Background<br />California leading state for deployment of and sale of plug-in vehicles<br />California needs to be ready from an infrastructure perspective<br />Many regional efforts in the state involving utilities, communities, cities, EVSE providers<br />Communication and sharing between the different regional efforts is lacking<br />
Collaboration with JPL – Role of PEVs in Smart Grid Roadmap (CEC PIER funded)</li></li></ul><li>Vehicle to Grid- Integration of Transportation and Power Grid<br />Arrows indicate direction of power flow<br />(Kempton &Tomic, JPS, 2005)<br />2<br />
Vehicle-to-Grid<br />Power Grid<br />EV of PHEV<br />Vehicle-to-Grid refers to flow of electricity and communications between and electric-drive vehicle and the electric grid<br />Two large sector that can be integrated<br />Smart interaction between vehicle fleet, grid and intermittent renewable<br />Large, low-cost storage of electricity<br />Helps business case of PEVs<br />
Recommendations<br />We need targeted deployment of V2G now!<br />Need to show benefits in targeted demonstrations<br />Discharging of EVs and other distributed generation back to the grid provides greater benefit to the grid<br />Use of stored electricity, grid stability, added generation capacity<br />
Recommendations<br />Encourage infrastructure projects be followed by test plans and monitoring of PEV use characteristics<br />Design projects with fleets or aggregated vehicles – 50 to 200 vehicles (muni, gov fleets, campus)<br />1) Controlled charging<br />2) Variable rate charging<br />3) Discharging to grid<br />4) Added functionality of on-board power<br />Partners: Commercial fleets, Utilities, CalISO<br />With installation of ‘smart grid’ and charging infrastructure deploy and test in parallel new applications and technologies such as V2G that really put the smart grid to use<br />
Clean Transportation Technologies and SolutionsSM<br />www.calstart.org<br />
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