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ConnectTheory and Practice with „Best Practices‟
Visual design effects on readers• Motivation Smiley (2004); Misanchuk (1992); Bell & Sullivan (1981)• Comprehension Gasser, Boeke, Haffernan, & Tan (2005); Romney (2004); Smiley (2004); Walker (2001), Hoener, Salend & Kay (1997);Garofalo (1988), Lewis & Walker (1989)• Recall Gasser, Boeke, Haffernan, & Tan (2005); Smiley (2004); Lewis & Walker (1989)• Efficiency/Speed Smiley (2004); Hoener, Salend & Kay (1997)
“...more easily perceiving ... text on apage ... less attentional resources arerequired for the process of reading.More attentional resources can thenbe devoted to attending to themessage in the text, which results indeeper processing and an easierrecall of the information presented.” (p.185) Gasser, Boek, Haffernan & Tan (2005)
“Unfortunately, most of the materials made at home, no matter how good in content, are atrocious in terms of layout. In my experiences with both publishers andstudents, I have come to the conclusion that layout is just as important as...no, even more important than...content” Curtis Kelly, 1998
Best Practice #2set the typeface at a LARGER size
Less skilled readers benefit from largertext Carter, Day & Meggs (2006); Petterson (1989)9-12 pt is standard for adults Carter, Day & Meggs (2006)18 pt for 1st grade, 14 pt for 3rd grade Hoener, Salend & Kay (1997)