Willamette digital humanities seminar 2009, part 1
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    Willamette digital humanities seminar 2009, part 1 Willamette digital humanities seminar 2009, part 1 Presentation Transcript

    • Emergent cyberculture Contexts for the digital humanities
      • Plan of talk
      • Web 2.0 + 3.0
      • Mobile devices
      • Gaming and virtual worlds
      (after Schmelling, http://www.mcsweeneys.net/2008/7/30schmelling.html )
    • Pervasive themes
      • Huge forces: movements, commercial projects, new forms
      • Interplay of closed and open
      • Storytelling
      • Current academic crisis
    • Principles of Forecasting (2001) ( http://www.forecastingprinciples.com/methodologytree.html ) Apprehending the futures
    • Principles of Forecasting (2001) ( http://www.forecastingprinciples.com/methodologytree.html ) Apprehending the futures
    • Gaming futures: prediction markets
      • Web game
      • Free
      • Social
      • Wisdom of crowds
      Facebook participation size proposition; http://markets.nitle.org/
    • Pilot
      • Example proposition:
        • By what year will the majority of institutions provide a repository service for sharing scholarship and research?
      • End of 2010 - 2011 academic year
      • End of 2009 - 2010 academic year
      • End of 2008 - 2009 academic year
    • I. Web 2.0
      • (Web 2.0 Bullshit Generator, http://emptybottle.org/bullshit/ )
    • “As of December 2008, 11% of online American adults said they used a service like Twitter or another service…” (Pew Internet and American Life)
    •  
      • comScore MediaMetrix (August 2008)
      • Blogs : 77.7 million unique visitors in the US…
      • Total internet audience 188.9 million
      • eMarketer (May 2008)
      • o 94.1 million US blog readers in 2007 (50% of Internet users)
      • o 22.6 million US bloggers in 2007 (12%)
      (David Sifry, September 2008 http://technorati.com/blogging/state-of-the-blogosphere/ )
      • Universal McCann (March 2008)
      • 184 million WW have started a blog | 26.4 US
      • 346 million WW read blogs | 60.3 US
      • 77% of active Internet users read blogs
      • How influential are blogs in the world?
      World Information Access 2008 Report http://www.wiareport.org/index.php/56/blogger-arrests
      • Social images are large
      • 3 billion+ photos in Flickr
      • 4,230,432 - 32,170,657 shareable
      (first stat, Flickr blog, November 2008 http://blog.flickr.net/en/2008/11/03/3-billion/ ; Second stat, Flickr CC search page, March 2009, http://www.flickr.com/creativecommons/ )
      • LinkedIn: 30 million users claimed
      http://www.techcrunch.com/2009/02/14/as-the-economy-sours-linkedins-popularity-grows/
    • (eMarketer, March 2009; Scott Sigler, 2008)
    • (Le Monde, January 14 2008)
    • “ There are currently 2,807,974 articles in the English Wikipedia .” ( http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia:Size_of_Wikipedia , March 2009)
      • A new economic system?
      • Yale University Press, 2006
    • What is Web 2.0?
      • Past the hype:
      • A design architecture
      • An information ideology
      • A style
      • Just one imbricated layer
      • The term’s history: Tim O’Reilly, 2005
      • Expands “social software”
      • Draws on Web history
      • Open content and/or services and/or standards…
      (Pepysblog, 2003-)
      • … leading to networked conversations
      (Pepysblog, 2003-)
      • O’Reilly: Web 2.0 is a platform for development
      • Open APIs
      • Access to data
      • “ Mashup”
      (AccessCeramics project, Lewis and Clark College )
      • Programming staff
      • Perceived recognition
      • Web 2.0 components, movements
      • Collaborative writing platforms: the wiki way
    • -Viégas, Wattenberg, Dave (Historyflow, IBM, 2004) Wikis are (often) textually productive
      • Web 2.0 components, movements
      • collaborative writing platforms: the blogosphere
      (Radio Open Source blog/podcast)
      • Podcasting, since 2004 Neologisms:
      • godcasting
      • nanocasting
      • podfading
      • podsafe
      • podspamming
      • podvertising
      • porncasting
      (Berkeley Groks; Missing Link podcast, Southwestern University)
      • Web 2.0 influences rich media: video
      (Gootube? Suetube?)
      • Videoblogging
      • (vlog? vog?)
      (Ask a Ninja; Rocketboom; Howard Rheingold)
      • Facebook continues to roar
      • The quiet war with Google
      • Also LinkedIn, Cyworld, etc.
      (Comscore image, via http://www.techcrunch.com/2009/01/22/facebook-now-nearly-twice-the-size-of-myspace-worldwide/ ) Social object: the person
      • Social objects of all sorts
      (Kenyan crisis-Google Maps mashup, Ushahidi http://www.ushahidi.com/ 2008)
      • Social organization of information, new forms: folksonomy
      • Search
      • Retrieval
      • Self-awareness
        • http://del.icio.us/
        • for DoctorNemo
      • Community surfacing
      • Ontology
      • Concepts
      • Collaborative research
    • Keeping up
      • NITLE interest and program cloud, 2008
    • Keeping up
      • PennTags, http://tags.library.upenn.edu/
      • Extrapolating principles: Ton Zylstra on the social object:
      “ In general you could say that both Flickr and del.icio.us work in a triangle: person, picture/ bookmark, and tag(s). Or more abstract a person, an object of sociality , and some descriptor...” (Zylstra in Second Life, 2007)
      • “… In every triangle there always needs to be a person and an object of sociality . The third point of the triangle is free to define[,] as it were.”
      • - http://www.zylstra.org , 2006
      • (emphases added)
    • More emergents
      • Web Office
        • Productivity tools in the social Web
        • Zoho, Google
      • Web OS
        • How much of the desktop can migrate to the Web?
      • (“Online Communities”, XKCD, April 2007 )…
      For academia, this can seem a bit overwhelming
      • (“Online Communities”, XKCD, April 2007 )
      • Already out of date
      For academia, this can seem a bit overwhelming
      • Flickr and storytelling
      • “ Tell a story in 5 frames” group
      “ Gender Miscommunication”, Nightingai1e, 2006 Web 2.0 storytelling
    •  
    •  
    •  
    • “ Gender Miscommunication” (Nightingai1e, 2006)
    • Social photo stories
      • Or remix social media into narratives
      • Example: "Farm to Food", Eli the Bearded (2008)
      • Library of Congress collections
    • Social photo stories
    • Social photo stories
    • Social photo stories
      • Flickr, Tell A Story in Five Frames group ( http://www.flickr.com/groups/visualstory/ )
      Example: "Food to Farm", Eli the Bearded (2008)
    • Social photo stories Example: "Food to Farm", Eli the Bearded (2008)
    • Social photo stories
      • Pedagogies:
      • Remix
      • Archive work
      • Social presentation
      • Visual literacy
      ( http://www.flickr.com/groups/visualstory/discuss/72157603786255599/ ; http://www.flickr.com/photos/library_of_congress/ )
      • Social workshopping
      In the Tell a story in 5 frames group, 'Alone With The Sand' , moliere1331 (2005)
    • Pedagogies and publications
      • Teaching with Web 2.0: it’s not all new
      • - Web 1.0, internet pedagogies
      • Hypertext
      • Web audience
      • Discussion fora
      • Collaborative document authoring
      • Groupware
      • Teaching with Web 2.0: it’s not all new
      • Earlier pedagogies
      • Journaling
      • Media literacy
      • Teaching with Web 2.0: principles
      http://smarthistory.blogspot.com/ Distributed conversation Collaborative writing Object-oriented discussion Connectivism (G. Siemens, 2004)
      • Social object pedagogies
      • Prompts
      • Discussion object
      • Composition materials
      • Teaching with Web 2.0: “ net.gen ”:
      • “ Fully half of all teens and 57 percent of teens who use the Internet could be considered Content Creators, according to a survey by the Pew Internet & American Life Project.”
      http://www.pewtrusts.com/pdf/PIP_Teens_1105.pdf
      • “ [S]tudents… write words on paper, yes— but… also compose words and images and create audio files on Web logs (blogs), in word processors, with video editors and Web editors and in e-mail and on presentation software and in instant messaging and on listservs and on bulletin boards—and no doubt in whatever genre will emerge in the next ten minutes.
      • Note that no one is making anyone do any of this writing .”
      Kathleen Blake Yancey, "Made Not Only in Words: Composition in a New Key." CCC 56.2 (2004):297-328. Emphasis added.
      • More social object pedagogies
      • Annotate details
      • Remix (“Make it mine”)
      Jason Mittell, Middlebury College, spring 2008 ( http://justtv.wordpress.com/2008/04/22/teaching-technology-remix-video/ )
      • Wiki pedagogies
      • Collective research
      • Group writing
      • Document editing
      • Information literacy
      • Discussion
      • Knowledge accretion
      (Romantic Audiences project Bowdoin College, 2005-present
      • Discussion
      • Knowledge accretion
    • Edublogging for years
      • Selected, documented practices:
      • Publish syllabus
      • Publish student papers
      • Discussion
      • Journaling
      • Project blogs
      • Public scholarship
      • Creative writing
      • Distributed seminars
      • Campus organizations
      • Prospective students
      • Library collections
      • Alumni relations
      • Project management
      • Liveblogging
      • New forms of scholarly communication
      CommentPress implementation, Institute for the Future of the Books McKenzie Wark, Eugene Lang College
      • Still more bookblogging
      Siva Vaidhyanathan, University of Virginia
      • Podcasts and teaching: profcasting
      • Duke: “Classroom recording”
      • Example: Bryn Mawr College, Michelle Francl, chemistry
      Scholarly presses http://www.journalofamericanhistory.org/podcast/
      • Student program podcasting on campus
      • War News Radio
      • (Swarthmore College)
      • PEPI courses (University of British Columbia, department of Land and Food Resources)
      • Podcasts and research
      • Public intellectual
        • Out of the Past
        • Engines of Our Ingenuity
        • In Our Time
        • University Channel
        • The Missing Link
      • Academic open archives for social media
      • Freesound archive
      • DIY copyright
      • Social networking values
      • University of Pompeu Fabra (Barcelona)
      ( http://freesound.iua.upf.edu/ )
      • Peak or ubiquity?
      http://www.techcrunch.com/2009/02/14/the-death-of-web-20/
    • What is “Web 3.0”?
      • Several models are in play:
      • The 3-d Web
      • The Semantic Web
      • Web on mobile devices
      • The social Web
      ( http://weblogs.elearning.ubc.ca/googlescholar/archives/046534.html )
    • Web 3.0?
      • Web 3D, virtual world as browser
      (Second Life scene; Sony, Home, from Wired)
    • II. Web 3.0?
      • Missie Wadlandis game, http://www.wadlandis.nl/
      Google Earth -Keyhole DB -2d: KML -3d: Sketchup -reach -Geotagging photos, videos
      • Web 3D, Google world as browser
      • Web 3D pedagogies
      • Virtual worlds
      • Teambuilding
      … but not much Web content, yet Arts Metaverse; Second Life,
    • Web 3.0?
      • The Semantic Web
      “ Ultimately, Reuters' news is the raw material for analysis and application by investors and downstream news organizations. Adding metadata to make that job of analysis easier for those building additional value on top of your product is a really interesting way to view the publishing opportunity…”
      • “… If you don't think of what you produce as the "final product" but rather as a step in an information pipeline, what do you do differently to add value for downstream consumers? In Reuters' case, [CEO] Devin thinks you add hooks to make your information more programmable.”
      Tim O’Reilly, February 2008 http://radar.oreilly.com/archives/2008/02/reuters-ceo-sees-semantic-web.html
    • Semantic tool in play: ClearForest Gnosis, FF plugin
      • http://sws.clearforest.com/
      • examples from Wikipedia VLE, SakaiProject pages
    • Android: Crunchnet iPhone: swruler9284
      • Web 3D: the mobile Web
      • The Social Graph, as Sir Tim sees it
      “ I called this graph the Semantic Web, but maybe it should have been Giant Global Graph! Any worse than WWWW? ;-)... So, if only we could express these relationships, such as my social graph, in a way that is above the level of documents, then we would get re-use. That's just what the graph does for us. We have the technology -- it is Semantic Web technology, starting with RDF OWL and SPARQL…” -CSAIL post, November 2007 http://dig.csail.mit.edu/breadcrumbs/node/215
      • Synthesis: Google's CEO's vision
      [Eric Schmidt]: Web 3.0 would ultimately be seen as applications that are pieced together [and that share] a number of characteristics: the applications are relatively small; the data is in the cloud; the applications can run on any device - PC or mobile phone; the applications are very fast and they're very customizable...”
    • Web 3.0? [Eric Schmidt]: … and furthermore the applications are distributed essentially virally, literally by social networks, by email. You won't go to the store and purchase them. ... That's a very different application model than we've ever seen in computing... Transcribed by Nicholas Carr, August 2007 http://www.roughtype.com/archives/2007/08/what_is_web_30.php
    • Criticism
      • What do you mean, 3.0 ?
      • Reactions to question, “What do you think of the term, ‘Web 3.0’?”, from NITLE events in 2008:
        • Faculty member: “AIEEE! no más !”
        • Instructional technologist: “My brain is exploding!”
    • Criticism
      • Deal with 2.0, already
      “ Gartner analysts are avoiding the temptation to give a new label to the latest technologies such as virtual worlds and the semantic Web, saying they’re not providing the same kind of fundamental change as blogs, wikis and social networking tools...” November 2007, http://www.networkworld.com/news/2007/092107-gartner-web-20.html
    • Criticism
      • Deal with 2.0, already
      “… It’s not going to be another era like Web 2.0,” Phifer said. “However, there will be some very interesting innovative things coming out. If you’re in love with numbering schemes, maybe it’s Web 2.1.”” November 2007, http://www.networkworld.com/news/2007/092107-gartner-web-20.html
    • (presentation continued in part 2)