BUILD BETTER JAMAICA
Developing Design Concepts for
Climate Change Resilient Buildings
Funded by:
the Inter-American Devel...
THE FRONTLINES
Jamaica and the region are not
major producers of the green house
gases that are changing the planet’s
envi...
RISK FROM SEA LEVEL RISE
COASTLINES = FRONTLINES
For small islands with extensive
coastlines and intensive development
along these coastlines, the ...
CARIBBEAN TERRACE- HURRICANE SANDY
WASHINGTON POST
CLIMATE CHANGE
RESILIENCE
..it is the ability to survive, recover from,...
“Global climate change is the most serious
threat to sustainable development facing
CARICOM States”
(Caribbean Community C...
CLIMATE CHANGE IMPACTS
Hazard Impact Infrastructure Implications
Sea level rise Coastal flooding and erosion,
land lost, s...
OBJECTIVES & OUTCOME
Objective: to assess climate-change
related risks and help increase resilience
in the building stock
...
….the project consists of:
• Economic Recommendations
• Legislative Proposals
• Review Of Green Paper No. 2/2010
• Buildin...
Summary Findings for
BUILD BETTER JAMAICA
–SUMMARY FINDINGS
WHY ARE CODES &
STANDARDS IMPORTANT IN
PROMOTING CLIMATE
CHANGE RESILIENCE?Robust and enforced building codes
are highly e...
WHY FOCUS ON CODES?
• Cost effective method to ensure high
quality buildings
• Provide opportunities to leverage collectiv...
CODES & STANDARDS
RECOMMENDATION :
Update Of Codes To 2012 Versions
…..the soon to be adopted Building Codes
(2003 Interna...
CODES & STANDARDS
RECOMMENDATION :
Cont….Update Of Codes To 2012 Versions
The updated codes include new or amended
provisi...
CODES & STANDARDS
RECOMMENDATION :
Adopt the International Green
Construction Code (IGCC)
• A collaboration of the USGBC, ...
CODES & STANDARDS
RECOMMENDATION :
Support the development of local
versions of green building rating
systems
• Green Buil...
WEBSITE
www. buildbetterjamaica.com
“the next iceberg
that we hit…is
going to be
climate change.
We can see that
iceberg ahead of
us right now, but
we can’t t...
REFERENCES
http://www.pioj.gov.jm/Portals/0/Sustainable_Development/STATE
OF THE JAMAICAN CLIMATE
Images
– Washington Post...
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Build Better Jamaica Presentation to the Jamaica Institution of Engineers, by Brian Bernal

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Build Better Jamaica Presentation to the Jamaica Institution of Engineers, by Brian Bernal

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  • Thank you for the opportunity to share with you the work of the Build Better Jamaica Team.Build Better Jamaica is the public face of the *long title*FundedPrimary InvestigatoryProfessor Anthony Clayton Professor Tara DasguptaCredit the IADB with including in the project an allocation for public dissemination.
  • The FrontlinesAs we all know to well from visiting many of our favorite beaches…that we are running out of sand to lay towels our towels onThese coditions are typical of SIDS….Low elevations, extensive coastlines, limited fresh water supplies, location is zones with frequent storm events………….. and low economic capacity to respond to disasters
  • What do we see ….lots of blue and green which represent medium to high riskHAiti
  • That quote seems to characterize not just resilience these types of hazards but our resilence as a people ….sometimes I think of day to day life in our wonderful island as an adventure in thirving in unpredictable conditionsIn the context of engineering Functiuonalresilence is a familiar term…It is of significant importance in the Note function restored
  • Economic stats
  • State of Jamaican Climate 2012:hotter The overall picture is one of Jamaica initially being slightly wetter than current conditions but then transitioning to a drier state by the end of the century.2nd National Communications:By 2050:  Length of the rainy season – down by 7-8 percent;  Length of the dry season – up by 6-8 percent;  Increased frequency of intense rains –projected to increase 20 percent;  Strongest hurricanes more intense, increasing disaster losses. Thus,  the  climate  projections  are  indicating  a  general  increase  in  the  frequency  of  extreme  events  such as droughts, floods and increased intensity of heavy rain events. 
  • which was funded by the Inter-American Development Bank and the Institute for Sustainable Development, UWI, Mona. The objective of the project was to research the impact of climate change on the development and physical infrastructureof the Jamaican society, with particular emphasis on evaluating the strength of Jamaica’s building stock in managing the effects of climate change. The results of this research would then be used to produce recommendations for development practitioners and policy makers for effectively combating the short and long term impacts of climate change in order tosafeguard the future development of the nation. This brochure acts as one of the many outputs of the project that is geared at providing recommendations that will promote climate change resilience building in the built and natural environment.
  • Now to our particulary areas
  • ADOPT THE INTERNATIONAL GREEN CONSTRUCTION CODE(IGCC)The IgCC was developed by the ICC in collaboration with the US Green Building Council(USGBC) and other international standards organizations. The code was conceived anddesigned to be a compulsory standard. This compulsory application will have the effect ofraising the mandatory minimum standards for all projects and commensurately will improve thelevel of sustainability. It is intended to be used in both new and existing building projects andfunctions as an “overlay” to existing ICC codes
  • ADOPT THE INTERNATIONAL GREEN CONSTRUCTION CODE(IGCC)The IgCC was developed by the ICC in collaboration with the US Green Building Council(USGBC) and other international standards organizations. The code was conceived anddesigned to be a compulsory standard. This compulsory application will have the effect ofraising the mandatory minimum standards for all projects and commensurately will improve thelevel of sustainability. It is intended to be used in both new and existing building projects andfunctions as an “overlay” to existing ICC codes
  • ADOPT THE INTERNATIONAL GREEN CONSTRUCTION CODE(IGCC)The IgCC was developed by the ICC in collaboration with the US Green Building Council(USGBC) and other international standards organizations. The code was conceived anddesigned to be a compulsory standard. This compulsory application will have the effect ofraising the mandatory minimum standards for all projects and commensurately will improve thelevel of sustainability. It is intended to be used in both new and existing building projects andfunctions as an “overlay” to existing ICC codes
  • Beyond code by designVoluntaryLead by example
  • Build Better Jamaica Presentation to the Jamaica Institution of Engineers, by Brian Bernal

    1. 1. BUILD BETTER JAMAICA Developing Design Concepts for Climate Change Resilient Buildings Funded by: the Inter-American Development Bank in Collaboration with the Institute for Sustainable Development, University of the West Indies
    2. 2. THE FRONTLINES Jamaica and the region are not major producers of the green house gases that are changing the planet’s environment; however we are “on the front lines of vulnerability to climate change” . This is due to both, the physical and geographic conditions typical of the region and means that we will likely be some of the first and most significantly affected parts of the
    3. 3. RISK FROM SEA LEVEL RISE
    4. 4. COASTLINES = FRONTLINES For small islands with extensive coastlines and intensive development along these coastlines, the changes to our way of life will be dramatically affected by climate change. In the case of Jamaica “25% of Jamaica’s population lives within coastal areas and 90% of our GDP is produced within these areas, makes this island nation extremely vulnerable.” FLOODING IN HAITI DUE TO HURRICANE SANDY
    5. 5. CARIBBEAN TERRACE- HURRICANE SANDY WASHINGTON POST CLIMATE CHANGE RESILIENCE ..it is the ability to survive, recover from, and even thrive in changing climatic conditions…even unpredictable conditions” (The Asian Cities Climate Change Resilience Network) Degradation = Vulnerability Protection = Resilience Functional Resilience : a structure's durability, competence to maintain its integrity, and ability to have its function restored following environmental change and natural or human-caused
    6. 6. “Global climate change is the most serious threat to sustainable development facing CARICOM States” (Caribbean Community Climate Change Centre 2009) In addition to our geographic vulnerability many of our primary economic sectors, such as tourism and agriculture, are particularly climate sensitive Enhancing resilience is therefore a necessary adaptation or vulnerability reduction strategy WHY IS CLIMATE CHANGE RESILIENCE IMPORTANT TO JAMAICA?
    7. 7. CLIMATE CHANGE IMPACTS Hazard Impact Infrastructure Implications Sea level rise Coastal flooding and erosion, land lost, seawater intrusion Damage to coastal infrastructure and pollution of underground water resources Category 4 and 5 hurricanes Storm surge, inland flooding, wind related damage Damage to infrastructure including electricity and water Torrential rainfall events Inland flooding Damage to infrastructure including electricity and water Prolonged drought Limited water resources Water supply restrictions Increased temperatures Heat stress, Coral bleaching Increased emergence of vector borne diseases Increased energy and water use. Damage to coastal infrastructure by coastal erosion.
    8. 8. OBJECTIVES & OUTCOME Objective: to assess climate-change related risks and help increase resilience in the building stock • develop new design and construction concepts • improve the assessment of climate change related risks as it relates to infrastructure • increase awareness, knowledge and dissemination of information Overall outcome: development of approaches and policies that will help
    9. 9. ….the project consists of: • Economic Recommendations • Legislative Proposals • Review Of Green Paper No. 2/2010 • Building Code Recommendations • Geographic Information System Mapping DEVELOPING DESIGN CONCEPTS FOR CLIMATE CHANGE RESILIENT BUILDINGS
    10. 10. Summary Findings for BUILD BETTER JAMAICA –SUMMARY FINDINGS
    11. 11. WHY ARE CODES & STANDARDS IMPORTANT IN PROMOTING CLIMATE CHANGE RESILIENCE?Robust and enforced building codes are highly effective in ensuring a better more resilient buildings. When employed in conjunction with “green” building standards &/or practices, will significantly increase the functional resilience of our buildings.
    12. 12. WHY FOCUS ON CODES? • Cost effective method to ensure high quality buildings • Provide opportunities to leverage collective knowledge and accepted best practices. • Have widespread applications across varied scales of buildings • Are guides not constraints. • Methods of understanding and adapting to increasing complexity in the intricate systems utilized in modern construction • Improve transparency in building approvals
    13. 13. CODES & STANDARDS RECOMMENDATION : Update Of Codes To 2012 Versions …..the soon to be adopted Building Codes (2003 International Code Council (ICC) codes and Local Application documents) be updated to the 2012 versions of the code. The local application documents must be reviewed to ensure that they will seamlessly complement the 2012 code
    14. 14. CODES & STANDARDS RECOMMENDATION : Cont….Update Of Codes To 2012 Versions The updated codes include new or amended provisions that specifically address climate change issues. These include provisions for: Flood Prone Areas, Tsunami-generated Flood Hazard, establishment of Storm Shelters and Storm Drainage
    15. 15. CODES & STANDARDS RECOMMENDATION : Adopt the International Green Construction Code (IGCC) • A collaboration of the USGBC, ICC, ASHRAE and AIA. • Can be a enforceable code and is customizable • The code was conceived as a compulsory standard • used in both new and existing building projects Professor Anthony Clayton Professor Tara Dasgupt
    16. 16. CODES & STANDARDS RECOMMENDATION : Support the development of local versions of green building rating systems • Green Building Rating Systems (GBRS) are voluntary tools for rating the environmental performance of buildings, which are typically verified by a third party, in order to achieve recognition for exemplary design and levels of conservation.
    17. 17. WEBSITE www. buildbetterjamaica.com
    18. 18. “the next iceberg that we hit…is going to be climate change. We can see that iceberg ahead of us right now, but we can’t turn”
    19. 19. REFERENCES http://www.pioj.gov.jm/Portals/0/Sustainable_Development/STATE OF THE JAMAICAN CLIMATE Images – Washington Post – Iccsafe.org – GoGreener.org – Flickr, Creative Commons , Sam Rich. – Flickr, Creative Commons ,S ergioTadula – Flickr, Creative Commons , UnPhoto – Flickr, Creative Commons , Fadipasa – NASA Image

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