Public service

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Information and history on Land-Grant Colleges

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Public service

  1. 1. Land Grant Colleges’ concept of Public Service
  2. 2. Land Grant Colleges <ul><li>106 of them exist. </li></ul><ul><li>Locally The Farmers' High School of Pennsylvania became Pennsylvania State University. </li></ul>
  3. 3. How LGCs Came To Be <ul><li>Morrill Acts of 1862 and 1890 </li></ul><ul><li>Mission is to focus on the teaching of agriculture, science and engineering. </li></ul><ul><li>Created as a response to the industrial revolution and changing social class rather than higher education’s historic core of classical studies. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Land-Grant College in US
  5. 5. Example Mission <ul><li>Plaque Text: </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;In 1871, Iowa State became the first land-grant institution in the nation to teach &quot;domestic science.&quot; In 1872, Mary B. Welch, wife of Iowa State President Adonijah Welch, became the first domestic science instructor giving lectures to support laboratory classes in &quot;kitchen, dining room, and laundry.&quot; From these beginnings grew the nation’s first land-grant college of family and consumer sciences.&quot; </li></ul>
  6. 6. Hatch Act of 1887 & other legislation <ul><li>Expanded the mission of the LGCs. </li></ul><ul><li>Provided federal funds to states to establish a series of agricultural experiment stations. </li></ul><ul><li>Stations were used to pass along new information in the areas of soil minerals and plant growth. </li></ul><ul><li>Outreach mission was expanded by the Smith-Lever Act of 1914 </li></ul>
  7. 7. Hatch Act of 1887 & other legislation con’t <ul><li>SLAct included the sending of agents into rural areas to help bring the results of agricultural research to the end users. </li></ul><ul><li>Beyond the original land grants, each land-grant college receives annual Federal appropriations for research and extension work on the condition that those funds are matched by state funds. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Oil Painting <ul><li>Artist Interpretation. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Today <ul><li>In 1994, 29 Tribal colleges and universities became land grant institutions under the Elementary and Secondary Education Reauthorization Act. </li></ul><ul><li>In 2008, 32 tribal colleges and universities have land grant status. Most of these are two-year degree granting colleges. However, six are four-year institutions, and two offer a master's degree. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Land-Grant Colleges and Cyberspce <ul><li>February 2008 eXtension was launched nationally, giving the Land-Grant Colleges another reboot. </li></ul>
  11. 11. What is eXtension? <ul><li>eXtension is an Internet-based collaborative environment where Land Grant University content providers exchange objective, research-based knowledge to solve real challenges in real time. </li></ul>
  12. 12. On the Net Con’t <ul><li>PublicResourceOrg youtube, http://public.resource.org/ </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pFvo63705DQ </li></ul>

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