Canadian Presentation of CEC Secretariat Report: Destination Sustainability

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Presentation of the CEC Secretariat's report on sustainable freight transportation in North America: Destination Sustainability. Executive Director Evan Lloyd presented findings and recommendations of the report on May 5, 2011 at the Toronto offices of Pollution Probe.

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Canadian Presentation of CEC Secretariat Report: Destination Sustainability

  1. 1. Evan  Lloyd,  Execu0ve  Director  Commission  for  Environmental  Coopera0on   5  May  2011   Pollu0on  Probe  -­‐  Toronto,  Ontario    
  2. 2. The  Commission  for  Environmental  Coopera0on  supports  coopera-on  among  the  NAFTA  partners  –  Canada,  Mexico  and  the  United  States  –  to  address  environmental  issues  of  con-nental  concern,  including  the  environmental  challenges  and  opportuni-es  presented  by  con-nent-­‐wide  free  trade.    Des$na$on  Sustainability  is  the  latest  independent  report  of  the  CEC  Secretariat.      
  3. 3. DESTINATION  SUSTAINABILITY  Reducing  Greenhouse  Gas  Emissions  from  Freight  Transporta$on  in  North  America    Examines  the  environmental  impact  of  freight  transporta-on,  specifically  from  road  and  rail  modes    §  Challenges  §  Key  Findings  §  Recommenda0ons  
  4. 4. DESTINATION  SUSTAINABILITY  Reducing  Greenhouse  Gas  Emissions  from  Freight  Transporta$on  in  North  America    Studies  and  organiza-ons  
  5. 5. Summary  –  Conclusion    §  Vision—of  an  integrated,   intelligent,  freight  transporta-on   system  for  North  America—is  #1     requirement.  §  The  policies,  regula-ons,   incen-ves,  investments  and   technologies  necessary  to   accomplish  sustainable  freight   transporta-on—across  North   America—will  also  make  our   economies  more  efficient,   compe--ve,  and  energy-­‐secure.  
  6. 6. Findings:  NAFTA  Transport  -­‐  Growth    §  NAFTA  popula0on  will  grow  from  460  m  to   540  m  by  2030  (600  m  by  2050).    §  North  American  economy  will  grow  by   70-­‐130%  between  2005  and  2030.  §  US  interstate  highway  travel  demand,   measured  in  VMT  is  forecast  to  increase   from  690  billion  (2002)  to  1.3  trillion  by   2026.  §  Addi0onal  1.8  million  trucks  on  the  road  by   2020  §  Total  freight  tonnage  is  expected  to  double   from  2002  levels  15,500  MT  to  34,000  MT   by  2035.  
  7. 7. Findings:  NAFTA  Transport  –  Modal  Share    §  By  value,  88%  of  US  trade  with   Canada  and  Mexico  moves  on   land  §  Freight  trucks  are  the   dominant  mode  of  land   transporta-on  among  the  three   countries  §  By  tonnage  (2008):   Pipelines  35%   Trucks    33%   Rail      32%  
  8. 8. Findings:  Canada    §  In  Canada,  the  transporta-on  sector  (all  modes)   is  the  second-­‐largest  contributor  to  GHG   emissions   ü  Within  the  transporta-on  sector,  freight   transporta-on  accounted  for   approximately  38%  of  the  sector’s  GHG   emissions  in  2007.  §  The  magnitude  of  US  NAFTA-­‐related  land  trade   highlights  the  importance  of  north-­‐south  freight   transporta-on  corridors   ü  In  2008,  approximately  half  of  the  total   truck  and  rail  traffic  by  value  in  North   America  was  handled  by  three  land  ports   of  entry:  Detroit/Windsor,  Buffalo/ Niagara  Falls,  and  Nuevo  Laredo/Laredos    
  9. 9. Findings:  Trade  -­‐  Transporta0on  -­‐  Climate  Change  §  The  transporta0on  sector  in   North  America  is  second  only  to   electricity  genera-on  in  terms  of   CO2  emissions  produced.  §  CO2  emissions  account  for  95%  or   more  of  all  freight-­‐related  GHG   emissions.  §  Freight  is  the  fastest  growing   source  of  emissions  in  the   transport  sector.  §  US  freight-­‐related  emissions   increased  by  74%  from  1990  to   2008.  
  10. 10. Findings:  Fuel  standards  aren’t  enough    Fuel  standards  alone  cannot  solve  the  problem  of  growing  freight  emissions    Projec-ons  for  the  US  show  lijle  growth  for    transporta-on  sector  emissions:  0.7%  to  2030    Modes  show  very  different  rates  of  growth    Despite  a  42%  increase  in  VMT  2007–2030,  light-­‐duty  vehicle  GHG  emissions  are  projected  to  decline  nearly  12%  over  the  period    Freight  truck  emissions  are  projected  to  increase  20%  over  same  period       Source  US  DOT  
  11. 11. CHALLENGES  1  Lack  of  internaliza-on  of  external  costs  of  freight   transporta-on  2  Inadequate  coordina-on  among  North  American   transporta-on  agencies    3  Lack  of  integrated  land-­‐use  and  freight   transporta-on  planning    4  Extensive  delays  in  truck  freight  movements  across   borders  5  Time  needed  for  turnover  of  inefficient  legacy  truck   fleet  6  Inadequately  funding  of  transporta-on   infrastructure  7  Absence  of  essen-al  transporta-on  data  
  12. 12. KEY  RECOMMENDATIONS  1   Coordina0on  and  Networking   §  NAFTA  ministerial-­‐level  North  American   Transporta-on  Forum  to  work  in  coopera-on   with  industry  and  stakeholders  to  foster  an   integrated,  intelligent  freight  transporta-on   system  for  North  America  
  13. 13. KEY  RECOMMENDATIONS  2   Carbon  Pricing  and  System     Efficiency  Strategies     §  NAFTA-­‐wide  carbon  price  signal  to  invest  in   efficiency  and  in  low-­‐carbon  fuel  alterna-ves.    
  14. 14. KEY  RECOMMENDATIONS  3   Investments  to  Improve  the  Efficiency   of  the  Freight  Transporta0on  System     §  Re-­‐invest  in  road,  rail,  and  waterway   infrastructure  that  is  congested  and   deteriora-ng.     §  Incen-ves  for  advanced  fuel-­‐saving   technologies  and  the  adop-on  of   intelligent  transporta-on  systems.    
  15. 15. KEY  RECOMMENDATIONS  4   Supply  Chain  Management     §  Supply-­‐chain  carbon  accoun-ng     §  Cross-­‐border  and  industry  collabora-on   to  reduce  “empty  miles”  
  16. 16. KEY  RECOMMENDATIONS  5   Training  Eco-­‐drivers     §  Improve  the  training  and  equipping  of   drivers  to  op-mize  their  environmental   and  economic  performance.  
  17. 17. KEY  RECOMMENDATIONS  6   Gathering  and  Sharing  Data     §  Enhance  the  quality  and  comparability  of   freight  data,  including  the  measurement   of  environmental  impacts,  con-nent-­‐wide.    
  18. 18. Advisory  Group  Des$na$on  Sustainability  was  developed  with  the  assistance  of  an  advisory  group  of  representa-ves  from  transporta-on  industries,  nongovernmental  organiza-ons,  and  government  agencies.      Bruce  Agnew,  Execu-ve  Director  of  the  Cascadia  Freight  Corridor,  chair  of  CEC  Advisory  Group  Rob  McKinstry,  Manager,  Economic  Policy  and  Research  Canadian  Railway  Associa-on  Bob  Oliver,  CEO,  Pollu-on  Probe    
  19. 19. www.cec.org/freight  

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