Define Propagation Propagation The reproduction of plants either sexually or asexually.
Define sexual reproduction andthe terms associated with it. Sexual Reproduction: The union of the female and male sex cells to produce a seed (embryo). Ovule: female sex cell. Pollen: male sex cell. Embryo (seed-germ): an immature plant. *Sexual reproduction involves the creation of a genetically new individual.
List and explain the differenttypes of seeds. Monocots: Seeds with one seed leaf. Leaves have parallel veins. 1 solid seed. Stem vacular bundles scattered. Roots are adventitious Flowers in multiples of three. Pollen with single furrow or pore
Dicots Seeds with 2 seed leaves or 2 cotyledons Veins are “webbed.” Pollen with three furrows or pores. Flowers parts in multiples of four or five. Stem vascular bundles in a ring.
Incomplete Flower An incomplete flower is one that lacks one or more of the four principal components identified in a complete flower.
Explain the difference between aperfect and imperfect flower A perfect flower is one with both the stamen and pistil An imperfect flower is one that lacks one of the sex organs.
Define pollination, fertilizationand germination. Pollination The transfer of pollen from an anther to a stigma of a flower of the same species. Fertilization The union of the pollen and ovule cells. Germination The sprouting of a seed.
Define asexual reproduction Asexual Reproduction: The reproduction of a plant without the uniting of a pollen and ovule. Asexual reproduction is often referred to as vegetative propagation since no seed is involved in the formation of the new plant. It is known as a clone. Leaves, stems or roots may be used to grow a new plant. *Produces a genetically identical plant.
List the benefits of vegetative propagation. True traits of the parents Maintains genetic purity with 100% replication of parent plant. No seed Some plants do not produce a seed or the seeds are too small to work with. Accelerates the time it takes to get a new plant to the market Traditionally, it would take up to 40 years to get a new plant to the general public; however, micropropagation can yield marketable levels of plants within 8 to 12 years.
List and explain the different types ofvegetative propagation. Layering Involves getting roots to grow from the stem. I.e., magnolia tree Cutting Using a short section of plant stems for propagation. Budding Taking a bud from one plant and moving it to another. Grafting Placing a section of a stem of one plant onto another plant. Tissue culture Taking a group of cells or a single cell and growing it to a plant.