ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
How Developing Countries Should
Approach Adaptation Under the
UNFCCC Negotiation?
Ahsan Uddin...
Ahsan Uddin Ahmed <ahsan.ua@gmail.com>
Workshop on Climate Change Negotiations Jointly organized by MOERE, Sri Lanka and C...
Ahsan Uddin Ahmed <ahsan.ua@gmail.com>
Workshop on Climate Change Negotiations Jointly organized by MOERE, Sri Lanka and C...
Ahsan Uddin Ahmed <ahsan.ua@gmail.com>
Workshop on Climate Change Negotiations Jointly organized by MOERE, Sri Lanka and C...
Ahsan Uddin Ahmed <ahsan.ua@gmail.com>
Workshop on Climate Change Negotiations Jointly organized by MOERE, Sri Lanka and C...
Ahsan Uddin Ahmed <ahsan.ua@gmail.com>
Workshop on Climate Change Negotiations Jointly organized by MOERE, Sri Lanka and C...
Ahsan Uddin Ahmed <ahsan.ua@gmail.com>
Workshop on Climate Change Negotiations Jointly organized by MOERE, Sri Lanka and C...
Ahsan Uddin Ahmed <ahsan.ua@gmail.com>
Workshop on Climate Change Negotiations Jointly organized by MOERE, Sri Lanka and C...
Ahsan Uddin Ahmed <ahsan.ua@gmail.com>
Workshop on Climate Change Negotiations Jointly organized by MOERE, Sri Lanka and C...
Ahsan Uddin Ahmed <ahsan.ua@gmail.com>
Workshop on Climate Change Negotiations Jointly organized by MOERE, Sri Lanka and C...
Ahsan Uddin Ahmed <ahsan.ua@gmail.com>
Workshop on Climate Change Negotiations Jointly organized by MOERE, Sri Lanka and C...
Ahsan Uddin Ahmed <ahsan.ua@gmail.com>
Workshop on Climate Change Negotiations Jointly organized by MOERE, Sri Lanka and C...
Ahsan Uddin Ahmed <ahsan.ua@gmail.com>
Workshop on Climate Change Negotiations Jointly organized by MOERE, Sri Lanka and C...
Ahsan Uddin Ahmed <ahsan.ua@gmail.com>
Workshop on Climate Change Negotiations Jointly organized by MOERE, Sri Lanka and C...
Ahsan Uddin Ahmed <ahsan.ua@gmail.com>
Workshop on Climate Change Negotiations Jointly organized by MOERE, Sri Lanka and C...
Ahsan Uddin Ahmed <ahsan.ua@gmail.com>
Workshop on Climate Change Negotiations Jointly organized by MOERE, Sri Lanka and C...
Ahsan Uddin Ahmed <ahsan.ua@gmail.com>
THANK YOU
VERY MUCH
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Adaptation to Climate Change: How Developing Countries Should Approach Adaptation Under the UNFCCC Negotiation?

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Presented at the Climate Change Negotiator Training held in May 2014, in Sri Lanka.

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Adaptation to Climate Change: How Developing Countries Should Approach Adaptation Under the UNFCCC Negotiation?

  1. 1. ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE How Developing Countries Should Approach Adaptation Under the UNFCCC Negotiation? Ahsan Uddin Ahmed ED, Centre for Global Change (CGC) and Member, IPCC
  2. 2. Ahsan Uddin Ahmed <ahsan.ua@gmail.com> Workshop on Climate Change Negotiations Jointly organized by MOERE, Sri Lanka and CANSA, Colombo, Sri Lanka, 23 May 2014 ADAPTATION Any activity/approach that addresses one or more contexts of vulnerability •addressing poverty reduction •addressing livelihood enhancement/ strengthening •creating access to resources, power structure and/or infrastructure •enhancing access to food, health care, shelter … (prior to, during and after a hazard/disaster) •creating/strengthening access to knowledge (education/information, warning) •creation of options & alternatives
  3. 3. Ahsan Uddin Ahmed <ahsan.ua@gmail.com> Workshop on Climate Change Negotiations Jointly organized by MOERE, Sri Lanka and CANSA, Colombo, Sri Lanka, 23 May 2014 Adaptation The process of adjustment in nature or human systems in response to actual or expected climate stimuli or their effects, which moderates harm or exploits beneficial opportunities. Not much can be done outside the country It is very location-specific Internationally what can we think of Adaptation? Technology transfer (south-south) Capacity building Financing Nationally?
  4. 4. Ahsan Uddin Ahmed <ahsan.ua@gmail.com> Workshop on Climate Change Negotiations Jointly organized by MOERE, Sri Lanka and CANSA, Colombo, Sri Lanka, 23 May 2014
  5. 5. Ahsan Uddin Ahmed <ahsan.ua@gmail.com> Workshop on Climate Change Negotiations Jointly organized by MOERE, Sri Lanka and CANSA, Colombo, Sri Lanka, 23 May 2014
  6. 6. Ahsan Uddin Ahmed <ahsan.ua@gmail.com> Workshop on Climate Change Negotiations Jointly organized by MOERE, Sri Lanka and CANSA, Colombo, Sri Lanka, 23 May 2014
  7. 7. Ahsan Uddin Ahmed <ahsan.ua@gmail.com> Workshop on Climate Change Negotiations Jointly organized by MOERE, Sri Lanka and CANSA, Colombo, Sri Lanka, 23 May 2014 Development & Adaptation Development should ideally help humanity, irrespective of differences & diversity If not designed well, development activities may not result in reducing human vulnerability Development malpractices often aggravate prevailing contexts of vulnerability Creation of winners and losers Issues related to benefit distribution
  8. 8. Ahsan Uddin Ahmed <ahsan.ua@gmail.com> Workshop on Climate Change Negotiations Jointly organized by MOERE, Sri Lanka and CANSA, Colombo, Sri Lanka, 23 May 2014 Results of development might also be subjected to adverse effects of CC Without taking into consideration implications of climate change, if development plans are devised and investments are made, the projected benefit streams might never be realized/achieved Development & Adaptation
  9. 9. Ahsan Uddin Ahmed <ahsan.ua@gmail.com> Workshop on Climate Change Negotiations Jointly organized by MOERE, Sri Lanka and CANSA, Colombo, Sri Lanka, 23 May 2014 LIVELIHOOD SECURITY & ADAPTATION Enhancing quantity & quality of livelihood assets Creating access to livelihood resources/assets • Advocacy • Lobbying for pro-poor policy shift Removing risks to livelihood failure Reducing risks to livelihoods Enhancing coverage and quality of LH services
  10. 10. Ahsan Uddin Ahmed <ahsan.ua@gmail.com> Workshop on Climate Change Negotiations Jointly organized by MOERE, Sri Lanka and CANSA, Colombo, Sri Lanka, 23 May 2014 DISASTER RISK REDUCTION & ADAPTATION Eliminate/reduce risks of occurrence of disaster Change the prevailing/projected geophysical context Playing with extent of a hazardous event • spray chemicals to force rainfall (!!?) Change sensitivity to a hazard (of similar extent) • return period modulation (e.g., excavation of a rivulet) • increase crest height of a coastal embankment • change planting schedule so that the system becomes resilient • increase in plinth height of a railway track at risk of drowning
  11. 11. Ahsan Uddin Ahmed <ahsan.ua@gmail.com> Workshop on Climate Change Negotiations Jointly organized by MOERE, Sri Lanka and CANSA, Colombo, Sri Lanka, 23 May 2014 Adaptation The process of adjustment in nature or human systems in response to actual or expected climate stimuli or their effects, which moderates harm or exploits beneficial opportunities. Not much can be done outside the country It is very location-specific Internationally what can we think of Adaptation? Technology transfer (south-south) Capacity building Financing Nationally?
  12. 12. Ahsan Uddin Ahmed <ahsan.ua@gmail.com> Workshop on Climate Change Negotiations Jointly organized by MOERE, Sri Lanka and CANSA, Colombo, Sri Lanka, 23 May 2014 Adaptation in UNFCCC Landscape 1. Marrakech Accord (COP 7) Year 2001  Prepare and implement National Adaptation Programme of Action (NAPA) for Least Developed Countries (LDC)  Establishment of Least Developed Country Fund (LDCF) 2. Bali Road Map (COP 13/CMP 3) - Year 2007  Adaptation as one of the building block of Bali Action Plan(BAP) - Mitigation, Adaptation, finance and technology transfer.  Prioritize the vulnerable developing countries as LDC, SIDs and Africa.  Creation of Adaptation Fund it’s Board, Trustee and Secretariat.
  13. 13. Ahsan Uddin Ahmed <ahsan.ua@gmail.com> Workshop on Climate Change Negotiations Jointly organized by MOERE, Sri Lanka and CANSA, Colombo, Sri Lanka, 23 May 2014 3. Copenhagen Accord (COP 15/ CMP 5) - Year 2009  Global Temperature should be below 2o C and should consider the long tem goal in relation to temperature rise of 1.5o C.  Establishment of Green Climate Fund (GCF).  Short tem finance of 30 billion (2010- 2012)  Long term finance for 100 billion annually by 2020 4. Cancun Conference (COP 16/ CMP 6)- Year 2010  Adopted Cancun Adaptation Framework (CAF) I. National Adaptation Plans (NAPs) II. Establish Adaptation Committee (AC) III. Work Program on Loss and Damage Adaptation in UNFCCC Landscape (contd.)
  14. 14. Ahsan Uddin Ahmed <ahsan.ua@gmail.com> Workshop on Climate Change Negotiations Jointly organized by MOERE, Sri Lanka and CANSA, Colombo, Sri Lanka, 23 May 2014 5. Durban Platform (COP 17/ CMP 7)- Year 2011  Adopt a draft guidelines for the formulation of National Adaptation Plan (NAPs)  Decide Composition of and modalities and procedures for the Adaptation Committee under the authority of and accountable to the COP. 6. Warsaw Conference (COP 19/ CMP 9) – 2013  Warsaw International Mechanism on Loss and Damage.  Loss and Damage – A new reality, Third pillar of the negotiation.  Limits to adaptation. Adaptation in UNFCCC Landscape (contd.)
  15. 15. Ahsan Uddin Ahmed <ahsan.ua@gmail.com> Workshop on Climate Change Negotiations Jointly organized by MOERE, Sri Lanka and CANSA, Colombo, Sri Lanka, 23 May 2014 Adaptation Finance 1. Raising Adaptation Finance under GCF Part of 100 Billion $ annually starting 2020 2. Direct access and Grant basis (No Loan!) 3. No Co-financing 4. New and additional to existing ODA Commitments 5. Channel through UNFCCC Mechanism. Future Adaptation Funding Needs World Bank (2006) Stern Review (2006) Oxfam (2007) UNDP (2007) UNFCCC (2007) Project Catalyst World Bank (2009) 9 – 41 Billions 4 – 37 Billions 50 Billions 47 – 109 Billions 28 – 67 Billions 67 -77 Billions 75 -100 Billions Adaptation Funding SCCF LDCF AF PPCR Total Available Now 222 Millions 506 Millions 271 Millions 805 Millions 1.8 Billions
  16. 16. Ahsan Uddin Ahmed <ahsan.ua@gmail.com> Workshop on Climate Change Negotiations Jointly organized by MOERE, Sri Lanka and CANSA, Colombo, Sri Lanka, 23 May 2014 1. Adaptation as an Integral part of 2015 agreement 2. Adoption of Global goal on Adaptation 3. Means of Implementation – Adaptation Finance, Technology Transfer and Capacity Building. 4. Loss and Damage – New Reality. Adaptation into 2015 agreement
  17. 17. Ahsan Uddin Ahmed <ahsan.ua@gmail.com> THANK YOU VERY MUCH

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