How internet changes universities


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How internet changes universities, by Alfonso Fuggetta. Download

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How internet changes universities

  1. 1. HOW INTERNET CHANGES UNIVERSITIES Alfonso Fuggetta CEFRIEL - Politecnico di Milano Milano - July 8th, 2013 lunedì 8 luglio 13
  2. 2. ALFONSO FUGGETTA IS THIS THE ERA OF ONLINE LEARNING? (BTW, E-LEARNING OR E-TEACHING?) Many observe that Internet is going to radically change and even disrupt “classical” universities: MOOCs (Massive Open Online Course) Social networks and virtual communities ... Is this true? To what extent? What are the consequences for universities? lunedì 8 luglio 13
  3. 3. STEP 1 WHAT IS THE MISSION OF A UNIVERSITY? lunedì 8 luglio 13
  4. 4. ALFONSO FUGGETTA CREATE AND SHARE KNOWLEDGE An open and proactive role Advance knowledge for the benefit of the society lunedì 8 luglio 13
  5. 5. ALFONSO FUGGETTA KEY ASPECT: EDUCATION Key goals of a student: Understand principles, notions, and founding concepts Learn to learn Learn to reason Learn to work together Stimulate curiosity Acquire information Test technologies and tools And last but not least ... understand the principles of ethical conduct lunedì 8 luglio 13
  6. 6. ALFONSO FUGGETTA KEY ACTORS: EDUCATORS Wikipedia: Etymologically, the word "education" is derived from the Latin ēducātiō ("A breeding, a bringing up, a rearing") from ēdūcō ("I educate, I train") which is related to the homonym ēdūcō ("I lead forth, I take out; I raise up, I erect") from ē- ("from, out of") and dūcō ("I lead, I conduct"). lunedì 8 luglio 13
  8. 8. ALFONSO FUGGETTA QUESTION ? Is it really possible to educate over the Internet? Can we really consider e- learning (or e-teaching!) to be equivalent to educating? lunedì 8 luglio 13
  9. 9. ALFONSO FUGGETTA KEY ASPECT: COMMUNITY A university is not just a collection of individuals. It’s ... a community of students a community of educators a community of stakeholders A community lives beyond professional and teaching activities lunedì 8 luglio 13
  10. 10. ALFONSO FUGGETTA QUESTION ? Can we completely recreate a community over the Internet? Even bloggers and Internet lovers organize barcamps! lunedì 8 luglio 13
  11. 11. ALFONSO FUGGETTA KEY ASPECT: INFRASTRUCTURE A university has many different types of infrastructures: Labs Complex tools/devices/instruments Other infrastructures (e.g., greenhouses, medical centers, ...) lunedì 8 luglio 13
  12. 12. ALFONSO FUGGETTA QUESTION ? Can we completely simulate/recreate these infrastructures over the Internet? lunedì 8 luglio 13
  13. 13. STEP 2 WHAT DOES INTERNET OFFER AND HOW? lunedì 8 luglio 13
  14. 14. ALFONSO FUGGETTA THREE MAIN FEATURES Communicate 1-to-1, 1-to-many and many-to-many Synchronous and asynchronous Create & Share Diversified and rich multimedia contents creation Online information authoring and sharing Cooperate Distributed workforce management & coordination Online community management Social networks lunedì 8 luglio 13
  15. 15. ALFONSO FUGGETTA LEARNING EXPERIENCES Live Meeting Attend a live event remotely Asynchronous streaming and contents fruition Access multimedia contents anytime, anywhere Cooperation & Support Environments Cooperate with educators and colleagues using virtual spaces and social networks lunedì 8 luglio 13
  16. 16. ALFONSO FUGGETTA QUESTION ? Can these features/systems be used to completely address in a virtual environment the needs and requirements of an education process? Only partially lunedì 8 luglio 13
  17. 17. ALFONSO FUGGETTA INDEED ... NYT, February 20th 2013 “So far, most MOOCs have had dropout rates exceeding 90 percent.” lunedì 8 luglio 13
  18. 18. STEP 3 SO, HOW INTERNET CHANGES UNIVERSITIES? lunedì 8 luglio 13
  19. 19. ALFONSO FUGGETTA THE INTERNET AS AN ENABLER The Internet enables new forms and ways to structure the education process, and thus is instrumental to enrich, diversify, and speed up the learning experience lunedì 8 luglio 13
  20. 20. ALFONSO FUGGETTA THE INTERNET AS A SURROGATE The Internet might surrogate traditional teaching activities in situations in which costs and physical distribution make it difficult to attend a classical course lunedì 8 luglio 13
  21. 21. ALFONSO FUGGETTA THE INTERNET IS NOT A REPLACEMENT The Internet cannot replace the experience of attending a course of study in a university lunedì 8 luglio 13
  22. 22. ALFONSO FUGGETTA AN INVERSION IS TAKING PLACE: FROM “PURE LEARNING” TO “LIVING AN EXPERIENCE” Traditionally: A university campus was the physical location where courses and labs took place Now: Information can be acquired on the Internet; even some portion of the learning process can happen outside of university campuses Hence, universities must be the places that create communities, diversify and enrich the education process, and offer rich professional, human, and cultural experiences lunedì 8 luglio 13
  23. 23. ALFONSO FUGGETTA INDEED, UNIVERSITIES MUST CHANGE Universities must evolve: The onsite experience has to be enriched to exploit the physical presence and the value of communities and places The Internet must be the main support and enabling platform Probably, we need hybrid models (onsite and online), with different levels of hybridization depending on the course level and topic Educators must reevaluate and extend their role as mentors and not just instructors lunedì 8 luglio 13
  24. 24. ALFONSO FUGGETTA THEREFORE ... The Internet does change universities However, the change is not obvious at all: it is not a mere transposition of physical classrooms in the cyberspace The Internet is a key enabler to innovate and extend the learning and education experience lunedì 8 luglio 13
  25. 25. THANK YOU lunedì 8 luglio 13