How is the Book of Revelation Communicated The Temple
What is this? What is “Literal” Translation? What is Allegorical Translation?
<ul><li>1 ¶  Then I saw a new heaven and a new earth, for the first heaven and the first earth had passed away, and there ...
<ul><li>9 ¶  One of the seven angels who had the seven bowls full of the seven last plagues came and said to me, &quot;Com...
<ul><li>19  The foundations of the city walls were decorated with every kind of precious stone. The first foundation was j...
The Problem <ul><li>1 ¶  Then I saw a new heaven and a new earth, for the first heaven and the first earth had passed away...
To Find the answer . . .  <ul><li>Go to the Old Testament </li></ul><ul><ul><li>It can tell us “Why he does it,” </li></ul...
Luther: Creation and the Garden
Back to the Beginning <ul><li>The Garden of Eden was  . . .  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The place of God’s special presence </l...
Lucas Cranach der Ältere 1536 <ul><li>Ge 2:15 And the LORD God took the man, and put him into the garden of Eden to dress ...
Beza: 1519-1605 The Fall of Adam and Eve
The serpent tempts Eve to partake of the forbidden fruit as Adam sits nearby; to the left, gambling, leisure, suicide, mur...
Thomas Cole (1828) Gen 2: 15  And the LORD God took the man, and put him into the garden of Eden to dress it and to keep i...
Walking The same word for God walking in Eden, the very word, that only occurs a few times in the Old Testament is found, ...
Did Adam “guard” the temple? What unclean thing did he allow in the temple?
Expulsion from Paradise, Caedmon Manuscript AD 1000 “ Serve, Work, Cultivate,” . . . These are OT words for “Worship.” The...
Ezekiel 28 <ul><li>12  Son of man, take up a lamentation upon the king of Tyrus, and say unto him, Thus saith the Lord GOD...
Lorenzo Maitani  English:  Genesis : Expulsion from Paradise; marble bas-relief by Lorenzo Maitani on the left pier of the...
And the Cherubs become memorialized  1 Kings 623  And within the oracle he made two cherubims of olive tree, each ten cubi...
<ul><li>Description:  A rendering of the Ark of the Covenant and the altar of incense. Woodcut by Lucas Cranach, the Elder...
The Two Cherubs
What do you see on the walls? What do you see on the floor?
Holy of Holies <ul><li>Author:  Lund, Johann, 1638-1686 </li></ul>
Rev. Gary Davis:  I Am the Light of The World With Jorma Kaukonen and David Bromberg
Then, there is a tree of life in the middle of the Garden.
The Garden Atmosphere <ul><li>1Ki 6:15 ¶ And he built the walls of the house within with boards of cedar, both the floor o...
The Great Commission <ul><li>Ge 1:28 And God blessed them, and God said unto them, Be fruitful, and multiply, and replenis...
 
Part 2 Symbolism of Temples Depiction of Solomon’s Temple
A Temple is a Model? Heb 8:5  They serve at a sanctuary that is a copy and shadow of what is in heaven. This is why Moses ...
Wormhole
Wormhole
Psalm 78:69 <ul><li>Rsv: 69  He built his sanctuary like the high heavens, like the earth, which he has founded for ever. ...
<ul><li>So, is the Temple a “model” of heaven or a “wormhole” to heaven? </li></ul>
Exodus 25:9   The Model View <ul><li>God says to Moses . . .  </li></ul><ul><li>9  You must make this Tabernacle and its f...
Exod 26:30 <ul><li>Num 8:4 4  The entire lampstand, from its base to its decorative blossoms, was made of beaten gold. It ...
General Symbolism of the Temple <ul><li>The Outer Court </li></ul><ul><li>1Kings 7: 23  Then Huram cast a large round tank...
The Wormhole View <ul><li>1Ch 28:2 Then David the king stood up upon his feet, and said, Hear me, my brethren, and my peop...
<ul><li>Ps 99:5 Exalt ye the LORD our God, and worship at his footstool; [for] he [is] holy. </li></ul><ul><li>Isa 66:1 ¶ ...
Isaiah 6 <ul><li>1 ¶  In the year that king Uzziah died I saw also the Lord sitting upon a throne, high and lifted up, and...
The Tripartite Temple
The Outer Court <ul><li>What might the Outer Court of the Temple have represented? What might have been its function? </li...
The Holy Place What were some of the characteristics of the holy place, or the inner court? What was it made of?
Holy of Holies <ul><li>What did the most holy place have for furniture? </li></ul><ul><li>What is missing? </li></ul><ul><...
Part 3: Expansion of the Temple
Adam’s Commission = Ours? <ul><li>Adam’s commission as a priest-king to rule and expand the temple is passed on to others....
Some Adams <ul><li>Ge 1:28 And God blessed them, and God said unto them, Be fruitful, and multiply, and replenish the eart...
Who is this? <ul><li>Gen 12:2  And I will make of you a great nation, and I will bless you and make your name great, so th...
Who is this? <ul><li>4  I will multiply your offspring as the stars of heaven and will give to your offspring all these la...
Who is this? <ul><li>Gen 35: 11  And God said to him, “I am God Almighty: be fruitful and multiply. A nation and a company...
<ul><li>Gen 47: 27 ¶  Thus Israel settled in the land of Egypt, in the land of Goshen. And they gained possessions in it, ...
The four basic elements. <ul><li>1. God blessed them </li></ul><ul><li>2. Be fruitful and multiply </li></ul><ul><li>3. Fi...
Abraham’s “Temple.” <ul><li>God appears to him (Gen 12:2 </li></ul><ul><li>He pitches a tent (literally a  tabernacle” </l...
<ul><li>What did it symbolize when Abraham, Isaac, Jacob, and Israel went around in their travels making altars, pitching ...
Jacob’s Temple <ul><li>At Bethel </li></ul><ul><li>Near Abraham’s earlier altar </li></ul><ul><li>Comes after the divine p...
<ul><li>It was a  </li></ul>
The Tower of Babel <ul><li>Gen 11:1 ¶  Now the whole world had one language and a common speech. </li></ul><ul><li>2  As m...
<ul><li>Make a name for themselves </li></ul><ul><li>Re 18:5 For her sins have reached unto heaven, and God hath remembere...
Tower of Babel  Gen 11:1--9
The Tower of Babel
A STAIRWAY TO HEAVEN?
Part 4: The Expansion of the Temple <ul><li>Adam </li></ul><ul><li>Abraham </li></ul><ul><li>Isaac </li></ul><ul><li>Jacob...
Hieronymus Bosch” The Garden of Earthly Delights” <ul><li>But when Adam was cast out, he lost his function as a priest. </...
Quick Review
 
 
Part 5  Noah: <ul><li>The creation ended in “Rest” </li></ul><ul><li>In Mt. Ararat, the Arc “rested” same Hebrew. </li></u...
Noah on Ararat <ul><li>Noah offered burnt offerings </li></ul><ul><li>These offerings were a ‘soothing aroma’ before the L...
<ul><li>The Temple had 3 Sections. </li></ul>
 
Israel at Sinai Israel worships on a mountain. Sinai is called “the mountain of God” (Exod 3:1, 18:5, 24:13 Just as with t...
The people at the bottom Ex 19:12 Put limits for the people around the mountain and tell them, ‘Be careful that you do not...
The Priests and Elders <ul><li>Ex 24:1 ¶ And he said unto Moses, Come up unto the LORD, thou, and Aaron, Nadab, and Abihu,...
Moses at the top Ex 24:2 And Moses alone shall come near the LORD: but they shall not come nigh; neither shall the people ...
Holy of Holies at Sinai <ul><li>Exod 24: 15  And Moses went up into the mount, and a cloud covered the mount. </li></ul><u...
Where does the cloud lie? Ex 40:35 And Moses was not able to enter into the tent of the congregation, because the cloud ab...
Moses as priest <ul><li>5  And he sent young men of the children of Israel, which offered burnt offerings, and sacrificed ...
The Burning Bush <ul><li>Earlier in Exodus, God’s presence at Sinai was depicted as a “cassia tree” or “bush” burning with...
The Burning Bush <ul><li>Ex 3:2 And the angel of the LORD appeared unto him in a flame of fire out of the midst of a bush:...
Holy Ground <ul><li>The ground around the burning tree is called “the place” of “holy Ground. </li></ul><ul><li>Compare Le...
Conclusion <ul><li>1. What was the commission given to Adam? </li></ul><ul><li>(Gen 1:28) </li></ul>Ge 1:28  And God bless...
The four basic elements. <ul><li>1. God blessed them </li></ul><ul><li>2. Be fruitful and multiply </li></ul><ul><li>3. Fi...
Noah <ul><li>Ge 9:1 ¶ And God blessed Noah and his sons and said to them, “Be fruitful and multiply and fill the earth. Ge...
Abraham <ul><li>Gen 12:2  And I will make of you a great nation, and I will bless you and make your name great, so that yo...
Isaac <ul><li>Gen 26: 4  I will multiply your offspring as the stars of heaven and will give to your offspring all these l...
Jacob <ul><li>Gen 35: 11  And God said to him, “I am God Almighty: be fruitful and multiply. A nation and a company of nat...
Israel <ul><li>Gen 47: 27 ¶  Thus Israel settled in the land of Egypt, in the land of Goshen. And they gained possessions ...
<ul><li>Is the Siniatic holy place linked to the development of the themes found in Genesis? </li></ul>
<ul><li>God sends Moses to deliver Israel out of Egypt's womb because the embryonic seed of Jacob has come to full term, i...
Revelation 11:19 <ul><li>Re 11:19  And the temple of God was opened in heaven, and there was seen in his temple the ark of...
<ul><li>Once Israel leaves the “Stationary Temple of Sinai,” where do they go. </li></ul>Ex 25:9 Exactly as I show you con...
End Part 4 <ul><li>The Temple in the Babylonian Captivity </li></ul><ul><li>Did Israel have a Temple in Babylon? </li></ul>
<ul><li>Ezek 11:16  Therefore say, Thus saith the Lord GOD; Although I have cast them far off among the heathen, and altho...
We know that Solomon’s temple did not fulfill the prophesy of Exodus 15:17—18 <ul><li>Exod 15: 17  You will bring them in ...
Ezekiel 1 <ul><li>1 ¶  Now it came to pass in the thirtieth year, in the fourth month, on the fifth day of the month, as I...
<ul><li>15 ¶  Now as I looked at the living creatures, behold, a wheel was on the earth beside each living creature with i...
<ul><li>26 ¶  And above the firmament over their heads was the likeness of a throne, in appearance like a sapphire stone; ...
 
Israel’s End-Time Temple <ul><li>The Great Promise of Leviticus 26 </li></ul><ul><li>6  And I will give peace in the land,...
Model of Ezekiel’s Temple In Ezekiel 36—37 we have the same link: after promising that God would restore Israel and “multi...
<ul><li>Ezek 36:10  And I will  multiply people on you , the whole house of Israel, all of it. The cities shall be inhabit...
Return to Eden <ul><li>Eze 36:30 I will make the fruit of the tree and the increase of the field abundant, that you may ne...
Notice the development from Leviticus 26 to fulfillment in Ezekiel 37ff: The chamber marked # 27 in the model contains roo...
This is an end-time temple (Ezek 47:3) <ul><li>1. God’s tabernacling </li></ul><ul><li>2. Likely not a physical handmade h...
<ul><li>“ multiplying them” </li></ul><ul><li>Everlasting covenant </li></ul><ul><li>My sanctuary in their midst forever <...
Reconsider Lev 26:11-12 I will also walk among you and be your God, and you will be my people. How would God “Walk” among ...
<ul><li>  &quot;The area of the  temple courts  (500 x 500 &quot;reeds,&quot; or about one square mile) would be larger th...
Jesus <ul><li>Joh 1:14 And the Word was made flesh, and dwelt among us, (and we beheld his glory, the glory as of the only...
Israel will finally  fulfill Adam’s mandate. “ My dwelling place also will be over them. Ezek 37:27. The New Tabernacle wi...
<ul><li>What of the Temple remains in Jerusalem? </li></ul><ul><li>Nothing </li></ul><ul><li>Only God’s presence will exis...
 
 
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  • It appears that verse 3 is an interpretation. This interprets the vision and describes the symbolism of this chapter. ha It could be that verses 1 and 2 are visions. It can be that verse 2 is an interpretation of verse 1. Chap 22:14: “Blessed are those who . . . . Outside the city . . . “ Is there the lake of fire in the new creation? Can sin really enter into the new heavens and the new earth? These are the same people who are in the lake of fire, in 21:8 You can’t have these people in the new creation, so the temple-city composes the entire new creation and the new earth. How can you have a New Creation that is square and is a garden?
  • Verse 10 goes with Ezekiel 40 Verse 11 describes the same stones as the foundation of Solomon’s temple Chapter 21:16 : The Arc of the covenant of Solomon’s Temple: “The length, and the width, and the height were equal” and the question is why is John descr bing a temple and not the entire New Heavens and Earth?
  • 1. The only thing that he describes is a temple city, a city constructed like a temple. And the references are to Ezekiel 40—48. But if we read the chapter carefully, we’ll see that John is equating the temple city with the new heavens and the new earth.
  • The OT will tell us as we take a survey through the Bible.
  • Title: Auslegung der Episteln vnd Euangelien vom Advent an, bis auff Ostern / Anderweyt Corrigirt durch Mart. Luther. : Auffs newe vbersehen, vnd mit schönen lieblichen figuren geschmückt, Auch mit ein vleissigen newen Register odder Summen, alles des, was ynn diesen Postillen gehandelt, gebessert. Aller Text nach der newen dolmetzschung geendert Author: Luther, Martin, 1483-1546 Description of piece: Physical Description: [10], CCCLVIII leaves : ill. ; 32 cm. (fol. in 6&apos;s) Geographical Region: Germany--Magdeburg Time Period: 16th century Description: God speaks the earth into existence, as indicated by the encircling phrase, “Godes Wortt” (God’s word), while the infant Jesus proceeds from God carrying a cross toward earth.
  • The Garden of Eden was the temple of God’s presence in the first Creation. This is a characteristic of the Temple in Israel.
  • “ To work it and . . . “ The words are interpreted as “serve” and “ guard.” In the ANE there were gardens in the Temples
  • The Bible, that is, The Holy Scriptures contained in the Old &amp; New Testament Author: Bèze, Théodore de, 1519-1605 Image Title: Fall of Adam and Eve Scripture Reference: Genesis 3 Description: This frontispiece illustrates the present fall and forthcoming redemption of humanity (indicated by the words inscribed upon the banderoles found in each of their hands), as Adam and Eve stand beside the tree of the knowledge of good and evil with the serpent tangled in its branches. The Tetragrammaton (top, center), encircled by a cloud and radiating light, signals the presence of God.
  • Author: David, Jan, 1545?-1613 Image Title: Original Sin Scripture Reference: Genesis 3 Description: The serpent tempts Eve to partake of the forbidden fruit as Adam sits nearby; to the left, gambling, leisure, suicide, murder and perhaps drunkenness are depicted as the consequences of the sin in the garden. The Latin superscription reads, &amp;quot;Three, bringing disaster to souls,&amp;quot; and the text below, &amp;quot;Which wise man thrown headlong by greed brings death [the underworld] to us? Take heed: Example: the leadership and society of evil ones.&amp;quot; The banner across the image cites the Vulgate of Proverbs 1:14, &amp;quot;We may share a common purse.” The numeral, 5, has been placed in the upper right to indicate its plate number within a series of illustrations.
  • This tilling and cultivating are gardening terms. But the terms that are used are temple words. Adam was the first priest in OT history. “ Serving and guarding.” Adam is a priestly messenger, and many temples in the ANE had Gen 3 24. The priests were to guard the Temple Neh 11:9, they were wardens and their role was memorialized later in the second temple. Neh 11:9 9 Joel the son of Zichri was their overseer; and Judah the son of Hassenuah was second over the city.
  • The same word for God walking in Eden, the very word, that only occurs a few times in the Old Testament is found, in its Hebrew Hiph Form for the walking that God does in the Temple. Genesis 3:8-Lev 26 12: Deut 23:14 2 Sam 7:6-7 14
  • Detail shot of Adam and Eve in the garden; one small section of S.P. Dinsmoor&apos;s iconic, infamous, and just plain strange collection of concrete sculptures in Lucas, Kansas - The Grassroots Art Capital of Kansas. When does Adam become “naked.” Adam loses his priestly robe when he fails to guard the temple. What unclean thing did Adam allow into the temple.
  • English: Genesis : Expulsion from Paradise; marble bas-relief by Lorenzo Maitani on the left pier of the façade of the cathedral; Orvieto, Italy When Adam was cast out of the Garden, two Cherubs were stationed to guard the Garden. Genesis 3:24
  • And the Cherubs become memorialized in the Tabernacle and the Temple. This shows that there is a real continuity between the Garden in Eden and the Temple.
  • PDF Version Book Title: Die alten jüdischen heiligthümer, : Gottesdienste und gewohnheiten, für augen gestellet, in einer ausführlichen beschreibung des gantzen levitischen priesterthums, und fünff unterschiedenen büchern ... / registern, samt einem vorbericht (tit.) hn. Henrici Muhlii ... Author: Lund, Johann, 1638-1686 Image Title: Inner Tabernacle Scripture Reference: Exodus 26
  • Then, there is a tree of life in the middle of the Garden. How does this compare to a temple. The Lampstand. The Lampstand at the entrance to the Holy of Holies, in the Holy place and outside of the Holy of Holies The Lampstand looked like a little tree. It had a trunk and 3 branches coming out of each side.
  • First Kings Chapter 16. Ceder carved in boards, and carvings . . . There is a Garden Atmosphere.
  • Not only was Adam to guard the Temple, but he was to subdue the earth. Genesis 1:28 the “Great Commission.” As he was to rule over the earth, he was to increase the boundaries of the Edenic Temple. The Temple was to encompass the whole earth. So Eden was a temple Adam was a priest Cherebs were there There was a tree Adam was a priest.
  • Depiction of Solomon’s Temple
  • n physics and fiction , a wormhole is a hypothetical topological feature of spacetime that would be, fundamentally, a &amp;quot;shortcut&amp;quot; through spacetime . For a simple visual explanation of a wormhole, consider spacetime visualized as a two-dimensional (2-D) surface (see illustration, right). If this surface is &amp;quot;folded&amp;quot; along a (non-existent) third dimension, it allows one to picture a wormhole &amp;quot;bridge&amp;quot;. (Please note, though, that this image is merely a visualization displayed to convey an essentially unvisualisable structure existing in 4 or more dimensions.
  • The rationale for the worldwide encompassing nature of the paridisal temple in Revelation 21 lies in the ancient notion that the Old Testament temple was a microcosm of the entire heaven and earth. One of the most explicit texts affirming this is Psalm 78:69. The psalmist is saying that in some way, God designed Israel’s earthly temple to be comparable to the heavens and to the earth. Similarly, the earlier “pattern of the tabernacle and the pattern of all its furniture’ was made ‘after the heavenly pattern which was shone on the mountain..
  • Israel’s Temple was composed of three main parts, each of which symbolized a major part of the cosmos: 1) the outer court represented the habitable world where humanity dwelt: 2) the holy place was emblematic of the visible heavens and its light sources; 3) the holy of holies symbolized the invisible dimension of the cosmos where God and his heavenly hosts dwelt.
  • The outer court was associated with the visible earth. Recall that all Israelites, representing humanity at large, could enter there and worship.
  • Isaiah 6: Heaven is my throne, the earth is my footstool.
  • As we see, after Adam’s failure to fulfil God’s mandate, God raises up other Adam-like figures to whom his commission is passed on. We find that some changes in the commission occur as a result of sin entering the world. Adam’s descendants, like him, however, will fail. Failure will continue until there arises a “Last Adam” who will finally fulfil the commission on behalf of humanity.
  • In face, the same commission given to the patrarchs is restated numerous times in subsequent OT books both to Israel and the true eschatological people of God. Like Adam, Noah, and his children also failed to perform this commission. God then gave the essence of the commission of Genesis 1:28 to Abraham, Isaac, Jacob, Israel.
  • The combination of all these five elements occurs elsewhere in the Old Testament only in describing Israel’s tabernacle or temple.
  • This symbolically represented the notion that their progeny were to spread out to subdue the earth from a divine sanctuary in fulfillment of the commission in Genesis 1:26—30. It is possible that building an altar at Beer-sheba, the southernmost border of the promised land, may have represented not only a claim to the land but also a legimitation of the sanctuary for later Israel. It was like a dotting of the land with shrines.
  • Ancient Babylon attempted to link earth to heaven through self-glorifying pride (Genesis 11:1—9)
  • The Tower of Babel defied the mandate of the living God. God commanded that man should occupy the earth  and have dominion over it (Genesis 1:26-28). However, some of Noah’s descendants decided they didn’t like the idea that they should spread out over all the earth at God’s command.  Rather, they wanted to make a name for themselves, thus rejecting the Name of their Creator. Their thinking was that if they banded together and built a city with a tower that would reach to the heavens, they could avoid being dispersed and build a center of power for themselves. (See Genesis 11:1-9.) So the reason for building the city and its great tower was to defy God. Put another way, these folks were saying, if we don’t build this tower, we will be forced to obey God. PDF Version Book Title: Historiæ Biblicæ Veteris et Novi Testamenti : junioribus ad faciliorem eruditionem, senioribus ad vivaciorem memoriam, divini verbi præconibus ad celeriorem reminiscentiam, omnibus ad utilem sanctámque in curiositatem in centum frugiferis foliis exhibitæ / à Josepho &amp; Joanne Klauber Author: Klauber, Joseph Sebastian, ca. 1700-1768 Image Title: Tower of Babel Scripture Reference: Genesis 11 Description: This image depicts the construction of the tower of Babel. In the upper right-hand corner God, with a radiant triangle symbolic of the Trinity, comes down to earth to investigate the construction of the tower. At the top of the image a dove, ostensibly the Holy Spirit, sends down various tongues to confuse the language of humanity. In the lower right-hand corner, the workers cease construction and depart because of their inability to communicate.
  • As we see, after Adam’s failure to fulfil God’s mandate, God raises up other Adam-like figures to whom his commission is passed on. We find that some changes in the commission occur as a result of sin entering the world. Adam’s descendants, like him, however, will fail. Failure will continue until there arises a “Last Adam” who will finally fulfil the commission on behalf of humanity.
  • But when Adam was cast out, he lost his function as a priest. Finally, as the world becomes more wicked, God says, “I’m going to destroy the earth.” So,, God brings about the conditions of the first creation again. Genesis 1:2 compare to Genesis 8:1 and there, God caused the “wind,” same name for “Spirit” to pass over the earth and the water. And the waters were separated from the Land as they subsided.
  • And, the creation process ended in “Rest,” In Genesis 8:4 we read that the arc rested on Mt. Ararat and Noah’s sacrifice was a “fragrance of rest,” Likewise, God starts building another Temple. The Temple was Noah’s Arc, an “Arc” Noah’s arc had three levels or sections, and it was square. God gives detailed architectural plans to Noah. The only other places in the OT where such detailed plans are given are . . .
  • That “Noah built an altar to the Lord’ Gen 8:20, also in direct connection with God’s reapplication of the Adamic commission (Gen 9:1, 7, cf 8:17) indicates that this also may have been an even earlier inchoate temple-building event. The following observations enhance this suggestion. First he “offered burnt offerings on the altar.
  • The Tabernacle in the Wilderness, and . . .
  • Working Replica of Noah&apos;s Ark opened In SCHAGEN, Netherlands .      Man Builds Noah&apos;s Ark to the exact scale given in the Bible.    The massive central door in the side of Noah&apos;s Ark was opened and  the first crowd of curious townsfolk beheld the wonder. This replica of the biblical Ark was built by Dutch Creationist Johan Huibers as a testament to his faith in the literal truth of the Bible.   The ark is 150 cubits long, 30 cubits high and 20 cubits wide. That&apos;s two-thirds the length of a football field and as high as a three-story house.   
  • Israel’s encounter with God at Mount Sinai also appears to be another experience of worship at a sacred location that approzimates a temple.
  • Not only does the top part of Sinai approximate the holy of holies because only Israel’s “High Priest,” Moses, could enter there, but it was the place where God’s theophanic “cloud” and presence dwelt.
  • The only other times in the OT where God’s presence is spoken of as a “cloud dwelling” is respect to God’s presence above the tabernacle exod 40:35
  • Just as an altar was in the outermost section of the temple, so an altar was built at the lowest and least sacred part of Sinai, where Israel “offered burnt offerings and sacrificed young bullks as peace offerings to the Lord. The majority of this language is temple language.
  • Earlier in Exodus, God’s presence at Sinai was depicted as a “cassia tree” or “bush” burning with fire, yet the cassia tree a was not consumed (Exod 3:2). In the light of the parallels already adduced, this “unconsumed burning tree” may be the proleptic equivalent to the lampstand-like tree in the holy place on Mount Zion whose lamps burned continually. Correspondingly the ground around the burning tree is calles “the place” of “holy ground” Exod 3:5.
  • In face, the same commission given to the patriarchs is restated numerous times in subsequent OT books both to Israel and the true eschatological people of God. Like Adam, Noah, and his children also failed to perform this commission. God then gave the essence of the commission of Genesis 1:28 to Abraham, Isaac, Jacob, Israel.
  • In this light, Sinai was an appropriate place for God to show to Moses “the pattern of the tabernacle and the pattern of all its furniture” in order that they would construct it exactly as it was “shown” to Moses. Hence, once Israel leaves the stationary sanctuary of Sinai, the commission is passed on to them to build the mobile tabernacle in order that God’s glorious presence would continue to “dwell among them” during their wilderness.
  • It implies that the presence of the Lord which gave the essential meaning to the temple continued with the faithful remnant in exile to form a veritable invisible temple for them until they could return and begin building the second temple.
  • Israel’s prophesied eschatological temple has the same associations as most of the preceding temple constructions. In Leviticus 26:6—12 allusion is made to Genesis 1:28 in direct connection to the erection of the tabernacle in Israel’s midst: if Israel is faithful, they will defeat their enemies in the land, and “I will trun toward you and make you fruitful and multiply you, and I will confirm My covenant with you . . I will also walk among you and be your God and you will be my people.
  • Ezekiel’s Temple, the futuristic temple. In Ezekiel 36—37 we have the same link: after promising that God would restore Israel and “multiply men,” and make them “increase and be fruitful” 36:10-11, he also promises a “multiplication” of the fruitfulness, so that Israel’s formerly desolated land will become like the garden of Eden’ in which God “will increase their men like a flock (36:35—38).
  • Here&apos;s a detail-image of the model of Ezekiel&apos;s ideal temple (Ezekiel 40 -48). It shows the second set of huge gate-complexes guarding the inner court of the temple precincts. You can also see the sanctuary building proper in the center of the image, and the altar of burnt offering (# 28; Ezekiel 43:13-27) in front of it. The miraculous river flowing from the temple to give life to the land (Ezek 47:1) is indicated by # 29. The chamber marked # 27 in the model contains rooms set apart for the Zadokite priests, like Ezekiel, who keep charge of the altar and make sacrifices, according to Ezekiel&apos;s hierarchical view of the priesthood. Opposite it, but hidden behind the inner east gate from this angle, is a similar chamber for another set of priests who keep charge of the temple but do not have altar privileges.
  • 2D showing the high gates over the wall. Strikingly, there is also an association of an eschatological Eden with an end-time temple in chapters 40-48. and which is also depicted with imagery from Eden 47:3. While Leviticus 26 and Ezekiel 37 could be just prophesying God’s tabernacling presence in a temple structure, it is just as possible, if not preferable, to understand them as foretelling a time when the temple will be, not a physical handmade house, but God’s manifest presence alone that will fill Israel and the earth as never before.
  •   &amp;quot;The area of the temple courts (500 x 500 &amp;quot;reeds,&amp;quot; or about one square mile) would be larger than the entire ancient walled city of Jerusalem, and the holy portion for priests and Levites (20,000 x 25,000 reeds, or about 40 x 50 miles) would cover an area six times the size of greater London today and could not possibly be placed within present-day Palestine, that is between the Jordan River and the Mediterranean Sea (Ezek. 47:18), to say nothing of the &amp;quot;portion of the prince&amp;quot; on either side of this area (45:7, 47:21). The Millennial Jerusalem would be about 40 miles in circumference and thus ten times the circumference of the ancient city.
  • Nothing.
  • Temple 2

    1. 1. How is the Book of Revelation Communicated The Temple
    2. 2. What is this? What is “Literal” Translation? What is Allegorical Translation?
    3. 3. <ul><li>1 ¶ Then I saw a new heaven and a new earth, for the first heaven and the first earth had passed away, and there was no longer any sea. </li></ul><ul><li>2 I saw the Holy City, the new Jerusalem, coming down out of heaven from God, prepared as a bride beautifully dressed for her husband. </li></ul><ul><li>3 And I heard a loud voice from the throne saying, &quot;Now the dwelling of God is with men, and he will live with them. They will be his people, and God himself will be with them and be their God. </li></ul><ul><li>4 He will wipe every tear from their eyes. There will be no more death or mourning or crying or pain, for the old order of things has passed away.&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>5 He who was seated on the throne said, &quot;I am making everything new!&quot; Then he said, &quot;Write this down, for these words are trustworthy and true.&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>6 He said to me: &quot;It is done. I am the Alpha and the Omega, the Beginning and the End. To him who is thirsty I will give to drink without cost from the spring of the water of life. </li></ul><ul><li>7 He who overcomes will inherit all this, and I will be his God and he will be my son. </li></ul><ul><li>8 But the cowardly, the unbelieving, the vile, the murderers, the sexually immoral, those who practise magic arts, the idolaters and all liars—their place will be in the fiery lake of burning sulphur. This is the second death.&quot; </li></ul>
    4. 4. <ul><li>9 ¶ One of the seven angels who had the seven bowls full of the seven last plagues came and said to me, &quot;Come, I will show you the bride, the wife of the Lamb.&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>10 And he carried me away in the Spirit to a mountain great and high, and showed me the Holy City, Jerusalem, coming down out of heaven from God. </li></ul><ul><li>11 It shone with the glory of God, and its brilliance was like that of a very precious jewel, like a jasper, clear as crystal. </li></ul><ul><li>12 It had a great, high wall with twelve gates, and with twelve angels at the gates. On the gates were written the names of the twelve tribes of Israel. </li></ul><ul><li>13 There were three gates on the east, three on the north, three on the south and three on the west. </li></ul><ul><li>14 The wall of the city had twelve foundations, and on them were the names of the twelve apostles of the Lamb. </li></ul><ul><li>15 The angel who talked with me had a measuring rod of gold to measure the city, its gates and its walls. </li></ul><ul><li>16 The city was laid out like a square, as long as it was wide. He measured the city with the rod and found it to be 12,000 stadia in length, and as wide and high as it is long . </li></ul><ul><li>17 He measured its wall and it was 144 cubits thick, by man’s measurement, which the angel was using. </li></ul>
    5. 5. <ul><li>19 The foundations of the city walls were decorated with every kind of precious stone. The first foundation was jasper, the second sapphire, the third chalcedony, the fourth emerald, </li></ul><ul><li>20 the fifth sardonyx, the sixth carnelian, the seventh chrysolite, the eighth beryl, the ninth topaz, the tenth chrysoprase, the eleventh jacinth, and the twelfth amethyst. </li></ul><ul><li>21 The twelve gates were twelve pearls, each gate made of a single pearl. The great street of the city was of pure gold, like transparent glass. </li></ul><ul><li>22 I did not see a temple in the city, because the Lord God Almighty and the Lamb are its temple. </li></ul><ul><li>23 The city does not need the sun or the moon to shine on it, for the glory of God gives it light, and the Lamb is its lamp. </li></ul><ul><li>24 The nations will walk by its light, and the kings of the earth will bring their splendour into it. </li></ul><ul><li>25 On no day will its gates ever be shut, for there will be no night there. </li></ul><ul><li>26 The glory and honour of the nations will be brought into it. </li></ul><ul><li>27 Nothing impure will ever enter it, nor will anyone who does what is shameful or deceitful, but only those whose names are written in the Lamb’s book of life. </li></ul>
    6. 6. The Problem <ul><li>1 ¶ Then I saw a new heaven and a new earth, for the first heaven and the first earth had passed away, and there was no longer any sea. </li></ul>Does John describe what he saw? What is he equating? Why so localized? Does he have hermeneutical integrity over Ezekiel 40—48? Should we look for a “literal temple?”
    7. 7. To Find the answer . . . <ul><li>Go to the Old Testament </li></ul><ul><ul><li>It can tell us “Why he does it,” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>It can tell us “What this means to you and me.” </li></ul></ul>
    8. 8. Luther: Creation and the Garden
    9. 9. Back to the Beginning <ul><li>The Garden of Eden was . . . </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The place of God’s special presence </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The place where God communicated with Adam and his wife </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hint . . . In the Tabernacle, God spoke to Moses “face to ________” </li></ul></ul>Gen 1:8 ¶ Now the LORD God had planted a garden in the east, in Eden; and there he put the man he had formed. 9 And the LORD God made all kinds of trees grow out of the ground —trees that were pleasing to the eye and good for food. In the middle of the garden were the tree of life and the tree of the knowledge of good and evil.
    10. 10. Lucas Cranach der Ältere 1536 <ul><li>Ge 2:15 And the LORD God took the man, and put him into the garden of Eden to dress it and to keep it. KJV </li></ul>Literal translation: Ge 2:15 And Jehovah God took the man, and caused him to rest in the garden of Eden, to serve it, and to keep it.
    11. 11. Beza: 1519-1605 The Fall of Adam and Eve
    12. 12. The serpent tempts Eve to partake of the forbidden fruit as Adam sits nearby; to the left, gambling, leisure, suicide, murder and perhaps drunkenness are depicted as the consequences of the sin in the garden. The Latin superscription reads, &quot;Three, bringing disaster to souls,&quot;
    13. 13. Thomas Cole (1828) Gen 2: 15 And the LORD God took the man, and put him into the garden of Eden to dress it and to keep it. Tilling and cultivating are garden terms. “ Serving and guarding” are priestly terms.
    14. 14. Walking The same word for God walking in Eden, the very word, that only occurs a few times in the Old Testament is found, in its Hebrew Hiph Form for the walking that God does in the Temple. Genesis 3:8-Lev 26 12: Deut 23:14 2 Sam 7:6-7 14
    15. 15. Did Adam “guard” the temple? What unclean thing did he allow in the temple?
    16. 16. Expulsion from Paradise, Caedmon Manuscript AD 1000 “ Serve, Work, Cultivate,” . . . These are OT words for “Worship.” These are priestly words that “serve and guard” the Temple. And with the Garden being a “Temple” Adam was to “serve” God by “gardening” and “guarding it.”
    17. 17. Ezekiel 28 <ul><li>12 Son of man, take up a lamentation upon the king of Tyrus, and say unto him, Thus saith the Lord GOD; Thou sealest up the sum, full of wisdom, and perfect in beauty. </li></ul><ul><li>13 Thou hast been in Eden the garden of God; every precious stone was thy covering, the sardius, topaz, and the diamond, the beryl, the onyx, and the jasper, the sapphire, the emerald, and the carbuncle, and gold: the workmanship of thy tabrets and of thy pipes was prepared in thee in the day that thou wast created. </li></ul><ul><li>14 Thou art the anointed cherub that covereth; and I have set thee so: thou wast upon the holy mountain of God; thou hast walked up and down in the midst of the stones of fire. </li></ul><ul><li>15 Thou wast perfect in thy ways from the day that thou wast created, till iniquity was found in thee. </li></ul>Ezekiel 28
    18. 18. Lorenzo Maitani English: Genesis : Expulsion from Paradise; marble bas-relief by Lorenzo Maitani on the left pier of the façade of the cathedral; Orvieto, Italy When Adam was cast out of the Garden, two Cherubs were stationed to guard the Garden. Genesis 3:24
    19. 19. And the Cherubs become memorialized 1 Kings 623 And within the oracle he made two cherubims of olive tree, each ten cubits high. 24 And five cubits was the one wing of the cherub, and five cubits the other wing of the cherub: from the uttermost part of the one wing unto the uttermost part of the other were ten cubits.
    20. 20. <ul><li>Description: A rendering of the Ark of the Covenant and the altar of incense. Woodcut by Lucas Cranach, the Elder (1472-1553). </li></ul>
    21. 21. The Two Cherubs
    22. 22. What do you see on the walls? What do you see on the floor?
    23. 23. Holy of Holies <ul><li>Author: Lund, Johann, 1638-1686 </li></ul>
    24. 24. Rev. Gary Davis: I Am the Light of The World With Jorma Kaukonen and David Bromberg
    25. 25. Then, there is a tree of life in the middle of the Garden.
    26. 26. The Garden Atmosphere <ul><li>1Ki 6:15 ¶ And he built the walls of the house within with boards of cedar, both the floor of the house, and the walls of the cieling: [and] he covered [them] on the inside with wood, and covered the floor of the house with planks of fir. </li></ul><ul><li>29 And he carved all the walls of the house round about with carved figures of cherubims and palm trees and open flowers, within and without. </li></ul>
    27. 27. The Great Commission <ul><li>Ge 1:28 And God blessed them, and God said unto them, Be fruitful, and multiply, and replenish the earth, and subdue it: and have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over every living thing that moveth upon the earth. </li></ul><ul><li>He was to increase the boundaries of the Edenic Temple, and the Temple was to encompass the whole earth. </li></ul>
    28. 29. Part 2 Symbolism of Temples Depiction of Solomon’s Temple
    29. 30. A Temple is a Model? Heb 8:5 They serve at a sanctuary that is a copy and shadow of what is in heaven. This is why Moses was warned when he was about to build the tabernacle: &quot;See to it that you make everything according to the pattern shown you on the mountain.&quot;
    30. 31. Wormhole
    31. 32. Wormhole
    32. 33. Psalm 78:69 <ul><li>Rsv: 69 He built his sanctuary like the high heavens, like the earth, which he has founded for ever. </li></ul><ul><li>YLT 69 And buildeth His sanctuary as a high place, Like the earth, He founded it to the age. </li></ul><ul><li>What is the psalmist saying? </li></ul>
    33. 34. <ul><li>So, is the Temple a “model” of heaven or a “wormhole” to heaven? </li></ul>
    34. 35. Exodus 25:9 The Model View <ul><li>God says to Moses . . . </li></ul><ul><li>9 You must make this Tabernacle and its furnishings exactly according to the plans I will show you. </li></ul>Seems like a model?
    35. 36. Exod 26:30 <ul><li>Num 8:4 4 The entire lampstand, from its base to its decorative blossoms, was made of beaten gold. It was built according to the exact design the LORD had shown Moses. </li></ul>Seems as a model?
    36. 37. General Symbolism of the Temple <ul><li>The Outer Court </li></ul><ul><li>1Kings 7: 23 Then Huram cast a large round tank, 15 feet across from rim to rim; it was called the Sea. It was 7 1/2 feet deep and about 45 feet in circumference. </li></ul>How many main parts did the Temple contain? Seems as a model?
    37. 38. The Wormhole View <ul><li>1Ch 28:2 Then David the king stood up upon his feet, and said, Hear me, my brethren, and my people: [As for me], I [had] in mine heart to build an house of rest for the ark of the covenant of the LORD, and for the footstool of our God, and had made ready for the building: </li></ul>Seems as a wormhole
    38. 39. <ul><li>Ps 99:5 Exalt ye the LORD our God, and worship at his footstool; [for] he [is] holy. </li></ul><ul><li>Isa 66:1 ¶ Thus saith the LORD, The heaven [is] my throne, and the earth [is] my footstool: where [is] the house that ye build unto me? and where [is] the place of my rest? </li></ul>Seems as a wormhole?
    39. 40. Isaiah 6 <ul><li>1 ¶ In the year that king Uzziah died I saw also the Lord sitting upon a throne, high and lifted up, and his train filled the temple. </li></ul><ul><li>2 Above it stood the seraphims: each one had six wings; with twain he covered his face, and with twain he covered his feet, and with twain he did fly. </li></ul><ul><li>3 And one cried unto another, and said, Holy, holy, holy, is the LORD of hosts: the whole earth is full of his glory. </li></ul><ul><li>4 And the posts of the door moved at the voice of him that cried, and the house was filled with smoke. </li></ul><ul><li>5 ¶ Then said I, Woe is me! for I am undone; because I am a man of unclean lips, and I dwell in the midst of a people of unclean lips: for mine eyes have seen the King, the LORD of hosts. </li></ul>Seems as a wormhole?
    40. 41. The Tripartite Temple
    41. 42. The Outer Court <ul><li>What might the Outer Court of the Temple have represented? What might have been its function? </li></ul>Who could worship there?
    42. 43. The Holy Place What were some of the characteristics of the holy place, or the inner court? What was it made of?
    43. 44. Holy of Holies <ul><li>What did the most holy place have for furniture? </li></ul><ul><li>What is missing? </li></ul><ul><li>Who can enter? </li></ul><ul><li>What does it represent </li></ul>
    44. 45. Part 3: Expansion of the Temple
    45. 46. Adam’s Commission = Ours? <ul><li>Adam’s commission as a priest-king to rule and expand the temple is passed on to others. </li></ul>
    46. 47. Some Adams <ul><li>Ge 1:28 And God blessed them, and God said unto them, Be fruitful, and multiply, and replenish the earth, and subdue it: and have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over every living thing that moveth upon the earth. </li></ul><ul><li>Ge 9:1 ¶ And God blessed Noah and his sons and said to them, “Be fruitful and multiply and fill the earth. Ge 9:7 And you, be fruitful and multiply, teem on the earth and multiply in it.” </li></ul>
    47. 48. Who is this? <ul><li>Gen 12:2 And I will make of you a great nation, and I will bless you and make your name great, so that you will be a blessing. </li></ul><ul><li>3 I will bless those who bless you, and him who dishonors you I will curse, and in you all the families of the earth shall be blessed.” </li></ul>
    48. 49. Who is this? <ul><li>4 I will multiply your offspring as the stars of heaven and will give to your offspring all these lands. And in your offspring all the nations of the earth shall be blessed, </li></ul>
    49. 50. Who is this? <ul><li>Gen 35: 11 And God said to him, “I am God Almighty: be fruitful and multiply. A nation and a company of nations shall come from you, and kings shall come from your own body. </li></ul><ul><li>12 The land that I gave to Abraham and Isaac I will give to you, and I will give the land to your offspring after you.” </li></ul>
    50. 51. <ul><li>Gen 47: 27 ¶ Thus Israel settled in the land of Egypt, in the land of Goshen. And they gained possessions in it, and were fruitful and multiplied greatly. </li></ul>
    51. 52. The four basic elements. <ul><li>1. God blessed them </li></ul><ul><li>2. Be fruitful and multiply </li></ul><ul><li>3. Fill the earth </li></ul><ul><li>4. Subdue the earth </li></ul><ul><li>5. Rule over all the earth. </li></ul>
    52. 53. Abraham’s “Temple.” <ul><li>God appears to him (Gen 12:2 </li></ul><ul><li>He pitches a tent (literally a tabernacle” </li></ul><ul><li>On a mountain </li></ul><ul><li>He builds alters and worships God, calling on the name of the LORD </li></ul><ul><li>The place where these activities occur is often located at “Bethel” meaning “the House of God” </li></ul>
    53. 54. <ul><li>What did it symbolize when Abraham, Isaac, Jacob, and Israel went around in their travels making altars, pitching tabernacles, etc? </li></ul>
    54. 55. Jacob’s Temple <ul><li>At Bethel </li></ul><ul><li>Near Abraham’s earlier altar </li></ul><ul><li>Comes after the divine promises of blessing (Gen 28:13) </li></ul><ul><li>A dream of a “stairway” connecting heaven and earth and angles ascending and descending and God appearing beside. </li></ul><ul><li>Jacob “This is none other than the house of God and the “gate of heaven” (wormhole) </li></ul><ul><li>“ This stone which I have sut up as a pillar, will be God’s house (28:22) </li></ul><ul><li>Establishes a sacred “pillar”’Later Phineas, Aaron’s grandson, served as high priest at Bethel and Israel offered burnt offerings (Judges 20:18 and 1 Sam 7:16) </li></ul>
    55. 56. <ul><li>It was a </li></ul>
    56. 57. The Tower of Babel <ul><li>Gen 11:1 ¶ Now the whole world had one language and a common speech. </li></ul><ul><li>2 As men moved eastward, they found a plain in Shinar and settled there. </li></ul><ul><li>3 They said to each other, &quot;Come, let’s make bricks and bake them thoroughly.&quot; They used brick instead of stone, and bitumen for mortar. </li></ul><ul><li>4 Then they said, &quot;Come, let us build ourselves a city, with a tower that reaches to the heavens, so that we may make a name for ourselves and not be scattered over the face of the whole earth.&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>5 ¶ But the LORD came down to see the city and the tower that the men were building. </li></ul><ul><li>6 The LORD said, &quot;If as one people speaking the same language they have begun to do this, then nothing they plan to do will be impossible for them. </li></ul><ul><li>7 Come, let us go down and confuse their language so they will not understand each other.&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>8 So the LORD scattered them from there over all the earth, and they stopped building the city. </li></ul><ul><li>9 That is why it was called Babel— because there the LORD confused the language of the whole world. From there the LORD scattered them over the face of the whole earth. </li></ul>
    57. 58. <ul><li>Make a name for themselves </li></ul><ul><li>Re 18:5 For her sins have reached unto heaven, and God hath remembered her iniquities. </li></ul>
    58. 59. Tower of Babel Gen 11:1--9
    59. 60. The Tower of Babel
    60. 61. A STAIRWAY TO HEAVEN?
    61. 62. Part 4: The Expansion of the Temple <ul><li>Adam </li></ul><ul><li>Abraham </li></ul><ul><li>Isaac </li></ul><ul><li>Jacob </li></ul><ul><li>Israel </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Evil in Babel </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Step back to Noah </li></ul></ul>
    62. 63. Hieronymus Bosch” The Garden of Earthly Delights” <ul><li>But when Adam was cast out, he lost his function as a priest. </li></ul><ul><li>Finally, as the world becomes more wicked, God says, “I’m going to destroy the earth.” </li></ul><ul><li>So,, God brings about the conditions of the first creation again. </li></ul><ul><li>Genesis 1:2 compare to Genesis 8:1 and there, God caused the “wind,” same name for “Spirit” to pass over the earth and the water. And the waters were separated from the Land as they subsided. </li></ul>
    63. 64. Quick Review
    64. 67. Part 5 Noah: <ul><li>The creation ended in “Rest” </li></ul><ul><li>In Mt. Ararat, the Arc “rested” same Hebrew. </li></ul><ul><li>Noah’s sacrifice was a “fragrance of rest.” </li></ul><ul><li>The temple was an Arc (same Greek as Arc of the Covenant. </li></ul><ul><li>Detailed architectural plans to Noah </li></ul>
    65. 68. Noah on Ararat <ul><li>Noah offered burnt offerings </li></ul><ul><li>These offerings were a ‘soothing aroma’ before the Lord (Tabernacle language) </li></ul><ul><li>Noah offers these sacrifices on a mountain </li></ul><ul><li>The distinction between ‘clean and unclean’ animals is made here (temple language) and the first time in the Bible we see it. </li></ul>Ge 8:20 ¶ And Noah builded an altar unto the LORD; and took of every clean beast, and of every clean fowl, and offered burnt offerings on the altar. Ge 9:1 ¶ And God blessed Noah and his sons, and said unto them, Be fruitful, and multiply, and replenish the earth.
    66. 69. <ul><li>The Temple had 3 Sections. </li></ul>
    67. 71. Israel at Sinai Israel worships on a mountain. Sinai is called “the mountain of God” (Exod 3:1, 18:5, 24:13 Just as with the tabernacle and temple, so Mount Sinai was divided into three sections of increasing sanctity.
    68. 72. The people at the bottom Ex 19:12 Put limits for the people around the mountain and tell them, ‘Be careful that you do not go up the mountain or touch the foot of it. Whoever touches the mountain shall surely be put to death.
    69. 73. The Priests and Elders <ul><li>Ex 24:1 ¶ And he said unto Moses, Come up unto the LORD, thou, and Aaron, Nadab, and Abihu, and seventy of the elders of Israel; and worship ye afar off. </li></ul>
    70. 74. Moses at the top Ex 24:2 And Moses alone shall come near the LORD: but they shall not come nigh; neither shall the people go up with him.
    71. 75. Holy of Holies at Sinai <ul><li>Exod 24: 15 And Moses went up into the mount, and a cloud covered the mount. </li></ul><ul><li>16 And the glory of the LORD abode upon mount Sinai, and the cloud covered it six days: and the seventh day he called unto Moses out of the midst of the cloud. </li></ul><ul><li>17 And the sight of the glory of the LORD was like devouring fire on the top of the mount in the eyes of the children of Israel. </li></ul><ul><li>What do you see here like the holy of holies? </li></ul>
    72. 76. Where does the cloud lie? Ex 40:35 And Moses was not able to enter into the tent of the congregation, because the cloud abode thereon, and the glory of the LORD filled the tabernacle.
    73. 77. Moses as priest <ul><li>5 And he sent young men of the children of Israel, which offered burnt offerings, and sacrificed peace offerings of oxen unto the LORD. </li></ul><ul><li>6 And Moses took half of the blood, and put it in basons; and half of the blood he sprinkled on the altar. </li></ul>An altar at the lowest level of the “Temple”
    74. 78. The Burning Bush <ul><li>Earlier in Exodus, God’s presence at Sinai was depicted as a “cassia tree” or “bush” burning with fire, </li></ul>
    75. 79. The Burning Bush <ul><li>Ex 3:2 And the angel of the LORD appeared unto him in a flame of fire out of the midst of a bush: and he looked, and, behold, the bush burned with fire, and the bush [was] not consumed. Was the tree consumed? </li></ul><ul><li>What temple light is also not consumed? </li></ul>Fire shall be kept burning on the altar continually; it shall not go out. “ (Leviticus 6:12-13, ESV)
    76. 80. Holy Ground <ul><li>The ground around the burning tree is called “the place” of “holy Ground. </li></ul><ul><li>Compare Lev 10:17 Wherefore have ye not eaten the sin offering in the holy place, seeing it [is] most holy, and [God] hath given it you to bear the iniquity of the congregation, to make atonement for them before the LORD? </li></ul>
    77. 81. Conclusion <ul><li>1. What was the commission given to Adam? </li></ul><ul><li>(Gen 1:28) </li></ul>Ge 1:28 And God blessed them, and God said unto them, Be fruitful, and multiply, and replenish the earth, and subdue it: and have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over every living thing that moveth upon the earth.
    78. 82. The four basic elements. <ul><li>1. God blessed them </li></ul><ul><li>2. Be fruitful and multiply </li></ul><ul><li>3. Fill the earth </li></ul><ul><li>4. Subdue the earth </li></ul><ul><li>5. Rule over all the earth. </li></ul>
    79. 83. Noah <ul><li>Ge 9:1 ¶ And God blessed Noah and his sons and said to them, “Be fruitful and multiply and fill the earth. Ge 9:7 And you, be fruitful and multiply, teem on the earth and multiply in it.” </li></ul>
    80. 84. Abraham <ul><li>Gen 12:2 And I will make of you a great nation, and I will bless you and make your name great, so that you will be a blessing. </li></ul><ul><li>3 I will bless those who bless you, and him who dishonors you I will curse, and in you all the families of the earth shall be blessed.” </li></ul>
    81. 85. Isaac <ul><li>Gen 26: 4 I will multiply your offspring as the stars of heaven and will give to your offspring all these lands. And in your offspring all the nations of the earth shall be blessed, </li></ul>
    82. 86. Jacob <ul><li>Gen 35: 11 And God said to him, “I am God Almighty: be fruitful and multiply. A nation and a company of nations shall come from you, and kings shall come from your own body. </li></ul><ul><li>12 The land that I gave to Abraham and Isaac I will give to you, and I will give the land to your offspring after you.” </li></ul>
    83. 87. Israel <ul><li>Gen 47: 27 ¶ Thus Israel settled in the land of Egypt, in the land of Goshen. And they gained possessions in it, and were fruitful and multiplied greatly. </li></ul>
    84. 88. <ul><li>Is the Siniatic holy place linked to the development of the themes found in Genesis? </li></ul>
    85. 89. <ul><li>God sends Moses to deliver Israel out of Egypt's womb because the embryonic seed of Jacob has come to full term, in fulfillment, not only of the Abrahamic promises, but of Adam’s commission. </li></ul><ul><li>“ But the sons of Israel were fruitfu l and swarmed greatly and multiplied, and became exceedingly numerous, so that the land was filled with them. </li></ul>
    86. 90. Revelation 11:19 <ul><li>Re 11:19 And the temple of God was opened in heaven, and there was seen in his temple the ark of his testament: and there were lightnings, and voices, and thunderings, and an earthquake, and great hail. </li></ul>
    87. 91. <ul><li>Once Israel leaves the “Stationary Temple of Sinai,” where do they go. </li></ul>Ex 25:9 Exactly as I show you concerning the pattern of the tabernacle, and of all its furniture, so you shall make it. 40 And see that you make them after the pattern for them, which is being shown you on the mountain.
    88. 92. End Part 4 <ul><li>The Temple in the Babylonian Captivity </li></ul><ul><li>Did Israel have a Temple in Babylon? </li></ul>
    89. 93. <ul><li>Ezek 11:16 Therefore say, Thus saith the Lord GOD; Although I have cast them far off among the heathen, and although I have scattered them among the countries, yet will I be to them as a little sanctuary in the countries where they shall come. </li></ul><ul><li>What does this imply? </li></ul>
    90. 94. We know that Solomon’s temple did not fulfill the prophesy of Exodus 15:17—18 <ul><li>Exod 15: 17 You will bring them in and plant them In the mountain of Your inheritance, In the place, O LORD, which You have made For Your own dwelling, The sanctuary, O Lord, which Your hands have established.18 &quot;The LORD shall reign forever and ever.“ </li></ul><ul><li>2Sa 7:13 He shall build an house for my name, and I will stablish the throne of his kingdom for ever. </li></ul><ul><li>How did it fail? </li></ul>
    91. 95. Ezekiel 1 <ul><li>1 ¶ Now it came to pass in the thirtieth year, in the fourth month, on the fifth day of the month, as I was among the captives by the River Chebar, that the heavens were opened and I saw visions of God. </li></ul><ul><li>3 the word of the LORD came expressly to Ezekiel the priest, the son of Buzi, in the land of the Chaldeans by the River Chebar; and the hand of the LORD was upon him there. </li></ul><ul><li>4 ¶ Then I looked, and behold, a whirlwind was coming out of the north, a great cloud with raging fire engulfing itself; and brightness was all around it and radiating out of its midst like the color of amber , out of the midst of the fire. </li></ul><ul><li>5 Also from within it came the likeness of four living creatures . And this was their appearance: they had the likeness of a man. </li></ul><ul><li>6 Each one had four faces, and each one had four wings. </li></ul><ul><li>7 Their legs were straight, and the soles of their feet were like the soles of calves’ feet. They sparkled like the color of burnished bronze. </li></ul><ul><li>8 The hands of a man were under their wings on their four sides; and each of the four had faces and wings. </li></ul>
    92. 96. <ul><li>15 ¶ Now as I looked at the living creatures, behold, a wheel was on the earth beside each living creature with its four faces. </li></ul><ul><li>16 The appearance of the wheels and their workings was like the color of beryl, and all four had the same likeness. The appearance of their workings was, as it were, a wheel in the middle of a wheel. </li></ul><ul><li>17 When they moved, they went toward any one of four directions; they did not turn aside when they went. </li></ul><ul><li>18 As for their rims, they were so high they were awesome; and their rims were full of eyes, all around the four of them. </li></ul><ul><li>19 When the living creatures went, the wheels went beside them; and when the living creatures were lifted up from the earth, the wheels were lifted up. </li></ul><ul><li>20 Wherever the spirit wanted to go, they went, because there the spirit went; and the wheels were lifted together with them, for the spirit of the living creatures was in the wheels. </li></ul><ul><li>21 When those went, these went; when those stood, these stood; and when those were lifted up from the earth, the wheels were lifted up together with them, for the spirit of the living creatures was in the wheels. </li></ul><ul><li>22 The likeness of the firmament above the heads of the living creatures was like the color of an awesome crystal, stretched out over their heads. </li></ul>
    93. 97. <ul><li>26 ¶ And above the firmament over their heads was the likeness of a throne, in appearance like a sapphire stone; on the likeness of the throne was a likeness with the appearance of a man high above it. </li></ul><ul><li>27 Also from the appearance of His waist and upward I saw, as it were, the color of amber with the appearance of fire all around within it; and from the appearance of His waist and downward I saw, as it were, the appearance of fire with brightness all around. </li></ul><ul><li>28 Like the appearance of a rainbow in a cloud on a rainy day, so was the appearance of the brightness all around it. This was the appearance of the likeness of the glory of the LORD. So when I saw it, I fell on my face, and I heard a voice of One speaking. </li></ul><ul><li>1 ¶ And He said to me, &quot;Son of man, stand on your feet, and I will speak to you.&quot; </li></ul>
    94. 99. Israel’s End-Time Temple <ul><li>The Great Promise of Leviticus 26 </li></ul><ul><li>6 And I will give peace in the land, and ye shall lie down, and none shall make you afraid: and I will rid evil beasts out of the land, neither shall the sword go through your land. </li></ul><ul><li>7 And ye shall chase your enemies, and they shall fall before you by the sword. </li></ul><ul><li>8 And five of you shall chase an hundred, and an hundred of you shall put ten thousand to flight: and your enemies shall fall before you by the sword. </li></ul><ul><li>9 For I will have respect unto you, and make you fruitful, and multiply you, and establish my covenant with you. </li></ul><ul><li>10 And ye shall eat old store, and bring forth the old because of the new. </li></ul><ul><li>11 And I will set my tabernacle among you: and my soul shall not abhor you. </li></ul><ul><li>12 And I will walk among you, and will be your God, and ye shall be my people. </li></ul><ul><li>Do you see a connection to Genesis 1:28 in verse 12? </li></ul><ul><li>To Whom was that promise given? </li></ul>
    95. 100. Model of Ezekiel’s Temple In Ezekiel 36—37 we have the same link: after promising that God would restore Israel and “multiply men,” and make them “increase and be fruitful” 36:10-11, he also promises a “multiplication” of the fruitfulness, so that Israel’s formerly desolated land will become like the garden of Eden’ in which God “will increase their men like a flock (36:35—38).
    96. 101. <ul><li>Ezek 36:10 And I will multiply people on you , the whole house of Israel, all of it. The cities shall be inhabited and the waste places rebuilt. </li></ul><ul><li>11 And I will multiply on you man and beast , and they shall multiply and be fruitful . And I will cause you to be inhabited as in your former times, and will do more good to you than ever before. Then you will know that I am the LORD. </li></ul>
    97. 102. Return to Eden <ul><li>Eze 36:30 I will make the fruit of the tree and the increase of the field abundant, that you may never again suffer the disgrace of famine among the nations. 35 And they will say, ‘This land that was desolate has become like the garden of Eden , and the waste and desolate and ruined cities are now fortified and inhabited.’ </li></ul><ul><li>36 Then the nations that are left all around you shall know that I am the LORD; I have rebuilt the ruined places and replanted that which was desolate. I am the LORD; I have spoken, and I will do it. </li></ul>
    98. 103. Notice the development from Leviticus 26 to fulfillment in Ezekiel 37ff: The chamber marked # 27 in the model contains rooms set apart for the Zadokite priests, like Ezekiel, who keep charge of the altar and make sacrifices, according to Ezekiel's hierarchical view of the priesthood
    99. 104. This is an end-time temple (Ezek 47:3) <ul><li>1. God’s tabernacling </li></ul><ul><li>2. Likely not a physical handmade house, but God’s manifest presence alone that will fill Israel and earth as never before. </li></ul>
    100. 105. <ul><li>“ multiplying them” </li></ul><ul><li>Everlasting covenant </li></ul><ul><li>My sanctuary in their midst forever </li></ul><ul><li>My dwelling place over them </li></ul><ul><li>I the LORD sanctifies Israel </li></ul>
    101. 106. Reconsider Lev 26:11-12 I will also walk among you and be your God, and you will be my people. How would God “Walk” among his people if his tabernacling presence were confined to a physical temple.
    102. 107. <ul><li>  &quot;The area of the temple courts (500 x 500 &quot;reeds,&quot; or about one square mile) would be larger than the entire ancient walled city of Jerusalem, and the holy portion for priests and Levites (20,000 x 25,000 reeds, or about 40 x 50 miles) would cover an area six times the size of greater London today and could not possibly be placed within present-day Palestine, that is between the Jordan River and the Mediterranean Sea (Ezek. 47:18), to say nothing of the &quot;portion of the prince&quot; on either side of this area (45:7, 47:21). The Millennial Jerusalem would be about 40 miles in circumference and thus ten times the circumference of the ancient city. </li></ul>
    103. 108. Jesus <ul><li>Joh 1:14 And the Word was made flesh, and dwelt among us, (and we beheld his glory, the glory as of the only begotten of the Father,) full of grace and truth. </li></ul><ul><li>Joh 1:14 And the Word became flesh, and did tabernacle among us, and we beheld his glory, glory as of an only begotten of a father, full of grace and truth. </li></ul>
    104. 109. Israel will finally fulfill Adam’s mandate. “ My dwelling place also will be over them. Ezek 37:27. The New Tabernacle will extend over all of God’s people who have been “multiplied” and “shall live on the land,” that is , living throughout the land of promise. The Nations will “know that I am the LORD.” Jer 3:16 And it shall come to pass, when ye be multiplied and increased in the land, in those days, saith the LORD, they shall say no more, The ark of the covenant of the LORD: neither shall it come to mind: neither shall they remember it; neither shall they visit [it]; neither shall [that] be done any more. Jer 3:17 At that time they shall call Jerusalem the throne of the LORD ; and all the nations shall be gathered unto it, to the name of the LORD, to Jerusalem: neither shall they walk any more after the imagination of their evil heart.
    105. 110. <ul><li>What of the Temple remains in Jerusalem? </li></ul><ul><li>Nothing </li></ul><ul><li>Only God’s presence will exist as the new sanctuary. </li></ul><ul><li>It will be the place of God’s presence, but the entire future Jerusalem itself will be called “The Throne of the Lord.” </li></ul><ul><li>Thus, Exodus 19:5-6 “You shall be to Me a kingdom of priests,” an entire nation” under God. </li></ul>
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