Parts of a Seed
• Seed Coat– protects seed
• Cotyledon—stored food
• Embryo (baby plant)
stem and root
• Seeds are formed in the center part of
the flower or in the fruit. Fruits come
• Seeds come in many shapes and sizes.
• Plants grow from seeds.
If a seed receives water and gets warm, the
baby plant (embryo) inside it starts to grow.
The process of a baby plant beginning
to grow is called germination. We say
the seed germinates or sprouts.
The first part of the
plant we see
pushing its way out
of the seed coat is
Here we see
pictures of a
bean seed and
a corn seed
Here is a
picture of a
This process from seed to adult plant to
flower to seed is called:
After the seed
and grows into an
adult plant, the plant
It is the flower that
makes seeds for
new plants to grow
Life Cycle of a
The seed absorbs
grows out of
for the plant.
seeds. The root
the seed coat.
The seeds are
ready to grow.
How a Seed Grows into a New Plant
• The life of a plant begins as a seed.
• Once a seed is watered and warmed, it germinates.
• The root pushes through the seed coat.
• The roots of the seedling grow down into the soil
and the leaves and stem push out of the ground.
• The stem and its leaves grow toward the sunlight.
• The leaves make the plant’s food.
• The flowers form and bloom.
• New seeds are formed inside the flower or within
the fruit that comes after the flower dies
• The seeds are scattered and wait to start growing.
Two useful websites
This next one is a exercise on the things that are necessary for a seed
When the embryo (baby plant) inside
the seed begins to grow, we say the
seed sprouts or germinates.
The young plant that grows from
a seed is the seedling.
The seedling grows into an adult
plant and flowers.
The flowers produce seeds.