Paper recycling


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  • The Indian Paper Industry accounts for about 1.6% of the world�s production of paper and paperboard. The estimated turnover of the industry is Rs 25,000 crore (USD 5.95 billion) approximately and its contribution to the exchequer is around Rs. 2918 crore (USD 0.69 billion). The industry provides employment to more than 0.12 million people directly and 0.34 million people indirectly. The industry was delicenced effective from July, 1997 by the Government of India; foreign participation is permissible. Most of the paper mills are in existence for a long time and hence present technologies fall in a wide spectrum ranging from oldest to the most modern. The mills use a variety of raw material viz. wood, bamboo, recycled fibre, bagasse, wheat straw, rice husk, etc.; approximately 35% are based on chemical pulp, 44% on recycled fibre and 21% on agro-residues. The geographical spread of the industry as well as market is mainly responsible for regional balance of production and consumption. With added capacity of approximately 0.8 million tons during 2007-08 the operating capacity of the industry currently stands at 9.3 million tons. During this fiscal year, domestic production of paper and paperboard is estimated to be 7.6 million tons. As per industry guesstimates, over all paper consumption (including newsprint) has now touched 8.86 million tons and per capita consumption is pegged at 8.3 kg.Growth of paper industry in India has been constrained due to high cost of production caused by inadequate availability and high cost of raw materials, power cost and concentration of mills in one particular area
  • The first step of the paper recycling process is of course taken by each and every one of us when we take the time to separate our paper and place it in the recycling box. The next step is taken by your city, when they send the recycling truck over to pick up the paper and bring it to the processing facilities of your neighborhood. Next, comes the sorting . The paper is placed on a moving conveyor to be sorted. I used to imagine that all the paper was just sent through and “melted down” with the use of chemicals. But it is a lot more complicated than that. The paper has to be sorted by hand because there are different grades of recycled paper. Here are some examples of this: white paper, colored paper, magazines, newspaper, kraft paper...Once the paper has been sorted it is then baled to make the transport and storage more convenient. The paper is then shipped to processing mills usually in the Pacific North West. Processing  At the processing Mill, the paper is soaked in water. It is then shaken to release the fibres to return them to their pulp state.It is important at this stage to remove the ink. If we don't do this, we will be left with a dull grey paper. There are three ways to do this:  Chemicals are added to the water to separate the ink from the pulp and then huge quantities of water are added to flush out this ink. (This water is usually reused!!) Air is shot through the pulp. This process creates a foam containing about half of the ink. The foam is then skimmed off leaving a clearer water. This process breaks down into water and oxygen on disposal, so it is the most acceptable.The pulp is bleached using hydrogen peroxide or chlorine. This process is less acceptable since the chlorine combines with organic matter to produce toxic pollutants.  We then add finishing chemicals and either press the pulp into sheets to dry or mix it with virgin pulp.
  • There are so many other products that you can make with recycled paper. And the best thing about paper recycling is that it used less chemicals and bleaches, which is safer for the environment.
  • Indian paper and newsprint industry has a huge potentials and prospects in coming future. In our, country, demand for paper and newspaper is rapidly increasing. There are vast demands in the area of tea bags, filer paper, tissue paper, medical-grade coated paper, lightweight online coated paper, etc. Indian paper industry is one of the underestimated industries, because India's per capita consumption of paper is just about 5 kg. whereas it is 337 kg in North America, 110 kg. in Europe and 30 kg. in China. Compare to this scenario India' par capita consumption is one of the lowest in the World.. Remove the bottlenecks of good quality of raw materials (forest based wood pulp) and bulk import of waste paper to bridge the gap of short supply of raw materials.ii. High cost of raw materials and lack of modernization of the manufacturing units.iii. Rising power and shipping logistics cost and concentration of mills in one particular area.iv. Quality improvements and reductionv. No rehabilitations packages for near about 194 small-scale paper manufacturing units, which are sick or lying Import duty on pulp and waste paper, wood raw materials & technologies etc.
  • Paper recycling

    1. 1. Paper Industry and Recycling
    2. 2. INDIAN PAPER INDUSTRY • In India more than a century old • Predominant domestic consumption • At present 800 paper mills • 15th largest paper industry in the world • 1.6% of the world’s production
    3. 3. INDIAN PAPER INDUSTRY • Provides employment to almost 0.46 million people • Flexible norms • Raw materials • Per capita consumption 8.3 kg • Problems faced
    4. 4. TYPES OF PAPER WASTE • Newspaper • Phonebooks • Cardboard • Magazines
    5. 5. TYPES OF PAPER WASTE • Computer paper • Envelopes • Junk mail • Construction paper
    7. 7. PAPER RECYCLING • Process of manufacturing old paper products and turning them into new, reusable paper products. • 60 % less energy
    9. 9. RECYCLING PROCESS • Recycling box • Processing facilities • Sorting by hand • Bale • shipping Collection • Soaking in water • Removal of ink • Chemical • Air • Bleach • Finishing chemicals Processing
    11. 11. FINISHED PRODUCTS • Egg cartons • Paper towels • Tissue • Newspaper
    12. 12. FINISHED PRODUCTS • Phonebooks • Paper bags • Notebooks • Stamps • Business cards • Calendars
    14. 14. BENEFITS OF RECYCLING PAPER • Saves earth, animals and humanity • Protects the ozone layer • Reduces pollution • Adds job to the economy
    15. 15. BENEFITS OF RECYCLING PAPER • Less energy consumption • Saves space in landfill • Reduces Sulfur Dioxide emissions
    16. 16. FUTURE PROSPECTS • One of the under estimated industry • Huge potentials and increasing demand • Government ranks 35th in high priority list • Growth rate expected to grow from 8% to 10%
    17. 17. STUMBLING BLOCKS IN PAPER INDUSTRY • Remove the bottlenecks • High cost of raw materials • Lack of modernization • Quality improvements
    18. 18. STUMBLING BLOCKS IN PAPER INDUSTRY • Import duty on pulp, waste paper, wood raw materials & technologies • Rising power and shipping logistics
    19. 19. THANK YOU…