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Presentation by Mariusz Legowski of JRC-IES on the status and application potential of the Global Monitoring of the Environment and Security system of the EU.

Presentation by Mariusz Legowski of JRC-IES on the status and application potential of the Global Monitoring of the Environment and Security system of the EU.

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  • στρατηγία" ( strategia ) meaning "office of general, command, generalship”; i.e. a matter for the top
  • Greek word syn-ergos , συνεργός , meaning 'working together
  • Finally, please find above an indicative timeline for our next call Please note that this is preliminary information that might be subject to changes

GMES - current status and potential link to agriculture Presentation Transcript

  • 1. GMES – current status and potential link to agriculture Mariusz Legowski European Commission DG JRC
  • 2. Outline of the Presentation
    • Background and Recent GMES Milestones
    • Overview of the Commission’s Proposal
    • Governance context in 2011-2013
    • GIO Implementation plan
    • Agricultural dimension
    • Proposed approach for the Land service
  • 3. Article 189 TFEU: Basis for space policy
    • Why?
    • “ to promote scientific and technical progress, industrial competitiveness and implementation of EU policies”
    • What?
    • “ promote joint initiatives, support research and technological development and coordinate efforts needed for the exploration and exploitation of space.”
  • 4. Why an EU lead GMES programme?
    • EO is strategic
    • Security, risk and crisis management
    • Spatial planning
    • Monitoring of natural resources, incl. raw materials
    • Atmosphere and Climate monitoring
    • >> European capacities make sense (autonomy where appropriate)
    • Synergies for a better use of EO capacities
  • 5. Why an EU lead GMES programme?
    • EO requires synergies
    • EO costs for a comprehensive programme like GMES go beyond resources of a single nation
    • EU profile internationally increased
    • Market potential for EU wide, regional and local applications services
    • >> Pooling of resources at EU level fosters innovation and competitiveness for all
  • 6. EARTH OBSERVATION SYSTEMS PUBLIC POLICIES User Needs Technology push Service/ User pull Space + in-situ infrastructure operators: Space Agencies Scientific Community EO Industry National Governments and Agencies EU Institutions Downstream Users Information services for policy-makers and other users What is needed/wanted?
  • 7. How will GMES be delivered? What is their need? Oil Spill Tracking Farming Flood Land Marine Atmosphere Emergency Policy Makers & USERS OBSERVATION Space Infrastructure In Situ Infrastructure & Air Quality Private, Commercial & Sustainable observation Surveillance Security Climate change Examples of Services Provided Information Services Climate Public
  • 8. How will GMES be delivered? Centralised/Decentralised elements GMES COMPONENT – SPACE GMES COMPONENT – IN SITU INFRASTRUCTURE GMES COMPONENT – SERVICES CENTRALISED ESA EUMETSAT (GIO program) indirect benefits for regions: space industry and ground segment CENTRALISED & DECENTRALISED COM / EEA & MS (GIO program) in-situ data coordination and harmonization of data sets monitoring of accuracy of local/regional data MS (regional funds) in-situ infrastructure build up and maintenance CENTRALISED & DECENTRALISED COM / SERVICE PROVIDERS (GIO program) Core Services (UR federated at different level) MS / SERVICE PROVIDERS (CIP) Downstream Services
  • 9. Some milestones Initiation of GMES, Baveno Manifesto Gothenburg EU Summit “establish by 2008 an operational European capacity for … GMES” Investments by ESA and EU on services GMES becomes ‘flagship’ of the European Space Policy ESA C-MIN in Berlin approves GMES Space Component programme GMES Bureau creation € 1 ,2 Billion in the period 2007-2013 EC-ESA agreement on GMES signed GMES services presented at Lille Forum Commission proposal for a GMES initial operations programme and Communication on the Space component Programme adopted by EP and EU Council; start of implementation Launch of first GMES Sentinels 1998 2000 2001+ 2005 2006 2008 2009 2010+ 2013+
  • 10. GMES service component
    • atmosphere monitoring
    • climate change monitoring in support of adaptation and mitigation policies
    • emergency management
    • land monitoring
    • marine environment monitoring
    • security
  • 11. In-situ coordination
    • Non-space based installations in the GMES infrastructure component are generally referred to as "in situ component“
    • Measuring stations, seismographs, floats, shipboard instruments, etc.
    • EEA – GISC – 3 year, 3meuro FP7 project started January 2010
    • To stimulate open access to all relevant in-situ data for operational GMES service provision
    • In-Situ Component relies on: facilities, instruments, networks and services at national, regional and intergovernmental levels inside and outside the EU
    • Make use of existing capacities
  • 12. Technical implementation
    • The technical implementation of the Space Component is delegated to ESA through a Delegation Agreement encompassing the development of satellites and data access from contributing missions, and operations from Sentinel together with EUMETSAT
  • 13. Sentinels overview
    • Sentinel-1 – 2013/2015 -polar-orbiting, all-weather, day-and-night radar imaging mission for GMES land and ocean services.
    • Sentinel-2 – 2013/2016 -a polar-orbiting, multispectral high-resolution imaging mission for GMES land monitoring to provide, for example, imagery of vegetation, soil and water cover, inland waterways and coastal areas. land-change detection maps and geophysical variables that use, for example, leaf area index, leaf chlorophyll content and leaf water content will be provided. The pair of Sentinel-2 satellites will routinely deliver high-resolution optical images globally, providing enhanced continuity of SPOT- and Landsat-type data.
  • 14. Sentinels overview
    • Sentinel-3 – 2013/2016-multi-instrument low resolution mission to determine parameters such as sea-surface topography, sea- and land-surface temperature, ocean colour and land colour with high-end accuracy and reliability, vegetation and crop monitoring.
    • Sentinel-4 – 2017 - devoted to atmospheric monitoring that will be embarked upon a Meteosat Third Generation (MTG) satellite in geostationary orbit.
    • Sentinel-5 – 2019 - devoted to atmospheric monitoring that will be embarked upon a Meteosat Third Generation (MTG) satellite in geostationary orbit.
    • Contributing missions
  • 15. GMES status
    • The present: GMES initial operations 2011-13
      • GIO funding
      • FP7 funding
      • Competitiveness and Innovation Framework Program (CIP)
      • Regional funds
    • Programmatic issues to be resolved until 2013:
      • Data policy
      • Security aspects of the system
    • The future: GMES 2014+
      • Space component
      • Services: operational phase-in (atmosphere, marine, climate, security, complementing Land and Emergency)
      • In-situ: results and application of the GISC project; reference data
  • 16. R&D phase
    • 1.2 B Euro invested through FP7 in the period 2007 – 2013 (in addition to previous investments in FP6)
    • Support to the development of services
    • Support to the development of infrastructures
    • Support to ensuring availability of data
  • 17. GMES Regulation
    • The GMES Programme Regulation entered into force on 09/22/2010
    • The Commission adopts the annual work programme
      • for implementing the actions
      • for financial commitment
    • Initial operations comprise
    • Emergency response, land monitoring
    • Users uptake
    • Data access, including support to in situ data collection
    • pace component
    • Continuity with research activities
    • Organisational arrangements
    • Data policy (full and open access)
    • Participation third countries
  • 18. Overall programmatic framework 2011-13
    • Total available budget GMES 2011-2013: 777 M € combining 3 sources :
      • FP7: 668 M €
        • 502 M € Space component and data access
        • 166 M € Services
      • GMES Regulation initial operation (GIO): 107 M €
      • DG REGIO budget: Urban Atlas update (up to 2 M € ) as part of Land service
    • Need to manage FP7 and GIO funding in a coordinated way
  • 19. SME participation
    • Priority for FP7, especially DG ENTR
    • Whilst (so far) not mandatory in our call topics, regarded always as a plus during evaluations
    • Last call statistics:
    • in ranked (successfull proposals) list
    • 22% of participation
    • receiving 18% of EU budget
  • 20. Foreseen draft timeline for the 5th Space call:
    • 19 July 2011 publication
      • ec.europa.eu/embrace-space
      • cordis.europa.eu/fp7
    • 23 November 2011 deadline
    • Dec-Feb 2011/2012 evaluation by REA
    • Proposal negotiation in 2012
  • 21. Overall programmatic framework 2011-13
    • Proposed to focus on 4 activities ( Indicative Budget ):
    • Emergency Management service 12 M €
    • Land monitoring service 26 M € (4 M € for Global)
    • User uptake 5 M €
    • Space component 61 M €
    • Administrative Expenditures 3 M €
      • GIO total (2011-2013) 107 M €
  • 22. Budget breakdown 2011
    • Emergency Management Service 2.7 M€
      • Mapping 2.3 M €
      • Early Warning Systems 0.4 M €
    • Land Monitoring Service 2.7 M€
      • Pan-EU Land Cover monitoring 2.7 M €
    • Space Component 3.6 M€
    • Support for GMES Policy Measures 1.0 M€
    • Potential Contributions: -
    • EEA (2.38%)+other
    TOTAL 10 M€
  • 23.
    • AGRI has made use of remote sensing and similar sophisticated tools for quite a while
    • AGRI in favour of pooling data so as to allow appropriate use of resources
    • Forecasts necessary for CAP budget
    • Part of the data needs could potentially be procured directly through GMES provided that technical specifications are met and costs acceptable
    AGRI needs
  • 24.
    • GMES should contribute to:
    • Supporting policy priorities (biodiv., resources, water, air…)
    • Defining the “bigger picture” (policy links; EU / global)
    • Underpin long-term sustainability
      • GMES will create space observation infrastructure responsive to user needs
      • GMES will coordinate in-situ infrastructures (transboundary issues, gaps in European-wide monitoring, harmonisation efforts etc.)
    • Delivering on needs in Member States (compliance monitoring/reporting needs, implementation of legislation ...), regions, citizens, education
    • Complementing other efforts:
    • INSPIRE Directive, SEIS, etc.
    What is needed/wanted? Supporting EU Policy
  • 25.
    • Products at different scales (Global, EU, Local)…
    • Land Cover information – and land use changes - essential to many areas of environment policy: IMPACTS…
    • Biodiversity
    • Resource Efficiency
    • International issues
    • Water
    • Forests
    • Soils
    What is needed/wanted? Supporting EU Policy
  • 26.
    • The Land service addresses
    • a wide range of resources and policies at EU and international level (e.g. soils, water, agriculture, forestry, biodiversity, transport etc.)
    • Very diverse user communities with various requirements.
    • Land use
    • Forests
    • Urban planning
    • Water quality
    • Crop production
    GMES Land Services
  • 27. Summary of user requirements
    • Very diverse user communities, need common ‘multi-purpose’ to specific information:
      • Common need for land cover/land cover change information at various scales (Global, European, national, sub-national) and periodicity (periodic and dynamic information)
      • Common need for better access to reference data (carto/topographic, soil, geological, cadastral, transport network etc.) -> link to INSPIRE
      • More specific thematic information
    • Modular approach required
  • 28. Components of GMES Land service
    • Three components:
    • Global : Essential Terrestrial Variables for vegetation monitoring, biogeophysical parameters in support to Climate Change monitoring
    • Continental : Pan-EU products (e.g. Pan-EU land cover and land cover change)
    • Local : ‘hot spot’ - areas at interest at European level (e.g. urban areas, protected area, coastal areas etc.)
  • 29. Local component
    • Local component: large scale mapping (<1ha MMU) using VHR data
    • Focus for the moment on Urban Atlas
    • Project for DG REGIO launched in January 2009
    • Land cover / Land use mapping of 300 cities (  100,000 inh.)
      • Based on Very High Resolution images ( ≤ 2.5m)
      • Minimum Mapping Units 0.25ha in urban areas, 1 ha in other areas
    • Further extension possible to protected sites, coastal areas, risk areas etc.
  • 30. Urban Atlas Delivery
    • More than 200 agglomerations available
    • Freely available
    • Data download:
    • http://www.eea.europa.eu/data-and-maps/data/urban-atlas
    • Map viewer: http://dataservice.eea.europa.eu/map/UrbanAtlasbeta/
  • 31. Continental component
    • Wall-to-wall Pan-EU (38 countries) land cover mapping, using HR images -> 5 HR layers under GIO
    • Precursor EEA activities: Corine Land Cover (CLC) and Corine Land Cover Change (CLCC)
    • Objective: improve spatial resolution (from 25ha to 1ha), temporal resolution (3-5 years updates) and timeliness
    • Mid-long term approach: more synergies with MS activities, synchronisation and harmonisation between Pan-EU and National products
  • 32. The 5 HR Layers under development Legend Degree of Imperviousness (in %) Vegetation Intensity Indicator Water Wetlands Other (e.g. Agriculture) Forest Crown Cover Density (in %) Forest Crown Cover Density / Forest Types Sealed Area / Imperviousness Vegetation Intensity / Grassland Indicator Water Wetlands Combination of selected HR layers by a GIS model approach (Example from Alpine test site)
  • 33. Continental component forest monitoring
  • 34. Soil sealing example Copenhagen
  • 35. Global component
    • Support specific EU policies at international level
    • Climate change, including Carbon fluxes
    • Land degradation and desertification
    • Forest resources
    • Biodiversity
    • Water resources
    • Agriculture and food security
  • 36. Global land component • Global Terrestrial Variables and integration into land assimilation models for Carbon fluxes and water monitoring • Building on Geoland FP 7 BIOPAR products • Selection of variables according to maturity, existing activities and user needs (ESA CCI, GCOS/GTOS..) • Set up a dynamic vegetation monitoring (intra inter-seasonal) based on MR datasets • Additional Glob-Land elements to be considered later
  • 37. Examples of products for agriculture/food security
    • Forecast/estimates of major food crops and crop production
    • Agriculture cover per group of crops, changes in the extent and productivity of agricultural lands
    • Early warning of harvest shortfalls
    • Vulnerability mapping and assessments
  • 38. Examples of products for desertification/ land degradation
    • Land degradation risk index
    • Identification of degradation hot spots (state and trends in time)
    • Integrated dryland condition assessments (e.g. rain use efficiency)
    • Desertification syndromes
    • Drought susceptibility
  • 39. GMES User Forum
    • Assisting COM in implementing GMES Regulation
    • Preparatory workshop for land monitoring 9 March 2011
    • Definition and validation of user and service data requirements
    • Will be gradually implemented for all GMES services
    • First official meeting planned for mid May 2011
    • The community of potential (public) users is very broad with various needs and various scales
    • Consultation processes need to be intensified
    • -> the place to influence the debate and the GMES services
  • 40. Conclusions
      • GMES is a challenge, an EU space flagship: it is an ambitious programme with great expectations and involves several partners and funding's.
      • GMES is still a good value for money
      • Use of GMES data for agriculture is a process
      • GIO Land Global: with an agricultural orientation (crop production monitoring)
      • GIO Land Pan European: no direct agricultural orientation but maybe some layer of interest
  • 41.
    • Thank you for your attention
    • http://ec.europa.eu/enterprise/policies/space/research/index_en.htm