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Plug In Vehicles and Integration
 

Plug In Vehicles and Integration

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    Plug In Vehicles and Integration Plug In Vehicles and Integration Presentation Transcript

    • PEV Infrastructure and
      Integration of PEV
      Clean Transportation Technologies and Solutions
      5 November 2010
      Jasna Tomic
    • PEV Infrastructure in CA
    • Background
      California leading state for deployment of and sale of plug-in vehicles
      California needs to be ready from an infrastructure perspective
      Many regional efforts in the state involving utilities, communities, cities, EVSE providers
      Communication and sharing between the different regional efforts is lacking
    • CPVICI
      Focus and Goals
      • California Plug-in Vehicle Infrastructure Coordinating Initiative
      • Facilitate sharing of information and best practices among the different regional PEV readiness efforts, particularly North-South connection
      • Serve a networking function and provide connection between problem identifiers and solution providers
      • Send out e-bulletins on as needed basis identifying new findings and lessons learned
    • Participants
      • Virtual meetings held with participants
      • San Diego Gas & Electric
      • Southern California Edison
      • Monterey Bay EV Alliance
      • Bay Area EV Alliance
      • Sacramento Municipal Utility District
      • Sonoma County
      • Pasadena
      • Burbank
      • Glendale
    • Topics
      Current Topics
      • Streamline Permitting Process
      • Localities lack resources for permitting
      • Clear Checklist for Customers
      • ADA Accessibility
      • Multi-unit dwelling needs
      • Gated communities, apartments, trailer parks --- different solutions for each case
      Larger Topics
      • Home – workplace – public charging
      • User profiles of fleets vs individual owners
    • CPVICI – Next Steps
      • Learn from OR and WA examples what worked in those states
      • Distribute information to smaller municipal utilities, regions, cities that wish to get involved but often lack resources
      • Develop a process chart with identified steps for PEV readiness
      • Expand current funding support from SCAQMD and BAAQMD
    • Integration of PEVs with Electric Grid
    • Benefits of adding PEVs to Electric Grid
      • Integration of PEVs with electric grid will provide better use of PEV
      • PEV are not only an electric load but can provide energy storage capacity and balancing of the grid
      • The next steps in greater integration of PEVs with electric grid system need to be demonstrated now
    • Integrating PEVs and Smart Grid
      • “Smart Grid”
      • Integrating Distributed Generation
      • Increasing generation from renewables
      • Collaboration with JPL – Role of PEVs in Smart Grid Roadmap (CEC PIER funded)
    • Vehicle to Grid- Integration of Transportation and Power Grid
      Arrows indicate direction of power flow
      (Kempton &Tomic, JPS, 2005)
      2
    • Vehicle-to-Grid
      Power Grid
      EV of PHEV
      Vehicle-to-Grid refers to flow of electricity and communications between and electric-drive vehicle and the electric grid
      Two large sector that can be integrated
      Smart interaction between vehicle fleet, grid and intermittent renewable
      Large, low-cost storage of electricity
      Helps business case of PEVs
    • Recommendations
      We need targeted deployment of V2G now!
      Need to show benefits in targeted demonstrations
      Discharging of EVs and other distributed generation back to the grid provides greater benefit to the grid
      Use of stored electricity, grid stability, added generation capacity
    • Recommendations
      Encourage infrastructure projects be followed by test plans and monitoring of PEV use characteristics
      Design projects with fleets or aggregated vehicles – 50 to 200 vehicles (muni, gov fleets, campus)
      1) Controlled charging
      2) Variable rate charging
      3) Discharging to grid
      4) Added functionality of on-board power
      Partners: Commercial fleets, Utilities, CalISO
      With installation of ‘smart grid’ and charging infrastructure deploy and test in parallel new applications and technologies such as V2G that really put the smart grid to use
    • Clean Transportation Technologies and SolutionsSM
      www.calstart.org