online rankings of UK employers. When researching a potential employer, find out whether they’ve been in the news lately using dedicated news search engine.From Graduate Prospects comes this searchabledatabase of graduate employers in Wales. Current news and archived articles in House stores and makes available, on all Welsh and UK limited Current business news and archived articles incompanies. You may download basic financial Wales.and contact information free of charge. Current news and archived articles in Wales.CAROL offers links to financial pages of listedcompanies in Europe, including Wales. News from 4,500 sources - constantly to financial results and annual reports by UK listed companies. Searchable top news headlines. Allows news searching by topic, location and date. Accoona refines news searches by date, publisher, company, person, country and state, allowing more targeted results for businesses in Wales.
  • 42. 40 _ A GUIDE TO WORKING IN WALES _ WWW.GOWALES.CO.UKSECTION 3:Recruitment methodsCareers on the Internet continued Job Adverts in Regional PressSearching the Web Different employers will use different methodsNot found what you want from the sites listed? to find the right staff, and these will vary acrossThough search engines offer access to the vast employment sectors and with company size.amount of information available on the Web, Job advertisements can be found in a variety ofremember that no one single search engine publications in Wales, the most popular of whichcovers the whole of the Web, and a large are newspapers, websites or specific vacancyproportion of available information is not indexed sheets produced by an organisation (such as theby search engines. You should, therefore, Capital Times from Cardiff Council).endeavour to choose a search engineappropriate to your information needs. Consider Some of the most popular newspapers tocombining searches from multiple search advertise graduate vacancies in Wales areengines to produce comprehensive results, and listed below:do not rely on search engines alone to find thebest of what the Web has to offer. The search Mondayengine you use can influence your web The Daily Postexperience. You should consider the following South Wales Evening Postfactors when searching: Cambrian News Wednesday> Does the search engine prominently feature South Wales Echo paying advertisers? Does it do so at the Bangor & Anglesey Mail expense of more relevant websites? South Wales Argus> Do you want your results quality checked and Thursday approved by a human? Most search engines The Daily Post are crawler-based. Crawlers or spiders The Western Mail automatically trawl the Web and index what Wrexham Evening Leader they find. The engine searches this index (and North Wales Weekly News not the Web) to return your results. No quality Metro checks are applied in the compilation of the Friday index. If you want a human to have approved Jobs North West (every 2 weeks) and classified websites, then use a directory, Chester Chronicle such as Yahoo Directory. Sunday> Do you need to avoid US bias? If you are Wales on Sunday searching for jobs in the UK, it is important to avoid US bias on the Internet. Use the UK version of search engines when prompted. For comprehensive listings of all Welsh online> How does the search engine rank its results? newspaper sites. All major search engines rank their results according to the location and the frequency of the keywords on a web page. They then apply further ranking algorithms, such as link popularity (how many other sites link to a web page and the quality of those linking sites). Given you are unlikely to scroll through all results, this is important. Want to see the differences in how search engines ranks results? Go to
  • 43. WWW.GOWALES.CO.UK _ A GUIDE TO WORKING IN WALES _ 41Job Adverts in National PressThe national newspapers are also a valuable The Times and The Sunday Timessource of graduate job opportunities in Wales. publish very senior appointments but also The Times is an excellent publication for general,contain jobs for middle management and public sector, PA/Secretarial and Legal jobgraduate entrants. Some papers contain weekly vacancies. It also publicises vacancies in Wales.supplements that focus on a particular sector ofemployment – and as these contain a range of Tuesdayvacancies from entry-level to senior Public Agenda supplement – contains vacancies,management, they should form part of your job comments, articles, news and careerssearch activities. information on the Public Sector. The Law supplement contains vacancies, news, profiles,The Guardian an events diary and Q&As on the legal WednesdayThe Guardian is a key publication for creative, Crème supplement (within T2) – contains articlesmedia and public sector vacancies. It regularly and features in addition to a small selection ofpublicises vacancies in Wales. PA, secretarial and administrative roles.Monday ThursdayMedia Guardian supplement – jobs at all levels in Careers supplement – contains articles, news,the media, creative industries, sales, marketing employer profiles and Q&As on all aspects ofand PR sectors. Office Hours supplement – career progression.secretarial, PA and administrative roles. SundayTuesday Appointments supplement – contains directorEducation Guardian supplement – containing and senior management roles across all sectors.features, articles and letters relating to allaspects of education and learning. Appointments The Daily Telegraph and Sunday Telegraphinclude teaching and non-teaching roles,, management, academic posts and The Thursday and Sunday Telegraph are anstudentships. excellent resource for general and senior vacancies, some in Wales.WednesdaySociety Guardian supplement – containing Thursdayfeatures, articles and vacancies from the Public Business 2 and Jobs supplements – oneSector, Housing, Health and Social Care, Charity covering general jobs up to £55K, the other, jobsand Regeneration sectors. over 55K. Additionally, the supplement containsThursday articles and news items relating to interviews,Technology Guardian supplement – containing careers and recruitment.features, articles and vacancies from the SundayInformation Technology, Science and Technology Money and Jobs supplement – contains a repeatsectors (including Education and Medicine). of the ‘55K and over’ job section from Thursday.SaturdayGeneral appointments and graduateopportunities – containing vacancies, features,articles and general advice on careers and theworkplace. The Rise supplement is aimed atstudents, graduates and second-jobbers,containing material on careers, courses, jobhunting and finance.
  • 44. 42 _ WORKING IN WALES _ WWW.GOWALES.CO.UKSECTION 3:Recruitment methodsJob Adverts in National Press Speculative Applicationscontinued Over 70% of vacancies in Wales go un-The Financial Times advertised. Before placing an advert, smaller companies (and some larger ones) willThe Financial Times is a key publication for look through existing CVs on file from graduatesaccounting and general finance vacancies. and go on to interview suitable candidates. BySince December 2007, the FT jobs website approaching companies who have not placed anhas merged into Exec Appointments. advert, you are in a much better position to be considered when a vacancy arises. Obviously,Monday the success of this method of approach dependsAccountancy vacancies listed within the main on your CV being at the right place at the rightnewspaper. These include positions up to 45K time, so large numbers of companies may needand roles for newly qualified accountants to be approached in order for this method to be(up to 2 years PQE). effective. Important steps you need to take include:-WednesdaySenior appointments (board and director level) > Think carefully about the occupational area inare advertised within the Business Leader which you would like to secure employment.section. > Do your research – find out what companiesThursday are based in your area. Company details canAppointments supplement – includes be obtained from a number of public sources.accountancy and finance roles specifically. > Contact the company directly to find out ifThere is also an additional supplement for they have any current or future opportunities.Interim Management positions. > Ensure you have identified the key decision- makers and send a tailored speculative letterThe Independent and CV (if you are unsure how to complete a CV and speculative covering letter, seek adviceThe Independent has a relatively small selection from GO Wales or your local HEI Careersof vacancies compared to other publications, but Service (listings at the back of thison occasion there are useful vacancies in Wales. publication).Monday > Consider registering with GO Wales WorkMedia supplement – all media related vacancies. Placements. They may be able to subsidise an initial 10-week company placement.ThursdayEducation and Careers supplement – news andarticles about education and study. Smallselection of vacancies.FridayGeneral and Graduate – small selection ofgeneral appointments with the graduatesupplement published on the last Friday of everymonth.CWL
  • 45. WWW.GOWALES.CO.UK _ A GUIDE TO WORKING IN WALES _ 43NetworkingAny graduate job-hunter can develop a network Recruitment Agenciesof useful career contacts by networking in the There are hundreds of recruitment agencies inright places. Networking is easy if you know how, Wales specialising in degree-calibre jobs, andand job-hunters who develop their own graduates should be aware of the beneficialemployment contacts need never be short of contacts an agency can make on their advice and job offers. We’ve all heard the One of the major aims of recruitment agenciesadage it’s not what you know, but who you know is to build a large network of employer contacts.and it’s especially true when you’re searching for By joining an employment agency you aregraduate employment in Wales. Here are five essentially networking with hundreds ofnetworking opportunities everyone can take businesses, but do be aware that many requireadvantage of: that you have had some prior work experience before you apply. For more information seeEmployer Websites internet is an excellent networking resource,but it has to be used in the right way. Entering GO Wales Work Experiencecareer-related phrases into a search engine GO Wales work experience placements can betends to bring up generic information and an excellent way for job-hunters to establish arecruitment agency sites. Instead, consider who network of contacts for the future – anyou would like to be your future employer and opportunity to meet the very people that havevisit their website directly. A well-maintained inspired them to pursue their chosen website can offer more employment There are few other situations that offer careernews than the most well-informed employee. minded individuals the chance to meetViewing many company websites is as good as established professionals in a workinghaving a personal conversation with the environment. However, bear in mind that somerecruitment team. They provide the most up-to- employers take on many work experiencedate information about jobs and recruitment and candidates throughout the year. In competitivealso give specific information about how to apply. industries, candidates will have to work very hardFor comprehensive listings of over 5000 contacts to stand out and develop relationships within Wales, refer to the Wales Yearbook – employees. See – at your local Higher information on current placements and how toEducation Careers Service (check availability), or apply.visit addition, some social networking sites havesector specific groups that you can join andnetwork with. By liaising with local contacts inthis way, you are in an ideal position to learnabout vacancies that are not generallyadvertised. See as an exampleof this type of activity.
  • 46. 44 _ A GUIDE TO WORKING IN WALES _ WWW.GOWALES.CO.UKSECTION 3:Recruitment methodsNetworking continuedPaid Employment/VolunteeringEmbarking on any work is a valuable networkingresource – putting job-hunters in contact withother employees provides a valuable insight intodifferent career options. See for voluntary opportunities in your area.Social OccasionsCareer contacts are not always made via obvious,employment related routes. Useful careercontacts and inside information can be achievedby meeting new people during any socialoccasion. Accept all the invitations you receive –you never know where or when you might meetsomeone who can provide job search assistance.
  • 47. SECTION 4:The Job Market for…
  • 48. 46 _ A GUIDE TO WORKING IN WALES _ WWW.GOWALES.CO.UKSECTION 4:The Job Market for…Jobseekers with a DisabilityJob seeking in Wales is rarely a smooth process Reasons for Disclosure?for anyone. If you have a disability, you may face > Many Welsh employers have Equalother issues as well as those faced by other Opportunities Policies/Disability Statementsjobseekers, and many people wonder whether > Some Welsh employers are keen to employthey should disclose their disability to their disabled peoplepotential employer at all. > It is an opportunity to describe your disabilityYou may have a disability that you could not positivelyhide at an interview, you may feel unhappy > Many application forms or medicalabout putting details on your application form, questionnaires for jobs ask direct questionsyou may have an unseen disability or a disability about disability and healthwhich has no effect on your ability to do the job. > If your disability has any implications for theEither way, there are no clear cut answers as to health and safety of yourself or yourif or when you disclose your disability to your colleagues, you are obliged to inform youremployer. You must use your own judgement, employer under the Health and Safety atas the Law does not stipulate that you must Work Act 1974disclose – although there are clear advantagesof doing so. > There is funding available for making adjustments:Timing a Disclosure Access to Work Business CentreIf you decide to disclose, there are several points (from Job Centre Plus)at which you might chose to do so (and this may 4th Floorwell change with different jobs). Disclosing a Companies Housedisability at the application stage has the Crown Wayadvantage of making in known at the earliest Maindyopportunity, which could reduce the amount of Cardiff CF14 3UWtime you may have to spend discussing it at the Telephone enquiries: 029 2080 4070interview stage (as opposed to disclosing at the Textphone: 02920 220 276interview). > Adjustments can be put in place earlierDisclosing on your application form also has the > You may build a better working relationshipadvantage of providing the employer with enoughnotice to make reasonable adjustments – should Disclosing Dyslexiayou require them at your interview. A possible It may be helpful to explain dyslexia not just as adisadvantage of disclosing at the application specific learning difficulty, but as a lifelongstage is that it may leave you open to thinking and learning difference. It occurs indiscrimination at an earlier stage – it might not around 10% of the general population and it isalways be possible to detect whether someone one of several conditions resulting in awas rejected specifically because of their neurodivergent thinking style that presentdisability. particular strengths and challenges for the individual.
  • 49. WWW.GOWALES.CO.UK _ A GUIDE TO WORKING IN WALES _ 47Disabled GraduatesThe latest report by the Association of GraduateCareers Advisory Services (AGCAS) reveals thatemployment rates for disabled graduates are onlyslightly lower than for non-disabled graduates,with 49.6% of disabled graduates entering full-time employment, compared with 54.6% of non-disabled graduates.Unemployment figures are higher for graduateswith disabilities – 8.9% compared with 6.4% forthose without – but are still relatively low. Andboth disabled and non-disabled graduates entervery similar sectors.‘The employment situation for disabled peoplewith higher education qualifications is a lot rosierthan for those without,’ says Rhiannon Pugh, acareers adviser at the University of Glamorganwho also sits on the Disability Task Group ofAGCAS. However, while acknowledging that thereare plenty of vacancies, Pugh suggests thatsome barriers remain when it comes to securinga graduate job.‘Disabled people may not have had the sameaccess to part-time job opportunities and workexperience that others have had,’ she continues‘it’s imperative that disabled graduates take everyopportunity they can to get some form ofexperience in the area they want to work in’.
  • 50. 48 _ A GUIDE TO WORKING IN WALES _ WWW.GOWALES.CO.UKSECTION 4:The Job Market for…Disability Friendly EmployersJob-hunting isn’t just about an employer There are five parts to this commitment:choosing you, it’s also about you choosing them. A Guaranteed Job Interview: To interview allFor a happy working life, it’s essential to work for disabled applicants who meet the minimuman employer with a positive attitude towards criteria for job vacancies, and to consider thesedisability. applicants on their ability alone.Many organisations in Wales are keen to develop Consulting Disabled Employees: To ensure thata diverse workforce that makes use of talented their skills and abilities are being best usedpeople from all sectors of society. Employers within their work.compete for the best talent available, so if their Keeping Employees on if they Become Disabled:workforce doesn’t reflect the community at large, To make every effort to retain employees whothey may be missing out on really able people. may become disabled. Improving Knowledge: To ensure that keyIdentifying this commitment is important if you personnel develop and maintain their knowledgeare drawing up a shortlist of employers in Wales and awareness of issues surrounding target. Although it is against the law foremployers to discriminate against disabled Checking Progress and Planning Ahead:people, you may find it helpful to approach To monitor and annually review theseemployers with a particularly proactive approach commitments and achievements, identifyto encouraging diversity in their workforce. improvements and inform employees of progress and future plans.There are at least 3 ways in which you canidentify Welsh organisations that are positive 2. Employers’ Forum on Disabilityabout recruiting disabled people: The Employers’ Forum on Disability (EDF) is an organisation with over 400 corporate members. It aims to improve the job prospects of disabled people by making it easier for employers to recruit, retain and develop disabled employees. Companies that are members are likely to have a1. Disability Symbol Users (Two Ticks) positive attitude towards employing people withThe disability symbol is awarded by Jobcentre disabilities. The list of EDF members is displayedPlus (previously the Employment Service) to on their website or organisations that have madecertain positive commitments towards employing 3. Organisations with Targeted Schemesdisabled people. Jobcentre Plus publishes Many large employers run schemes that areleaflets about the symbol and the commitments specifically designed to help students withthat employers need to make in order to display disabilities find work experience. This canit. You will see the symbol (two ticks and the give added indicators of an organisation’swording ‘Positive About Disabled People’) commitment to equality & diversity. A sampledisplayed on job adverts and application forms. of these organisations is provided below:Contact Jobcentre Plus for a list of DisabilitySymbol Users.Employers who use the Jobcentre Plus “twoticks” symbol in their job advertisements andcorporate literature are publicly announcing theircommitment to attracting disabled applicants.
  • 51. WWW.GOWALES.CO.UK _ A GUIDE TO WORKING IN WALES _ 49ELITE Supported Employment Agency Ltd Civil Service Work is a Welsh voluntary organisation which Encourages applications from all groups, butenables individuals with disabilities to access and particularly women, ethnic minorities and peoplemaintain paid employment via a tested system of with disabilities – all of whom are currentlysupport and training. The Agency operates under-represented.throughout the areas of Rhondda Cynon Taff, Employment OpportunitiesBridgend and Merthyr Tydfil, with a central base Talbot Green. The Agency does not focus on Provides assistance and support to disabledany particular industry, but matches individuals students, graduates and new recruits. EO alsoto employment based on skill and ability. run a graduate employment programme.ShawTrust Scope Leadership Recruitment vocational training, work tasters and work Provides graduate opportunities for disabledpreparation for people who are disadvantaged in people.the labour market due to disability, ill health orother social circumstances. Resources available You could also check how disability friendlyin Welsh. companies are by looking at their literature and websites. How prominent are any statementsRemploy about diversity? Are disabled people featured? they work with any disability organisations suchRemploy focuses on finding disabled people jobs as Employment Opportunities or Scope? Atin mainstream employment through Remploy interview, you could ask for examples of howInterwork - its specialist recruitment service for other disabled employees have been supportedpeople with a health condition or disability. City by the organisation.centre branch in Golate St, Cardiff.Bar Council It’s also a good idea to check whether company has a diversity policy by looking on itsOffers a ‘matching’ process to link students and website or requesting a copy. A good diversitygraduates with barristers with a similar disability. policy is one that is embedded in the culture ofBBC Extend Scheme the organisation and understood by all in it.6-month paid placements for talented disabledpeople.Blind in and support for blind/visually impairedstudents and graduates to find work placements.Channel 4, Four Disabled Talent is a database for disabledpeople who want to work in TV - either on screenor behind the camera.
  • 52. 50 _ A GUIDE TO WORKING IN WALES _ WWW.GOWALES.CO.UKSECTION 4:The Job Market for…The Job Market for Welsh > Broadcasting TechnologySpeakers > Speech/Language Therapists > FinanceJob adverts will often state “ability to speakWelsh desirable” because Wales promotes a > Physiotherapybi-lingual policy in accordance with the Welsh > Administration ManagementLanguage Act. Nevertheless, unless Welsh is > Dentistrydescribed as an essential skill for the job,non-Welsh speakers can and should apply. > Finance > RadiographyA requirement of the Welsh Language Act, which > Business Managementwas implemented in 1993, has made itcompulsory for all Public Sector organisations in > Teaching especially CDT, Maths & PhysicsWales to have a Welsh Language Policy. As a > Local Government – especially Technology,result there has been a significant increase in the Finance & Environmental Healthnumber of bilingual opportunities in Wales,particularly within the Public Sector and the In addition, as there are now 20,000 peopleservice industries. Currently 20% of people living learning Welsh (and this figure is risingin Wales are bi-lingual and an ability to speak continually), there are new opportunities forWelsh can be advantageous when applying for native Welsh speakers (and fluent learners) toopportunities. There are, however, many regional become Welsh for Adults tutors. For moredifferences e.g. there are a higher number of information go to www.welshforadults.orgWelsh speakers in Mid and West Wales thanthere are in the South East. Cardiff has 11% of Vacancy Websites for Welsh SpeakersWelsh speakers compared with over 50% inCarmarthenshire. Jobs Directory. Includes vacancies searchable byRegional differences also have an impact on the sector, location, salary, contract and use ofnumber of bilingual opportunities. Research by Welsh.Menter a Busnes found that 70% of employers Mid Wales (covering Ceredigion, Powys and Section on ‘Demand for Bilingual Skills’ underMeirionydd) wanted people who could offer jobs.bilingualism as a skill. Be aware however that are limited graduate opportunities in areas Section on Welsh speaking jobs.of Wales where Welsh is particularly strong e.g.West and North West Wales. ob site where the ability to speak Welsh is eitherAccording to Future Skills Wales, during the next desirable or essential.few years there will be an increase in demand www.mentrau-iaith.comfrom employers for candidates who can speak Links to Welsh language initiatives across Wales.Welsh. Research has revealed that there is a of people with bilingual skills for the Welsh medium job site.following occupations:> Police Includes jobs for Welsh speakers in London, the> Careers Advice UK and Ireland.> Social Work> Graphic Design> Nursing – especially Mental Health
  • 53. WWW.GOWALES.CO.UK _ A GUIDE TO WORKING IN WALES _ 51The Job Market for Welsh LearnersEmployers are increasingly looking for bilingualskills on different levels - some ask for goodwritten and verbal skills, whilst others ask onlyfor basic verbal communication skills. So while itis essential to speak fluent Welsh for certain jobs,it is by no means the case for others where abasic knowledge of the language may suffice.This should give some encouragement to existingand prospective Welsh learners, of the economicbenefits of learning Welsh and putting theseskills to work.Even for jobs where the ability to speak Welsh ishighly desirable, non-Welsh speakers can andshould apply as there is a marked shortage ofWelsh speakers applying for certain occupationalareas (see previous list of occupations). Inaddition, there are many opportunities to learnWelsh in the workplace for those who aregenuinely interested.The following organisation can advise website for Welsh learners
  • 54. 52 _ A GUIDE TO WORKING IN WALES _ WWW.GOWALES.CO.UKSECTION 4:The Job Market for…International Graduate Scheme“International students bring many benefits to You must:the UK. After the United States, the UK is the > Have completed your course in the lastcountry which attracts the most international 12 months (as shown by the date of expiry ofstudents and we need to build on this enviable leave as a student to complete this course)position.”Bill Rammell, Minister for Lifelong Learning, > Intend to work during the period of leaveFurther and Higher Education granted under the scheme > Be able to maintain and accommodateThe International Graduates Scheme launched yourself and any dependants without usingon 1 May 2007, now allows non-European public fundsEconomic Area (EEA) graduates to work in > Intend to leave the United Kingdom at the endWales after a period of study in the UK. of your stayYou are allowed up to 12 months stay in order If you completed your course on or after 1 Mayto gain quality work experience. If you want to 2007 you can apply for the Internationalremain in the UK beyond this time you will need Graduates Scheme regardless of which courseto apply under a new immigration category, such you have studied. However, if you finished youras work permits. course before 1 May 2007 you will have to apply under the conditions of the Science andTo be granted leave to stay under the Engineering Graduate Scheme rules.International Graduates Scheme you must havesuccessfully completed a course at an institution You can switch into the International Graduatesof higher or further education, which is listed on Scheme if you are already in the United Kingdomthe Department for Children, Schools and and you have valid leave as a student. ThisFamilies website includes leave as a student, a student nurse, on or after re-sit an examination or to write up a thesis. If1 May 2007. The types of course you must have you leave the United Kingdom you can applycompleted are: under the rules listed above but you will need> A bachelors degree course entry clearance. If you are being sponsored by a> A masters or PhD course; or government or international scholarship agency you will need to get written permission from your> A postgraduate certificate or diploma. sponsor before applying for the International Graduates Scheme. Border and Immigration Agency UK Council for International Student Affairs
  • 55. WWW.GOWALES.CO.UK _ A GUIDE TO WORKING IN WALES _ 53Mature GraduatesJob hunting may be more daunting for a mature Review Your Experiencegraduate than for the average 21 year old, but As a mature graduate you are likely to have hadthe anxiety can be greatly reduced by careful some previous experience of working, either paidplanning and preparation. If you start thinking or unpaid, or in the home. Through reviewingabout your career in good time, make wise use this experience and evaluating the skills youof your local HEI Careers library and are have gained, you can market yourself moreprepared to be flexible, then you stand the best effectively to employers, most of whom lookpossible chance of achieving your career goals primarily for evidence of competencies andas you leave University. abilities when seeking employable graduates. Reviewing your experience will help you toThe age profile of graduates from Welsh identify your skills, which in turn will help withuniversities is as broad as it could be. Graduates the following:come from a variety of backgrounds and manyhave a wealth of life experience to draw from. Making effective applications – IdentifyingWelsh employers now realise that there is a appropriate personal qualities, skills andstrong business case for a more age-diverse competencies and providing evidence of whereworkforce. they were gained, will enable you to demonstrate your suitability to employers. Interview techniques – Particularly important when employers are using experience-based questions during interviews. Career and lifestyle choice – Considering your skills, abilities, interests, personality, values and lifestyle plans (and constraints) is fundamental to the process of making choices about career options. Personal development – Identifying any skills gaps and/or training needs is a good starting point for building self-confidence. From this, personal development planning can follow. Past events and experiences will help you to avoid repetition of previous mistakes and help you set realistic goals. The positions you have held before may not be directly related to the area that you are now looking to enter. But by examining closely the skills you have developed, you can demonstrate to employers that you have the required experienced for the job.
  • 56. 54 _ A GUIDE TO WORKING IN WALES _ WWW.GOWALES.CO.UKSECTION 4:The Job Market for…Mature Graduates continuedWhat’s so special about Many employers in Wales, though by no meansMature Graduates? all, have in the past favoured applicants from aMature graduates have a lot to offer potential particular age group. However, companies whoemployers, as they posses a number of unique have shown ‘ageist’ attitudes have had to rethinkselling points: their recruitment and employment strategies in> Self motivation light of new legislation that came into effect on 1 October 2006.> Been tested under pressure> Organising ability Mature graduates have many advantages over younger colleagues – including greater> Time management skills confidence and maturity. They may have also> Pragmatism demonstrated a commitment to cope with the> Experience of risk taking demands of a degree course whilst looking after a home and family. Despite this, mature> Common sense graduates often undervalue the experience they> Communication/people skills have to offer employers.> Balanced, well rounded approach lsbu> Genuine commitment> Worldly wisdom Further information:> Determination and persistence Prospects Web – mature students> Flexible attitudes> Ambitions/goal setting Age Thing> Had useful work experience Employers Forum on Age> Judgement> Stamina Equality Challenge Unit> Self-discipline> Adaptability Age Positive> Openness to reason> Stability The Equal Opportunities Commission> Realism Maturity WorksAnd are able to:> Overcome obstacles Over 50> Handle a diverse workload> Follow instructions> Work unsupervised> Pay attention to detail> Act on own initiative> Concentrate> Ignore distraction
  • 57. SECTION 5:The GO WalesProgramme
  • 58. 56 _ A GUIDE TO WORKING IN WALES _ WWW.GOWALES.CO.UKSECTION 5:The GO Wales ProgrammeWork PlacementsWhat is a Work Placement?GO Wales Work Placements are an excellent wayto add quality experience to your CV. Mostplacements are 10 weeks of full time, projectbased work (in a local company), and involveworking on a defined set of tasks set out by youremployer.Some examples of previous projects include;writing a marketing plan, building a website,organising office systems and testing a newengineering product before launch. Over 600Placements are organised each year acrossWales.Why go on a Placement?On a placement, you can expect to receive aminimum salary of £230 per week. You areeligible to take part if you have, or are studyingfor, a degree/HND and live in Wales. Graduatesof any age with any degree are also welcome.What you gain:> A 10 week project in a local company> A salary of at least £230 per week> A City & Guilds Professional Development Award*> Excellent practical experience> An enhanced CV> An improved chance of getting a job – 70% of Placements lead to permanent work!*The Professional Development Award enablesthe placee to play a key part in his/her owndevelopment. It provides the opportunity to buildon transferable skills via a variety of structuredactivities.
  • 59. WWW.GOWALES.CO.UK _ A GUIDE TO WORKING IN WALES _ 57Work Placement Case StudyOrganisationSpace StudiosProjectNew marketing initiativesPlacementMarketing and Administration OfficerCandidatePearce Richards(Graduate, BA in Business and Leisure)Space Studios opened in late 2005 and has "I was so pleased to find this vacancy withsince flourished as a high-quality recording Space Studios. I was looking for a new employerstudio in Cardiff. Founded and run by Chris that would allow me to make the role my own,Thomas and Jessica Morgan, it aims to appeal and Ive been able to bring my own ideas to theto as wide a market as possible. With some work."diverse ideas for products, projects and new Pearce Richardsmarkets, Chris and Jessica needed some helpto see some of these through. Taking on a Since Pearce started, Chris and Jessica haveplacee through GO Wales made the prospect been able to concentrate on the recording andof employing their first staff member less composition that they set out to do and the workdaunting. has flooded in as a result! Towards the end of the placement Pearce accepted a longer-termPearce Richards saw the opening and contract with the studio.enthusiastically got in touch. With a BA inBusiness and Leisure, and with lots of previous "GO Wales made it much easier and lessmarketing experience within the entertainments daunting to take on our first employee, which forindustry, he turned out to be the man for the job. any business can be pretty nerve-wracking! ButPearce was tasked with exploring several new we were so pleased to find Pearce who made amarkets and testing responses for new products. good impression from the start and has pickedHe also set in place some new PR initiatives. up our vision for the studio really quickly." Jessica Morgan
  • 60. 58 _ A GUIDE TO WORKING IN WALES _ WWW.GOWALES.CO.UKSECTION 5:The GO Wales ProgrammeWork Placements continued Work TastersPlacement Outcomes 2007 What is a Work Taster?During the 2007 GO Wales Placement Work Tasters are short, flexible, unpaid periodsprogramme, overall, 87% of placees worked in of work experience designed to helpsmall to medium sized enterprises (SMEs) – undergraduates and graduates gain experiencethe remainder working in community, public in a particular business sector or career. Tasterssector and larger organisations. last from 1 – 10 days, are arranged to suit the Taster provider and your timetable, and are> 67% of participants were graduates generally available all year round.> 33% of participants were undergraduates Why take part in a Taster?> 96% of placees thought that the placement A Work Taster gives you the chance to make an had been good or very good informed career choice. Seeing what goes on in> 92% thought that the administration of the different organisations will help you make the scheme had been good or very good right decisions about your future – and employers want to recruit graduates who have> 73% of placees fully or mostly achieved their some knowledge of the working world (1). Tasters learning objectives during the placement. provide you with an ideal opportunity to network with industry professionals and often lead toThe most common skills developed were: further opportunities. GO Wales work withCommunication 85% companies of all sizes from all sectors throughout Wales.Problem solving 72%Team working 72% (1)Using IT 64% The National Council for Work ExperienceTime management 56%Project management 55%Coping with change 53%Overall, 64% of participants had felt that theplacement had changed or influenced their ideasabout the size or type of organisation they wouldlike to work in. 94% also felt that the placementwas valuable in enhancing their core skills.EKOS Consulting Ltd
  • 61. WWW.GOWALES.CO.UK _ A GUIDE TO WORKING IN WALES _ 59What do Students and Graduates Think? What do Employers Think? “Work experience is vital to your professionalDana Hashem, an undergraduate, participated development and employers both expect andin a GO Wales Work Taster to gain experience welcome applications for work experience. Atin the field of Marketing. Petersens, we value work experience highly“I was given the responsibility of drafting a press when considering applications from recentrelease to publicise an event. I also had the graduates. It really proves to us that theyre readyopportunity to research and compile two to apply their academic skills to the workplacemarketing strategy reports, which was a fantastic and demonstrates their capability andlearning experience. Shadowing the team and enthusiasm for their chosen career sector. Withhaving a go at real tasks gave me a real sense of this in mind, we feel that GO Wales Tasters are aachievement!” great way for companies like ours and students/graduates to bridge the gap betweenGareth Evans undertook a Work Taster with the the world of work and University life.”press department of S4C in his final year. Rob Petersen, MD, Petersens, Cardiff“To my amazement on the final day, the Head of (1) The National Council for Work ExperiencePress sat me down and offered me a three-month paid internship over the summer. I’maware that without GO Wales, none of this would Taster Outcomes 2007be possible.” Overall, 92% of individuals stated that the work taster was either in the area or in a similar fieldPortia Nicholson, journalism undergraduate that they were considering as a career.became a Work Experience Ambassador on aTaster. > 8% went on to undertake a work placement“From doing a Work Taster as a work experience with the employerambassador, I have seen that whatever your > Half of the individuals that entered into workdegree discipline is – there are many Work felt that the taster helped them gainTasters available for students who want to gain employmentexperience in a particular business sector orcareer. It is really straightforward to apply for a > A third of undergraduates/graduates statedTaster and the GO Wales staff are so friendly and that the taster had positively influenced theirhelpful in explaining how they work!” perceptions regarding longer term career opportunities EKOS Consulting Ltd
  • 62. 60 _ A GUIDE TO WORKING IN WALES _ WWW.GOWALES.CO.UKSECTION 5:The GO Wales ProgrammeGraduate Development FundWhat is the Graduate Development Fund?Learning doesn’t stop when you graduate. As anemployee, you may require further professionaldevelopment training in order to add to yourcurrent skills, or to help you progress to the nextlevel of employment. The GDF programme offersthe opportunity to maintain, improve or broadenyour skills and qualities in order to make apositive impact within the business.Further training benefits both employers andemployees, and GO Wales may be able tosubsidise your course costs up to £500.Who is Eligible?> Graduates currently on a GO Wales Work Placement within an SME> Ex graduate placees who have subsequently been employed by their host companyThe Details> The maximum funding per person is £500. This is match funded on a 50/50 basis between GO Wales and the participating company e.g. if course costs total £1200 then we can contribute £500, or if costs total £200 then we are able to provide £100> Courses that are eligible are professional, business-related courses designed to improve the performance of graduate staff – such as a PRINCE2 Project Management course> Courses must be complete by the end of December 2008
  • 63. WWW.GOWALES.CO.UK _ A GUIDE TO WORKING IN WALES _ 61GO Wales Jobs Online Careers Advice and GuidanceGO Wales Jobs is a comprehensive vacancylisting site dedicated to advertising graduate Many graduates feel they need further advicevacancies based in Wales. GO Wales advertise and guidance on career issues after they’vevacancies from a broad range of companies in completed their studies. Careers Advisers areboth public and private sectors, a small sample available at all HE Careers Services to answerof which is listed below: questions, but sometimes it can be difficult to find the time to visit. Contact your localAtradius Ltd HEI Careers Service to find out more aboutAccountants e-guidance.Cardiff Research ConsortiumOperational Researcher, Healthcare ModellingCarmarthenshire County CouncilNewly Qualified Primary School TeachersDawnus ConsultingGraduate Civil EngineersIMS ConsultingTrainee Live SubtitlerL’Oreal Manufacturing LtdManagement TraineesOffice for National StatisticsStatisticians, Researchers and EconomistsGO Wales Jobs is free, easy to use and providesaccess to hundreds of graduate level vacanciesthroughout Wales. Its also attracts advertisersfrom a wide range of industry sectors so there issomething for everyone whatever your degreediscipline.‘We have used GO Wales several times over thepast few years. Advertisements attract the type ofgraduates we are looking for’Laurence Murray, Architen‘A good vehicle for linking Welsh basedgraduates to local jobs’Nigel Roberts, Imaginet‘We have already had some applications becauseof these ads which is fantastic’Tobia Harty, MencapIf you require further assistance please or call 0845 49 00 994.For information on all our programmes, visit theGO Wales website at
  • 64. 62 _ A GUIDE TO WORKING IN WALES _ WWW.GOWALES.CO.UKSECTION 5:The GO Wales ProgrammeGO Wales Fair –5 & 6 November 2008CIACardiffThe annual GO Wales Fair is a unique event,supported by all HEIs in Wales and attended bysome of the biggest graduate employers in theUK. It offers a national graduate employmentevent in one premier location – CardiffInternational Arena."GO Wales is a unique opportunity for graduaterecruiters across the UK to meet the very bestcandidates from every Welsh University over twodays, at one premier venue."Jackie Cresswell-Griffith,Programme Manager, GO WalesWhether you’re a visitor looking for a graduatevacancy, gap year opportunity, post graduatestudy or just sound advice – or an employerlooking for the brightest candidates from everyWelsh university – then the GO Wales Fair is notto be missed.Here are just a few reasons why:> Entry is free> Meet proactive organisations within the graduate marketplace with opportunities all over the UK> Obtain information face to face to help you gain a better understanding of what companies are looking for> Attend free seminars on key topics> Speak to the professionals in our Advice Area including CV and Business Start-up Clinics> Gain specific information not usually provided by prospectus’ or recruitment packs> This is your chance to impress and be more than a faceless CVVisit the website to register –
  • 65. SECTION 6:Support Services forGraduates in Wales
  • 66. 64 _ A GUIDE TO WORKING IN WALES _ WWW.GOWALES.CO.UKSECTION 6:Support Services for Graduates in WalesYour local HEI Careers Service offers a widerange of support services to help you makeinformed choices about your career. If you areunemployed or are in a job that you feel is notright for you, then there is a wide range ofpractical support on offer to help you make yournext move.“The most useful aspect is the good advice, asthere is always someone there to look over anapplication form at the last minute, or help youprepare for an interview without having to bookan appointment!”Jodie Giles – Communities First EnvironmentalNetwork Officer, Groundwork Caerphilly.
  • 67. WWW.GOWALES.CO.UK _ A GUIDE TO WORKING IN WALES _ 65University of Wales, AberystwythCareers Advisory Service InformationPenglais > Access to Internet/Word ProcessingAberystwyth > Employer DirectoryCeredigionSY23 3DB > Employer InformationTelephone: 01970 622378 > Vacancy Lists (online)Fax: 01970 622370 > Computer Aided GuidanceEmail: > Access to careers libraryWeb site: > Videos/DVDsOpening Hours – Term TimeMon – Thurs 10am – 5pmFriday 10am – 4.30pmOpening Hours – VacationMon – Thurs 10am – 1pm 2pm – 5pmFriday 10am – 1pm 2pm – 4.30pm Graduates from UWA Graduates from other Graduates from other Graduates from other University Universities up to Universities between Universities more than 1 year after graduation 1 and 3 years from 3 years after graduation graduationInformation Full Access Full Access Full Access Full AccessAdvice Full Access Full Access Full Access Full AccessWorkshops Check Availability Check Availability Check Availability Check AvailabilityOverview of services GO Wales Work Experience Programme Note that assistance to graduates from other universities is done in person only
  • 68. 66 _ A GUIDE TO WORKING IN WALES _ WWW.GOWALES.CO.UKSECTION 6:Support Services for Graduates in WalesBangor UniversityCentre for Careers & Opportunities InformationStudents Union Building > Access to Internet/Word ProcessingDeiniol Road > Employer DirectoriesBangorLL57 2UW > Employer InformationTelephone 01248 382071 > Vacancy Lists (online)Fax 01248 383644 > Vacancy Lists (paper)Email: > Computer Aided GuidanceWeb site: > Access to careers libraryOpening Hours – Term Time > DVDsMon – Fri 9am – 4.30pm > One to One interviewsOpening Hours – Vacation > Drop-insMon – Fri 9am – 1pm 2pm – 5pm > Email advice(Closed for Lunch 1pm – 2pm) > Graduates may be able to access Duty Adviser via Drop-In but check availability (up to 3 yrs of graduation) Graduates from Bangor Graduates from other Graduates from other Graduates from other University Universities up to Universities between Universities more than 1 year after graduation 1 and 3 years from 3 years after graduation graduationInformation Full Access Full Access Full Access Check AvailabilityAdvice Check Availability Check Availability Check Availability No AccessWorkshops Check Availability Check Availability Check Availability No AccessOverview of services Between 1 & 3 yrs of graduation – full access to Information. Always check availability re advice and workshops – see
  • 69. WWW.GOWALES.CO.UK _ A GUIDE TO WORKING IN WALES _ 67Cardiff UniversityCareers Service Information5 Corbett Road > Access to Internet/Word ProcessingCardiff > Employer DirectoriesCF10 3EB > Employer InformationTelephone: 029 2087 4828Fax: 029 2087 4229 > Vacancy Lists (online)Email: > Computer Aided GuidanceWeb site: > Access to careers libraryOpening Hours – Term Time > Videos/DVDsMon – Fri 8.30am – 5pm > One to One interviewsFor bookings/telephone calls > Drop-inCareers Library open > Email adviceMon – Fri 9am – 5pmOpening Hours – VacationAs per term howeverCareers Library closed 1 – 2pmexcept for Wednesday Graduates from Cardiff Graduates from other Graduates from other Graduates from other University Universities up to Universities between Universities more than 1 year after graduation 1 and 3 years from 3 years after graduation graduation Information Full Access Full Access Full Access Full Access Advice Check Availability Check Availability Check Availability Check Availability Workshops Check Availability No Access No Access No Access Overview of services GO Wales Work Experience Programme. Note that assistance to graduates from other universities is done in person only. A GO Wales Graduate Employment Advice Centre is open to graduates of any University, living in Cardiff or the surrounding area. Open 11am – 3pm, Monday, Tuesday and Wednesday. Closed Thursday and FridayGraduate Employment Advice Advice on: And free access to:Centre (GEAC) > Job hunting strategies > PCs, internet and printersThe Graduate Employment Advice > CVs and covering letters > TelephoneCentre at Cardiff University CareersService is run as a drop-in centre, > Applications > Newspaperswhere graduates living in Cardiff can > Interviews skills > Stationary and postagecome for: > Email advice > Interviews skills
  • 70. 68 _ A GUIDE TO WORKING IN WALES _ WWW.GOWALES.CO.UKSECTION 6:Support Services for Graduates in WalesUniversity of GlamorganCareers Service InformationC Block > Access to Internet/Word ProcessingUniversity Glamorgan > Employer DirectoryPontypriddCF37 1DL > Employer InformationTelephone: 01443 482080 > Vacancy Lists (online)Fax: 01443 482084 > Computer Aided GuidanceEmail: > Access to careers libraryWeb site: > Videos/DVDsOpening Hours – Term Time > One to One interviewsMon – Thu 8.45am – 4.55pm > Drop-insFri 8.45am – 4.25pm > Email careers guidanceOpening Hours – VacationAs term time, except Bank Holidays. > Interviews and Drop-InsLimited appointment service appointments can only be bookedduring vacation times. in person or by calling 01443 482080. Graduates from Graduates from other Graduates from other Graduates from other Glamorgan University Universities up to Universities between Universities more than 1 year after graduation 1 and 3 years from 3 years after graduation graduationInformation Full Access Full Access Full Access Full AccessAdvice Full Access Full Access Full Access Full AccessWorkshops Full Access Full Access Full Access Full AccessOverview of services Graduates from other institutions need to check availability of service
  • 71. WWW.GOWALES.CO.UK _ A GUIDE TO WORKING IN WALES _ 69University of Wales, LampeterThe Employability Unit InformationUW Lampeter > Access to Internet/Word ProcessingLampeter > Employer DirectoriesCeredigionSA48 7ED > Employer InformationTelephone: 01570 424782 > Vacancy Lists (online)Fax: 01570 424974 > Vacancy Lists (paper)Email: > Computer Aided GuidanceWeb site: > Access to careers libraryOpening Hours – Term Time > Videos/DVDsMon – Fri 9am – 5pm > AdviceOpening Hours – Vacation > One to One interviewsReduced opening hours,please phone or e-mail to check > Drop-insopening times. > Email advice Graduates from UWL Graduates from other Graduates from other Graduates from other Universities up to Universities between Universities more than 1 year after graduation 1 and 3 years from 3 years after graduation graduationInformation Full Access Full Access Full Access Full AccessAdvice Full Access Full Access Full Access Full AccessWorkshops Full Access Full Access Full Access Full AccessOverview of services
  • 72. 70 _ A GUIDE TO WORKING IN WALES _ WWW.GOWALES.CO.UKSECTION 6:Support Services for Graduates in WalesNorth East Wales InstituteCareers Centre Information2nd Floor Edward Llwyd Centre > Access to Internet/Word ProcessingPlas Coch, Mold Road > Employer DirectoriesWrexhamLL11 2AW > Employer InformationTelephone: 01978 293240 > Computer Aided GuidanceFax: 01978 293256 > Access to careers libraryEmail: > Videos/DVDsWeb site: > Vacancy notice board in the CareersOpening Hours – Term Time CentreMon – Thu 9am – 5pm > One to One interviewsFri 9am – 4.30pm > Drop-insLate night Tues – 7pm(staffed) > Email advice Graduates from NEWI Graduates from other Graduates from other Graduates from other Universities up to Universities between Universities more than 1 year after graduation 1 and 3 years from 3 years after graduation graduationInformation Full Access Full Access Full Access Full AccessAdvice Full Access Check Availability Check Availability Check AvailabilityWorkshops Check Availability Check Availability Check Availability Check AvailabilityOverview of services Job Shop, Placement Scheme, Advice and Guidance
  • 73. WWW.GOWALES.CO.UK _ A GUIDE TO WORKING IN WALES _ 71University of Wales, NewportCareers Service InformationAllt-yr-yn Avenue > Access to Internet/Word ProcessingPO Box 180 > Employer DirectoriesNewportNP20 5DA > Employer InformationTelephone: 01633 432428 > Vacancy Lists (online)Fax: 01633 432306 > Vacancy Lists (paper)Email: > Computer Aided GuidanceWeb site: > Access to careers libraryOpening Hours – Term Time > Videos/DVDsMon – Thu 9am – 5pm > One to One interviewsFri 9am – 2pm > Drop-insOpening Hours – VacationAs term time > Email advice Graduates from UWN Graduates from other Graduates from other Graduates from other Universities up to Universities between Universities more than 1 year after graduation 1 and 3 years from 3 years after graduation graduation Information Full Access Full Access Full Access Check Availability Advice Full Access Full Access Full Access Check Availability Workshops Full Access Full Access Check Availability Check Availability Overview of services
  • 74. 72 _ A GUIDE TO WORKING IN WALES _ WWW.GOWALES.CO.UKSECTION 6:Support Services for Graduates in WalesSwansea UniversityCareers Library & Information Centre InformationSingleton Park > Access to Internet/Word ProcessingSwansea > Employer DirectoriesSA2 8PP > Employer InformationTelephone 01792 513266Fax 01792 295247 > Vacancy Lists (online)Email: > Computer Aided GuidanceWeb site: > Access to careers libraryOpening Hours – Term Time > Videos/DVDsMon 9am – 5pm > Free use of telephone, fax, togetherWed – Fri 9am – 5pm with some printing and postage ifThu 9am – 7pm connected with job search.Opening Hours – Vacation > One to One interviewsTelephone first to check availability > Drop-ins > Email advice > Please book in advance if travelling some distance Graduates from Graduates from other Graduates from other Graduates from other Swansea University Universities up to Universities between Universities more than 1 year after graduation 1 and 3 years from 3 years after graduation graduation Information Full Access Full Access Full Access Full Access Advice Full Access Full Access Full Access Full Access Workshops Check Availability Check Availability Check Availability Check Availability Overview of services All UWS graduates may use the Freephone advice line 0800 052 1275. Graduates may email advisers at
  • 75. WWW.GOWALES.CO.UK _ A GUIDE TO WORKING IN WALES _ 73Swansea Metropolitan UniversityCareers Centre InformationThompson Building > Access to Internet/Word ProcessingMount Pleasant Campus > Employer DirectoriesSwanseaSA1 6ED > Employer InformationTelephone: 01792 481213 > Vacancy Lists (paper)Fax: 01792 481206 > Computer Aided GuidanceEmail: > Access to careers libraryWeb site: > Videos/DVDsOpening Hours – Term Time > One to One interviewsMon – Fri 8.45am – 4.30pm > Drop-insCareers Library open until > Email advice8pm term-time Graduates from SMU Graduates from other Graduates from other Graduates from other Universities up to Universities between Universities more than 1 year after graduation 1 and 3 years from 3 years after graduation graduation Information Full Access Check Availability Check Availability Check Availability Advice Full Access Check Availability Check Availability Check Availability Workshops Check Availability Check Availability Check Availability Check Availability Overview of services See
  • 76. 74 _ A GUIDE TO WORKING IN WALES _ WWW.GOWALES.CO.UKSECTION 6:Support Services for Graduates in WalesTrinity College, CarmarthenCareers Service InformationTrinity College > Access to Internet/Word ProcessingCarmarthen > Employer DirectoriesCarmarthenshireSA31 3EP > Employer InformationTelephone: 01267 676830 > Vacancy Lists (online)Fax: 01267 676766 > Vacancy Lists (paper)Email: > Computer Aided GuidanceWeb site: > Access to careers libraryOpening Hours – Term Time > Videos/DVDsWed – Thu 9am – 5pm > One to One interviewsFri 9am – 4.30pm > Drop-insOpening Hours – VacationWed – Thu 9am – 5pm > Email adviceFri 9am – 4.30pm Graduates from Trinity Graduates from other Graduates from other Graduates from other College Universities up to Universities between Universities more than 1 year after graduation 1 and 3 years from 3 years after graduation graduationInformation Full Access Full Access Full Access Full AccessAdvice Full Access Full Access Full Access Full AccessWorkshops Full Access Full Access Full Access Full AccessOverview of services The Careers Service is available to students and graduates of any institution
  • 77. WWW.GOWALES.CO.UK _ A GUIDE TO WORKING IN WALES _ 75University of Wales Institute, CardiffCareer Development Services InformationA Block, Cyncoed Campus > Access to Internet/Word ProcessingCyncoed Road > Employer DirectoriesCardiffCF23 6XD > Employer InformationTelephone: 02920 416333 > Vacancy Lists (online)Fax: 02920 416984 > Computer Aided GuidanceEmail: > Access to careers libraryWeb site: > Videos/DVDsOpening Hours – Term TimeMon – Thu 9am – 4.30pmOpening Hours – VacationMon – Thu 9am – 4.30pm Graduates from UWIC Graduates from other Graduates from other Graduates from other Universities up to Universities between Universities more than 1 year after graduation 1 and 3 years from 3 years after graduation graduationInformation Full Access Check Availability Check Availability No AccessAdvice Full Access Check Availability Check Availability No AccessWorkshops Full Access Check Availability Check Availability No AccessOverview of services Graduates from any institution are entitled to access support from our GO Wales Team – work tasters, paid work placements and GDF funding (within Wales)Prospects
  • 78. 76 _ A GUIDE TO WORKING IN WALES _ WWW.GOWALES.CO.UKNotes Designed by