The New York Five refers to a group of five New York City architects (PeterEisenman, Michael Graves, Charles Gwathmey, John Hejduk and RichardMeier) whose photographed work was the subject of a CASE meeting atthe Museum of Modern Art, organized by Arthur Drexler and ColinRowe in 1969, and featured in the subsequent book Five Architects,published by Wittenberg in 1972, then more famously by Oxford Press in1975.These five had a common allegiance to a pure form ofarchitectural modernism, harkening back to the work of Le Corbusier inthe 1920s and 1930s, although on closer examination their work was farmore individual. The grouping may have had more to do with social andacademic allegiances, particularly the mentoring role of Philip Johnson.
Peter Eisenman(born August 11, 1932) is an American architect.Eisenmans professional work is often referred to asformalist, deconstructive, late avant-garde, late or highmodernist, etc. A certain fragmenting of forms visible insome of Eisenmans projects has been identified ascharacteristic of an eclectic group of architects that were(self-)labeled as deconstructivists, and who were featuredin an exhibition by the same name at the Museum ofModern Art. The heading also refers to the storiedrelationship and collaborations between Peter Eisenmanand post-structuralist thinker Jacques Derrida.Peter Eisenmans writings have pursued topics includingcomparative formal analyses; the emancipation andautonomization of the discipline; and histories ofArchitects including: Giuseppe Terragni, Andrea Palladio,Le Corbusier and James Stirling.
Michael Graves(born July 9, 1934) is an American architect. Identified as oneof The New York Five, Graves has become a household name withhis designs for domestic products sold at Target stores in theUnited States.Graves was born in Indianapolis, Indiana. He attended BroadRipple High School, receiving his diploma in 1952. He earneda bachelors degree from the University of Cincinnati where healso became a member of the Sigma Chi fraternity, and a mastersdegree from Harvard University.An architect in public practice in Princeton, New Jersey, since1964, Graves is also the Robert Schirmer Professor of Architecture,Emeritus at Princeton University. He directs the firm MichaelGraves & Associates, which has offices in Princeton and in NewYork City. In addition to his popular line of household items,Graves and his firm have earned critical acclaim for a widevariety of commercial and residential buildings and interiordesign, although some occupants of the buildings object to theconfined views caused by signature features such as small orcircular windows and squat columns.
Charles Gwathmey(June 19, 1938 – August 3, 2009) was an American architect. Hewas a principal at Gwathmey Siegel & Associates Architects, aswell as one of the five architects identified as The New York Fivein 1969. One of Gwathmeys most famous designs is the 1992renovation of Frank Lloyd Wrights Guggenheim Museum in NewYork City.Born in Charlotte, North Carolina, he was the son of theAmerican painter Robert Gwathmey and photographer RosalieGwathmey. Charles Gwathmey attended the University ofPennsylvania and received his Master of Architecture degree in1962 from Yale School of Architecture, where he won both TheWilliam Wirt Winchester Fellowship as the outstanding graduateand a Fulbright Grant.Gwathmey served as President of the Board of Trustees for TheInstitute for Architecture and Urban Studies and was elected aFellow of the American Institute of Architects in 1981.
John Quentin Hejduk(19 July 1929 – 3 July 2000), was an American architect,artist and educator who spent much of his life in New YorkCity, USA. Hejduk is noted for his use of attractive and oftendifficult-to-construct objects and shapes; also for aprofound interest in the fundamental issues of shape,organization, representation, and reciprocity.Hejduk studied at the Cooper Union School of Art andArchitecture, the University of Cincinnati, and the HarvardGraduate School of Design, from which he graduated witha Masters in Architecture in 1953. He worked in severaloffices in New York including that of I. M. Pei and Partnersand the office of A.M. Kinney and Associates. He establishedhis own practice in New York in 1965.
Kreuzberg Tower and Wall House II Kreuzberg Tower and Wings design from the 1970s, Wings(Berlin, Germany, 1988) built posthumously (Berlin, Germany, 1988) (Groningen, The Netherlands, 2001)
Richard MeierMeier is Jewish and was born in Newark, New Jersey. He earneda Bachelor of Architecture degree from Cornell University in 1957,worked for Skidmore, Owings and Merrill briefly in 1959, andthen for Marcel Breuer for three years, prior to starting his ownpractice in New York in 1963. Identified as one of The New YorkFive in 1972, his commission of the Getty Center in Los Angeles,California catapulted his popularity into the mainstream. RichardMeier & Partners Architects has offices in New York and LosAngeles with current projects ranging from China and Tel Aviv toParis and Hamburg.Much of Meiers work builds on the work of architects of the earlyto mid-20th century, especially that of Le Corbusier and, inparticular, Le Corbusiers early phase. Meier has built more usingCorbusiers ideas than anyone, including Le Corbusier himself.Meier expanded many ideas evident in Le Corbusiers work,particularly the Villa Savoye and the Swiss Pavilion.
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