The power of faith toaddress non-communicable         diseases.   Findings from the Adventist Health Study
• Is faith in itself associated with risk of         developing chronic disease?• Is faith a vehicle or driving force for ...
Seventh-day Adventists (SDAs) have along tradition of focus on healthy lifestyle        to reduce risk of disease.
8 “keys” to healthy living:•Nutrition – focus on vegetarian diet•Exercise•Water – inside and outside•Smoking – non-smoking...
Dan Buettner – author of “BlueZones” - 9 healthrecommendations:•Nutrition – reduce calories by 20%•Plant based foods - leg...
• Is faith in itself associated with lower  risk of chronic disease? • Is faith a vehicle or driving force for         red...
Overview –of studies that can possibly address                 this
Adventist Health Studies                  USA, 1958-2012                   BRHS                                           ...
Studying Seventh-day AdventistsSTRENGTHS –• homogeneous in many lifestyle choices• heterogeneous in nutritional habits - w...
Adventist Religion & Health Study     (BRHS): 2006-Present BRHS – • a sub-study of AHS-2 • 11,000 Adventist Americans aged...
AHS-1Longevity
Survival of Adventist (1980-88) and other California(1985) women aged 30+. (p < .001)
Survival of Adventist (1980-88) and otherCalifornia (1985) men aged 30+. (p < .001)
AHS-1Age at death according to lifestyle choices  • Diet – vegetarian vs. non-vegetarian  • Exercise  • Nut intake  • Main...
Expected age at death among Adventist women according to high or lowlevels of various lifestyle factors. Years, (95% CI)
Expected age at death among Adventist men according to high or low levelsof various lifestyle factors. Years, (95% CI)
Persons unable to exercise due to disease, e.g. arthritis, CHD, stroke, etc are not penalized.
US Adventist vegetarians who increased theirmeat intake to weekly consumption of meat over a17-year interval experienced a...
From the 1 (1960) to the 2nd study (1976),           stsome Adventists changed from vegetarian diet to some meat. Incident...
Diet & Risk of Cancer
Meat intake and risk of different         incident cancers. AHS-1. RR2.5   P (t): 0.01       ns      <.01    0.02 21.5    ...
Total meat intake and risk of colon                    cancerRR 2         P (trend)=0.01                                  ...
Meat intake and risk of different         incident cancers. AHS-1. RR2.5   P (t): 0.01       ns      <.01    0.02 21.5    ...
Total meat intake and risk of colon                    cancerRR 2         P (trend)=0.01                                  ...
Meat intake and risk of different         incident cancers. AHS-1. RR2.5   P (t): 0.01       ns      <.01    0.02 21.5    ...
Total meat intake and risk of colon                    cancerRR 2         P (trend)=0.01                                  ...
Meat intake and risk of different         incident cancers. AHS-1. RR2.5   P (t): 0.01       ns      <.01    0.02 21.5    ...
Total meat intake and risk of colon                    cancerRR 2         P (trend)=0.01                                  ...
Diet & CancerScreening Behaviors
BiopsychosocialReligion & Health Study      Overview & Early Findings
Lifestyle choices andenvironment•Future research important•Lifestyle has great effect onenvironment
So, is the power of faith a tool for addressing non-communicable diseases?
• Only to the degree that lifestyle becomes a part  of faith, I think• E.g. do we as believers have a responsibility to  t...
CCIH 2012 Conference, NCD Pre-Conference, Dr. Synnove Knutsen, Power of Faith to Address Non-Communicable Diseases, Advent...
CCIH 2012 Conference, NCD Pre-Conference, Dr. Synnove Knutsen, Power of Faith to Address Non-Communicable Diseases, Advent...
CCIH 2012 Conference, NCD Pre-Conference, Dr. Synnove Knutsen, Power of Faith to Address Non-Communicable Diseases, Advent...
CCIH 2012 Conference, NCD Pre-Conference, Dr. Synnove Knutsen, Power of Faith to Address Non-Communicable Diseases, Advent...
CCIH 2012 Conference, NCD Pre-Conference, Dr. Synnove Knutsen, Power of Faith to Address Non-Communicable Diseases, Advent...
CCIH 2012 Conference, NCD Pre-Conference, Dr. Synnove Knutsen, Power of Faith to Address Non-Communicable Diseases, Advent...
CCIH 2012 Conference, NCD Pre-Conference, Dr. Synnove Knutsen, Power of Faith to Address Non-Communicable Diseases, Advent...
CCIH 2012 Conference, NCD Pre-Conference, Dr. Synnove Knutsen, Power of Faith to Address Non-Communicable Diseases, Advent...
CCIH 2012 Conference, NCD Pre-Conference, Dr. Synnove Knutsen, Power of Faith to Address Non-Communicable Diseases, Advent...
CCIH 2012 Conference, NCD Pre-Conference, Dr. Synnove Knutsen, Power of Faith to Address Non-Communicable Diseases, Advent...
CCIH 2012 Conference, NCD Pre-Conference, Dr. Synnove Knutsen, Power of Faith to Address Non-Communicable Diseases, Advent...
CCIH 2012 Conference, NCD Pre-Conference, Dr. Synnove Knutsen, Power of Faith to Address Non-Communicable Diseases, Advent...
CCIH 2012 Conference, NCD Pre-Conference, Dr. Synnove Knutsen, Power of Faith to Address Non-Communicable Diseases, Advent...
CCIH 2012 Conference, NCD Pre-Conference, Dr. Synnove Knutsen, Power of Faith to Address Non-Communicable Diseases, Advent...
CCIH 2012 Conference, NCD Pre-Conference, Dr. Synnove Knutsen, Power of Faith to Address Non-Communicable Diseases, Advent...
CCIH 2012 Conference, NCD Pre-Conference, Dr. Synnove Knutsen, Power of Faith to Address Non-Communicable Diseases, Advent...
CCIH 2012 Conference, NCD Pre-Conference, Dr. Synnove Knutsen, Power of Faith to Address Non-Communicable Diseases, Advent...
CCIH 2012 Conference, NCD Pre-Conference, Dr. Synnove Knutsen, Power of Faith to Address Non-Communicable Diseases, Advent...
CCIH 2012 Conference, NCD Pre-Conference, Dr. Synnove Knutsen, Power of Faith to Address Non-Communicable Diseases, Advent...
CCIH 2012 Conference, NCD Pre-Conference, Dr. Synnove Knutsen, Power of Faith to Address Non-Communicable Diseases, Advent...
CCIH 2012 Conference, NCD Pre-Conference, Dr. Synnove Knutsen, Power of Faith to Address Non-Communicable Diseases, Advent...
CCIH 2012 Conference, NCD Pre-Conference, Dr. Synnove Knutsen, Power of Faith to Address Non-Communicable Diseases, Advent...
CCIH 2012 Conference, NCD Pre-Conference, Dr. Synnove Knutsen, Power of Faith to Address Non-Communicable Diseases, Advent...
CCIH 2012 Conference, NCD Pre-Conference, Dr. Synnove Knutsen, Power of Faith to Address Non-Communicable Diseases, Advent...
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CCIH 2012 Conference, NCD Pre-Conference, Dr. Synnove Knutsen, Power of Faith to Address Non-Communicable Diseases, Adventists

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Dr. Synnove Knutsen of Loma Linda University discusses the intersection between faith, diet, and health outcomes.

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  • Biopsycho
  • Biopsychosocial Religion and Health Study
  • CCIH 2012 Conference, NCD Pre-Conference, Dr. Synnove Knutsen, Power of Faith to Address Non-Communicable Diseases, Adventists

    1. 1. The power of faith toaddress non-communicable diseases. Findings from the Adventist Health Study
    2. 2. • Is faith in itself associated with risk of developing chronic disease?• Is faith a vehicle or driving force for reduction in risk factors?
    3. 3. Seventh-day Adventists (SDAs) have along tradition of focus on healthy lifestyle to reduce risk of disease.
    4. 4. 8 “keys” to healthy living:•Nutrition – focus on vegetarian diet•Exercise•Water – inside and outside•Smoking – non-smoking•Temperance•Air – fresh air•Relaxation – adequate sleep•Trust in God
    5. 5. Dan Buettner – author of “BlueZones” - 9 healthrecommendations:•Nutrition – reduce calories by 20%•Plant based foods - legumes•Move – moderate and regular exercise•Life Purpose•Downshift–calm down, smell the roses•Belong to a spiritual community•Family – make it a priority (parents, spouse, children)•Social network with similar values•Grapes – wine from red grapes
    6. 6. • Is faith in itself associated with lower risk of chronic disease? • Is faith a vehicle or driving force for reducing risk factor levels?
    7. 7. Overview –of studies that can possibly address this
    8. 8. Adventist Health Studies USA, 1958-2012 BRHS 2006- 11,000 AMS 1958-1985 1958 1966 1974 23,000 SDA 1988 2001 2002- AHS-2 2011 96,000 SDA 25+ years 5,700 30+ years California overlap USA & Canada1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010 AHSMOG 1977-2002 AHSMOG-2 6,328 SDA 2002- 25+ years 96,000 SDA 12,000 California 30+ years overlap AHS-1 1974-1988 USA & Canada 34,192 SDA 25+ years California
    9. 9. Studying Seventh-day AdventistsSTRENGTHS –• homogeneous in many lifestyle choices• heterogeneous in nutritional habits - wide range from strict vegetarian to regular American diet.• Very low smoking and alcohol use: can study effect of lifestyle without the confounding or modifying effects of these..
    10. 10. Adventist Religion & Health Study (BRHS): 2006-Present BRHS – • a sub-study of AHS-2 • 11,000 Adventist Americans aged 50+ • Aim: to understand what specific aspects of religion, life stressors and other health behaviors account for better or worse health • trace some of the biopsychosocial pathways to health.
    11. 11. AHS-1Longevity
    12. 12. Survival of Adventist (1980-88) and other California(1985) women aged 30+. (p < .001)
    13. 13. Survival of Adventist (1980-88) and otherCalifornia (1985) men aged 30+. (p < .001)
    14. 14. AHS-1Age at death according to lifestyle choices • Diet – vegetarian vs. non-vegetarian • Exercise • Nut intake • Maintaining normal body weight (as in BMI) • Smoking • HRT in females
    15. 15. Expected age at death among Adventist women according to high or lowlevels of various lifestyle factors. Years, (95% CI)
    16. 16. Expected age at death among Adventist men according to high or low levelsof various lifestyle factors. Years, (95% CI)
    17. 17. Persons unable to exercise due to disease, e.g. arthritis, CHD, stroke, etc are not penalized.
    18. 18. US Adventist vegetarians who increased theirmeat intake to weekly consumption of meat over a17-year interval experienced a 3.6 year decrease in life expectancy Increased Maintained meat intake Zero Meat Intake Singh PN, Sabate J, Fraser GE. Does low meat consumption increase life expectancy in humans? Am J Clin Nutr 2003, 78(3): 526-532
    19. 19. From the 1 (1960) to the 2nd study (1976), stsome Adventists changed from vegetarian diet to some meat. Incident diseases next 6 years (‘76-’82).RR (Singh et al.)
    20. 20. Diet & Risk of Cancer
    21. 21. Meat intake and risk of different incident cancers. AHS-1. RR2.5 P (t): 0.01 ns <.01 0.02 21.5 Never 1 < 1/week 1+/week0.5 0 Colon Colon Prostate Ovary Ovary Ovary Postmenopausal
    22. 22. Total meat intake and risk of colon cancerRR 2 P (trend)=0.01 1.851.5 (1.16-2.87) 1.5 (0.92-2.45) 1 10.5 0 Never < 1/week 1+/week
    23. 23. Meat intake and risk of different incident cancers. AHS-1. RR2.5 P (t): 0.01 ns <.01 0.02 21.5 Never 1 < 1/week 1+/week0.5 0 Colon Colon Prostate Ovary Ovary Ovary Postmenopausal
    24. 24. Total meat intake and risk of colon cancerRR 2 P (trend)=0.01 1.851.5 (1.16-2.87) 1.5 (0.92-2.45) 1 10.5 0 Never < 1/week 1+/week
    25. 25. Meat intake and risk of different incident cancers. AHS-1. RR2.5 P (t): 0.01 ns <.01 0.02 21.5 Never 1 < 1/week 1+/week0.5 0 Colon Colon Prostate Ovary Ovary Ovary Postmenopausal
    26. 26. Total meat intake and risk of colon cancerRR 2 P (trend)=0.01 1.851.5 (1.16-2.87) 1.5 (0.92-2.45) 1 10.5 0 Never < 1/week 1+/week
    27. 27. Meat intake and risk of different incident cancers. AHS-1. RR2.5 P (t): 0.01 ns <.01 0.02 21.5 Never 1 < 1/week 1+/week0.5 0 Colon Colon Prostate Ovary Ovary Ovary Postmenopausal
    28. 28. Total meat intake and risk of colon cancerRR 2 P (trend)=0.01 1.851.5 (1.16-2.87) 1.5 (0.92-2.45) 1 10.5 0 Never < 1/week 1+/week
    29. 29. Diet & CancerScreening Behaviors
    30. 30. BiopsychosocialReligion & Health Study Overview & Early Findings
    31. 31. Lifestyle choices andenvironment•Future research important•Lifestyle has great effect onenvironment
    32. 32. So, is the power of faith a tool for addressing non-communicable diseases?
    33. 33. • Only to the degree that lifestyle becomes a part of faith, I think• E.g. do we as believers have a responsibility to take care of our health as well as the health of our environment?

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