The role of social capital in influencing  the response capacity of farmers              Rhiannon FisherCountryside and Co...
Bovine Tuberculosis• An infectious disease in cattle• Spread between cattle and badgers• Cost the taxpayer around £90m in ...
3
The policy contextThe Coalition Government’s bTBeradication programme promotespartnership working acrossgovernment, the fa...
Social Capital:  The stocks of social trust, networks  and values that people can draw  upon in order to improve their  li...
Types of social capital• Bonding - Links between families and  close friends (e.g. within the business)• Bridging - Links ...
Methods                 Phase 1:               (qualitative)20 individual face-to face farmer interviews             Analy...
Methods                 Phase 1:               (qualitative)20 individual face-to face farmer interviews             Analy...
Key findingsLinking social capital –“A lot of the people making policy andthinking up all these inspections dont have aclu...
Methods                 Phase 1:               (qualitative)20 individual face-to face farmer interviews             Analy...
Postal Survey• 1500 surveys distributed to  farmers in the South West• 401 responses received – 374  usable• response rate...
County          Beef          Dairy         Beef and dairy No response TotalDevon           64 (51.6%)    39 (31.5%)    21...
Identifying farmer groups• Farmer segmentation (farming  styles, woodland management,  organic farmers etc.)• 18 attitudin...
Bonding social        capital     Linking social        capital     Bridging social         capital     Bonding social    ...
15
Profiling the farmer groups –  Vulnerable and internally focused• Feel in less control over their business and  have highe...
Profiling the farmer groups – Resilient and externally focused• Resilient farmers feel that there is  plenty of support av...
18
Conclusions• Linking social capital has an important influence  on levels of perceived resilience• Distinction between int...
20
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

The role of social capital in influencing the response capacity of farmers

540

Published on

Rhiannon Fisher, recently submitted CCRI PhD student, presents her research on the role of social capital with regards to farmer resilience and response to critical events, looking in particular at bovine TB.

Published in: Education
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
540
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
0
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

The role of social capital in influencing the response capacity of farmers

  1. 1. The role of social capital in influencing the response capacity of farmers Rhiannon FisherCountryside and Community Research Institute, University of Gloucestershire and the Royal Agricultural College 1
  2. 2. Bovine Tuberculosis• An infectious disease in cattle• Spread between cattle and badgers• Cost the taxpayer around £90m in 2010/11 in England (excluding research)• In 2010, 10.8% cattle farms in England were put under restriction due to a TB incident.• Around 25,000 cattle were slaughtered for TB control in England in 2010 2
  3. 3. 3
  4. 4. The policy contextThe Coalition Government’s bTBeradication programme promotespartnership working acrossgovernment, the farming industryand the veterinary profession, aswell as responsibility and cost-sharing 4
  5. 5. Social Capital: The stocks of social trust, networks and values that people can draw upon in order to improve their livelihoods (Putnam, 1995). 5
  6. 6. Types of social capital• Bonding - Links between families and close friends (e.g. within the business)• Bridging - Links between communities (e.g. consumers, wider community)• Linking - Vertical linkages through society linking individuals/ organisations with unequal power (e.g. DEFRA, NFU representatives) 6
  7. 7. Methods Phase 1: (qualitative)20 individual face-to face farmer interviews Analysis (NVivo) Phase 2: (quantitative) Postal survey (374 farmers) Attitudinal questions Analysis (SPSS multivariate analysis) 7
  8. 8. Methods Phase 1: (qualitative)20 individual face-to face farmer interviews Analysis (NVivo) Phase 2: (quantitative) Postal survey (400 farmers) Attitudinal questions Analysis (SPSS multivariate analysis) 8
  9. 9. Key findingsLinking social capital –“A lot of the people making policy andthinking up all these inspections dont have aclue. TB is crippling”Bridging social capital -“I’ve known my vet for 30 odd years so I havethe greatest respect for the man. He has thewellbeing of my herd and the industry at heartwhich I sometimes doubt if the Ministry has.”Bonding social capital -“It’s difficult to talk to my wife about itbecause she’s too close, we just get eachother upset” 9
  10. 10. Methods Phase 1: (qualitative)20 individual face-to face farmer interviews Analysis (NVivo) Phase 2: (quantitative) Postal survey (400 farmers) Attitudinal questions Analysis (SPSS multivariate analysis) 10
  11. 11. Postal Survey• 1500 surveys distributed to farmers in the South West• 401 responses received – 374 usable• response rate of 26.7% 11
  12. 12. County Beef Dairy Beef and dairy No response TotalDevon 64 (51.6%) 39 (31.5%) 21 (16.9%) 0 124 (33.2%)Somerset 33 (47.8%) 23 (33.3%) 13 (18.8%) 0 69 (18.4%)Cornwall 27 (45.0%) 20 (33.3%) 12 (20.0%) 1 (1.7%) 60 (16.0%)Gloucestershire 23 (56.1%) 11 (26.8%) 6 (14.6%) 1 (2.4%) 41(11.0%)Wiltshire 18 (46.2%) 11 (28.2%) 8 (20.5%) 2 (5.1%) 39 (10.4%)Dorset 11 (35.5%) 15 (48.8%) 5 (16.1%) 0 31 (8.3%)No response 3 (30.0%) 5 (50.0%) 2 (20.0%) 0 10 (2.7%)Total 179 (47.9%) 124 (33.2%) 67 (17.9%) 4 (1.1%) 374 12
  13. 13. Identifying farmer groups• Farmer segmentation (farming styles, woodland management, organic farmers etc.)• 18 attitudinal statements subjected to factor analysis• Factor scores used to group the farmers using cluster analysis 13
  14. 14. Bonding social capital Linking social capital Bridging social capital Bonding social capital14
  15. 15. 15
  16. 16. Profiling the farmer groups – Vulnerable and internally focused• Feel in less control over their business and have higher risk perception• More fatalistic and felt that there was nothing they could do to reduce risk• Mainly sourced information from other farmers• Slightly more experience of bTB but no difference between the groups in terms of number of breakdowns or the number of cattle lost 16
  17. 17. Profiling the farmer groups – Resilient and externally focused• Resilient farmers feel that there is plenty of support available to them• Higher proportion of NFU members• Slightly more trusting of authority• More confidence in the knowledge of Defra, Animal Health and the NFU 17
  18. 18. 18
  19. 19. Conclusions• Linking social capital has an important influence on levels of perceived resilience• Distinction between internally focused and externally focused farmers (bridging social capital)• Bonding social capital does not necessarily increase perceived resilience• Changes in attitudes do not necessarily lead to changes in behaviour• While social capital may influence attitudes, government intervention may be needed to influence behaviour 19
  20. 20. 20

×