Demographic change as a cataylst for knowledge society


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Demographic change as a cataylst for knowledge society

  1. 1. Demographic Change as a Catalyser forKnowledge SocietyMarc BovenschulteHead of Section „Demographic Change“VDI/VDE Innovation + Technik GmbHBerlin – GermanyE-Mail: © VDI/VDE-IT 21.03.2012
  2. 2. Age structure of groundbreaking scientific findingsInnovation + Technik Jones, B. F. (2010): Age and Great Invention. The Review of Economics and Statistics, 92( 1), 1 – 14 © VDI/VDE-IT 21.03.2012
  3. 3. The value of Invention: Innovation! Frieling, E. & Enríquez, A.:Innovation + Technik Arbeitsplatzgestaltung, Arbeitsorganisation, alternsgerecht. Presentation, slide #22, University of Kassel © VDI/VDE-IT 21.03.2012
  4. 4. Innovation: A matter of the Young? Attributes of „the Young“ Attributes of „the Old“  Explorative innovators  Conceptual innovators  Liquid cognition  Crystalline cognition  State of the art knowledge  Experience  …  …  Knowledge to invent  Knowledge to innovateInnovation + Technik Knowledge Society © VDI/VDE-IT 21.03.2012
  5. 5. Absorbtive capacity  The ability to recognize the value of new information, assimilate it, and apply it to commercial ends*  Uptake and usage of internal and external knowledge  Depends on the structure and organisation of the working processes and conditions (flexibility)  Depends on the individual mind-set (openness)  Multivariate occupational careerInnovation + Technik *Cohen, W. & Levinthal, D. (1990): Absorptive Capacity: A new Perspective on Learning and Innovation. Administrative Science Quarterly, 35 (1), 128 – 152 © VDI/VDE-IT 21.03.2012
  6. 6. The times they are a changing  Example: In the sector of plastics and rubber, companies that collaborate are 10 – 40 % more productive and grow up to 20 % more than companies that do not cooperate.*  An increasing importance of network economies and project economies can be observed. New products require as well new production means and conditions: Computers: Mainframes Personal Computers Smart SystemsInnovation + Technik (“Big Blue”) (new SMEs) (disperse actors) *“Cluster Report für die Herstellung von Kunststoff- und Gummiwaren”, Forschungsinstitut für Regional- und Clustermanagement, 2008 © VDI/VDE-IT 21.03.2012
  7. 7. Bringing different perspectives together  The knowledge based economy needs knowledge to structure knowledge (turn invention into innovation).  This meta-knowledge is the domain of an experienced workforce (“thinkforce”).  To develop, improve and maintain this type of knowledge, certain conditions have to be fulfilled (absorptive capacity, multivariate occupational career).  SMEs often do not offer these conditions due to size and structure.  Network effects can compensate this weakness of SMEs.  The more knowledge is applied and the more companies cooperate, theInnovation + Technik more aged workforce is needed. © VDI/VDE-IT 21.03.2012
  8. 8. Consequences so far “We didn’t even get the opportunity to show what we are able to do!” Statement of German pensioners participating in a workshop about theInnovation + Technik perspectives of an ageing society (Lüneburg, March 2012) © VDI/VDE-IT 21.03.2012
  9. 9. In the long run we are all old German Research Agenda for Demographic Change Das Alter hat Zukunft – The New Future of Old Age www.das-alter-hat-zukunft.deInnovation + Technik © VDI/VDE-IT 21.03.2012