Fostering the Innovation Culture    National & Organizational Levels              Miriam Erez            merez@ie.technion...
Why Innovation ?■ The 70s – Productivity■ Mid 80s – Quality■ Mid 90s – Innovation  ●   Innovation Drivers:       ●   Globa...
Creativity■ What is creativity?■ The generation of novel ideas that are useful  and appropriate (Amabile, 1996).     Miria...
Types of creative thinking■ Fluency, originality (rareness), Flexibility   ■ New uses for a given technology/product■ Link...
Insight – instant identification of relationships and         ”behaviors within a model, context, or scenario – “Ahha     ...
Archimedes: "Eureka!" (I have found it!)                    Watching the rise in the water                          level ...
The Paradox of Innovation                              Competitive Advantage               Quality &   Focus on           ...
The Journey of the Idea    P     r    o    b     l    e                              S    m                              e...
Factors influencing innovation         National Culture        Industrial Sector          Organizational             Cultu...
Idea Mobilization                     Miron, Erez & Naveh, JOB,   2004   The Shy Innovator      14%     Miriam Erez   Cost...
ORGANIZATIONAL CULTURE &       INNOVATION
What is Culture?            Shared Meaning System                                                    Glue                 ...
ARTIFACTS: IBM ANNUAL REPORT 2007
GoogleAnnualReport 2007
3D organizational cultural values                      Emphasis on Innovation                      Sense of Urgency       ...
High   High                   Low CreativityCulture o     Low          f Innovat                    ion             Miron,...
Leadership for Innovation             Vision                                 y                        S trateg            ...
Leadership: Innovating by ChangingSelf-sustaining      Strategic Innovation                              Strategic        ...
Leadership for Innovation■ "You know, everybody has a cellphone, but I dont know  one person who likes their cell phone. I...
The most Innovative CompaniesBrown & EisenhardtCompeting on the edge, 1998                                     Dilemma:   ...
National Culture & InnovationWhat is your National DNA?                  Imp                   Man ntation                ...
Israel: a Start-Up     Nation
R&D Centers In IsraelHaifa Region                                             Northern Region   Tel Aviv Region           ...
Camera Pill
NASDAQ Non US Listed Companies- Selected Countries            Source: NASDAQ (08/2010). Analysis: Invest in Israel
National Culture            (GLOBE STUDY) House, et al., 2004                                                             ...
Eco-System      World Economic Forum 2011-12Israel ranks 22th on Global Competitive Index, 2012Main strengths:■ The capaci...
World Economic Forum 2012The Global CompetitivenessReport 2011-2012         Israel
World Economic Forum 2012The Global CompetitivenessReport 2011-2012      Costa Rica
(Knowledge Center for Innovation (KCI
KCI Strategy:   Integration of Top-Down Policy –Making:               resource AllocationBottom – Up Processes within the ...
Industrial Export by Level ofTechnological Intensity, 2002-2009                       High Tech                        Hig...
Pillars of Operation                  KCIKnowledge  Center                Research      Implementation
A. “Managing Innovation” Forum■ A forum of about 40 organizations from the high  tech, mid tech and low tech (1-3 particip...
B. R&D Projects■ Initiating the Development of R&D Industry –  Academia- Government collaboration■ Identifying the industr...
P^3 R&D Consortium:Polymers, Plastics, Packaging     Polymers     Plastics           Packaging
C. Students’ Innovation implementation               projects in Industry■ Guiding teams of students who enter industrial ...
Is it possible to manage innovation?●   Providing tools and applications to implement innovation    (strategy, products, s...
E. Policy-making tools for implementing             top-down policies■ Based on the plastic-water R&D pilots we prepare  “...
G. E-course on the Management ofObjectives:                 InnovationTo educate Industry leaders and professionals to:■ U...
H. Initiatives to enhance Innovation   by Cooperation & Co-opetition
Horizontal & Vertical CooperationHorizontal:■   Industrial consortia■   Cooperation for developing a certain Technology (B...
The Psychology of cooperation●   Basic Trust●   Joint goals●   Joint identity●   Overcoming resistance to change
Clusters of cooperationA cluster is a geographically proximate group of interconnected companies and associatedinstitution...
Conclusions■ Build for the future■ Build the eco-system Top Down Bottom -UP  ■   Government regulation  ■   R&D  ■   Educa...
.Thank youKnowledge Center for Innovation  http://innovation.technion.ac.il
Miriam Erez | Innovation and culture Costa Rica | September 5th, 2012
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Miriam Erez | Innovation and culture Costa Rica | September 5th, 2012

694
-1

Published on

Miriam Erez from Technion and Knowledge Center for Innovation, Israel, brought this presentation to Costa Rica in September, 2012.

She made ​​this presentation at the forum entitled "Invention, innovation and intellectual property", on September 5, 2012 at the Radisson Hotel in San Jose, Costa Rica.

This activity was organized by the Council for the Promotion of Competitiveness and the Ministry of Justice and Peace in Costa Rica.
____________________________________________________

Miriam Erez de Technion, Israel, realizó esta presentación en Costa Rica el 5 de Setiembre del 2012, durante el foro "Invención, innovación y propiedad intelectual", celebrado en el Hotel Radisson de San José, Costa Rica.

Esta actividad fue organizada por el Consejo de Promoción de la Competitividad y el Ministerio de Justicia y Paz de Costa Rica.

Published in: Business, Travel
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
694
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
1
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
0
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Miriam Erez | Innovation and culture Costa Rica | September 5th, 2012

  1. 1. Fostering the Innovation Culture National & Organizational Levels Miriam Erez merez@ie.technion.ac.ilINVENTION, INNOVATION & INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY FORUM San-Jose, Costa-Rica, 05-09-12 Knowledge Center for Innovation Technion – Israel Institute of Technology Faculty of Industrial Engineering & Management http://innovation.technion.ac.il
  2. 2. Why Innovation ?■ The 70s – Productivity■ Mid 80s – Quality■ Mid 90s – Innovation ● Innovation Drivers: ● Globalization ● Technology ● Communication
  3. 3. Creativity■ What is creativity?■ The generation of novel ideas that are useful and appropriate (Amabile, 1996). Miriam Erez
  4. 4. Types of creative thinking■ Fluency, originality (rareness), Flexibility ■ New uses for a given technology/product■ Linking together two independent domains: ■ Optoelectronics for Missiles ■ Need for medical instruments. Miriam Erez
  5. 5. Insight – instant identification of relationships and ”behaviors within a model, context, or scenario – “Ahha Duncker Candle Problem (1945),The objects above consists of: a candle, match box, a box of pinsplace on a table near a carbon wall. Your task is to suggest how toattach the candle to the wall in such a way that it burns without.having the wax dropping on the floor or the table Miriam Erez
  6. 6. Archimedes: "Eureka!" (I have found it!) Watching the rise in the water level while taking a bath, Archimedes discovered the solution to the problem of measuring the density of the gold :in the king’s crown Solution: Dividing the mass of the crown by the volume of water displaced, the density of the crown could be obtained BC –212 BC 287Miriam Erez
  7. 7. The Paradox of Innovation Competitive Advantage Quality & Focus on Efficiency Innovation quality Innovation Implementation Creative Ideas ng inki x Th bo eEfficiency of th out Creativity Appropriateness Novelty Miriam Erez
  8. 8. The Journey of the Idea P r o b l e S m e Idea Mark I l Im Mobi et d e ple Gene lizati e c me Penet ratio on (Clark & Wheelwright (1993 n ti nt n ration1 ti 2 3 o 4 5 6 fi n c Ideation Phase a Miriam Erez ti o
  9. 9. Factors influencing innovation National Culture Industrial Sector Organizational Culture :Individual Knowledge Abilities Motivation
  10. 10. Idea Mobilization Miron, Erez & Naveh, JOB, 2004 The Shy Innovator 14% Miriam Erez Costa Rica Innovation Forum
  11. 11. ORGANIZATIONAL CULTURE & INNOVATION
  12. 12. What is Culture? Shared Meaning System Glue that s Visible us to ticks gethe ● Art r ● Technology ● Behaviors ● Practices Awareness: Values Right - Wrong Important - Unimportant Basic Assumptions●Relationship to environment●Nature of reality, time and space●Nature of human nature, activity, & relationship
  13. 13. ARTIFACTS: IBM ANNUAL REPORT 2007
  14. 14. GoogleAnnualReport 2007
  15. 15. 3D organizational cultural values Emphasis on Innovation Sense of Urgency Autonomy Initiative Incentives to Innovate Support Risk-Taking Tolerance for Mistakes ExplorationQuality Efficiency
  16. 16. High High Low CreativityCulture o Low f Innovat ion Miron, Erez & Naveh (JOB,2004)
  17. 17. Leadership for Innovation Vision y S trateg ,Communication Inspiration ronm ent Envi
  18. 18. Leadership: Innovating by ChangingSelf-sustaining Strategic Innovation Strategic Projects Innovation Road Maps Type of Change One Time Interaction with context: all projects time LocalOne time impactIntervention One component System-wide Local Scope of change Total Company Company
  19. 19. Leadership for Innovation■ "You know, everybody has a cellphone, but I dont know one person who likes their cell phone. I want to make a phone that people love."■ “Sometimes when you innovate, you make mistakes. It is best to admit them quickly, and get on with improving your other innovations”.■ “The people who are doing the work are the moving force behind the Macintosh. My job is to create a space for them, to clear out the rest of the organization and keep it at bay”.■ “By giving people the power to sharewere making the world more transparent.”
  20. 20. The most Innovative CompaniesBrown & EisenhardtCompeting on the edge, 1998 Dilemma: Adaptively innovate and consistently execute Bureaucratic Chaos Trap Trap
  21. 21. National Culture & InnovationWhat is your National DNA? Imp Man ntation leme l agem ? NoveIdeas ent & ?
  22. 22. Israel: a Start-Up Nation
  23. 23. R&D Centers In IsraelHaifa Region Northern Region Tel Aviv Region Jerusalem Region Southern Region Maps: Wikipedia
  24. 24. Camera Pill
  25. 25. NASDAQ Non US Listed Companies- Selected Countries Source: NASDAQ (08/2010). Analysis: Invest in Israel
  26. 26. National Culture (GLOBE STUDY) House, et al., 2004   JapanChina Germany USA Costa Rica Israel   Mean Mean Mean Mean Mean Mean3.77C 4.27B 4.15B 3.60C 3.85B   Future Time 4.29B Uncertainty 4.07C4.94A 5.22A 4.15B 3.82C 4.01C Avoidance5.04B 5.25B Power Distance 5.11B 4.86B 4.74C 4.73C Collectivism 4.63B5.80A 4.70C 4.25C 5.32B 4.70B Group based Performance 4.22B4.45A 4.25BErez Miriam 4.12B 4.25B 4.08B Orientation
  27. 27. Eco-System World Economic Forum 2011-12Israel ranks 22th on Global Competitive Index, 2012Main strengths:■ The capacity for innovation -6th, which rests on■ Highly innovative businesses■ Availability of high-quality research institutions■ High number of patents (4th)■ Favorable financial environment (10th)■ Availability of venture capital (2th) http://www3.weforum.org/docs/WEF_GCR_Report_2011-12.pdf
  28. 28. World Economic Forum 2012The Global CompetitivenessReport 2011-2012 Israel
  29. 29. World Economic Forum 2012The Global CompetitivenessReport 2011-2012 Costa Rica
  30. 30. (Knowledge Center for Innovation (KCI
  31. 31. KCI Strategy: Integration of Top-Down Policy –Making: resource AllocationBottom – Up Processes within the organization: Managing the Innovation Process g a kin M licy Ind Po ustr Aca dem y ia
  32. 32. Industrial Export by Level ofTechnological Intensity, 2002-2009 High Tech High Tech Traditional Traditional
  33. 33. Pillars of Operation KCIKnowledge Center Research Implementation
  34. 34. A. “Managing Innovation” Forum■ A forum of about 40 organizations from the high tech, mid tech and low tech (1-3 participants from each firm) .■ Acquisition of new knowledge from Experts■ Sharing organizations’ knowledge and best practices■ Discussions within and across organizational sectors to allow for knowledge transfer
  35. 35. B. R&D Projects■ Initiating the Development of R&D Industry – Academia- Government collaboration■ Identifying the industry which has the needs, but is also ready for innovation technology ■ Plastic – Green Plastic ■ Food Plastic Packaging – Smart Packaging ■ Water – Smart Pipe, Water Distillation, etc.
  36. 36. P^3 R&D Consortium:Polymers, Plastics, Packaging Polymers Plastics Packaging
  37. 37. C. Students’ Innovation implementation projects in Industry■ Guiding teams of students who enter industrial firms, aiming at developing and implementing new innovation projects■ Examples: ■ Identifying the needs for a new IT system ■ Initiating an organizational change to allow for introducing a new product line on top of on line projects
  38. 38. Is it possible to manage innovation?● Providing tools and applications to implement innovation (strategy, products, service organizations and processes)● Implementing innovation projects moderated by the mentors● Enabling a professional social network of the companies● 7 companies successfully graduated the first round.● A second round has just began.
  39. 39. E. Policy-making tools for implementing top-down policies■ Based on the plastic-water R&D pilots we prepare “Tools” (“guidelines for how to”) for ■ Activating the bottom-up innovation enablers ■ Managing the process of innovation ■ Utilizing top-down resources ■ Accomplishing policy-making objectives ■ Increasing innovation in industry ■ Connecting to global partners ■ Increasing export, market share and revenues
  40. 40. G. E-course on the Management ofObjectives: InnovationTo educate Industry leaders and professionals to:■ Understand the meaning of innovation■ Build confidence in enhancing innovation■ Provide tools for managing innovation and for creating an innovation culture■ offer measures of innovation.■ Identify best practices for managing innovation in different industrial contexts.
  41. 41. H. Initiatives to enhance Innovation by Cooperation & Co-opetition
  42. 42. Horizontal & Vertical CooperationHorizontal:■ Industrial consortia■ Cooperation for developing a certain Technology (Blade, IBM)■ Industry – Academia cooperation■ International cooperationVertical :■ Cooperation with suppliers■ Cooperation with customers ■
  43. 43. The Psychology of cooperation● Basic Trust● Joint goals● Joint identity● Overcoming resistance to change
  44. 44. Clusters of cooperationA cluster is a geographically proximate group of interconnected companies and associatedinstitutions (Porter, 2000: 254).
  45. 45. Conclusions■ Build for the future■ Build the eco-system Top Down Bottom -UP ■ Government regulation ■ R&D ■ Education ■ Innovation Culture■ Cooperation to enhance innovation - Joint resources, Knowledge, the Size Effect
  46. 46. .Thank youKnowledge Center for Innovation http://innovation.technion.ac.il

×