FARA ED Keynote - CCARDESA GA
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FARA ED Keynote - CCARDESA GA

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The African Agriculture Transformation Agenda: A socio-economic imperative for Enhancing and Sustaining Africa's Growth. Dr Yemi Akinbamijo ...

The African Agriculture Transformation Agenda: A socio-economic imperative for Enhancing and Sustaining Africa's Growth. Dr Yemi Akinbamijo

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  • 1. Forum for Agricultural Research in Africa The African Agriculture Transformation Agenda: A socio-economic imperative for Enhancing and Sustaining Africa's Growth DrYemi Akinbamijo Executive Director Keynote presentation at the inaugural CCARDESA General Assembly, Gaborone, Botswana; 6-7 May 2014
  • 2. Forum for Agricultural Research in Africa 2 1. Background – Why African agriculture must be transformed? 2. Africa’s Agricultural Transformation Agenda (AATA) 3. Strengthening CCARDESA’s contribution to realization of the AATA 4. FARA 5. Concluding Remarks Outline
  • 3. • The foundation for transformation has been laid • Need for an African narrative of the continent Africa before 1984 2000 and now
  • 4. Forum for Agricultural Research in Africa 4 SSA GDP growth rates (1980-2013) Compiled with data from IMF World Economic Outlook Database 2014
  • 5. Forum for Agricultural Research in Africa 5 0 25 50 75 100 1981 1990 1999 2008 East Asia and Pacific South Asia Sub-Saharan Africa Percentage of population living on less than $1.25 per day (1981-2008) Percentage of population living on less than $1.25 per day in 2010 Poverty reduction 12.5 5.5 2.4 31.0 48.5 0 10 20 30 40 50 East Asia & Pacific LAC MENA South Asia SSA Prepared from World Bank Data
  • 6. Forum for Agricultural Research in Africa 6 1. Sustaining a high growth rate over the long term 2. Ensuring that high growth translates into high poverty reduction (inclusive growth) 3. Ensuring that high growth is environmentally sustainable Africa’s economic growth challenges
  • 7. • Wide scope for growth – Bridging the productivity gap • Offers the highest poverty reducing potential – (2- 4 times compared to other sectors) • Scope for intensification: to reduce land degradation Pivotal role of Agriculture in Africa Source: De Janvry and Sadoulet, 2010
  • 8. 8 Click to edit Master title style 5/6/2014 8Forum for Agricultural Research in Africa Pivotal role of Agriculture “Everything can wait but agriculture cannot wait!” Jawaharlal Nehru Indian Statesman and First Prime Minister Historically, with few exceptions, no country has been able to sustain a rapid transition out of poverty without raising productivity in its agricultural sector
  • 9. Multiple functions of Agriculture Environmental stewardship Bioenergy Nutrition & Health Food Security Climate change Income
  • 10. Food security in Africa “… without food security, sustained improvements in human development will remain an unattainable goal” Africa Human Development Report 2012 Progress has been made but Africa lags behind rest of the world in food security indicators • ¼of population is undernourished • Per-capita food production is falling
  • 11. “Challenges will always abound; overcoming them is the real challenge” Yemi Akinbamijo The real challenge
  • 12. Forum for Agricultural Research in Africa 12 • The Comprehensive Africa Agriculture Development Programme (CAADP): An initiative of the African Union and NEPAD The African Agriculture Transformation Agenda • A framework for revitalising agriculture as the driver for Africa’s structural transformation • Represents a fundamental shift toward African ownership and leadership of its development agenda • Emphasis of the new CAADP phase (2013- 2023) is on results and impact
  • 13. The pathway to transformation Wealth creation; Improved Food and Nutrition Security; Resilience Sustained inclusive agriculture growth (Agribusiness & Entrepreneurship; jobs, poverty reduction; national & regional agric markets & trade; Africa’s share in global agriculture trade) 1 Increased agriculture production and productivity 2 Increased value- addition and access to better functioning markets and trade 3 Food and nutrition security for all 4 Resilience to climate change and other risks 5 Public-private engagement and investment financing
  • 14. Forum for Agricultural Research in Africa 14 1 2 4 3 5 1960 19801970 1990 20082000 Year Sub-Saharan Africa South Asia South East Asia Rest of the World East Asia Cereal Grain Average Yield by Region (mT/Ha)• Harnessing science , technology and innovation – implementing the Science Agenda • Improved Land & Water management • Improved access to inputs & financial services • TARGET: double agriculture total factor productivity (TFP) by 2025 1. Improving production and productivity …1/5
  • 15. • Improving productivity and competitiveness is one of the raison d'être for STI • Africa lags behind in both the generation and adoption of science outputs for enhancing productivity Science, technology & innovation are essential to increasing productivity Region No. variety releases, 1965-1998 Share area to modern varieties, 1998 Share area to modern varieties, 2010 LAC 3,146 0.51 Asia 2,229 0.83 MENA 715 0.56 SS Africa 1,157 0.23 0.35 All 7,246 0.65 Source: Renkow and Byerlee, 2010
  • 16. Forum for Agricultural Research in Africa 16 Science Outputs Countries re-sized according to scientific output
  • 17. Forum for Agricultural Research in Africa 17 • Africa has ceded control of its STI agenda for agriculture to external partners—strategically untenable • This is now being addressed by ensuring full ownership and leadership of the Science Agenda • Test of African ownership and leadership lies in African financing of the agenda’s implementation 1. Improving production and productivity …2/5
  • 18. 10 100 1,000 10,000 100 1,000 10,000 100,000 Agricultural output per worker (log scale) Agriculturaloutputperhectareofland(logscale) Australia & New Zealand N America W Europe Japan & S Korea Former USSR W Asia & N Africa Latin America SSA ChinaS Asia South Africa E Europe SE Asia 1000 ha/worker 100 ha/worker 10 ha/worker 1 ha/worker0.1 ha/worker 1. Improving production and productivity …3/5 • Doubling TFP will entail devoting special attention to:  labour productivity, non-land physical capital & biotechnology
  • 19. 1. Improving production and productivity …4/5 “We will have to phase out the hand hoe if we are to attract the youth into agriculture.” “… the right place for the hand-hoe should be the museum.” HE Tumusiime Rhoda Peace, AUC Commissioner for Rural Economy and Agriculture • Improving labour productivity
  • 20. Forum for Agricultural Research in Africa 20 • Taking advantage of the possibilities offered by Biotechnology – A rational debate needed that considers the problem, all possible solutions including biotech in all forms, and their associated benefits and risks) 1. Improving production and productivity …5/5
  • 21. • Potential market for agric and agribusiness projected to reach US$1 trillion by 2030 • Food import bill (2010-2012) averaged US$69.5B/pa and is growing at 15% pa TARGET: increase share of intra- Africa trade to at least 50% of total agri-food trade by 2025 2. Increased value-addition and access to better functioning markets and trade Most of Africa: Agribusiness accounts for 38% Global: Agribusiness accounts for 78% of value added in the value chain
  • 22. Forum for Agricultural Research in Africa 22 Target: End hunger and ensure food and nutritional security for all Africa’s citizens on a self-reliant (food sovereignty) basis by 2025 Through Policy and social protection interventions 3. Food and nutrition security for all
  • 23. Targets: • Climate change adaptation is strongly integrated in agric. investment plans • Functional resilience mechanisms strengthened 4. Resilience to climate change and other risks Through Enhancing access by smallholders to finance and technology for climate adaptation and management of other risks Projected changes in LGP: 2000-2050 Source: Thornton et al. (2006) Mapping Climate Vulnerability and Poverty in Africa, ILRI, Nairobi, Kenya
  • 24. Forum for Agricultural Research in Africa 24 • Mobilisation of domestic investments (public and private) into agriculture and agribusiness • Improve investments in terms of: – Volume (amount) – Quality (targeted for best returns) – Stability – Source (public, private, external) Public-private engagement and investment financing
  • 25. Forum for Agricultural Research in Africa 25 • Guiding a lion versus herding cats out of a forest CCARDESA & the Agric. Transformation Agenda • CCARDESA offers a platform & mechanism for collective action of the SADC 15 countries to implement the Science Agenda • Implementation at country level
  • 26. Forum for Agricultural Research in Africa 26 • CCARDESA is mandated to support countries to prepare / update their science for agriculture strategies and action plans, through CAADP process • Collective action in the implementation of STI within Southern Africa: – Regional STI visioning / strategy – Regional programmes – Centres of excellence, – Regional mobility of human resources CCARDESA & the Agric. Transformation Agenda
  • 27. Forum for Agricultural Research in Africa 27 • It is essential that CCARDESA MTOP is aligned to Science Agenda and supports CCARDESA constituents to realise targets of the transformation agenda • Consider these areas for strengthening in the CCARDESA MTOP – Visioning (strategic analysis + foresight) – Operationalization of the Science Agenda – Promoting and catalysing value-addition – Advocacy for improved investments (volume, quality, stability, source) CCARDESA & the Agric. Transformation Agenda
  • 28. Forum for Agricultural Research in Africa 28 Rationale Created in 2002 to meet the demand for collective action in agriculture science, technology & innovation at continental level Purpose: To contribute to generating high broad-based and sustainable agricultural growth in Africa by improving productivity, competitiveness and market access The Forum for Agricultural Research in Africa
  • 29. Forum for Agricultural Research in Africa 29 Architecture of African ARD institutions Global Continental Sub-Regional National African Union Commission RECs National Governments GFAR FARA SROs NARS Scale Political organs ARD institution
  • 30. Forum for Agricultural Research in Africa 30 SROs are the building blocks of FARA NASRO ASARECA CORAF/WECARD CCARDESA
  • 31. Forum for Agricultural Research in Africa 31 FARA’s Strategic Priorities (2014-2018) Visioning Africa’s agricultural Transformation Integrating capacities for change Enabling the environment for implementation Cross cutting • Climate Change • Gender • Youth • Nutrition • Bioenergy
  • 32. Forum for Agricultural Research in Africa 32 • FARA’s push for establishment of CCARDESA – Driven by recognition that Africa’s ARD architecture was incomplete & weak without a functional SRO in southern Africa • Until recently the FARA-CCARDESA relationship was focussed on institutional strengthening of CCARDESA FARA and CCARDESA …1/3
  • 33. Forum for Agricultural Research in Africa 33 As CCARDESA matures, its relationships with partners will inevitably change FARA and CCARDESA …2/3
  • 34. Forum for Agricultural Research in Africa 34 FARA engagement with CCARDESA is expected to evolve to include: – Joint initiatives (conception, formulation and implementation) in line with subsidiarity principle – Joint visioning and planning – Joint advocacy of STI and resource mobilisation FARA and CCARDESA …3/3
  • 35. Forum for Agricultural Research in Africa 35 1. Starting point: What kind of agriculture does Southern Africa want to have in the next 10, 20, 30 years? 2. The real challenge is to undertake the necessary actions to achieve this vision 3. STI is necessary but not sufficient to realise the desired transformation. Need to link with other drivers, especially policy Concluding Remarks …1/2
  • 36. Forum for Agricultural Research in Africa 36 4. Good governance of institutions mandated to deliver results contributing to the transformation is essential 5. “Let us STOP the blah, blah and start the do do” 6. Appreciate all stakeholders and development partners that have contributed to CCARDESA’s evolution Concluding Remarks …2/2
  • 37. Forum for Agricultural Research in Africa Thank you www.fara-africa.org Follow us on @FARAinfo FARA@15 Commemoration Accra, Ghana, November 2014