Group discussion group m ps


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Group discussion group m ps

  1. 1. Group Discussion Member of Parliament
  2. 2. Overview • • • • Afghanistan Bhutan Nepal Pakistan (Bangladesh, India, Maldives & Srilanka
  3. 3. South Asia and Climate Change Afghanistan Bangladesh Sea Level Rise No Yes No Yes Yes No Yes Yes Glacier Retreat Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes Yes No Increase in intensity of Floods Not so far Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Not so far Increase in Intensity of Droughts Yes In some parts No Yes No No Yes No Temperature Rise Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Source: IPCC AR4 Bhutan India Maldives Nepal Pakistan Sri Lanka
  4. 4. Afghanistan • Committed regardless of challenges within the country • To meet development goals, need to make use of our untapped natural resources. • challenges to achieve the goal of sustainable development still today is not limiting the growth but it should rather be the promotion of the right kind of growth, the green growth. • promotes investment in the sustainable management of key resources and natural capital, with required regulatory frameworks for the private sector involvement From Country submission made to RIO+20
  5. 5. Afghanistan Key initiatives: • National Environment Protection Agency • Disaster Preparedness Directorate • Cross-Cutting issue at National Development Strategy • Environmental Committee on both houses • Disaster management Committee led by Second-vice President • Climate Change Strategy under development Challenges: Security problem within the Country and with neighbouring countries. For example Water and timber use are some of the reason for conflict and is also being affected by conflict.
  6. 6. Afghanistan Thematic – initiatives • Number of projects addressing Adaptation and Mitigation to CC on going. Tree plantation, fuel switching etc • Government has been encouraging private sector to develop/promote environment friendly technology
  7. 7. Bangladesh • for developing countries and particularly for the LDCs, of stepping into the transition to a green economy. • Need clarity on its definition: “green economy”, which is still somewhat fuzzy in its early conceptual stage • Bangladesh is committed to a low carbon development path, provided the process does not put additional burden on its already overstressed economy and financial capacity • “Green economy” and provides “green jobs” in the future. …. Bangladesh’s priorities for accelerating economic growth, poverty reduction, …. • Any green development initiative has to be home–grown and country driven; and externally imposed conditions are not acceptable. From Country submission made to RIO+20
  8. 8. Bhutan • The idea of green economy fits in very well within the framework of the GNH development philosophy. • These include: a constitutional mandate to maintain 60% of the land under forest cover; limited number of polluting industries; predominantly agrarian society; nature-based economy; • Major avenues for green economy: Hydropower, agriculture, forest, Transportation, industry , SWM From Country submission made to RIO+20
  9. 9. Bhutan Key initiatives • Provision of more than 60% land coverage by forest • Signatory to all the three RIO conventions • Legislation: traditional culture of living at Harmony and with nature • National Environment Commission • EIA guideline, Vision 2020, Road to Sustainable Development, Environment issue asKey on GNH Challenges • Some of the resources are also being impacted by the behaviour of Neighbouring country • Lack of Human resources and Finance
  10. 10. Bhutan Thematic – initiatives Mitigation • Adaptation Technology • Strategic Environment Assessment • Provision of 60% last forest coverage • Car free day and electric car promotion • NAPA • Env Commission coordination with other ministry in planning process • TNA • Establishmen • Bhutan Trust • Encourage t of Degree Fund on use of Low college Environment Carbon course • Committee emission • Capacity of technology building Environment • Ban of Plastic training and at House bag workshop in country and abroad Capacity B Finance
  11. 11. India • Poverty eradication has been acknowledged as the benchmark for formulating Green Economy policies. • Green economy was not an alternative to sustainable development. Green economy should make economic sense to be sustainable. Sustainable and inclusive economic growth was important for poverty eradication From Country submission made to RIO+20
  12. 12. Nepal • • • • • CC Policy CC Council headed by Rt. Hon. PM CC Management Division at MoSTE MCCICCC – Bringing stakeholder together Informal Parliamentarian working group on earlier CA • Academic: CC and Development Master Course • Agriculture and Metrological services on CC related issue
  13. 13. Nepal Thematic – initiatives Mitigation • Adaptation Technology Capacity B Finance • LCDS in process • REDD plus initiatives NAPA, 2008 NAP in process LAPA • TNA • Encourage use of Low Carbon emission technology • Initiatives by NAPA • Knowledge mngt center • Awarensess raising and Capacity building initiatives • Climate Change Budget Code
  14. 14. Pakistan Pakistan • transformation towards green economy would be critically dependent on the availability of abundant and affordable energy along with important adjustments in the global economic architecture From Country submission made to RIO+20
  15. 15. Srilanka • … need to regulate market mechanisms to promote new and innovative investments in green technology. • Governments alone cannot manage and fund the transition to a green economy; the private sector and the civil society can and must play a fundamental role but requires incentives. • Sri Lanka has identified the way for moving towards a new “Green Growth” paradigm by seeking to harmonize “economic growth” with “environmental sustainability” • . … developed a new programme named Green Lanka (2009 -16) to evolve long term plans for sustainable economic and social development “National Action Plan for Haritha (Green) Lanka Programme” From Country submission made to RIO+20
  16. 16. Proposal from Hon. MPs • Need to recall the outcome from earlier South Asian Parliamentarian workshop • Institutionalization of SA parliamentarian forum on Climate Change • Start discussion about hosting the secretariat office to formalize and continuity of this important forum