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  1. 1. The Rise of Green Freightin AsiaYan PengChina DirectorClean Air Initiative for Asian Cities (CAI-Asia)US-China Clean Truck and Bus Summit31 October 2012
  2. 2. Outline 1. About CAI-Asia 2. Why Green Freight? 3. The Rise of Green Freight in Asia o Update on GF China Development o Overview of GF in Rest Asia 4. Initial Findings 2
  3. 3. 6 of 10 cities in developing Asia: poor air quality Beijing, China Annual average particulate matter (PM10) data from 234 cities in developing Asian countries. Karachi, Pakistan Manila, Philippines Jakarta, Indonesia Delhi, Indiasource: CAI-Asia
  4. 4. 4About CAI-Asia (1) What we aim for CAI-Asia’s role CAI-Asia Programs CAI Asia as a trusted CHANGE MAKER Air Quality and Climate Change Reduced air pollution • Providing reliable analysis, and greenhouse gas knowledge & data that help emissions decision makers understand Low Emissions Urban the problems and identify Development solutions • Bringing cities, countries and Improved health organizations together through Clean Fuels and Vehicles networks & partnerships Energy savings • Developing policies and Livable cities programs that are science- Green Freight and based, stakeholder inclusive, Logistics and effective Input from CAI-Asia Partnership and other partners
  5. 5. 5About CAI-Asia (2) www.cleanairinitiative.orgCAI-Asia was established as the premier air quality network for Asiathe Asian Development Bank, World Bank and USAID in 2001, andoperates since 2007 as an independent non-profit organization. 8 Country Networks Government Cities Development agencies agencies India China Indonesia UN recognized CAI- CAI-Asia Asia Partnership with Vietnam Center Nepal over 230 Members Sri Lanka Pakistan NGOs, academic & Philippines Private sector research institutions
  6. 6. CAI-Asia Partnership Members Cities (45) Environment Ministries and Bangladesh: Chittagong,Dhaka Departments (19) Cambodia: Phnom Penh  Department of Environment (Afghanistan) Hong Kong, China  Department of Environment (Bangladesh)  India: Hyderabad,  Ministry of Environment (Cambodia) Mumbai, Pune  Ministry of Environment Protection (China) Indonesia: Jakarta,  Andhra Pradesh Pollution Control BoardPalembang, Surabaya, (India)Yogyakarta  Department of Forest Ecology and Mongolia: Ulaanbaatar Environment (India) Nepal: Kathmandu  Central Pollution Control Board (India) Pakistan: Islamabad,  The State Ministry of EnvironmentKarachi, Lahore, Quetta (Indonesia)  Environmental Management Bureau, Philippines: Cagayan de Oro, Ministry of the Environment (Japan)Cebu, Iloilo, Lipa, Makati,  Department of Environment (Malaysia)Mandaluyong, Naga  Environmental Protection Agency (Maldives) China: Changsha,  Ministry of Environment, Science andChengdu, Chongqing,Guangzhou, Guiyang, Technology (Nepal)  Pakistan Environmental Protection Agency Government Agencies (13)Hangzhou, Harbin, Jinan, (Pakistan)Lanzhou, Luoyang, Qingdao,  Department of Environment and Natural Development Agencies/Foundations (17)Suzhou , Tianjin, Urumqi, Resources (Philippines) Sri Lanka: Colombo  Supreme Council for Environment and Thailand: Bangkok, Chiang Natural Reserves (Qatar) NGOs (67)  National Environment Agency (Singapore)Mai  Pollution Control Department (Thailand) Vietnam: Danang,  Ho Chi Minh City Environmental Protection Academic & Research Institutes (37)Haiphong, Hanoi, Ho Chi Agency (Vietnam)Minh City  Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment (Vietnam) Private Sector (35)
  7. 7. Scaling up approach in China中国网络架构 MEP环保部PROVINCES省份 Sichuan Hunan Zhejiang Guangdong Shandong Tianjin* Chongqing* 四川 湖南 浙江 广东 山东 天津 重庆 Xinjiang Gansu Guizhou Henan Heilongjiang 新疆 甘肃 贵州 河南 黑龙江CITIES城市 Chengdu Changsha Hangzhou Guangzhou Jinan Qingdao 成都 长沙 杭州 广州 济南 青岛 Urumqi Lanzhou Guiyang Luoyang Harbin 乌鲁木齐 兰州 贵阳 洛阳 哈尔滨 7
  8. 8. 中国城市网络 CAI-Asia China City Network及合作城市 & other cities in cooperation 北京 Beijing 上海 Shanghai 武汉 Wuhan 8
  9. 9. Outline 1. About CAI-Asia 2. Why Green Freight? 3. The Rise of Green Freight in Asia o Update on GF China Development o Overview of GF in Rest Asia 4. Initial Findings 9
  10. 10. Green Freight essential for a Green EconomyFreight now accounts for 35% of the world’s transport energy use, and is growing more rapidly than passenger transportation 10
  11. 11. Trucks have a large impact on environment and society Trucks in IndiaTransport CO2 emissions 63%Transport PM emissions 59% Fuel consumption 46% Road accidents 26% Vehicle km traveled 23% Vehicles 5% 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 11
  12. 12. Trucks have a large impact on environment and society (China) Freight Passenger Impact of Freight in China PM10 Emissions @ 2009 (4) 78% Fuel Consumption @ 2011 (2) 75%Vehicle Kilometers Traveled @ 2010 (1) 74% CO2 Emissions @ 2009 (2) 64% Causes of Fatal Accidents @ 2005 (3) 48% Number of Vehicles @ 2009 (1) 24% 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% 12
  13. 13. Drivers and Needs of Green Freight Rising fuel prices 8-fold increase Relative high and reduced fuel + freight volume + impacts from trucks, security 2000 to 2050 and rising Reduce other Reduce fuel use Reduce carbon impacts: air and costs + footprint + pollution, road accidents, other Measure and Access to report CO2 (and fuel Supportive policies, technologies, and air pollutants) + strategies and + and institutional throughout supply frameworks financing chain Business Government 13Source: CAI-Asia / SSCCAP
  14. 14. Green Freight Networks of the private sector 14
  15. 15. Outline 1. About CAI-Asia 2. Why Green Freight? 3. The Rise of Green Freight in Asia o Update on GF China Development o Overview of GF in Rest Asia 4. Initial Findings 15
  16. 16. China Case:The Rise of Green Freight Development in Asia Green Government Expert Freight Steering Group China Committee Seminars Logistics Low Carbon Institutions City Freight in and Policy Wuhan Study Tech. Study Guangdong Demo on Tours to International 1200 US and Green trucks Europe Freight Fair Ministry of Transport Guangdong GEF Green Freight China Ministry of Environment Green Freight Program Demonstration Project design Guangdong Province Guangzhou Other… Green Trucks Pilot Project
  17. 17. 1. Proof the concept and build confidence• Small pilot trucks project in Guangzhou 2008-2009 – Requested by local government for environmental concerns – Tire and aerodynamics technologies tested on 14 trucks in three truck fleets – Input from international best practice and experts – Results: 3.5~17% fuel and emission savings 17
  18. 18. John Guy, Buddy Polovick, USEPA, joining WB GZGreen Truck Pilot Project Design Mission, 2009 18
  19. 19. 2. Guangdong Green Freight DemonstrationProject• Technology Demonstration – Large scale testing and M&E on 1200 trucks – Pilot testing of logistics operation technologies: • ICT supported Brokerage Information System • “Drop-and-Hook” freight operations• Capacity Building – Policy research – Training • installation and operation of technologies • government officials and enterprise managers – Marketing and branding – Knowledge dissemination – “Green Freight Trade Fairs” (Oct 2011) 19
  20. 20. Guangdong Delegation on GF visit USEPARegional Office, 2010 20
  21. 21. 3. Design national framework for green freight• Green Freight China Program was initiated by CAI-Asia with support from an Energy Foundation grant• Aim: establish a national program to improve fuel efficiency, reduce fuel costs and greenhouse gases and air pollution– Builds on 12th FYP and existing efforts in China– Fill gaps: policy, institutional, stakeholder cooperation– Can be used as a model for other developing countries in Asia Logistics Partnerships Green Freight Knowledge & China Program Capacity Technologies Financing Source: CAI-Asia 21
  22. 22. USEPA as Co-organizer of 1st Green FreightChina Seminar, 2011 Buddy Polovick, USEPA, Making introduction to SmartWay 22
  23. 23. 4. Raise awareness: building partnershipGreen Freight Study Tours Green Freight China SeminarGuangdong Green Freight Workshop Presentations at Events China Green Freight Initiative 23
  24. 24. 5. Identify partners for scaling upMinistry of Transport logoMinistry of Environment logo 24 24
  25. 25. 5a. First National GF Program in Asia:China Green Freight Initiative (CGFI), April 2012
  26. 26. 5b. Institutionalize Green Freight China Program(2011-2012) • Institutional mechanisms for MOT support and more effective coordination and communication with multi stakeholders • Recommend verified energy saving technologies to companies • Scale up best practices in the road transport industry Steering Input Expert requests Group Group Stake- Key Chinese MOT, NDRC, MEP holders Briefing institutions, CAI-Asia, MIIT, Other papers USEPA, World Bank, ministries others CRTA, RIOH (MOT) and CAI-Asia Source: CAI-Asia 26
  27. 27. CGFI Seminar 2012, Beijing: CGFI Guidelines US EPA, China MOT high level support 27
  28. 28. 5c: Priorities of CGFI 2013-2014 CGFI adopt phased approach in its long-term mission through three programs: Green Technology, Green Management, and Green Driving. Priorities for 2013-2014 to be finalized in December 2012: - Develop green standards: Green Freight Enterprises, and Green Freight Vehicles - Develop eco-training program: curriculum & dissemination mechanism - CGFI Seminar 2013 - CGFI Banding 28
  29. 29. Outline 1. About CAI-Asia 2. Why Green Freight? 3. The Rise of Green Freight in Asia o Update on GF China Development o Overview of GF in Rest Asia 4. Initial Findings 29
  30. 30. Going regional (1): obtaining Asian government commitment • Bangkok 2020 Declaration – Sustainable Transport Goals for 2010-2020 – Adopted by senior officials from transport and environment agencies from 22 Asian countries – Goal 12: Achieve improved freight transport efficiency, including road, rail, air and water, through policies, programs and projects that modernize freight vehicle technology, implement fleet control and management systems, and support better logistics and supply chain management • Environmentally Sustainable Transport Forum / Urban Mobility India conference – December 2011 – Background paper “Best Practices in Green Freight” – Call for stronger national efforts on green 30
  31. 31. Going regional (2): towards programs in other Asian countriesIndia• Green Freight India Seminars• Explore national program with GIZ, DHL, SSCCAP, CAI-Asia and SIAM Korea • Korea Green & Smart Transport Partnership • Green Freight Seminar Korea Indonesia • Green Freight Seminar Tapei • Green Freight SeminarThailand , Laos, Vietnam• Green Freight Training• Green Trucks Toolkit• Preparation for pilot 31
  32. 32. GMS Green Freight PilotEast-West Economic Corridor (EWEC) Design pilot project • Low carbon technologies pilot • Eco-driving for freight companies • Capacity building of transport associations to support freight operators on improved logistics management Green Trucks Toolkit & training to companies Workshop: EWEC Freight and Logistics Energy Efficiency Carbon Company footprint Survey EWEC Source: CAI-Asia32 32
  33. 33. Going regional (3): Green Freight AsiaNetwork of private sector companiesPlatform for shippers, Founding members:carriers and 3PLS to•Share practices, tools andmethodologies to reduce fuel,costs and emissions fromfreight transport•Ensure active participation ofthe private sector in thedevelopment of nationalgreen freight policies andprogramsAdopted: “Private Sector Secretariat:Declaration on Green Freightin Asia towards a GreenEconomy”
  34. 34. Outline 1. About CAI-Asia 2. Why Green Freight? 3. The Rise of Green Freight in Asia o Update on GF China Development o Overview of GF in Rest Asia 4. Initial Findings 34
  35. 35. Initial Findings (1)1. Green freight: critical for a green economy2. Avoid first: Avoid-Shift and Improve all are essential3. Co-benefits: Significant potential for fuel efficiency, fuel costs and emissions reductions4. Partnership: National programs, through transparent and inclusive partnership building, to be established step-by-step to ensure broad stakeholder involvement and ownership
  36. 36. Initial Findings(2)5. Regional coordination can ensure consistency between programs6. Private sector involvement critical for success – building confidence and trust in technology essential – innovative solutions: high cost vs. affordability, copyright vs. cooperation – due procedure for local application of new technologies
  37. 37. For more information: CAI-Asia Center Unit 3505 Robinsons-Equitable Tower ADB Avenue, Pasig City Metro Manila 1605 Philippines CAI-Asia China Office CAI-Asia India Office 901A Reignwood Building, Regus Elegance No. 8 YongAnDongLi Elegance Tower, Mathura Road, Jianguomenwai Avenue Beijing Jasola Vihar, New Delhi China India CAI-Asia Country Networks China . India . Indonesia . Nepal . Pakistan . Philippines . Sri Lanka . VietnamCAI-Asia Center Members 231 CAI-Asia Partnership Members Donors in 2012 Asian Development Bank  Cities Development Initiative for Asia  • 45 Cities ClimateWorks Foundation  DHL/IKEA/UPS  Energy Foundation  • 19 Environment ministries Fredskorpset Norway  Fu Tak Iam Foundation  German International • 13 Other Government agencies Cooperation (GIZ)  Institute for Global Environmental Strategies (IGES)  • 17 Development agencies & foundations Institute for Transport Policy Studies  Institute for Transportation and • 67 NGOs Development Policy  International Union for Conservation of Nature  • 37 Academic and research institutes MAHA  Rockefeller Brothers Fund  United Nations Environment Program • 33 Private sector companies Partnership for Clean Fuels and Vehicles (UNEP PCFV)  Veolia  World Bank 37