Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
0
Best Practices for Workplace Charging
Workplace Charging Workshop
Detroit, June 18, 2013
Jasna Tomic – CALSTART
1
Growing Number of PEV Models
2
Agenda
» Why workplace charging
» How Best Practices were developed
» Elements of the Best Practices for Workplace
Chargin...
Monthly Sales
EV Sales Compared to HEV
Numbers of Workplace Chargers
11
Source Navigant
CURRENT NUMBERS - ?
DOE’s Alt Fuel Station Locator
7,500 EV stations tota...
1 Workplace Charger for Every 3 PEVs
= Need 300,000 workplace EVSE by 2017
210,000
350,000
 Fills a critical gap in PEV
Infrastructure needs
 Extends the range of PEVs
and builds the market
 Allows for more ele...
How Best Practices for Workplace
Charging Were Developed
Workshop I
(July 2012 –
Google)
Survey of
companies
7 Interactive...
Elements of Best Practices for
Workplace Charging
Gain Internal Support
Employee Survey & Site Electrical System Evaluatio...
11
Gain Internal Support
Company
Management
Interested
Employees
Employee
Survey
• No. of vehicles leased or
purchased
• Commuting distances
• Interest to charge at work
Electrical System...
EVSE Options &
Hardware Costs
• Level 1
• Level 2
• Fast Charging ?
• How many
EVSEs?
Installation Cost
• Siting
• Power
r...
How Many Chargers?
14
Costs
» Hardware costs
» Level 1… just the cord to ~$1,000
» Level 2: $500 - $5,000
» DC Fast charging: $15,000
» Installa...
16
Install System
Determine
recharging site(s)
Closer to existing electric utility
equipmentis cheaper, adding
new circuit...
17
Establish Internal Procedures
Level of
Access
Public or
Private Access
Combine with
fleet use
Priority
EVs vs PHEVs
Emp...
18
Monitor & Evaluate
Understand Usage
•Number of vehicles
•Frequency & duration
of charging
•Electricity use kWh
Evaluate...
19
20
Employee Policies Supportive of PEVs
» Cash incentives up to $4,000 for purchasing or
leasing a qualified PEV
» Company pa...
Tax Questions
While no specific rules mention EV charging, these
rules are being used as guidelines
» Taxpayers can exclud...
Since PEV charging is not
explicit, related examples of
de minimus limits are:
PEV Workplace Charging Employee Benefit
IRS...
Incentives
» Local and regional incentives – employee commute
reduction programs (large cities)
» 13 states have pending i...
Headers, Blue, Bold, Calibri 44
EXAMPLES
EV Employer Initiative
EV Chargers at Fox Studios
Currently have 20 Level 2 chargers
• 17 Blink and 3 Clipper Creek
• 4 in...
Dynamic Sealing Technology (MN)
» Employee demand for
EV support
» 2 EVSE
» No internal policy right
now
27
Department of General Services (CA)
• DGS funding for the purchase
and installation of 24 level II
Electric Vehicle (EV) C...
29
Rutgers University Infrastructure
» Level 2 Chargers:
» 3 existing (+4 coming soon)
» Solar Parking Canopy
» 8 MWp  32 Ac...
Evernote
» 44 PEVs
» 10 EVSE
» HOV subsidy
program
31
32
Developing Tools and Resources for
Workplace Charging
 Website to share resources across regions and showcase
case studie...
ACKNOWLEDGMENT
Whitney Pitkanen, Mary Kathryn Campbell
Funded in Part by: Bay Area AQMD, South Coast AQMD,
CA Plug-in Vehi...
CALSTART
Clean Transportation
Technologies
and Solutions
Jasna Tomic
jtomic@calstart.org
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Workplace Charging Best Practices (CALSTART) Detroit June 18 2013

582

Published on

Dr Jasna Tomic gave this presentation at the Workplace Charging Workshop, an event co-hosted by CALSTART and NextEnergy in Detroit, MI June 18, 2013. For more information on workplace charging visit www.evworkplace.org
CALSTART Clean Transportation Technologies and Solutions

Published in: Automotive, Technology, Business
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
582
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
8
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
9
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Transcript of "Workplace Charging Best Practices (CALSTART) Detroit June 18 2013"

  1. 1. Best Practices for Workplace Charging Workplace Charging Workshop Detroit, June 18, 2013 Jasna Tomic – CALSTART 1
  2. 2. Growing Number of PEV Models 2
  3. 3. Agenda » Why workplace charging » How Best Practices were developed » Elements of the Best Practices for Workplace Charging » Gain Internal Support – Survey – What to Install - Charging Equipment Options and Costs - Establish Internal Procedures – Monitor and Evaluate » Employer Policies Supportive of EVs » Taxes and Incentives » Examples of Workplace Charging 3
  4. 4. Monthly Sales
  5. 5. EV Sales Compared to HEV
  6. 6. Numbers of Workplace Chargers 11 Source Navigant CURRENT NUMBERS - ? DOE’s Alt Fuel Station Locator 7,500 EV stations total 6,100 EV private
  7. 7. 1 Workplace Charger for Every 3 PEVs = Need 300,000 workplace EVSE by 2017 210,000 350,000
  8. 8.  Fills a critical gap in PEV Infrastructure needs  Extends the range of PEVs and builds the market  Allows for more electric only miles for PHEV’s  Creates local ‘PEV showrooms’ for info sharing on vehicles  EV’s can act as ‘employee pool cars’ for day trips Importance of Workplace Charging
  9. 9. How Best Practices for Workplace Charging Were Developed Workshop I (July 2012 – Google) Survey of companies 7 Interactive Monthly Web Meetings Interviews with Pioneering and Interested Companies Review of Relevant Reports and Literature 9 EEVI – Employer EV Initiative
  10. 10. Elements of Best Practices for Workplace Charging Gain Internal Support Employee Survey & Site Electrical System Evaluation Choose Appropriate System Install System Establish Internal Procedure Monitor and Evaluate 10
  11. 11. 11 Gain Internal Support Company Management Interested Employees
  12. 12. Employee Survey • No. of vehicles leased or purchased • Commuting distances • Interest to charge at work Electrical System Evaluation • Electrical Panel • Circuit Breakers • Wiring 12 Employee Survey & Site Electrical System Evaluation
  13. 13. EVSE Options & Hardware Costs • Level 1 • Level 2 • Fast Charging ? • How many EVSEs? Installation Cost • Siting • Power requirements • Permits Operational Costs • Electricity Cost • Facility/Demand Charge • Network costs 13 Choose Appropriate System
  14. 14. How Many Chargers? 14
  15. 15. Costs » Hardware costs » Level 1… just the cord to ~$1,000 » Level 2: $500 - $5,000 » DC Fast charging: $15,000 » Installation costs » Can vary greatly depending on site conditions » Few $100 to $5,000 per EVSE » Operating costs » Commercial el rates in US $ 0.8 -0.15/kWh » Network costs – site host, monthly charge $30/EVSE, membership for user » Demand charges – can be avoided if managed, cost $10- 30/kW 15
  16. 16. 16 Install System Determine recharging site(s) Closer to existing electric utility equipmentis cheaper, adding new circuits and conduit can increase capital costs significantly Review traffic, pedestrian flow, parking requirements,and ADA compliance issues Consider such safety, proper and sufficient lighting, potential shelter from weather, general personal/ property security, and signage Determineadditional retrofit needs, including landscaping Estimate electrical load at site(s) Determinewhether to use Level 1 or 2 charging or other Obtain charger requirements from vehicle and charger suppliers Determinethe appropriate number of EVSE units Consider expectations for future expansion now, taking into account the facility’s electricalcapacity Contact EVSE suppliers Confirm charging needs, types, and costs. A listing of suppliers www.pluginamerica.org/access ories. Buy equipment that takes advantage of the total time employeesare parked to minimizeyour equipment and utility costs Contact Utility Assess existing electricity supply - is it adequate? If no, determine necessary electricalservice upgrades Review meteringrequirements and elective options Consider using load managementequipment. Check with utility if they offer special daytime EV charging rates Contact pertinent permitting agencies and obtain all pertinent building and use permits. Identifyspecial local fire, construction, environmental,or buildingrequirements Obtain all applications Determineadditional permittingcosts Determinesite plan requirements Hire the prime contractor and verify contractor subcontractor credentials.
  17. 17. 17 Establish Internal Procedures Level of Access Public or Private Access Combine with fleet use Priority EVs vs PHEVs Employees and Guest Fleet vehicles System Optimization Integrate DG Consider total building load Vehicle - Building – Grid (V2G) Payment options $/h, $kWh Flat monthly rate Free
  18. 18. 18 Monitor & Evaluate Understand Usage •Number of vehicles •Frequency & duration of charging •Electricity use kWh Evaluate Cost •Operating •Maintenance •Management Future Plans •Expansion •Billing •System Optimization
  19. 19. 19
  20. 20. 20
  21. 21. Employee Policies Supportive of PEVs » Cash incentives up to $4,000 for purchasing or leasing a qualified PEV » Company paid monthly lease – HOV access » Free charging at work 21
  22. 22. Tax Questions While no specific rules mention EV charging, these rules are being used as guidelines » Taxpayers can exclude from gross income any fringe benefit that qualifies as a “de minimis” fringe benefit (section 132(a)(4) of the Code). EV charging not specifically identified » Section 132 (f)(2)(B) of the Internal Revenue Code, “Commuter Tax Benefits,” allows for a fringe benefit exclusion for qualified parking. In 2013 this value was $245 per month. 22
  23. 23. Since PEV charging is not explicit, related examples of de minimus limits are: PEV Workplace Charging Employee Benefit IRS Tax Code: definition of “de minimus” benefits Source: http://www.irs.gov/ pub/irs-pdf/p15b.pdf Consult your tax professionals for official guidance.
  24. 24. Incentives » Local and regional incentives – employee commute reduction programs (large cities) » 13 states have pending incentives for EVs » HOV lanes » Tax exemption or credits » December 31, 2013, can deduct cost of the equipment and installation, up to $30,000, under the Alternative Fuel Vehicle Refueling Property Credit Act. www.irs.gov/pub/irs-pdf/f8911.pdf » Up to 3 LEED credits 24
  25. 25. Headers, Blue, Bold, Calibri 44 EXAMPLES
  26. 26. EV Employer Initiative EV Chargers at Fox Studios Currently have 20 Level 2 chargers • 17 Blink and 3 Clipper Creek • 4 in each parking structure, 3 on lot, 1 in transportation • 40 - 50 users at present Why Install EV Chargers? Employee interest • Hybrid & EV incentive program • EVs in fleet
  27. 27. Dynamic Sealing Technology (MN) » Employee demand for EV support » 2 EVSE » No internal policy right now 27
  28. 28. Department of General Services (CA) • DGS funding for the purchase and installation of 24 level II Electric Vehicle (EV) Charging stations. March 2012 • The EVSE stations have been used 44 times a month • Users aare monthly and public parkers • DGS plans on installing 9 additional EV charging stations at the Fleet Garage located 1416 10th Street in Sacramento to support the DGS electric vehicle fleet. 28
  29. 29. 29
  30. 30. Rutgers University Infrastructure » Level 2 Chargers: » 3 existing (+4 coming soon) » Solar Parking Canopy » 8 MWp  32 Acres! » Planning Process » Usage Data » Experiences
  31. 31. Evernote » 44 PEVs » 10 EVSE » HOV subsidy program 31
  32. 32. 32
  33. 33. Developing Tools and Resources for Workplace Charging  Website to share resources across regions and showcase case studies www.evworkplace.org  Understand Barriers to faster growth  Identify process steps that are too costly and/or lengthy  Identify successfully implemented programs – what makes them special  Workplace Charging – Best Practices Guideline with regular updates  CA Plug-in Collaborative - WG on workplace charging  Quick guide for workplace charging  Case studies on workplace charging
  34. 34. ACKNOWLEDGMENT Whitney Pitkanen, Mary Kathryn Campbell Funded in Part by: Bay Area AQMD, South Coast AQMD, CA Plug-in Vehicle Collaborative 34
  35. 35. CALSTART Clean Transportation Technologies and Solutions Jasna Tomic jtomic@calstart.org
  1. A particular slide catching your eye?

    Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later.

×