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Ce 4710 hong kong third presentation
 

Ce 4710 hong kong third presentation

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Hong Kong Third Presentation

Hong Kong Third Presentation

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    Ce 4710 hong kong third presentation Ce 4710 hong kong third presentation Presentation Transcript

    • Hong Kong Outcomes of Policies Peter Gallagher, Aqif Karim, Jingyue Zhang, Guillaume Daoust
    • Hong Kong Moving Ahead 1. Better integration of transport and land use planning 2. Better use of railways as the backbone of the passenger transport system 3. Better public transport services and facilities 4. Better use of advanced technologies in transport management 5. Better environmental protection
    • Transportation Policies Outcomes Limiting Private car ownership
    • Transportation Policies Outcomes Coordination between Transit services. ❖Has made Hong kong the most effective system in the world: 90% of all traveling is done by mass transit.
    • Jan-00 Aug-00 Mar-01 Oct-01 May-02 Dec-02 Jul-03 Feb-04 Sep-04 Apr-05 Nov-05 Jun-06 Jan-07 Aug-07 Mar-08 Oct-08 May-09 Dec-09 Jul-10 Feb-11 Sep-11 Apr-12 Nov-12 Jun-13 Total Monthly Patronage MTR Ridership Increase (2000-2013) 140,000 120,000 100,000 80,000 60,000 40,000 20,000 0 Time
    • Time Oct-13 Jul-13 Apr-13 Jan-13 Oct-12 Jul-12 Apr-12 Jan-12 Oct-11 Jul-11 Apr-11 Jan-11 Oct-10 Jul-10 Apr-10 Jan-10 Oct-09 Jul-09 Apr-09 Jan-09 Oct-08 Jul-08 Apr-08 Jan-08 Total Monthly Patronage MTR Ridership Increase (2008-2013) 140,000 130,000 120,000 110,000 100,000 90,000 80,000 70,000 60,000
    • Transportation Policies Outcomes Competition between transit services
    • Advantage Lowered the fare comparatively
    • The Octopus Card • Success: o Reliable o Automatic • Concerns: o Cost
    • Disadvantage Supply more than Demand
    • TOD Outcomes • Around 41% of the working population and 43% of the housing units are located within 500 m of an MTR station. • About 20% of the housing units are located within 200 m of an MTR station.
    • TOD Outcomes High Density: It’s per capita residential space is 12.8 square meters High- Rise: 36% of the families live on 25th Floor and above Connectivity: Travel time between home to work fall within 30 to 45 minutes
    • Podium
    • Skywalk
    • New Towns • • Highways, tunnels, bridges and railways were built to improve the accessibility Self-reliant Residential areas Commercial areas Industrial areas Recreational areas
    • Pedestrian Unfriendly Street • The large-scale development of podium structure with blank wall creates narrow streets devoiding of landscaping or trees.
    • Decrease in Street Level Activity • High usage of skywalk has brought negative impacts to street activities, and reduces the property value at ground level.
    • Failure of Self-reliance • Most residents still have their jobs in Kowloon and Hong Kong Island,the traffic to centre city increases.
    • MTR Economic Prosperity In HK$ Billion 14.2 17.2 15.2 13.3 16.6 Property Development Property Rental & Management Station Commercial Business Transport Operations
    • Looking to Expand...
    • ...but committed to Development For Convenience And Comfort
    • Understanding the MTR’s Plan Increased economic activity and revenue gained. TOD Expansion & Development
    • MTR ENVE Sustainability Concerns • Land is a premium, how much can you really expand?
    • MTR ENVE Sustainability Concerns • More expansion - increased carbon consumption. Region Carbon Dioxide per Capita Emissions from Passenger Transport (Kg/day) Hong Kong 1.03 Tokyo 2.24 Singapore 2.73 London 2.87
    • Air Pollution
    • Land-sea Breeze Trapping Effect
    • Street Canyon Effect
    • Roadside air quality The major daily public health threats
    • Questions?