Vocationalization of Secondary Education: The Open Schooling Perspective

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Presentation by Dr. SS. Jena at the National Consultative Workshop on Developing NVEQF Implementation Strategy for Open Schooling, 20-21 June, 2013, Kochi.

Presentation by Dr. SS. Jena at the National Consultative Workshop on Developing NVEQF Implementation Strategy for Open Schooling, 20-21 June, 2013, Kochi.

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  • 1. Dr.S.S.Jena Chairman, NIOS Consultative Workshop on Developing Implementation Strategies for NVEQF in Open Schooling in India June 20-21, 2013 Cherai Beach Resort, Kochi NIOS – CEMA Collaboration ss.jena@nios.ac.in July 18, 2013
  • 2.  Age Group 15-29: ◦ only 2% have formal Vocational Training ◦ 8% have acquired Non-Formal Vocational Training  93% of workforce in unorganised sectors  New entrants to the workforce every year :12.8 Million  Existing Skill Development capacity In India: 3.1 Million ss.jena@nios.ac.in July 18, 2013
  • 3. Age Group Population (million) No. in school (million) Gross Enrolment Ratio (GER) 14-15 40.84 20.89 59.82 16-17 40.86 10.66 34.25 18-24 100.54 10.70 13.58 Dropout rate (2010) • Class 1-8 : 43% • Class 1-10: 57% ss.jena@nios.ac.in July 18, 2013
  • 4. 4 Stated, inter-alia, that “The introduction of systematic, well-planned and rigorously implemented programme of vocational education is crucial in the proposed educational re-organization… Vocational education will be a distinct stream intended to prepare students for identified vocations spanning several areas of activity.”  Set the target to cover 10% higher secondary students under vocational courses by 1990 and 25% by 1995 The Plan of Action, 1992, for implementation of NPE 1986, reset the targets of diversification of students to vocational steams at +2 level to 10% by 1995 and 25% by 2000 ss.jena@nios.ac.in July 18, 2013
  • 5. 5 ss.jena@nios.ac.in July 18, 2013
  • 6. 6 Launching of new scheme on Vocational Education Vocational Education to be integral part of the school education system Introduction of Pre-vocational subjects at class IX Reorganization of Vocational Courses Boosting of Vocational Education at Tertiary Education Level Introduction of National Vocational Education Qualification Framework (NVEQF) ss.jena@nios.ac.in July 18, 2013
  • 7. 7  General education: vertical progression possible  Technical Vocational Education and Training (TVET): yet to have linkages  ITI and VE in higher secondary schools : a dead- end  ITI to Polytechnics – pathway needed  Polytechnic student has difficulty in entering Engineering College – bridge course needed  VE and General Education: horizontal mobility difficult ss.jena@nios.ac.in July 18, 2013
  • 8. 8  Providing uniformity in qualifications across Institutions  Provision for clear & recognized pathways of learning  Enhancing credibility amongst stakeholders  Drawing pathways for horizontal and vertical mobility  Provision for formal recognition of informal (prior) learning ss.jena@nios.ac.in July 18, 2013
  • 9. 9 Input Based Outcome Based Primarily focuses on the resources (syllabus, instructional materials, etc.)that are available to the student, which are called ‘Inputs’. Primarily focuses on empirically measuring student performance in terms of competencies achieved and refer to ‘outcomes’ Content and performance expectations are based primarily on what was “taught in the past to students of a given age” Content and performance expectations are based primarily on what students "know and are able to do" Teacher centred learning Student centred learning Norm-referenced testing Criterion referenced testing ss.jena@nios.ac.in July 18, 2013
  • 10. 10  Agriculture  Home- Science and Hospitality Management  Business and Commerce  Computer Science and IT  Engineering and Technology  Health and Para-Medical  Teacher Training  Life Enrichment Courses  Other Vocational Courses  Special Projects (Hunar, CISCO, FVTRS, ITDC, DOP) ss.jena@nios.ac.in July 18, 2013
  • 11. 11 Wide Spectrum of Vocational Courses Traditional Courses, such as, embroidery, Tie & Dye and Batik AreaSpecific Courses, such as, Jute Production Technology Rural need-based courses, such as, Soil & Fertilizer Management Urban need-based courses, such as, course in Air Conditioning Courses with Focus on Women and Child, such as, Certificate course in Early Childhood Care and Education, Paripurna Mahilla (Empowered Women ) Technology based courses, such as, Certificate Course in Computer Applications ss.jena@nios.ac.in July 18, 2013
  • 12. 12 ss.jena@nios.ac.in July 18, 2013
  • 13. Identification of Skill Areas Identification of Skill Areas Identification of Competencies Pack Identification of Competencies Pack Developing Assessment Methods for acquired skills Developing Assessment Methods for acquired skills Competency based Education & Training Competency based Education & Training Competency Based Assessment & Certification Competency Based Assessment & Certification Assessment Processes in Prior Learning (RPL) Assessment Processes in Prior Learning (RPL) Qualification enhancement through NIOS in collaboration with Sector Skill Council July 18, 2013ss.jena@nios.ac.in
  • 14. 14  Develop exemplary courseware, both print & non-print forms, in selected vocational subject areas  Subject areas selected are (i) Computer & IT, (ii) Tourism & Hospitality Management & (iii) Rural Technology  Online collaborative platform is created for development of digital materials  Approaches followed in development of the resource materials are based on (i) Role based education for Scenario Based Learning & (ii) Situated based Social Reconstruction & Transformation Process ss.jena@nios.ac.in July 18, 2013
  • 15.  Linkages between Open School and Industries  Participation of Industries in Curriculum Design  Using ICT for Skill Development  Placement support system  Teachers’ Capacity building  Recognition of Prior Learning (RPL) ◦ Identification of skill areas for RPL ◦ Linking of competencies with skills ◦ Assessment procedure & Certification ◦ Continuing updation of skills  Setting of Quality Standard  Changing of Social Mindset ss.jena@nios.ac.in July 18, 2013
  • 16. ss.jena@nios.ac.in July 18, 2013