Bairros em Lisboa 2012 The role of urban neighbourhoods ('bairros') in the 21st century urban context Filipa Ramalhete Assunção Gato Coordenation: CEACT/UAL - Centro de Estudos de Arquitectura, Cidade e Território da Universidade Autónoma de Lisboa Partners: IHRU – SIPA | e-Geo | CML
SIEF 2011 Is the concept of neighbourhood (bairro) still essential in the 21st century urban context? Which aspects are crucial for the residents to consider their urban area as a neighbourhood? Is the point of view from the ‘old residents’ different from the ‘new gentrification’ ones? Is the concept itself part of emerging residential patterns?
SIEF 2011 “It is this social diversity, and not just the diversity of buildings and uses, that gives the city its soul.” “In the areas where hipsters and gentrifiers live there’s a new cosmopolitanism in the air: tolerant, hip, casual. And that isn’t bad. But little by little the old ethnic neighbourhoods they have moved into are dying, along with the factories where longtime residents plied their trades and the Irish bars, Latino bodegas, and black soul food restaurants where they made their homes away from home. The people who seemed so rooted in these neighbourhoods are disappearing.” Sharon Zukin (2010), Naked City: the death and life of authentic urban places, Oxford University Press, New York “Cuanto mayor sea la variedad de usos que tenga un barrio, más sustentable resultará” Alvarez de Celis in clarin.com (5/4/2011)
SIEF 2011 The Project Lisbon Bairros in 2012 Starting point - Bairro is… an architectural reality within a temporal series; an urban reality where people live as neighbours, with no administrative or political correspondence; an area with blurred physical limits but with a strong common memory and identity; a geographic basis where we observe various time, spatial and social layers; a place which promotes identity marks, shared by the community, and socially recognized; a place where we observe the intersection the material and objective aspects of social life and the subjective aspects of its cultural representations; a place where we “grow up” and build memories, both at an individual and social level; a word (and a concept) that went from “invisible” to “omnipresent” in Lisbon municipal planning; something worth studying to understand present and future planning options.
SIEF 2011 The Project Lisbon Bairros in 2012 Objectives Study the bairro as a physical / architectural reality, but also as an historic and social / anthropological context, lived and represented by its inhabitants. Understand the various contexts (spatial, historic, architectural, social) associated to the concept. Understand the subjacent criteria to define a part of the city as a bairro, in a plural contemporary context. Establish a typological characterisation of Lisbon’s neighbourhoods. 6 case studies to help understand the role of Lisbon bairros in the present urban context. Self-definition as a fundamental issue.
SIEF 2011 The Project 2010 Multidisciplinary team concerned with spatial planning (architecture, anthropology, geography, history, economy) | Partnerships (IHRU | e-Geo | CML) Theoretical research | field work preparation Typological analysis Mapping 2011 Round table O lugar do Bairro Fieldwork in 6 neighbourhoods (questionnaires - 600 + 120 - and interviews). Questionnaire: Concept, representation and opinion Activities performed in and outside the neighbourhood Characterisation of the individual inquired Mental map Historic cartography 2012 Final analysis and intervention proposals (SIA – International Architecture Seminar)
SIEF 2011 Is the concept of neighbourhood (bairro) still essential in the 21st century urban context? Yes! Which aspects are crucial for the residents to consider their urban area as a neighbourhood? Urban functions and inhabitants... People (and commerce) do make places. Is the point of view from the ‘old residents’ different from the ‘new gentrification’ ones? Not in this case study? Is the concept itself part of emerging residential patterns? Yes, new residents search for this specific neighbourhood. Questions remain and appear...
SIEF 2011 Our team UAL: Filipa Ramalhete | Assunção Gato | Cristina Dias | Joana Afonso | Sara Machado | Bruno Neves E-Geo: Nuno Soares IHRU: Margarida Tavares da Conceição | Luís Marques | Rute Figueiredo CML: Pedro Grilo Fieldwork: João Ortigão Ramos | Maria Castilho | Miguel Esteves | Pedro Pedro Fábio Fonseca | Isa Esteves Photo credits: Nuno Soares
SIEF 2011 The historical neighborhoods of central Lisbon are perfect for those who visit the Portuguese capital to experience for themselves. Their culture, the history, the architecture and the people are fundamental aspects of Lisbon’s identity, and those who explore them will discover their own personal map. There are so many possibilities, don't let them get away. Turismo de Portugal, www.visitlisbon.com, Fev. 2011.