Phenomenology of Love in the Kama Sutra
<ul><li>Phenomenology (8 MM google hits) </li></ul><ul><li>Kama Sutra (4 MM google hits) </li></ul><ul><li>Love (850 MM go...
<ul><li>Phenomenology began in the philosophical reflections of Edmund Husserl in Germany during the mid-1890s and is thus...
<ul><li>during the 1930s it spread to Czechoslovakia, Italy, Korea, and Yugoslavia and to research on architecture, litera...
<ul><li>Involves a Phenomenon: What presents itself to our awareness </li></ul><ul><li>Epoché/ εΠχή : “Bracketing” </li></...
<ul><li>Need for “Bracketing” the Kama Sutra </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Conventional Notions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Knee Je...
<ul><li>Dharma:  Virtue </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Dharmashastra  by Manu </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Acquisition of Religious M...
<ul><li>Introduction </li></ul><ul><li>On Sexual Union  </li></ul><ul><li>About the Acquisition of a Wife  </li></ul><ul><...
<ul><li>Three Worldly Attainments </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Virtue, Wealth & Love </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Sixty Four Arts: Life...
<ul><li>Kinds of Union according to Dimensions, Force of Desire, and Time; and on the different kinds of Love  </li></ul><...
<ul><li>ON MARRIAGE </li></ul><ul><li>OF CREATING CONFIDENCE IN THE GIRL </li></ul><ul><li>ON COURTSHIP, AND THE MANIFESTA...
<ul><li>ON THE MANNER OF LIVING OF A VIRTUOUS WOMAN, AND OF HER BEHAVIOUR DURING THE ABSENCE OF HER HUSBAND </li></ul><ul>...
<ul><li>OF THE CHARACTERISTICS OF MEN AND WOMEN. THE REASONS WHY WOMEN REJECT THE ADDRESSES OF MEN. ABOUT MEN WHO HAVE SUC...
<ul><li>OF THE CAUSES OF A COURTESAN RESORTING TO MEN; OF THE MEANS OF ATTACHING TO HERSELF THE MAN DESIRED; AND OF THE KI...
<ul><li>ON PERSONAL ADORNMENT; ON SUBJUGATING THE HEARTS OF OTHERS; AND ON TONIC MEDICINES </li></ul><ul><li>OF THE WAYS O...
<ul><li>It is not ... </li></ul><ul><li>Tantra. That’s a different story all together </li></ul><ul><li>Just a sexual inst...
<ul><li>Original Intention: Integral to Hinduism </li></ul><ul><li>Sensual & Social Dimensions </li></ul><ul><li>Empathy &...
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What’S Love Got To Do With It?

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Lecturette delivered om 15 July 2007 at Philorum, Gaelic Club, Surry Hills, NSW Australia on a phenomenology of love in the Kama Sutra.

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Transcript of "What’S Love Got To Do With It?"

  1. 1. Phenomenology of Love in the Kama Sutra
  2. 2. <ul><li>Phenomenology (8 MM google hits) </li></ul><ul><li>Kama Sutra (4 MM google hits) </li></ul><ul><li>Love (850 MM google hits) </li></ul><ul><li>Combined (721 google hits) </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Phenomenology began in the philosophical reflections of Edmund Husserl in Germany during the mid-1890s and is thus over a century old. Before World War I it spread to Japan, Russia, and Spain and also from philosophy to psychiatry; during the 1920s it spread to Australia, France, Hungary, The Netherlands and Flanders, Poland, and the United States and to research on communicology (then called symbolism), education, music, and religion; and </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>during the 1930s it spread to Czechoslovakia, Italy, Korea, and Yugoslavia and to research on architecture, literature, and theater. </li></ul><ul><li>Right after World War II, phenomenology then spread to Portugal, Scandinavia, and South Africa, and also to research on ethnicity, film, gender, and politics; </li></ul><ul><li>in the 1960s and 1970s it spread to Canada, China, and India and to dance, geography, law, and psychology; and, finally, </li></ul><ul><li>in the 1980s and 1990s it spread to Great Britain and also to ecology, ethnology, medicine, and nursing. </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.phenomenologycenter.org/phenom.htm </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Involves a Phenomenon: What presents itself to our awareness </li></ul><ul><li>Epoché/ εΠχή : “Bracketing” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Suspending all internal & previous judgments </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Best efforts: Discernment between opinion & fact </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Search for the Essential(s) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>What Makes Something What It Is </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>When Removed, It Ceases to Be What It Is </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Data-Driven Discernment </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Reintegration into Reality </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Breakthrough Innovation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Break-with Conventional Wisdom </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pragmatic Application </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>Need for “Bracketing” the Kama Sutra </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Conventional Notions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Knee Jerk Reactions </li></ul></ul><ul><li>What Have Been Its Contributions? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Arts & Sciences </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Life & Society </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Is It Still Relevant? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Overrated/Underrated? </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>Dharma: Virtue </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Dharmashastra by Manu </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Acquisition of Religious Merit/Fulfilment of One’s Holy Purpose </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Artha: Acquiring Wealth & Property </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Arthashastra by Kautilya </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Economic Pursuits/Personal – Business; Social - Government </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Kama: Love/Pleasure </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Kama Sutra by Vatsayana </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Aesthetic & Sensual/Social Discourse </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Moksha: Liberation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Liberation from the Cycle of Death & Rebirth </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Suffering & Limitations of Wordly Existence </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>Introduction </li></ul><ul><li>On Sexual Union </li></ul><ul><li>About the Acquisition of a Wife </li></ul><ul><li>About a Wife </li></ul><ul><li>About the Wives of Other People </li></ul><ul><li>About Courtesans </li></ul><ul><li>On The Means of Attracting Others to Oneself </li></ul>http://www.bibliomania.com/2/1/76/123/frameset.html
  9. 9. <ul><li>Three Worldly Attainments </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Virtue, Wealth & Love </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Sixty Four Arts: Lifestyle </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Necessary for Life in Home & Society </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Hindu equivalent of Oikonomos </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A Citizen’s Life from Home to Daily Living </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Classes of Women: Fit & Unfit </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Personal & Social Intercourse </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>Kinds of Union according to Dimensions, Force of Desire, and Time; and on the different kinds of Love </li></ul><ul><li>Of the Embrace </li></ul><ul><li>On Kissing </li></ul><ul><li>On Pressing or Marking with the Nails </li></ul><ul><li>On Biting, and the ways of Love to be employed with regard to Women of different countries </li></ul><ul><li>On the various ways of Lying down, and the different kinds of Congress </li></ul><ul><li>On the various ways of Striking, and of the Sounds appropriate to them </li></ul><ul><li>About females acting the part of Males </li></ul><ul><li>On the Auparishtaka or Mouth Congress </li></ul><ul><li>Of the way how to begin and end of Congress; types of Congress; flirtatious arguing </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>ON MARRIAGE </li></ul><ul><li>OF CREATING CONFIDENCE IN THE GIRL </li></ul><ul><li>ON COURTSHIP, AND THE MANIFESTATION OF THE FEELINGS BY OUTWARD SIGNS AND DEEDS </li></ul><ul><li>ABOUT THINGS TO BE DONE ONLY BY THE MAN, AND THE ACQUISITION OF THE GIRL THEREBY. ALSO WHAT IS TO BE DONE BY A GIRL TO GAIN OVER A MAN, AND SUBJECT HIM TO HER </li></ul><ul><li>ON CERTAIN FORMS OF MARRIAGE </li></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>ON THE MANNER OF LIVING OF A VIRTUOUS WOMAN, AND OF HER BEHAVIOUR DURING THE ABSENCE OF HER HUSBAND </li></ul><ul><li>ON THE CONDUCT OF THE ELDER WIFE TOWARDS THE OTHER WIVES OF HER HUSBAND, AND ON THAT OF A YOUNGER WIFE TOWARDS THE ELDER ONES. ALSO ON THE CONDUCT OF A VIRGIN WIDOW RE-MARRIED; OF A WIFE DISLIKED BY HER HUSBAND; OF THE WOMEN IN THE KING'S HAREM; AND LASTLY ON THE CONDUCT OF A HUSBAND TOWARDS MANY WIVES </li></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>OF THE CHARACTERISTICS OF MEN AND WOMEN. THE REASONS WHY WOMEN REJECT THE ADDRESSES OF MEN. ABOUT MEN WHO HAVE SUCCESS WITH WOMEN, AND ABOUT WOMEN WHO ARE EASILY GAINED OVER </li></ul><ul><li>ABOUT MAKING ACQUAINTANCE WITH THE WOMAN, AND OF THE EFFORTS TO GAIN HER OVER </li></ul><ul><li>EXAMINATION OF THE STATE OF A WOMAN'S MIND </li></ul><ul><li>ABOUT THE BUSINESS OF A GO-BETWEEN </li></ul><ul><li>ABOUT THE LOVE OF PERSONS IN AUTHORITY FOR THE WIVES OF OTHER MEN </li></ul><ul><li>ABOUT THE WOMEN OF THE ROYAL HAREM; AND OF THE KEEPING OF ONE'S OWN WIFE </li></ul>
  14. 14. <ul><li>OF THE CAUSES OF A COURTESAN RESORTING TO MEN; OF THE MEANS OF ATTACHING TO HERSELF THE MAN DESIRED; AND OF THE KIND OF MAN THAT IT IS DESIRABLE TO BE ACQUAINTED WITH </li></ul><ul><li>OF LIVING LIKE A WIFE </li></ul><ul><li>OF THE MEANS OF GETTING MONEY, OF THE SIGNS OF THE CHANGE OF A LOVER'S FEELINGS, AND OF THE WAY TO GET RID OF HIM </li></ul><ul><li>ON THE RE-UNION WITH A FORMER LOVER </li></ul><ul><li>OF DIFFERENT KINDS OF GAIN </li></ul><ul><li>OF GAINS AND LOSSES; ATTENDANT GAINS AND LOSSES; AND DOUBTS; AS ALSO OF THE DIFFERENT KINDS OF COURTESANS </li></ul>
  15. 15. <ul><li>ON PERSONAL ADORNMENT; ON SUBJUGATING THE HEARTS OF OTHERS; AND ON TONIC MEDICINES </li></ul><ul><li>OF THE WAYS OF EXCITING DESIRE, AND MISCELLANEOUS EXPERIMENTS, AND RECIPES </li></ul>
  16. 16. <ul><li>It is not ... </li></ul><ul><li>Tantra. That’s a different story all together </li></ul><ul><li>Just a sexual instruction book </li></ul><ul><li>Pornography, though nothing stops the readers from treating it as such </li></ul><ul><li>Gospel truth. What may have worked or not worked in the past isn’t guaranteed to work all the time. </li></ul><ul><li>It is more like ... </li></ul><ul><li>A treatise, a compilation of experience, opinions, theories of what has worked & what hasn’t </li></ul><ul><li>Literature for the Hindu citizen to improve relationships & avoid misunderstandings (like a lubricant for managing social friction) </li></ul><ul><li>Conversation piece </li></ul>
  17. 17. <ul><li>Original Intention: Integral to Hinduism </li></ul><ul><li>Sensual & Social Dimensions </li></ul><ul><li>Empathy & Reciprocity </li></ul><ul><li>Discern Between Advocacy & Testimony </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of Acknowledgment of Its Influence </li></ul><ul><li>Historicity: Although there is a past, there is no finality ... It is all work in process. </li></ul><ul><li>Opens horizons into experimentation in any field of endeavour </li></ul>

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