Standard Operating EnvironmentThis is a term used in the IT industry toexplain when an organisation decides tocreate a disk image for all there computers.This disk image will include the sameOperating system and application software.For example in our school we have a diskimage for all our PC’s which includesMicrosoft Windows XP and software likeOffice and the Adobe Suite.
Advantages of an SOE1. Quicker to re-image machines which havesoftware issues (ie viruses, deleted files)2. Common look and feel makes it easier for staffto operate on different machines around thenetwork.3. Easier for IT department to troubleshoot issueswith clients computers on the network.4. Compatability issues can be worked out on aorganisational level rather than an eachmachine level.
What is an Operating System?• An operating system is a set of programscontaining instructions that work together tocoordinate all the activities among thecomputer hardware. Specifically;1. Configuring devices (organising drivers)2. Provide user interface3. Managing programs4. Coordinating tasks (ie organising print jobs)5. Monitoring performance of hardware6. Establishing internet access7. Providing security measures
Types of Operating Systems• Three categories of OS1. Stand Alone – (ie Windows XP, Windows 7, Mac OSX, Linux). These are OS’s that work on a computer,notebook or laptop.2. Server – This is an OS which is designed to support anetwork. It is installed on the server. (ie WindowsServer 2008, Netware, Novell, Linux)3. Embedded – This resides on the ROM chip of mobilephone devices and other consumer electronics. (ieIphone OS, Google Android, Blackberry, Symbian)
This is what your computer would look like without an Operating System
This is what your computer would look like with an Operating System
OK so which is best for anorganisation and why?Video
Advantages of Windows OS• Familiar with most people. They know how tooperate it• More software is compatible with Windows OS• Will run on all PC machines regardless ofmanufacturers.• More support available. More operators meansmore online tutorials, textbooks, online help,educational courses.• More compatible with Network software likeWindows Network OS 8
Disadvantages of Windows OS’s• More malware is targeted to computerswith Windows OS• Expensive compared to Linux• Has been regarded in the past as unstablewith security issues. Requiring users todownload updates or patches to solveissues.
Advantages of Mac OS X• Is sold with quality software included andsuperior multimedia capabilities. More portsincluded for fire wire connection, inbuilt cameraetc.• Requires less drivers. Supports more Plug andPlay hardware.• Is renown for its user friendly interface• OS is written for its specific hardware thereforetends to be more stable.• Less susceptible to malicious software attacks.
Disadvantages of Mac OS X• More expensive than Windows 7 andLinux because OS will only run on Applebuilt machines.• Less software available for Mac OS Xcomputers.• Less support available in regards totutorials, courses, textbooks.• Staff may need to training to use the OS
Advantages of Linux• Its free• It’s a stable OS, possibly the most stable.• Its open source software and therefore it iscustomisable. You can change the code tomake it operate differently.• Its free
Disadvantages of Linux• Its not as familiar with people thereforetraining is required.• Isn’t always compatible with all types ofsoftware.• Support is limited for users (online,textbooks, courses)