A Revolution in <br />Public-School Design:<br />The Legacy of<br />New York City’s<br />Charles B. J. Snyder<br />
PS 169 (1900)<br />168/169 x Audubon Ave<br />demolished<br />
PS 169 (1900)<br />168/169th x Audubon<br />demolished <br />
PS 5 (1895), 140 x 141st x Edgecombe x Fred Douglass (demolished)<br />
PS 5 (replaced 1895 building), 140/141 x Edgecombe Ave, es<br />
“The number of contracts to be let for new buildings will not only be the largest in the history of the city but of the wo...
“Radical and interesting<br />innovations in schoolhouse <br />architecture,”<br />Edmund Wheelwright, 1899<br />Snyder “w...
PS 73, 1921 addition to an 1888<br />Building by Naughton, landmarked,<br />Brownsville, Ocean Hill, Brooklyn<br />“Does a...
Public School 188, 1903, East Houston St.<br />
PS 4 (1898 w 1917 addn)<br />On Crotona Park in the Bronx<br />
Morris<br />High<br />School, <br />1904, <br />Bronx<br />
DeWitt Clinton HS (1906), 10thAve x 58/59thSt, later <br />Haaren HS ,  now John Jay College of Criminal Justice/CUNY<br /...
“Snyder does that which no architect before his time ever did or tried, he “builds them beautiful.” Literally, he found ba...
PS 169 (1900), demolished<br />PS 32 Bronx (1900)<br />PS 31 Bronx (1900)<br />
Morris High School (1904), Bronx<br />
Erasmus HS (1906/1911), landmarked, Flatbush Ave x Church/Snyder Sts.<br />
Flushing HS (1915), landmarked<br />
Public School 165 (1900), 108/108 x Broadway/Amsterdam<br />
PS 159 (1900)<br />119/120 x 2/3rd<br />demolished<br />
PS 119 (1901), 133rd/134th x ACPowell/Fred Douglass, demolished<br />
PS 170 (1901), 111th/112th x 5th/Lenox, demolished<br />
PS 109 (1901), 99th/100th x 2nd/3rd, NRHP<br />
PS 179 (1901, 1995), 101st/102ndx Columbus/Amsterdam<br />
Wadleigh HS for Girls (1902)<br />114/115th St <br />x 7/8thAve<br />Landmarked<br />Now Wadleigh Secondary School <br />f...
PS 184 (1902), 116th/117th x 5th/Lenox, demolished<br />
PS 90 (1907), 147th/148th x ACPowell/Fred Douglass<br />
PS 81 (1908), 119th/120th x ACPowell/Fred Douglass<br />
PS 100 (1909), 138th/139th x 5th/Lenox, demolished<br />
“We seek to make <br />the school building <br />itself quite as much<br />a factor in education <br />as the textbooks.” ...
Wadleigh HS for Girls (1902), Harlem,<br />landmarked<br />“A beautiful and regal building, the Wadleigh school was a prof...
George Washington HS (1925) <br />Northern Manhattan<br />
Ideas Snyder Schools Convey / Morals They Inculcate<br /><ul><li>   Students are worthy; they’re respected as individuals ...
   Education is important and a big enterprise.</li></ul>PS 27 (1898), overlooking<br />St. Mary’s Park in the Bronx<br />...
Snyder Schools Teach that<br /><ul><li>Students are worthy.
Education is important.
Education is uplifting.   </li></ul>PS 157 (1900) <br />St Nicholas Ave x 126/127<br />
<ul><li>  School is healthy and liberating: it brings balance and light to life;</li></ul>      it involves community and ...
<ul><li>Education, ideals and beauty are for </li></ul>        everyone equally, not just for the privileged.<br />GS 1 (1...
Public School 6 (1894), 85th x Madison, demolished<br />Architecture and Building, August 5, 1893<br />New York Times, Oct...
PS 158 (1899)<br />77/78 x York Ave<br />PS 96 (1895)<br />81/82 x York Ave<br />demolished<br />PS 7 (1893)<br />Hester x...
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  • Fire stairs drawing
  • Wadleigh (1902) LANDMARK 7 – 1st pub girls’ sch in NYC. Named for Lydia Wadleigh, who founded the 12th-St Advanced Sch for Girls and achieved the position of Lady Supt at the NY Normal Col. H-plan, framed in steel, allowing for large banks of windows, wh give good light and ventilation. On a relatively small plot of land, the 5-story sch has clrms, labs, offices, gyms, and study halls, all accessible by some of the earliest electric elevators in a NYC pub sch. Inspired by the Col Gothic style, the red-brick and sandstone sch has gabled dormers and is ornamented w decorative terra-cotta shields. A 125-foot corner tower w a pyramidal roof gives the bldg a commanding presence despite its midblock location. In the 1990s a 2-story gym annex. 349
  • Google images – Riis Ch 13
  • Morris HS (1904) LANDMARK 8
  • PS 170 (1901)
  • Wadleigh (1902) LANDMARK 7 – 1st pub girls’ sch in NYC. Named for Lydia Wadleigh, who founded the 12th-St Advanced Sch for Girls and achieved the position of Lady Supt at the NY Normal Col. H-plan, framed in steel, allowing for large banks of windows, wh give good light and ventilation. On a relatively small plot of land, the 5-story sch has clrms, labs, offices, gyms, and study halls, all accessible by some of the earliest electric elevators in a NYC pub sch. Inspired by the Col Gothic style, the red-brick and sandstone sch has gabled dormers and is ornamented w decorative terra-cotta shields. A 125-foot corner tower w a pyramidal roof gives the bldg a commanding presence despite its midblock location. In the 1990s a 2-story gym annex. 349
  • Wadleigh (1902) LANDMARK 7 – 1st pub girls’ sch in NYC. Named for Lydia Wadleigh, who founded the 12th-St Advanced Sch for Girls and achieved the position of Lady Supt at the NY Normal Col. H-plan, framed in steel, allowing for large banks of windows, wh give good light and ventilation. On a relatively small plot of land, the 5-story sch has clrms, labs, offices, gyms, and study halls, all accessible by some of the earliest electric elevators in a NYC pub sch. Inspired by the Col Gothic style, the red-brick and sandstone sch has gabled dormers and is ornamented w decorative terra-cotta shields. A 125-foot corner tower w a pyramidal roof gives the bldg a commanding presence despite its midblock location. In the 1990s a 2-story gym annex. 349
  • GS 1 (1899)The auditorium is on the 2nd floor, the gym on the 3rd. Roof-playground article: Not discouraged [by the lack of use of PS 75 roof playground], I designed a second one for the roof of PS 1, at Henry and Oliver Streets, where the cost of the plot had been very great and the demand for sch accommodations so urgent th it was necessary to utilize almost the entire plot for the bldg. Again the B o E gave its approval, w the addition of a brick elevator shaft to be used in future, shd it be found wise to do so.
  • PS 6 (1894) NYT Oct 1, 1893
  • PS 158 (1899)
  • Com bd 9 5-20-10 - 15m v3

    1. 1. A Revolution in <br />Public-School Design:<br />The Legacy of<br />New York City’s<br />Charles B. J. Snyder<br />
    2. 2.
    3. 3. PS 169 (1900)<br />168/169 x Audubon Ave<br />demolished<br />
    4. 4. PS 169 (1900)<br />168/169th x Audubon<br />demolished <br />
    5. 5. PS 5 (1895), 140 x 141st x Edgecombe x Fred Douglass (demolished)<br />
    6. 6.
    7. 7. PS 5 (replaced 1895 building), 140/141 x Edgecombe Ave, es<br />
    8. 8. “The number of contracts to be let for new buildings will not only be the largest in the history of the city but of the world.” 1897Annual Report <br />“The Board of Education is conducting the most extensive building operation of any firm or corporation in the country.” 1904 Annual Report <br />
    9. 9. “Radical and interesting<br />innovations in schoolhouse <br />architecture,”<br />Edmund Wheelwright, 1899<br />Snyder “was hired to reform <br />school design and instead <br />created a revolution, setting <br />a standard for municipal <br />architecture that has proved <br />hard to match.” <br />Christopher Gray, <br />New York Times 1998<br />
    10. 10.
    11. 11. PS 73, 1921 addition to an 1888<br />Building by Naughton, landmarked,<br />Brownsville, Ocean Hill, Brooklyn<br />“Does a silk mill or office building need more light than a school room? Is the work more important? You will answer “no” to both questions. Then let us...have the funds [for buildings] that will not be a menace to the eyesight and health of the pupils and teachers, and a reproach to the system.” <br />
    12. 12.
    13. 13. Public School 188, 1903, East Houston St.<br />
    14. 14. PS 4 (1898 w 1917 addn)<br />On Crotona Park in the Bronx<br />
    15. 15. Morris<br />High<br />School, <br />1904, <br />Bronx<br />
    16. 16. DeWitt Clinton HS (1906), 10thAve x 58/59thSt, later <br />Haaren HS , now John Jay College of Criminal Justice/CUNY<br />Wadleigh HS for Girls<br />(1902), Harlem<br />landmarked<br />Morris HS (1904)<br />169th St x Boston Rd<br />Bronx, landmarked<br />Former<br />Stuyvesant HS (1908)<br />15th/16th St<br />X 1st/2nd Ave,<br />landmarked<br />
    17. 17. “Snyder does that which no architect before his time ever did or tried, he “builds them beautiful.” Literally, he found barracks, where he is leaving palaces to the people. “<br />“The man who builds our beautiful schools”<br /> Jacob Riis, The Battle with the Slum (1902)<br />
    18. 18. PS 169 (1900), demolished<br />PS 32 Bronx (1900)<br />PS 31 Bronx (1900)<br />
    19. 19. Morris High School (1904), Bronx<br />
    20. 20. Erasmus HS (1906/1911), landmarked, Flatbush Ave x Church/Snyder Sts.<br />
    21. 21. Flushing HS (1915), landmarked<br />
    22. 22. Public School 165 (1900), 108/108 x Broadway/Amsterdam<br />
    23. 23. PS 159 (1900)<br />119/120 x 2/3rd<br />demolished<br />
    24. 24. PS 119 (1901), 133rd/134th x ACPowell/Fred Douglass, demolished<br />
    25. 25.
    26. 26. PS 170 (1901), 111th/112th x 5th/Lenox, demolished<br />
    27. 27.
    28. 28. PS 109 (1901), 99th/100th x 2nd/3rd, NRHP<br />
    29. 29. PS 179 (1901, 1995), 101st/102ndx Columbus/Amsterdam<br />
    30. 30. Wadleigh HS for Girls (1902)<br />114/115th St <br />x 7/8thAve<br />Landmarked<br />Now Wadleigh Secondary School <br />for the Performing and Visual Arts<br />
    31. 31. PS 184 (1902), 116th/117th x 5th/Lenox, demolished<br />
    32. 32.
    33. 33. PS 90 (1907), 147th/148th x ACPowell/Fred Douglass<br />
    34. 34.
    35. 35. PS 81 (1908), 119th/120th x ACPowell/Fred Douglass<br />
    36. 36.
    37. 37. PS 100 (1909), 138th/139th x 5th/Lenox, demolished<br />
    38. 38.
    39. 39. “We seek to make <br />the school building <br />itself quite as much<br />a factor in education <br />as the textbooks.” <br />New York Tribune 9 April 1892<br />
    40. 40. Wadleigh HS for Girls (1902), Harlem,<br />landmarked<br />“A beautiful and regal building, the Wadleigh school was a profound reminder to students of individual and collective dignity… All over Harlem Snyder reinforced the notion of the specialness of young citizens with splendid new buildings.”<br />
    41. 41. George Washington HS (1925) <br />Northern Manhattan<br />
    42. 42.
    43. 43. Ideas Snyder Schools Convey / Morals They Inculcate<br /><ul><li> Students are worthy; they’re respected as individuals with potential.
    44. 44. Education is important and a big enterprise.</li></ul>PS 27 (1898), overlooking<br />St. Mary’s Park in the Bronx<br />Normal College (1913), now Hunter College, UES<br />
    45. 45.
    46. 46.
    47. 47. Snyder Schools Teach that<br /><ul><li>Students are worthy.
    48. 48. Education is important.
    49. 49. Education is uplifting. </li></ul>PS 157 (1900) <br />St Nicholas Ave x 126/127<br />
    50. 50. <ul><li> School is healthy and liberating: it brings balance and light to life;</li></ul> it involves community and abundance.<br />
    51. 51. <ul><li>Education, ideals and beauty are for </li></ul> everyone equally, not just for the privileged.<br />GS 1 (1898)<br />Henry/Catherine/Oliver<br />
    52. 52.
    53. 53. Public School 6 (1894), 85th x Madison, demolished<br />Architecture and Building, August 5, 1893<br />New York Times, Oct 1, 1893<br />
    54. 54. PS 158 (1899)<br />77/78 x York Ave<br />PS 96 (1895)<br />81/82 x York Ave<br />demolished<br />PS 7 (1893)<br />Hester x Chrystie, se cor<br />demolished<br />
    55. 55.
    56. 56. Wadleigh HS for Girls (1902) Harlem Former DeWitt HS for Boys (1906), behind Lincoln Center<br />“The style symbolized the fact that the education received by New York’s poor <br />and immigrant residents was every bit as good (if not better) than that at the <br />nation’s most presigious schools.” --Andrew Dolkart<br />
    57. 57.
    58. 58. PS 186 (1903) , Harlem, abandoned since 1975<br />
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