Plantwise + IPPC side event at CPM9 in Rome- April 2, 2014


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Presentations from all speakers at the IPPC and Plantwise side event which took place during CPM9

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  • The IPPC and Plantwise have shared goals that they are working to support in different ways. There is complementarity between the two.
  • Plant clinics can be used as an entry point to stimulate establishment of new or strengthened linkages. One of the primary objectives of Plantwise is to supportThe establishment of innovative linkages between key actors in a plant health system,including extension, research, regulation and input supplyThe establishment of national networks of plant clinics to provide regular advice to farmers and facilitate pest surveillance through the collection and use of plant clinic data
  • Want to avoid creating parallel or competing systemsAim for linking with organizations whose mandate addresses some aspect of plant healthWith national governments as the key partner, Plantwise strengthens national plant health systems by linking stakeholders, such as:extension servicesdiagnostic servicesresearch institutionsagro-input suppliersfarmers and community-based organisationspost-secondary educational institutionsNGOsPlantwise facilitates institutional change through strong partnerships with national, regional and international organisationsCan be used as an entry point to stimulate establishment of new or strengthened linkagesOne of the primary objectives of PW is to support the establishment of innovative linkages between key actors in a plant health systemIncl. extension, research, regulatory agencies and agro-input suppliersExamples of stakeholder rolesNational Responsible Organisation & Local Implementing OrganisationsNational forum &/or steering committeesTechnical support – e.g. data validation and extension materialsTraining activitiesNational uptake of Plantwise:Min of Ag (e.g. NPPO or extension service) coordinating the programmeNational Steering Committee in placePlantwise activities in job descriptions and targets of Ministry staffIncluded in national strategic plansCo-Financing by Ministry &/or local governmentsSynergies with other activities (e.g. e-extension)Data agreement in place; data used activelyTraining conducted locally (e.g. through universities)
  • What is the Plantwise knowledge bank?It isn’t intended to be a parallel system or to replace any aspect of the IPPC. It does provide information that can support NPPOs – e.g. To raise awareness about what is being reported in the literature in a country, its neighbors or around the world. This can help countries to respond to threats before they become a problem. Likewise, the distribution information, for example, can be useful for the purposes of PRA.The knowledge bank provides you with useful tools:An image-led diagnostic tool helps you to diagnose a problemOver 7000 factsheets provide information on treatment of pests and diseasesfrom Plantwise, developed and validated in the fieldfrom other key organisations such as Biovision, IRRI and CIMMYTThe map provides distribution information on 2500 pests on 100 crops, each with source
  • The establishment of national networks of plant clinics to provide regular advice to farmers and facilitate vigilance on pests through the collection and use of plant clinic data that can also be used in general surveillance
  • Plantwise + IPPC side event at CPM9 in Rome- April 2, 2014

    1. 1. LOSE LESS, FEED MORE Plantwise & NPPOs: Building Linkages Interfaces between Plantwise & IPPC 9th Session of the Commission on Phytosanitary Measures FAO, Rome, Italy 2 April 2014
    2. 2. Lose less, feed more A key objective of Plantwise: Support smallholder farmers with accessible, practical knowledge, so they can help themselves to lose less of what they grow and produce more food for their families The IPPC and Plantwise have shared goals that they are working to support in different ways. There is complementarity between the two. Protecting the world’s plant resources from pests A key objective of IPPC: Protect sustainable agriculture and enhance global food security by preventing pest spread through activities such as information exchange on pest problems
    3. 3. Plantwise Facilitates linkages between key actors in a plant health system Establishes national networks of plant clinics to  provide regular advice to farmers  facilitate pest vigilance through collection and use of plant clinic data Provides a knowledge bank for pest distribution, diagnosis, and management
    4. 4. PW Implementation 2014 Africa Burkina Faso DR Congo Ethiopia Ghana Kenya Malawi Mozambique Rwanda Sierra Leone Tanzania Uganda Zambia South Asia Bangladesh India Nepal Sri Lanka Central & West Asia Pakistan Afghanistan Southeast Asia Cambodia Vietnam Thailand Myanmar East Asia China Caribbean & Central America Costa Rica Nicaragua Honduras Barbados Grenada Trinidad & Tobago Suriname South America Bolivia Peru Brazil (CABI member countries in blue)
    5. 5. RPPOs IPPC & Plantwise: Working together to extend the flow of information Plant Health System NPPO Extension Farmers Input supply Research
    6. 6. Plantwise can potentially assist NPPOs in fulfilling their obligations under the IPPC Key interfaces 1. Linking stakeholders 2. Knowledge Bank 3. Plant clinic data Plantwise in support of NPPOs
    7. 7. 1. Linking stakeholders With national governments as the key partner, Plantwise strengthens national plant health systems by linking stakeholders: extension services plant protection services (NPPO) diagnostic/research services agro-input suppliers farmers, community-based organisations post-secondary educational institutions NGOs Strong plant health system stakeholders will better support NPPOs
    8. 8. 2. Knowledge Bank Provides tools & information, including: Pest alerts from the literature Lists of pests occurring in countries Distribution maps Collated plant health news
    9. 9. Clinic data can be used to: Identify major crops and diseases and their distribution Identify new and emerging diseases (disease vigilance) Shape priorities for extension Understand farmers’ problems, perceptions and knowledge Identify needs for further research Held in the access controlled part of the knowledge bank 3. Plant clinic data
    10. 10. Plantwise Policies Seven Plantwise policies, including: Use of Plant Clinic Data Options for national partners, particularly NPPOs, to decide on the extent to which plant clinic data are shared through the Plantwise knowledge bank  open versus restricted access
    11. 11. Plantwise Policies Pest Reports Appropriate publishing of potentially sensitive pest information following the IPPC standards for pest reporting Open communication with NPPOs on the pest information posted in the Plantwise knowledge bank Official pest reporting following ISPM 17 is encouraged
    12. 12. Where we want to go Improved sharing of pest data and information flow Improved national stakeholder partnering to work together as PHS to ensure fulfilment of reporting obligations under the IPPC Enhanced access to pest information enabling plant health system of countries to effectively address pest problems &
    13. 13. LOSE LESS, FEED MORE Ministry of Agriculture, People’s Republic of China Thank you We wish to acknowledge the support of our donors, as well as our national and international partners who make Plantwise possible
    14. 14. The IPPC and Plantwise IPPC Secretariat 03 April 2014 Rome, Italy
    15. 15. History CABI-Plantwise is a “new” development Large programme (diagnosis to reporting) Was mostly extension and research centric Potential to interfere with the IPPC process • concern expressed by some IPPC CPs Willingness to change - now involving NPPOs Secretariat working with CABI
    16. 16. IPPC Ensure it does not interfere with the IPPC process IPPC processes potentially affected • Pest reporting • Pest status • Surveillance • PRA • Regulated pest list • Emergency action / measures
    17. 17. IPPC Plantwise or CABI cannot report on behalf of IPPC contracting partners Knowledge bank = unofficial in terms of IPPC CP / NPPO responsibility IPPC contact point / pest reporting
    18. 18. NPPOs Can directly affect NPPO IPPC obligations (NROs) and trade Early involvement – be proactive Need for verification • surveillance • diagnostics Possibly emergency response Additional source of information • monitoring
    19. 19. IPPC Plantwise Workshop Address the involvement of the IPPC NPPO, research and extension together Very useful Reluctance and enthusiasm
    20. 20. Lessons learnt Not going to be easy Timeliness Define areas of legal and operational responsibility Verification very important Potential to feed data into a number of IPPC processes
    21. 21. Future Work in progress Potential benefits if we learn to work together Synergies Planning Do it properly • Increase efficiency and effectiveness • Increased timeliness • Improved reliability
    23. 23. CPM9 SIDE EVENT; PLANTWISE AND NPPOs BUILDING LINKAGES, WEDNESDAY APRIL 2ND 2014 ROME ITALY Linkages of NPPO’s National Reporting Obligations with Plantwise Activities
    24. 24. Background  Plantwise activities started in 2012 in Uganda  Coverage - 45Local governments (Extension), National Research Systems (ZONAL), Training Institutions (1. University), NPPO (Regulators Plant health)  Stakeholders roles include; Regulations, extension, research and Training, Supply Agro- input,
    25. 25. Inter-linkages of the stakeholders NPPO
    26. 26. Roles of each stakeholder  NPPO  Data management and custody of data bank  Start up kits and support to Local Governments (LGs)  Regulation of agro-input dealers (registration, import authorization, etc  Plant doctor training  Diagnostics support – national referral laboratory (confirmatory tests, identification)  Research & Training Institutions  Plant doctor training  Technical backstopping (intense training in pest identification, diagnosis etc  Extension materials development  Diagnostic support – national & zonal referral laboratories
    27. 27. Stakeholder roles c’d  NAADS (National Agricultural Advisory Services)  Staff to implement Plant Clinics (Service provision, SMS)  Financial support to PCs (Funds available to facilitate activities  Monitoring and evaluation  NGOs  Financial support to plant clinics and plant doctor training  Monitoring and evaluation  Local governments  Implementation of plant clinics  Identify Staff for training
    28. 28. National data flow and management NGO NGO
    29. 29. Plant clinic data usage  Data collected at plant clinic, Zonal centers, referral diagnostic labs  Data includes- endemic pests and disease, new emerging pests, diagnosed by plant doctors/laboratories, epidemic reports from LGs  Data is collected and managed at NPPO level (National information portal) and this informs surveillance  Validation is done by a team of experts from the NPPO
    30. 30. Diagnostic referral and feedback system Farmers Plant clinic Zonal diagnostic labs National referral (University Research, NPPO NPPO
    31. 31. Aims and plans Overall aims  Improve the national reporting obligations as required by IPPC  Improve the phytosanitary capacity of the national protection organization Plans  Update of regulated pest list and onward reporting to IPPC  Update pest distribution maps and upload on national web portal  Update the national regulation for export and import of plants, plant products and other regulated articles  Upgrade the national diagnostic capabilities  Establish strong linkages with all the relevant stakeholders mentioned above.
    32. 32. Thank you for listening
    33. 33. Plantwise linkages with the Sri Lankan NPPO P. T. Bandara National Coordinator Permanent Crop Clinic Programme
    34. 34. The Sri Lankan National Plant Protection Organisation • Functions of NPPO re-organised recently since April 2013 • Presently activities of the NPPO are shared between two divisions of Department of Agriculture • External Plant Qurantine is overseen by NPQS (Natioinal Plant Qurantine Service) • Internal Plant Qurantine is overseen by PPS (Plant Protection Service)
    35. 35. Organisation of the Plantwise programme in Sri Lanka Who is involved? • National Responsible Organization - Plant Protection Service (PPS), Sri Lanka • Crop clinic coordination • Local Implementation Organization - Provincial & Inter Provincial Extension Service of the DOA • Provide staff and basic resources for implementation of crop clinics • Training of “Plant Doctors” – PPS & National Trainers • Diagnostic Support – HORDI, FCRDI, RRDI and their Regional Research Stations, Universities, RRI, CRI, TRI, SRI, DEA, DNBG • Development of Extension Materials- PPS and National Trainers, supplemented by other technical units of DOA
    36. 36. Linkages between Plantwise & the NPPO How does Plantwise fit in with other extension and NPPO activities? • Crop clinics are used as one of the main tools for extension activities • Crop clinics serve as the source of information to the farmers which prevents indiscriminate pesticide use and promoting IPM practices • As Crop Clinics cover the whole country, it is equivalent to having a surveillance system to detect any new or resurgence of quarantine pest • Helps in developing spatial distribution map for pests • Facilitates declaration of pest free areas
    37. 37. How are the data from the crop clinics being collated and used? • District coordinators has been appointed by the national coordinator in concurrence with Provincial heads to collect data • Collected data is sent to NRO data management unit • Data manager & support staff do the translation and entry into electronic format (POMS) • Data harmonised, validated and analysed. • Data will provide spatial distribution of pests which will aid in early management of pest Is the NPPO involved? • Yes, PPS (NRO) is part of NPPO
    38. 38. Support to the NPPO Does crop clinic data provide the NPPO useful information on pest status? • Crop clinic data provide updated information on pest status • Surveillance of pest developments (identifying trends in pest occurrence) Is crop clinic data useful for pest vigilance? • Development of early warning system
    39. 39. Challenges the NPPO has faced in working with Plantwise & How have these challenges been addressed • Providing diagnostic services to clinics can be a challenge • Strengthen linkages between research and extension • Capacity building of the diagnostic capability of lab • Irregular receiving of crop clinic data form LIO • Appointing district coordinators from LIO • Too detailed prescription form to fill in by plant doctor • Modification of prescription sheet? • Less support from LIO • Mainstream Plantwise into government extension programme
    40. 40. Results so far • Training of trainers for national trainers: 20 • Number of Plant Doctors trained nationally: 316 • No of clinics operational: 105 • Number of clinic established: 242 • Crop Clinics are located: 11 districts out of 25 • For awareness raising regarding PCCP: two exhibitions
    41. 41. Future directions • Incorporating the crop clinic concept to the extension system • Development of more green and yellow lists, factsheets and photo sheets • Establishment of Monitoring & Evaluation system • Streamlining the data management system • Create a national map of clinic locations for mapping • Uploading the locally available technical information on Plantwise knowledge bank • Development of a website for PCCP, Sri Lanka • To prepare Directories of Diagnostic Services (DODS) which will provide an overview of the organizations and services accessed within the country
    42. 42. Summing up “Plantwise has facilitated to bring together specialist of different sectors whose mandates address different aspects of plant health which has immensely helped the farmers in solving their pest issues.”
    43. 43. Thank you!
    44. 44. LOSE LESS, FEED MORE Plantwise Lessons from Kenya Eunice Kagendo Lingeera NDVA team member
    45. 45. Plant Clinics  Coordinated by the MoAL&F, Plantwise, KEPHIS, KARI, PCPB, Local Universities, Local NGOs and CBOs.  Together these partners, helps strengthen national plant health systems (trainings, diagnostics, lab testing, pest mapping and reporting, pest management)  An announcement is made on the location and date of the clinic  Farmers bring their plants for determination of the problem by PDs  Diagnosis is done by trained PDs  Difficult cases or confirmatory tests are referred to identified participating labs (KEPHIS, KARI).
    46. 46. Currently Kenya has 59 operational plant health clinics in 13 counties. Each plant health clinic is ran by 2 plant doctors . Plans are underway to open more (30) plant health clinics in the remaining counties. Main target is small scale farmers: To reduce crop losses, thus increase food security and improve rural livelihoods . Plant Clinics cont..:
    47. 47. Harmonisation Recording Data EntryTransfer Groundwork Analysis Sharing Validation Data collection and processing workflow
    48. 48. MOAL&F: Local implementing organization KEPHIS: National regulatory organization (pests and invasive species) PCPB: National regulatory organization (pest control products) UON: Content partner KARI: Diagnostic support CABI: Coordination Representatives from the above institutions collaborated in the formation of the National Data Validation and Analysis team Institutional roles and responsibilities
    49. 49. Practical skills on use of a data validation protocol to NDVA team members were imparted. Capacity development to plant doctors.  Ability to make IPM recommendations (reduce use of pesticides--minimum residue levels in exported crop)  Improved ability to make accurate diagnosis. The validated and analyzed data was shared with Plantwise stakeholders detailing information on most commonly reported  Diseases  Invertebrate pests  Plant nutritional deficiencies  Gender ratio of farmers visiting clinics  Researchable areas Achievements:
    50. 50. The team identified the crops with high frequency queries which direct s team during development IPM fact sheets. The IPM fact sheets help reduce use of pesticides thus low levels of MRLs on the local/export produce. The areas where institutional of higher learning needs to develop training curriculum were identified. KEPHIS (national NPPO) - information on emergence of unreported pests, plans surveillance activities. KEPHIS – information, areas with high pesticide usage; train on adoption of IPM methods. Train farmers on pest alerts and early mgt systems Achievements cont..:
    51. 51. The current data validation protocol is lengthy and tedious.  Need to adopt a semi-automated validation tool. High numbers of rejected cases during data analysis (app. 40%)  Capacity building for PDs. No diagnostic laboratories.  Collaborating institutions to assist. Challenges:
    52. 52. Devolution and movement of extension staff.  Need for intervention from the county directors. Poor financial support from county government and lack of political goodwill.  Awareness creation Ability to diagnose new pests and diseases.  Links with partnering institutions for diagnostic services. Challenges:
    53. 53. Bring more persons on board with varied expertise to enhance and quicken data validation. Capacity building and equip plant doctors with up dated reference materials to enhance quality of diagnosis. Take care of data volumes, its important to convene data validation workshops every quarter part of the year. Future plans:
    54. 54. Lose less, feed more Thank you