Commonwealth Educational
Media Centre for Asia
Preparing Online
Materials
Understanding foundations of online learning
San...
Overview
 eLearning or Online Learning
 Forms of eLearning
 Instructional Design for eLearning
 Designing Online Learn...
What is eLearning?
(Source: © Sharma & Mishra, 2007)
Why eLearning is popular?
 Access to educational resources from outside
the institution;
 Quick and easy way to create, ...
Why eLearning is popular?
 Platform independent delivery, accessible
through any computer with a simple browser
interface...
Forms of eLearning
Type 1 Type 2 Type 3
Web
integrated in
the
classroom to
supplement
teaching
Web used in
a mixed
mode (a...
Instructional Design for eLearning
(Source: © Mishra, 2002)
Learning activities
Learner supportContent
Behaviourism Cognit...
ERIC-Model
CONSTRUCT EXPERIENCE
INTERACT REFLECT
Source: © Sharma & Mishra, 2007)
Designing Online Learning
 Needs Analysis
 Learner Profile
 Organization Profile
 Development of a Blueprint
 Institu...
Developing Online Learning Content
Types of Contents
 Text, plain or formatted
 Hybrid text/graphics documents, such as
...
Developing Online Learning Content
Media Types
 Text
 Graphics/Images
 Audio and Video
 Animations and 3D
models
Tools...
Facilitating Online Learning
Communication Tools
 Electronic Mail
 Discussion Board
 Mailing List
 Chat
 Blogs
 Micr...
Delivering Online Learning
 Synchronous (eg. Delivered using video
conference tools)
 Asynchronous (mainly through use o...
Innovative Practice Example
• SLM Development, 2008
• Sanjaya Mishra trained 20
individuals to write self-
learning materi...
TRENDS IN ONLINE LEARNING
Open Educational Resources
 Reuse
 Revise
 Remix
 Redistribute
– No permissions required
– Released in open license
Massive Open Online Courses
 Large enrolments
 Freely available, not
necessarily in open license
 Online and required
n...
Open Badges
 Identity management
 Authenticating learning and skills
 Banking of skills and display online
Other Trends
 Learning Analytics
 Video Learning
 Social Media
 Mobile Devices
Thank You
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Preparing Online Materials: Understanding Foundations of Online Learning

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Presentation on 23 January 2014 by Dr. Sanjaya Mishra at the Refresher Course organised by CCMG, Jamia Millia Islamia, New Delhi.

Published in: Education, Technology

Preparing Online Materials: Understanding Foundations of Online Learning

  1. 1. Commonwealth Educational Media Centre for Asia Preparing Online Materials Understanding foundations of online learning Sanjaya Mishra Director, Commonwealth Educational Media Centre for Asia, new Delhi
  2. 2. Overview  eLearning or Online Learning  Forms of eLearning  Instructional Design for eLearning  Designing Online Learning Environments  Trends in Online Learning
  3. 3. What is eLearning? (Source: © Sharma & Mishra, 2007)
  4. 4. Why eLearning is popular?  Access to educational resources from outside the institution;  Quick and easy way to create, update and revise course materials;  Increased interaction with student through e- mail and discussion forums;  Location and time independent delivery of course materials;  Multimedia capabilities enabling instructional designers to prepare quality learning materials;  Interactive and dynamic learning experience through online assessment tools;
  5. 5. Why eLearning is popular?  Platform independent delivery, accessible through any computer with a simple browser interface;  Increased learner control through hypertext based presentation of information;  Opportunities for international, cross-cultural and collaborative learning; and  Ability to serve a large number of students at a potentially reduced cost.
  6. 6. Forms of eLearning Type 1 Type 2 Type 3 Web integrated in the classroom to supplement teaching Web used in a mixed mode (as blended learning) Web used independently as a stand alone system
  7. 7. Instructional Design for eLearning (Source: © Mishra, 2002) Learning activities Learner supportContent Behaviourism Cognitivism Constructivism Participation in discussion forum Email contact Reading of lessons •Learner guide •Mentor support •Online library •Social interaction •Synchronous chat -counselling •Objective- based course units •Self- assessment online
  8. 8. ERIC-Model CONSTRUCT EXPERIENCE INTERACT REFLECT Source: © Sharma & Mishra, 2007)
  9. 9. Designing Online Learning  Needs Analysis  Learner Profile  Organization Profile  Development of a Blueprint  Institutional preparation  Learning material development  Evaluation  Promotion  Maintenance and Updating
  10. 10. Developing Online Learning Content Types of Contents  Text, plain or formatted  Hybrid text/graphics documents, such as Adobe Acrobat  Colour images, still and animated or videos  Sound  3-D models  Interaction or simulation using JavaScript, VB Script, ActiveX
  11. 11. Developing Online Learning Content Media Types  Text  Graphics/Images  Audio and Video  Animations and 3D models Tools/Formats  Word processor, PDF, HTML editor  GIF, JPEG format image documents using photo editors and graphic suits  MPEG-2, and MPEG-4 for Video and Mp3/Ogg Vorbis for audio most widely used format. These can be developed using digital video/audio capture tools  Flash animation, VRML
  12. 12. Facilitating Online Learning Communication Tools  Electronic Mail  Discussion Board  Mailing List  Chat  Blogs  Micro-blogging  Wikis  Social networking/bookmarking
  13. 13. Delivering Online Learning  Synchronous (eg. Delivered using video conference tools)  Asynchronous (mainly through use of Learning Management Systems)  Both synchronous and asynchronous  Using hosted Services in any suitable platform  Innovative Practices
  14. 14. Innovative Practice Example • SLM Development, 2008 • Sanjaya Mishra trained 20 individuals to write self- learning materials • Used weekly reading and GoogleGroup • Wiki-based Tasks to develop SLM using wiki • Learning contract, certification, online activities, visible outputs
  15. 15. TRENDS IN ONLINE LEARNING
  16. 16. Open Educational Resources  Reuse  Revise  Remix  Redistribute – No permissions required – Released in open license
  17. 17. Massive Open Online Courses  Large enrolments  Freely available, not necessarily in open license  Online and required networked connections  Courses, meaning designed and delivered by teachers, in cohorts as opposed to OER
  18. 18. Open Badges  Identity management  Authenticating learning and skills  Banking of skills and display online
  19. 19. Other Trends  Learning Analytics  Video Learning  Social Media  Mobile Devices
  20. 20. Thank You
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