The utility of barcoding in documenting fish diversity        in a poorly explored African river system                   ...
Kwanza River system                               Congo                    DRC   ZambiaKwanza                             ...
Descriptions/Country or RegioniBOL 4, Nov. 2011                                    Adelaide, Australia
Accumulative Species DescriptionsiBOL 4, Nov. 2011                                       Adelaide, Australia
Species/DecadeiBOL 4, Nov. 2011                    Adelaide, Australia
Collections in AfricaiBOL 4, Nov. 2011                           Adelaide, Australia
0                                                     200                                                           400   ...
Why Angola?                                  FishBase & IUCN comparison (Freshwater)     450     400                      ...
IDs for Fisheries ManagementiBOL 4, Nov. 2011                                  Adelaide, Australia
Lower Kwanza Unsustainable?iBOL 4, Nov. 2011                                 Adelaide, Australia
Hydroelectricity developmentiBOL 4, Nov. 2011                                  Adelaide, Australia
Hydroelectricity developmentiBOL 4, Nov. 2011                                  Adelaide, Australia
Kwanza River system                               Congo                    DRC   ZambiaKwanza                             ...
“Challenges”iBOL 4, Nov. 2011                  Adelaide, Australia
TrainingiBOL 4, Nov. 2011              Adelaide, Australia
Field NegotiationsiBOL 4, Nov. 2011                        Adelaide, Australia
TreesiBOL 4, Nov. 2011           Adelaide, Australia
Identification success           Field vs Barcode IDs                    ID confidenceBarcode only                        ...
C                                   yp                                                   0                                ...
How does barcoding help?                    Some Cyprinidae DiversityiBOL 4, Nov. 2011                               Adela...
22Middle   10                 11         Lower
Environmental Impact AssessmentiBOL 4, Nov. 2011                                     Adelaide, Australia
Recreationalbarcoding help?                     How does Angling PotentialiBOL 4, Nov. 2011                               ...
How does barcoding help?                         Alien Invasive Species Capanda - Mozambique tilapia (Aug 2008)   Lucala -...
Reddy & Swartz,                                            unpublishedAplocheilichthys macrurus – Kwanza River            ...
Utilisation of BarcodingiBOL 4, Nov. 2011                              Adelaide, Australia
Utilisation of Barcoding                               Register/Catalog   “Language”iBOL 4, Nov. 2011                     ...
Utilisation of Barcoding       5%           5%        10%       10%         10%        60%iBOL 4, Nov. 2011               ...
How does barcoding help?    Direct identification - limited, but growing    Indirect identification - already useful, grow...
Way forward…    Expertise in Africa - regional collections and national positions?    Continued collaboration with oversea...
AcknowledgementsCBOL and Barcode of Life organising committeeNational Research Foundation (South Africa)CCDB, University o...
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Ernst Swartz - Vertebrates Plenary

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The utility of barcoding in documenting fish diversity in a poorly explored African river system

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Ernst Swartz - Vertebrates Plenary

  1. 1. The utility of barcoding in documenting fish diversity in a poorly explored African river system Ernst Swartz, Monica Mwale, Tuuli Makinen and Paul Skelton South African Institute for Aquatic Biodiversity Private Bag 1015, Grahamstown, 6140, South Africa e.swartz@saiab.ac.za; www.saiab.ac.za4th International Barcode of Life Conference November 2011, Adelaide, Australia
  2. 2. Kwanza River system Congo DRC ZambiaKwanza AngolaAtlantic NamibiaOcean South Africa Cunene Okavango iBOL 4, Nov. 2011 Adelaide, Australia
  3. 3. Descriptions/Country or RegioniBOL 4, Nov. 2011 Adelaide, Australia
  4. 4. Accumulative Species DescriptionsiBOL 4, Nov. 2011 Adelaide, Australia
  5. 5. Species/DecadeiBOL 4, Nov. 2011 Adelaide, Australia
  6. 6. Collections in AfricaiBOL 4, Nov. 2011 Adelaide, Australia
  7. 7. 0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200 D R Ta C nzaiBOL 4, Nov. 2011 C n am ia er oo n M al aw C on Za i go m (R bi ep a M u oz blic am ) bi qu e N ig er ia K en ya A ng ol U a ga nd a G ab on G ui ne Why Angola? a G ha na B ur C un ot e di d Si Iv er oi ra re Le on e Li be Top 20: Number of Indigenous Freshwater Species ria N ig er B en inAdelaide, Australia
  8. 8. Why Angola? FishBase & IUCN comparison (Freshwater) 450 400 FishBase 350 300 IUCN experts 250 IUCN GIS 200 150 100 50 0 o a a e a e nd a a qu i bw ol bi ic an th ib ila fr ng m so am sw bi ba A Za az am A Le ot h m N Sw ut Zi B oz So MiBOL 4, Nov. 2011 Adelaide, Australia
  9. 9. IDs for Fisheries ManagementiBOL 4, Nov. 2011 Adelaide, Australia
  10. 10. Lower Kwanza Unsustainable?iBOL 4, Nov. 2011 Adelaide, Australia
  11. 11. Hydroelectricity developmentiBOL 4, Nov. 2011 Adelaide, Australia
  12. 12. Hydroelectricity developmentiBOL 4, Nov. 2011 Adelaide, Australia
  13. 13. Kwanza River system Congo DRC ZambiaKwanza AngolaAtlantic NamibiaOcean South Africa Cunene Okavango iBOL 4, Nov. 2011 Adelaide, Australia
  14. 14. “Challenges”iBOL 4, Nov. 2011 Adelaide, Australia
  15. 15. TrainingiBOL 4, Nov. 2011 Adelaide, Australia
  16. 16. Field NegotiationsiBOL 4, Nov. 2011 Adelaide, Australia
  17. 17. TreesiBOL 4, Nov. 2011 Adelaide, Australia
  18. 18. Identification success Field vs Barcode IDs ID confidenceBarcode only Species 18 21 57 8 68 Family Genus Barcode & FieldiBOL 4, Nov. 2011 Adelaide, Australia
  19. 19. C yp 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 rin id ae C ic hl id aeiBOL 4, Nov. 2011 Po ec ili id M ae or m yr id ae C la rii da M e oc ho ki da e Al es tid Am ae ph ili id ae Ba gr id C ae ith ar in id ae Kn er iid ae C lu pe id ae G ob iid H ae ep M Number of species in families se as ti d ta ae ce m be lid Po ae ly ne m id Sc ae hi lb ei da eAdelaide, Australia
  20. 20. How does barcoding help? Some Cyprinidae DiversityiBOL 4, Nov. 2011 Adelaide, Australia
  21. 21. 22Middle 10 11 Lower
  22. 22. Environmental Impact AssessmentiBOL 4, Nov. 2011 Adelaide, Australia
  23. 23. Recreationalbarcoding help? How does Angling PotentialiBOL 4, Nov. 2011 Adelaide, Australia
  24. 24. How does barcoding help? Alien Invasive Species Capanda - Mozambique tilapia (Aug 2008) Lucala - freshwater crayfish (Aug 2008)iBOL 4, Nov. 2011 Adelaide, Australia
  25. 25. Reddy & Swartz, unpublishedAplocheilichthys macrurus – Kwanza River A. myaposae & A. johnstoni complexAplocheilichthys macrurus – Kunene River Kunene A. macrurus Kwanza A. macrurusAplocheilichthys spilauchen Other southern African Aplocheilichthys Maximum Likelihood Bayesian posterior probabilities A. spilauchen
  26. 26. Utilisation of BarcodingiBOL 4, Nov. 2011 Adelaide, Australia
  27. 27. Utilisation of Barcoding Register/Catalog “Language”iBOL 4, Nov. 2011 Adelaide, Australia
  28. 28. Utilisation of Barcoding 5% 5% 10% 10% 10% 60%iBOL 4, Nov. 2011 Adelaide, Australia
  29. 29. How does barcoding help? Direct identification - limited, but growing Indirect identification - already useful, growing Sorting process - very successful, except for some cichlidsiBOL 4, Nov. 2011 Adelaide, Australia
  30. 30. Way forward… Expertise in Africa - regional collections and national positions? Continued collaboration with overseas programs “Type barcodes” - confidence rating Access and benefit sharing - data releaseiBOL 4, Nov. 2011 Adelaide, Australia
  31. 31. AcknowledgementsCBOL and Barcode of Life organising committeeNational Research Foundation (South Africa)CCDB, University of Guelph (Canada) and their sponsorsDomingos Neto and INIP collaborators (Angola)SAIAB and DIFS (Rhodes University) collaborators (South Africa)Rafael Neto and GAMEK participants (Angola)Kissama National Parks participants (Angola)Angola Governmental Agencies and participants

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