Stoeckle - All Birds Barcoding Initiative

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Stoeckle - All Birds Barcoding Initiative

  1. 1. All Birds Barcoding Initiative: Global Atlas of Avian Mitochondrial Diversity Opens Research Vistas <ul><li>Mark Y. Stoeckle, Rockefeller University </li></ul><ul><li>Allan J. Baker, Royal Ontario Museum </li></ul><ul><li>Cameron Coffran, Rockefeller University </li></ul><ul><li>Kevin C.R. Kerr, Royal Ontario Museum </li></ul><ul><li>Pablo Tubaro, Museo Argentino </li></ul><ul><li>Dario Lijtmaer, Museo Argentino </li></ul><ul><li>Jan T. Lifjeld, University of Oslo </li></ul><ul><li>Per Ericson, Swedish Museum </li></ul>
  2. 2. <ul><li>ABBI public: 13,000 records, 3,000 species </li></ul><ul><li>Includes first rapid-release, largest museum-based survey—NMNH 3,000 records, 1,400 species </li></ul><ul><li>ABBI private: 12,000/1,000 </li></ul>Collection locations for avian barcode records with GPS coordinates (BOLD)
  3. 3. <ul><li>Avian barcode library is a research tool </li></ul><ul><li>What can we do with it? </li></ul>Woodpecker Finch ( Camarhynchus pallidus ) dislodging grub with stick, Santa Cruz Island, Galapagos Islands, Ecuador
  4. 4. <ul><li>Large-Scale Patterns in Biodiversity </li></ul><ul><li>Klee diagram--heat map of a matrix </li></ul><ul><li>Indicator vector correlations, similar to distances </li></ul><ul><li>Scalable to large sets of sequences </li></ul>Sirovich et al, PLoS ONE 2009, 2010 http://phe.rockefeller.edu/barcode/klee.php
  5. 5. Large-Scale Patterns in Biodiversity Klee discontinuities mark species boundaries Family Gaviidae—Loons (5/5 world species) (31 barcodes, ordered by NJ)
  6. 6. <ul><li>Large-Scale Patterns in Biodiversity </li></ul><ul><li>Klee discontinuities mark taxonomic divisions </li></ul><ul><li>Suggests higher-level taxa are objective entities </li></ul>9,500 barcodes, 2,800 species
  7. 7. <ul><li>Large-Scale Patterns in Biodiversity </li></ul><ul><li>Klee discontinuities occur at multiple scales </li></ul><ul><li>Suggests similar processes shape species, higher taxa </li></ul>within class family genus species
  8. 8. <ul><li>COI Nucleotide and Protein Evolution </li></ul><ul><li>Nucleotide variability shows long-tailed distribution </li></ul><ul><li>Suggests mathematical pattern in evolution </li></ul>9,500 sequences; 2,800 species
  9. 9. <ul><li>COI Nucleotide and Protein Evolution </li></ul><ul><li>Amino acid variability long-tail pattern similar to nt </li></ul><ul><li>Variable sites appear not related to 2 o structure </li></ul>Kerr Mol Ecol Res 2011 9,500 sequences; 2,800 species COI amino acid variability
  10. 10. <ul><li>COI Nucleotide and Protein Evolution </li></ul><ul><li>“ Highly variable” positions highly constrained </li></ul><ul><li>Variation follows taxonomic groups </li></ul><ul><li>Suggests compensatory changes at other sites </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>Population Biology </li></ul><ul><li>Among animals, birds have best life history data </li></ul><ul><li>Puzzle: what determines intraspecific variation? </li></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>Barcode Library = Research Opportunities </li></ul><ul><li>Early bird gets the worm! </li></ul>photo NoA<<I Zia Lee
  13. 13. Acknowledgments
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