Richard Wright


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Richard Wright

  1. 2. Richards Views <ul><li>Represented through his Marxist views he characterized society as divided into opposed classes </li></ul><ul><li>Each of his works he portrays the individual </li></ul><ul><li>In his works he wrote about the dignity and humanity of society’s outcasts, and about who cast them out </li></ul>
  2. 3. Childhood <ul><li>He was born in Natchez, Mississippi in 1908 </li></ul><ul><li>His father abandoned his family when he was 5 </li></ul><ul><li>He did not have much of a education as a child, because his mother was sick </li></ul><ul><li>Because of her illness he was raised by a series of relatives in Mississippi until he was 15 </li></ul>
  3. 4. Childhood Cont. <ul><li>He held a bunch of odd jobs to help support his family </li></ul><ul><li>He wrote is his free time and his first short story, &quot;The Voodoo of Hell's Half-Acre,“ was published in the spring of 1924 in the Jackson Southern Register </li></ul><ul><li>In 1925 he moved to Memphis on his own, and two years later moved to Chicago </li></ul>
  4. 5. Getting Started <ul><li>He studied Marxist theory, joining the Communist party in 1932, and he contributed poetry to leftist literary magazines </li></ul><ul><li>He become the center of a group of African American Chicago writers and had started to write fiction, in 1935 </li></ul>
  5. 6. New York <ul><li>In 1937 he moved to New York and wrote for the New York Writers’ Project and as a reporter on the communist Daily Worker </li></ul><ul><li>In 1938 Richard published a collection of four short stories titled Uncle Tom’s Children </li></ul><ul><li>One of the stories includes ‘Bright and Morning Star’ </li></ul>
  6. 7. Life in Paris <ul><li>He was the first African American bestseller for ‘Native Son’ which was published in 1940’s </li></ul><ul><li>He broke from the communist party in 1944 </li></ul><ul><li>In 1947 in moved to Paris where he was warmly accepted </li></ul><ul><li>He lived out the rest of his life, with his wife and two children, in Paris </li></ul>
  7. 8. Summary of Bright and Morning Star <ul><li>The story begins with Sue, a descendant of slaves living in the south under Jim Crow laws, waiting for her son, Johnny-Boy, to return home </li></ul><ul><li>Johnny-Boy is a member of the Communist Party </li></ul><ul><li>Reva, a white girl dating Johnny-Boy, informs Sue that someone has leaked news of the group’s meeting to the sheriff </li></ul><ul><li>That night, the sheriff and his men break into Sue’s home, looking for Johnny-Boy </li></ul>
  8. 9. Summary <ul><li>Sue gives no information to the men, and she is beat unconscious </li></ul><ul><li>Sue awakes to Booker, a new white member of the Communist Party, who asks for the members’ names, in order to warn them of the sheriff’s knowledge about the upcoming meeting </li></ul><ul><li>Sue gives Booker the names, and is then told by Reva that Booker was the one to tell the sheriff about the meeting </li></ul>
  9. 10. Summary Cont. <ul><li>Sue decides she must shoot Booker before he can give the names to the sheriff </li></ul><ul><li>Sue then watches Johnny-Boy being tortured for information about the group </li></ul><ul><li>When Booker finally arrives, Sue shoots him </li></ul><ul><li>The sheriff’s men then shoot both Sue and Johnny-Boy </li></ul>
  10. 11. Analysis of Bright and Morning Star - Themes <ul><li>Racial Violence </li></ul><ul><li>Martyrdom </li></ul><ul><li>Communism and Socialism </li></ul>
  11. 12. Racial Violence <ul><li>Against Sue </li></ul><ul><li>Against Johnny-Boy </li></ul><ul><li>Against Sug </li></ul><ul><li>The Sheriff and his men </li></ul>
  12. 13. Martyrdom <ul><li>Johnny-Boy’s death </li></ul><ul><li>Sue’s Death </li></ul><ul><li>“ The Dead that never die” </li></ul><ul><li>Strength </li></ul>
  13. 14. Communism <ul><li>Offered hope to Johnny-Boy </li></ul><ul><li>Also offered hope to Wright </li></ul><ul><li>Common cause to bring people together </li></ul><ul><li>Equality for all </li></ul>
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