Web2 0storytelling 2009
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Web2 0storytelling 2009

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Updated slides for Educause 2009 conference.

Updated slides for Educause 2009 conference.

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    Web2 0storytelling 2009 Web2 0storytelling 2009 Presentation Transcript

    • Teaching and Storytelling with Web 2.0: The state of the art, and on a budget, too Bryan Alexander, NITLE Educause ‘09
    • How to use today’s session
      • We consider:
      • Low- or no-cost tools
      • Practical pedagogies
      • Concepts to build upon
      • A spectrum of project sizes
    • The slide of no work
      • “ How does this stuff impact me, if I don’t plan on making or helping make anything?”
      • Object of academic study
      • A growing body of stories being consumed and co-created
      • Influence on other areas: news, publishing, entertainment, infotainment
      • New media platforms emerging, driven by storytelling needs and possibilities
      • An emergent set of storytelling practices, growing out of Web 2.0 technologies and cultural forms.
    • What's web 2.0 about?
      • Quick recap
      • Microcontent
      • Social software
      • Perpetual beta
    • What's web 2.0 about?
      • Quick recap
      • Multiply authored content
        • within content
        • located externally
      • Boundaries can be hard to find
    • But wait, what's storytelling?
      • “ The last man on Earth sat alone in a room.”
    • But wait, what's storytelling?
      • “ The last man on Earth sat alone in a room.
      • There was a knock on the door.”
      • (Fredric Brown, “Knock”, 1948)
    • The pull of mystery, sometimes
      • “ It was a bright cold day in April, and the clocks were striking thirteen.”
      • “ Last night, I dreamt I went to Manderley again.”
      • “ As Gregor Samsa awoke one morning from uneasy dreams he found himself transformed in his bed into a gigantic insect. “
      • “ The sky above the port was the color of television, tuned to a dead channel.”
    • Or Freytag, sometimes
      • Delight and instruct
    • Or the personal, sometimes
      • Delight and instruct
      • Stories are:
      • About someone important
      • About an important event
      • About what one does
      From the CDS Cookbook http://www.storycenter.org/cookbook.html
    • But wait, what's storytelling? Exercise one: what isn’t storytelling? Use whatever communication tools you like. Except smoke signals.
    • What came before Web 2.0 storytelling?
      • Web 1.0 storytelling, of course
      • Hypertext
      • Multimedia
      • Evanescent
      • Browser-focused
      • Connected with offline, analog content (textbooks)
    • Web 1.0 storytelling
      • Example: Dreaming Methods (2000ff)
      • http://www.dreamingmethods.com/
      • Example: “Ted’s Caving Journal” (circa 2001)
      (one copy, from http://www.angelfire.com/trek/caver/page1.html )
      • Features:
      • Multilinear
      • Multimedia
      • Browserish
      • Serial structure
    • Web 1.0 era storytelling
      • Email chain letters, jokes
      • Social
      • Boundaries fuzzy
      • Microcontent
      • Virtual community facilitation (1980s on)
      (Snopes.com)
    • ( http://www.thenation.com/blogs/jstreet/363133/bailout_satire ) Dear American: I need to ask you to support an urgent secret business relationship with a transfer of funds of great magnitude. I am Ministry of the Treasury of the Republic of America. My country has had crisis that has caused the need for large transfer of funds of 800 billion dollars US. If you would assist me in this transfer, it would be most profitable to you. I am working with Mr. Phil Gram, lobbyist for UBS, who will be my replacement as Ministry of the Treasury in January. As a Senator, you may know him as the leader of the American banking deregulation movement in the 1990s. This transactin is 100% safe. This is a matter of great urgency…
    • Digital storytelling roots
      • Digital Storytelling movement (CDS)
      Digital Storytelling at Ukaiah, 2006
    • Digital storytelling offshoots
      • Educational projects growing
      • Community
      • Curricula
      • Support
      ( http://connect.educause.edu/Library/Abstract/StorytellingintheAgeofthe/42327 )
    • So why Web 2.0 storytelling?
      • It’s already being done.
      http://delicious.com/tag/web2storytelling
    • Focused platforms
      • Character (Twitter, blog, MySpace, audio)
      • Setting (wiki, images, audio (Myna, Freesound))
      • Objects (images, video)
      • Events (blog, podcast)
    • More multimedia platforms
      • VoiceThread
      • Video (Jaycut, Windows Moviemaker)
      • Gaming [recent LET+Venatio Creo+Inform 7]
      • She's a Flight Risk http://esquire.com/features/articles/2003/030922_mfe_isabella_1.html
      Blog as story diary
    • Bookblogging
      • http://www.pulsethebook.com/ - “networked book” (Institute for the Future of the Book)
      Publishing new content, in development
    • Rebookblogging?
      • Republication of pre-existing content
      • Pedagogy
      • Social feedback
      • Publicity
      • Pepys Diary
      • Dracula Blogged
      • Ulysses and da Vinci per day
      ( http://hdt.typepad.com/henrys_blog/ )
    • ( http://spoonriver.metblogs.com/ )
      • Creative writing in response to document:
      • Spoon River Metblog
    • Platforms
      • Blogosphere and nonfiction character
      • “ As one day’s posts build on points raised or refuted in a previous day’s, readers must actively engage the process of “discovering” the author, and of parsing from fragment after fragment who is speaking to them, and why, and from where whether geographically, mentally, politically, or otherwise.”
      • -Steve Himmer, “The Labyrinth Unbound” (2003)
    • Platforms
      • Blogosphere and nonfiction character
      • “ As one day’s posts build on points raised or refuted in a previous day’s, readers must actively engage the process of “discovering” the author, and of parsing from fragment after fragment who is speaking to them, and why, and from where whether geographically, mentally, politically, or otherwise.”
      • -Steve Himmer, “The Labyrinth Unbound” (2003)
    • Microbloglosphere
      • Twitter: a single narrative
      • Good Captain
      • http://twitter.com/goodcaptain
      • http://loose-fish.com/
      • Twitter:
      • Aphorism
      http://twitter.com/jennyholzer
      • Twitter: class en masse
      http://twitter.com/manyvoices
      • Twitter: republishing content
      http://twitter.com/novelsin3lines
    • http://twitter.com/oscarwilde
    • Wikistorytelling
      • The Penguin novel
      ( http://www.amillionpenguins.com/wiki/index.php/Main_Page )
    • Wikistorytelling Can a collective create a believable fictional voice? How does a plot find any sort of coherent trajectory when different people have a different idea about how a story should end – or even begin? And, perhaps most importantly, can writers really leave their egos at the door? “ About”, http://www.amillionpenguins.com/wiki/index.php/About
      • Flickr and storytelling
      • Tell a story in 5 frames group
      “ The Chase” ( Benjamin! , 2009) http://flickr.com/groups/visualstory/discuss/72157611666013264/
    •  
    •  
    •  
    •  
    •  
      • Flickr and storytelling
      • In the Tell a story in 5 frames group, 'Alone With The Sand'
      (moliere1331, 2005)
    • Social photo stories Example: « Farm to Food », Eli the Bearded (2008)
    • Social photo stories
    • Social photo stories
    • Social photo stories
      • Flickr, Tell A Story in Five Frames group ( http://www.flickr.com/groups/visualstory/ )
      Example: "Food to Farm", Eli the Bearded (2008)
    • Social photo stories Example: "Food to Farm", Eli the Bearded (2008)
    • Social photo stories
      • Pedagogies:
      • Remix
      • Archive work
      • Social presentation
      • Visual literacy
      ( http://www.flickr.com/groups/visualstory/discuss/72157603786255599/ ; http://www.flickr.com/photos/library_of_congress/ )
    • Social slides
      • Barbara Ganley, “Into the Storm” (2007)
      ( http://www.slideshare.net/bgblogging/intothestorm http://bgexperiments.wordpress.com/2007/07/13/into-the-storm/ )
      • Embedded within Slideshare Web platform apparatus
      • Embedded within blog
    • Storytelling by p odcast
      • The Yellow Sheet , by Librivox team (2007)
      • Text then podcast
      • http://librivox.org/the-yellow-sheet-by-librivox-volunteers/
      • More: Podiobooks, http://www.podiobooks.com/
    • Web video storytelling
      • Connect with I ( http://www.connectwithi.com/ )
      • Serial video
      • Fan content
      • Physical content
      • lonelygirl15 ( http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lonelygirl15 )
      • YouTube serial video content
      • Local fan content
      • Distributed response
      • Hoax plot
    • Storytellerster
      • MySpace, Facebook as platform
      • Example: Silver Ladder
      (Two of Clubs character on Myspace)
    • Multiplicity of platforms New forms combining categories into one?
    • Multiplicity of platforms
      • New forms combining categories into one?
      Voicethread Storybox ( http://www.story-box.co.uk/index.php )
    • Multiplicity of platforms
      • New forms combining categories into one?
      • Jaycut, web-based video editing
      • Remember: video can be multimedia
    • Multiplicity of platforms http://wetellstories.co.uk/stories/week2/ Twitter feeds, blogs (different platforms), MySpace, maps “ Slice”, from We Tell Stories anthology, Penguin (2008)
    • How to experience a Web 2.0 story
      • A Web page in a browser
        • Easy or difficult to parse (Web design, also story style)
        • Effect of images (visual rhetoric)
        • “ about”
        • … consider this close reading
      • On mobile device (phone, e-reader, game player, mp3 player)
    • How to experience a Web 2.0 story
      • Breakdown:
      • Tags
      • Social media hooks
      • Comments
      • Links to other content
    • How to experience a Web 2.0 story
      • In RSS reader
      • Podcasts
    •  
    • So why Web 2.0 storytelling?
      • It’s a light but functional form of social gaming.
      Eve Online, from site
      • Persistent world
      • Distributed players
      • Distributed knowledge
      • Very low cost
      • Some portability
      • Example: social Twitter storytelling: retelling The War of the Worlds
      Described http://infocult.typepad.com/infocult/2008/08/alien-invasion-via-twitter.html
    • A certain loss of control
      • Social storytelling is user-generated content… which means some other user’s content next to yours. Which, like too much of a good thing, can be wonderful.
      Exercise three: edit someone else’s wiki page. Pick the group after you in the alphabet.
      • Alternate reality games
      • Permeability of game boundary (space and time)
      • Focus on distributed, collaborative cognition
      • Increased ephemerality
      So why Web 2.0 storytelling, again? (Perplex City, 2003-2006)
      • Political ARG
      (World Without Oil, May 2007)
      • ARG pedagogy
      • Creation for constructivism
      • Information literacy
      • Object of study
      (Nine Inch Nails game, 2007)
    • Practices and principles
      • Time
      • Wilkie Collins: "Make 'em cry, make 'em laugh, make 'em wait"
      • keep it coming (cf ask a Ninja)
      • Big time: serial
      • Little time: accretive
    • Easy to start
      • Web 2.0 is a brainstorming tool, a starting story service, a platform for quickly getting into the thing.
      • Writing prompt (and not necessarily text)
        • Use social media content, or not
        • Publish socially, or not
    • Practices and principles
      • Character
      • You: persona
      • Creative or historical character
      • Blog as character (Kathleen Fitzpatrick)
      • Twitter as character (Eric Rice)
    • Practices and principles
      • Setting
      • Maps, images, wiki, video, sounds
      • External link, embededed, or ambient
    • How to serialize
      • Introduction: station id
      • Recap
      • Where to cut? Complete bit, or mid-stream
      • Sequence: linear or other
      • Outro: hook; logistics
    • Practices and principles
      • Chunking out lexia
      • Recap/summary of story
      • Cliffhanger
      • Internal organizing statement
      • Discrete argument point
      • Arranging the pieces
      • POV
      • Timeline
      • Embedded story
      • Meta, help, disclaimer
      • (And they move without you.)
    • The slide of no work
      • How does this stuff impact me, if I don’t make or help make anything?
      • Academic study
      • Growing body of stories
      • Influence on other areas: news, publishing, entertainment, infotainment
      • New platforms emerging
    •  
    • Futures
      • Stories about Web 2.0 storytelling
      • Ken Macleod, The Execution Channel (2008)
      ( http://www.wired.com/techbiz/it/magazine/15-07/local ) -Bruce Sterling, Wired , 2007
      • Already used for humor
      http://www.much-ado.net/austenbook/
    • Futures
      • Copyright
      • Web 2.0 accelerates opportunities for copyright practices, from fair use (quotes, snippets) to infringement (copying whole texts)
      • Emerging practices: snippet+link, Wikipedia notice
      • Other practices: using TEACH, Creative Commons
    • Futures
      • Mobile devices -> "interstitial fiction”?
      • “ it can be fiction or nonfiction, but it is unlikely to be a single isolated five-minute item, as it would be hard to market or to find such an item. More likely short items will be strung together in an anthology; the thesis of the anthology ("brief bursts about the new administration"; "101 short poems about transistors and current") will suffuse each item with a sense of being part of a whole.”
      Joseph Esposito, http://toc.oreilly.com/2008/12/interstitial-publishing.html
    • The ultimate links
      • http://web2storytelling.wikispaces.com/
      • and
      • http://delicious.com/tag/web2storytelling
    • The ultimate links
      • Bryan Alexander and Alan Levine, "Web 2.0 Storytelling: Emergence of a New Genre“
      • EDUCAUSE Review, vol. 43, no. 6 (November/December 2008)
      • http://www.educause.edu/library/erm0865
    • The ultimate links
      • Liberal Education Tomorrow
      • http://blogs.nitle.org/let
      • Bryan on Twitter
      • http://twitter.com/BryanAlexander
      • NITLE
      • http://nitle.org