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  • Figure shows how often each of the 16 criteria   are implemented. It is clear that some are more popular than others, this because some do not apply to certain houses and private dwellings are currently not required to fulfil the criteria. Criteria such as a, ‘gentle slope’ and ‘easily accessible’ stairs are open to interpretation and so are simpler to implement without a numerical value. All the criteria will be implemented into the application but special attention will be applied to criteria such as space at entrance level for provisions such as bedrooms in order to promote this aspect   29 Oct 2010
  • 137 participated from which 117 are practicing architects, only 10 of whom practice outside of the UK and Ireland. Figure shows how UK architects check their drawing to Lifetime Homes standards. It is clear that architects perform any audits using the computer and it is appropriate to suggest a computer based tool. Also a number of drawings are visually inspected with only 26% using a paper based audit. Therefore to promote such auditing of Lifetime Homes it should be visually based (rather than text based) using a computer process based on the already identified software of AutoCAD. 29 Oct 2010
  • 29 Oct 2010
  • 29 Oct 2010
  • Lifetime Homes, Lifetime Neighbourhoods: A National Strategy for Housing in an Ageing Society The ageing of the population will be one of the greatest challenges of the 21st century for housing. This strategy sets out our response to this challenge, our plan to create Lifetime Homes in Lifetime Neighbourhoods. It outlines our plans for making sure that there is enough appropriate housing available in future to relieve the forecasted unsustainable pressures on homes, health and social care services. 29 Oct 2010
  • 29 Oct 2010
  • 29 Oct 2010

Karim Hadjri Presentation Transcript

  • 1. LIFETIME HOMES ENVIRONMENTS KARIM HADJRI & NICHOLAS HUMES School of Planning, Architecture & Civil Engineering Queen’s University Belfast Friday 3 September 2010 Collaborative Networks in Ambient Assisted Living & Connected Health
  • 2. CONTENT
    • The Changing Profile of Older People and their Housing
    • Global Population Trend
    • Northern Ireland Population Trend
    • The Importance of The Physical Environment
    • Lifetime Homes Guidelines
    • Lifetime Homes – Future
    • Lifetime Homes – Survey
    • General Considerations
    • The Changing Profile of Older People and their Housing
    • Global Population Trend
    • Northern Ireland Population Trend
    • The Importance of The Physical Environment
    • Lifetime Homes Guidelines
    • Lifetime Homes – Future
    • Lifetime Homes – Survey
    • General Considerations
  • 3. 1. THE CHANGING PROFILE OF OLDER PEOPLE AND THEIR HOUSING DESIGN FOR AGEING “ We know from the papers on demography that the profile of older people is changing. Not only do we have an ageing population but certain groups are coming more into prominence. These include those who are very old, those with dementia, women, people who live alone and people from black and ethnic minority groups.” (Tinker, A. (1997). The environment of ageing.)
    • The Changing Profile of Older People and their Housing
    • Global Population Trend
    • Northern Ireland Population Trend
    • The Importance of The Physical Environment
    • Lifetime Homes Guidelines
    • Lifetime Homes – Future
    • Lifetime Homes – Survey
    • General Considerations
  • 4. 2. GLOBAL POPULATION TREND
    • The world is rapidly ageing:
    • In 2006, the number of persons aged 60 and older was 650 million.
    • In 2025, the number will be almost double: 1.2 billion people will be 60 and older.
    • By 2050, there will be 2 billion people aged 60 and over in the world.
    •  
    • Our world is a growing city:
    • In 2007, over half of the global population lived in cities. By 2030 about three out of five people will live in cities.
    (World Health Organisation, 2008)
    • The Changing Profile of Older People and their Housing
    • Global Population Trend
    • Northern Ireland Population Trend
    • The Importance of The Physical Environment
    • Lifetime Homes Guidelines
    • Lifetime Homes – Future
    • Lifetime Homes – Survey
    • General Considerations
  • 5. 3. NORTHERN IRELAND POPULATION TREND (Office for National Statistics, 2008)
    • The Changing Profile of Older People and their Housing
    • Global Population Trend
    • Northern Ireland Population Trend
    • The Importance of The Physical Environment
    • Lifetime Homes Guidelines
    • Lifetime Homes – Future
    • Lifetime Homes – Survey
    • General Considerations
  • 6. 3. NORTHERN IRELAND POPULATION TREND
    • The Changing Profile of Older People and their Housing
    • Global Population Trend
    • Northern Ireland Population Trend
    • The Importance of The Physical Environment
    • Lifetime Homes Guidelines
    • Lifetime Homes – Future
    • Lifetime Homes – Survey
    • General Considerations
  • 7. Dementia is set to soar in Northern Ireland with experts forecasting a 27% rise over the next ten years. New research by the Alzheimer's Society states that more than 20,500 people in Northern Ireland will be living with dementia by 2017. The London School of Economics and King's College London research, commissioned by the Alzheimer's Society, reports that dementia currently affects 16,000 people in Northern Ireland. (http://www.alzheimers.org.uk/) Experts predict significant rise in numbers of people with dementia in Northern Ireland 3. NORTHERN IRELAND POPULATION TREND
    • The Changing Profile of Older People and their Housing
    • Global Population Trend
    • Northern Ireland Population Trend
    • The Importance of The Physical Environment
    • Lifetime Homes Guidelines
    • Lifetime Homes – Future
    • Lifetime Homes – Survey
    • General Considerations
  • 8. 4. THE IMPORTANCE OF THE PHYSICAL ENVIRONMENT (Passini et al, 2000) As a person’s mental and also physical abilities decline, the importance of the physical environment increases. The physical environment has a major role in compensating for deficiencies and in maintaining residual mental and physical abilities.
    • The Changing Profile of Older People and their Housing
    • Global Population Trend
    • Northern Ireland Population Trend
    • The Importance of The Physical Environment
    • Lifetime Homes Guidelines
    • Lifetime Homes – Future
    • Lifetime Homes – Survey
    • General Considerations
  • 9. 5. LIFETIME HOMES - INTRODUCTION The Lifetime Homes Standard was established in the mid-1990s to incorporate a set of principles that should be implicit in good housing design. Good design, in this context, is considered to be design that maximizes utility, independence and quality of life, while not compromising other design issues such as aesthetics or cost effectiveness. Housing that is designed to the Lifetime Homes Standard will be convenient for most occupants, including some (but not all) wheelchair users and disabled visitors, without the necessity for substantial alterations.
    • The Changing Profile of Older People and their Housing
    • Global Population Trend
    • Northern Ireland Population Trend
    • The Importance of The Physical Environment
    • Lifetime Homes Guidelines
    • Lifetime Homes – Future
    • Lifetime Homes – Survey
    • General Considerations
  • 10. 5. LIFETIME HOMES - INTRODUCTION In 2008, the Government published 'Lifetime Homes, Lifetime Neighbourhoods: A National Strategy for Housing in an Ageing society'. This set out the need to build more flexible and inclusive housing in order to meet the future requirements of our ageing population. It established the Government’s clear objective of making Lifetime Homes the norm for all newly built housing by 2013. The strategy gave a commitment to ensure that all new publicly funded housing is built to the Lifetime Homes Standard by 2011.
    • The Changing Profile of Older People and their Housing
    • Global Population Trend
    • Northern Ireland Population Trend
    • The Importance of The Physical Environment
    • Lifetime Homes Guidelines
    • Lifetime Homes – Future
    • Lifetime Homes – Survey
    • General Considerations
  • 11. 5. LIFETIME HOMES - INTRODUCTION The Overarching Lifetime Homes Principles: The Lifetime Homes concept is based on five overarching principles. These inform and establish the functional basis for the statements of principle that have been introduced for each of the sixteen Lifetime Homes criteria. Inclusivity Accessibility Adaptability Sustainability Good value
    • The Changing Profile of Older People and their Housing
    • Global Population Trend
    • Northern Ireland Population Trend
    • The Importance of The Physical Environment
    • Lifetime Homes Guidelines
    • Lifetime Homes – Future
    • Lifetime Homes – Survey
    • General Considerations
  • 12. 5. LIFETIME HOMES - GUIDELINES 1. Car Parking Width Where there is car parking adjacent to the home, it should be capable of enlargement to attain 3300mm width. Habinteg Housing Association @ http://www.lifetimehomes.org.uk/
    • The Changing Profile of Older People and their Housing
    • Global Population Trend
    • Northern Ireland Population Trend
    • The Importance of The Physical Environment
    • Lifetime Homes Guidelines
    • Lifetime Homes – Future
    • Lifetime Homes – Survey
    • General Considerations
  • 13. 5. LIFETIME HOMES - GUIDELINES 2. Access From Car Parking The distance from the car parking space to the home should be kept to a minimum and should be level or gently sloping. Habinteg Housing Association @ http://www.lifetimehomes.org.uk/
    • The Changing Profile of Older People and their Housing
    • Global Population Trend
    • Northern Ireland Population Trend
    • The Importance of The Physical Environment
    • Lifetime Homes Guidelines
    • Lifetime Homes – Future
    • Lifetime Homes – Survey
    • General Considerations
  • 14. 5. LIFETIME HOMES - GUIDELINES Habinteg Housing Association @ http://www.lifetimehomes.org.uk/ 3. Approach Gradients The approach to all entrances should be level or gently sloping. Stated specifications and dimensions required to meet criterion As Criterion 2.
    • The Changing Profile of Older People and their Housing
    • Global Population Trend
    • Northern Ireland Population Trend
    • The Importance of The Physical Environment
    • Lifetime Homes Guidelines
    • Lifetime Homes – Future
    • Lifetime Homes – Survey
    • General Considerations
  • 15. 5. LIFETIME HOMES - GUIDELINES Habinteg Housing Association @ http://www.lifetimehomes.org.uk/
    • 4. Entrances
    • All entrances should:
    • be illuminated,
    • have level access over the threshold, and
    • main entrances should be covered.
    • The Changing Profile of Older People and their Housing
    • Global Population Trend
    • Northern Ireland Population Trend
    • The Importance of The Physical Environment
    • Lifetime Homes Guidelines
    • Lifetime Homes – Future
    • Lifetime Homes – Survey
    • General Considerations
  • 16. 5. LIFETIME HOMES - GUIDELINES Habinteg Housing Association @ http://www.lifetimehomes.org.uk/
    • 5. Communal Stairs & Lifts
    • Communal stairs should
    • provide easy access, and
    • where homes are reached by a lift, it should be fully accessible.
    • The Changing Profile of Older People and their Housing
    • Global Population Trend
    • Northern Ireland Population Trend
    • The Importance of The Physical Environment
    • Lifetime Homes Guidelines
    • Lifetime Homes – Future
    • Lifetime Homes – Survey
    • General Considerations
  • 17. 5. LIFETIME HOMES - GUIDELINES Habinteg Housing Association @ http://www.lifetimehomes.org.uk/ 6. Doorways & Hallways The width of the doorways and hallways should conform to the specifications below. Stated specifications and dimensions required to meet criterion
    • The Changing Profile of Older People and their Housing
    • Global Population Trend
    • Northern Ireland Population Trend
    • The Importance of The Physical Environment
    • Lifetime Homes Guidelines
    • Lifetime Homes – Future
    • Lifetime Homes – Survey
    • General Considerations
    Doorway clear opening width (mm) Corridor / Passageway width (mm) minimum minimum 750 or wider 900 (when approach is head-on) 750 or wider 1200 (when approach is not head-on) 775 or wider 1050 (when approach is not head-on) 900 or wider 900 (when approach is not head-on) The clear opening width of the front door should be a minimum 800mm. There should be a 300mm nib to the side of the leading edge of doors at entrance level
  • 18. 5. LIFETIME HOMES - GUIDELINES Habinteg Housing Association @ http://www.lifetimehomes.org.uk/ 7. Wheelchair Accessibility There should be space for turning a wheelchair in dining areas and living rooms and adequate circulation space for wheelchairs elsewhere.
    • Additional good practice recommendations:
    • Provide a turning circle of minimum1500mm diameter, or an ellipse at least 1700mm x 1400mm at floor level within kitchen / kitchen areas. This may encroach under work surfaces that have clear space below.
    • Provide in at least one main bedroom, a 1500mm clear turning circle.
    • Provide a bathroom layout that meets the requirements of Criterion 14 and provides a 1500mm clear turning circle if the bath is removed and replaced with an accessible shower facility.
    • The Changing Profile of Older People and their Housing
    • Global Population Trend
    • Northern Ireland Population Trend
    • The Importance of The Physical Environment
    • Lifetime Homes Guidelines
    • Lifetime Homes – Future
    • Lifetime Homes – Survey
    • General Considerations
  • 19. 5. LIFETIME HOMES - GUIDELINES Habinteg Housing Association @ http://www.lifetimehomes.org.uk/ 8. Living Room The living room should be at entrance level. Additional good practice recommendation: Also provide kitchen facilities on the entrance level.
    • The Changing Profile of Older People and their Housing
    • Global Population Trend
    • Northern Ireland Population Trend
    • The Importance of The Physical Environment
    • Lifetime Homes Guidelines
    • Lifetime Homes – Future
    • Lifetime Homes – Survey
    • General Considerations
  • 20. 5. LIFETIME HOMES - GUIDELINES Habinteg Housing Association @ http://www.lifetimehomes.org.uk/ 9. Entrance Level Bed space In houses of two or more storeys, there should be space on the entrance level that could be used as a convenient bed-space. Additional good practice recommendations: Provide a versatile entrance level layout and planned circulation arrangement that enables different use of areas according to household choice. E.g. A self contained dining area, with all services self contained within that area, and individual window, that could function as a bedroom (or be easily partitioned off as a bedroom if desired) with the dining function relocated to other living or kitchen space.
    • The Changing Profile of Older People and their Housing
    • Global Population Trend
    • Northern Ireland Population Trend
    • The Importance of The Physical Environment
    • Lifetime Homes Guidelines
    • Lifetime Homes – Future
    • Lifetime Homes – Survey
    • General Considerations
  • 21. 5. LIFETIME HOMES - GUIDELINES Habinteg Housing Association @ http://www.lifetimehomes.org.uk/
    • 10. Entrance Level WC & Shower Drainage
    • There should be:
    • a wheelchair accessible entrance level WC, with
    • drainage provision enabling a shower to be fitted in the future.
    • The Changing Profile of Older People and their Housing
    • Global Population Trend
    • Northern Ireland Population Trend
    • The Importance of The Physical Environment
    • Lifetime Homes Guidelines
    • Lifetime Homes – Future
    • Lifetime Homes – Survey
    • General Considerations
  • 22. 5. LIFETIME HOMES - GUIDELINES Habinteg Housing Association @ http://www.lifetimehomes.org.uk/ 11. Bathroom & WC Walls Walls in the bathroom and WC should be capable of taking adaptations such as handrails.
    • The Changing Profile of Older People and their Housing
    • Global Population Trend
    • Northern Ireland Population Trend
    • The Importance of The Physical Environment
    • Lifetime Homes Guidelines
    • Lifetime Homes – Future
    • Lifetime Homes – Survey
    • General Considerations
  • 23. 5. LIFETIME HOMES - GUIDELINES Habinteg Housing Association @ http://www.lifetimehomes.org.uk/
    • 12. Stair Lift/Through-Floor Lift
    • The design should incorporate:
    • provision of a stair lift,
    • a suitably identified space for a through-the-floor lift from the ground to the first floor, for example to a bedroom next to a bathroom.
    http://www.freewaylifts.co.uk
    • The Changing Profile of Older People and their Housing
    • Global Population Trend
    • Northern Ireland Population Trend
    • The Importance of The Physical Environment
    • Lifetime Homes Guidelines
    • Lifetime Homes – Future
    • Lifetime Homes – Survey
    • General Considerations
  • 24. 5. LIFETIME HOMES - GUIDELINES Habinteg Housing Association @ http://www.lifetimehomes.org.uk/ 13. Tracking Hoist Route The design should provide a reasonable route for a potential hoist from a main bedroom to the bathroom. Additional good practice recommendation: The optimum ‘reasonable route’ would be to have a connecting door between the main bedroom (in which the through floor lift would arrive – see Criterion 12) and an adjacent bathroom (with the ‘ease of access’ facilities – see Criterion 14), or potential for a direct link enabled via a full height knock out panel. http://www.freewaylifts.co.uk
    • The Changing Profile of Older People and their Housing
    • Global Population Trend
    • Northern Ireland Population Trend
    • The Importance of The Physical Environment
    • Lifetime Homes Guidelines
    • Lifetime Homes – Future
    • Lifetime Homes – Survey
    • General Considerations
  • 25. 5. LIFETIME HOMES - GUIDELINES Habinteg Housing Association @ http://www.lifetimehomes.org.uk/ 14. Bathroom Layout The bathroom should be designed to incorporate ease of access to the bath, WC and wash basin. Although there is not a requirement for a turning circle in bathrooms, sufficient space should be provided so that a wheelchair user can use the bathroom.
    • The Changing Profile of Older People and their Housing
    • Global Population Trend
    • Northern Ireland Population Trend
    • The Importance of The Physical Environment
    • Lifetime Homes Guidelines
    • Lifetime Homes – Future
    • Lifetime Homes – Survey
    • General Considerations
  • 26. 5. LIFETIME HOMES - GUIDELINES Habinteg Housing Association @ http://www.lifetimehomes.org.uk/ 15. Window Specification Living room window glazing should begin at 800mm or lower and windows should be easy to open/ operate. People should be able to see out of the window whilst seated. Wheelchair users should be able to operate at least one window in each room.
    • The Changing Profile of Older People and their Housing
    • Global Population Trend
    • Northern Ireland Population Trend
    • The Importance of The Physical Environment
    • Lifetime Homes Guidelines
    • Lifetime Homes – Future
    • Lifetime Homes – Survey
    • General Considerations
  • 27. 5. LIFETIME HOMES - GUIDELINES Habinteg Housing Association @ http://www.lifetimehomes.org.uk/ 16. Controls, Fixtures & Fittings Switches, sockets, ventilation and service controls should be at a height usable by all (i.e. between 450mm and 1200mm from the floor).
    • The Changing Profile of Older People and their Housing
    • Global Population Trend
    • Northern Ireland Population Trend
    • The Importance of The Physical Environment
    • Lifetime Homes Guidelines
    • Lifetime Homes – Future
    • Lifetime Homes – Survey
    • General Considerations
  • 28. 5. LIFETIME HOMES - DIAGRAM Habinteg Housing Association @ http://www.lifetimehomes.org.uk/
    • The Changing Profile of Older People and their Housing
    • Global Population Trend
    • Northern Ireland Population Trend
    • The Importance of The Physical Environment
    • Lifetime Homes Guidelines
    • Lifetime Homes – Future
    • Lifetime Homes – Survey
    • General Considerations
  • 29. 6. LIFETIME HOMES - FUTURE
    • Implementation and auditing of ‘Lifetime Homes’ principles need to be streamlined to ensure compliance. This is currently done manually.
    • Nicholas Humes (PhD student at Queen’s) is developing an application called People Project to support architects with their design development and appraisal.
    • The project will also provide a scalable and expandable tool, which can be adapted to suit other specific design principles such as dementia and autism.
    • The Changing Profile of Older People and their Housing
    • Global Population Trend
    • Northern Ireland Population Trend
    • The Importance of The Physical Environment
    • Lifetime Homes Guidelines
    • Lifetime Homes – Future
    • Lifetime Homes – Survey
    • General Considerations
  • 30. 7. LIFETIME HOMES - SURVEY This survey was developed and completed by Nicholas Humes as part of his PhD study. Which of the following principles do you implement into housing projects? (1= Never, 5= Always)
    • The Changing Profile of Older People and their Housing
    • Global Population Trend
    • Northern Ireland Population Trend
    • The Importance of The Physical Environment
    • Lifetime Homes Guidelines
    • Lifetime Homes – Future
    • Lifetime Homes – Survey
    • General Considerations
  • 31. 7. LIFETIME HOMES - SURVEY Which methods do you use to check a drawing is up to Lifetime Homes standards? How useful are they? (1= least useful, 5= most useful)
    • The Changing Profile of Older People and their Housing
    • Global Population Trend
    • Northern Ireland Population Trend
    • The Importance of The Physical Environment
    • Lifetime Homes Guidelines
    • Lifetime Homes – Future
    • Lifetime Homes – Survey
    • General Considerations
  • 32. 7. LIFETIME HOMES - SURVEY ‘ Lifetime Homes’ principles are costly to implement? (1 = strongly disagree; 5 = strongly agree )
    • The Changing Profile of Older People and their Housing
    • Global Population Trend
    • Northern Ireland Population Trend
    • The Importance of The Physical Environment
    • Lifetime Homes Guidelines
    • Lifetime Homes – Future
    • Lifetime Homes – Survey
    • General Considerations
  • 33. ‘ Lifetime Homes’ People Project
    • The Changing Profile of Older People and their Housing
    • Global Population Trend
    • Northern Ireland Population Trend
    • The Importance of The Physical Environment
    • Lifetime Homes Guidelines
    • Lifetime Homes – Future
    • Lifetime Homes – Survey
    • General Considerations
  • 34. 8. GENERAL CONSIDERATIONS Reconnecting Housing, Health and Care: ‘ Decent homes and lifetime neighbourhoods will promote health and well-being in themselves, but this approach also gives new opportunities to strengthen the relationship between housing, health and care services.’ Lifetime Homes: ‘ We need to build much more inclusive and flexible housing to meet future demand in an ageing society. In particular, we need to build homes that will be adaptable enough to match a lifetime’s changing needs. This can be achieved by building to Lifetime Homes Standards.’ ‘ Lifetime Homes, Lifetime Neighbourhoods: A national Strategy...’, 2008
    • The Changing Profile of Older People and their Housing
    • Global Population Trend
    • Northern Ireland Population Trend
    • The Importance of The Physical Environment
    • Lifetime Homes Guidelines
    • Lifetime Homes – Future
    • Lifetime Homes – Survey
    • General Considerations
  • 35. 8. GENERAL CONSIDERATIONS Specialised Housing: ‘ Specialised housing is often defined by care and support classifications, but should be considered from the perspective of older people, in terms of the quality of housing, location, services and the lifestyle it offers.’ ‘ The great challenges will be the growth of the numbers of people with dementia and their housing needs, no matter whether they are being cared for at home, or in specialised housing. Specialised and mainstream housing of all forms needs to adapt to meet this challenge.’ ‘ Lifetime Homes, Lifetime Neighbourhoods: A national Strategy...’, 2008
    • The Changing Profile of Older People and their Housing
    • Global Population Trend
    • Northern Ireland Population Trend
    • The Importance of The Physical Environment
    • Lifetime Homes Guidelines
    • Lifetime Homes – Future
    • Lifetime Homes – Survey
    • General Considerations
  • 36. THANK YOU [email_address] [email_address]