Web 2.0 and the LMS


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Presentation on Web 2.0 and learning management systems (LMS). NITLE conference on the topic, Reed College, 2006.

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Web 2.0 and the LMS

  1. 1. Web 2.0 2006: Implications for the LMS Learning Management Systems and Liberal Arts Colleges: a NITLE Symposium Hosted by Reed College Sponsored by CODEX October, 2006
  2. 2. Plan of the talk <ul><li>Social software and Web 2.0 </li></ul><ul><li>LMS connections </li></ul>(on the way to Bryan’s office, spring 2006)
  3. 3. Thematics <ul><li>Emergence in </li></ul><ul><li>time and space </li></ul><ul><li>Pedagogy </li></ul><ul><li>Scope </li></ul><ul><li>Complex ecological interaction </li></ul>(Google Earth Atlas gloves project, 2006)
  4. 4. I. Web 2.0 <ul><li>Microcontent </li></ul>
  5. 5. I. Web 2.0 <ul><li>Social functionality </li></ul>
  6. 6. I. Web 2.0 <ul><li>Open content and/or services and/or standards </li></ul>
  7. 7. I. Web 2.0 <ul><li>Network constructivism </li></ul>
  8. 8. I. Web 2.0 <ul><li>O’Reilly: perpetual beta </li></ul>
  9. 9. I. Web 2.0 <ul><li>O’Reilly: platforms for development </li></ul>
  10. 10. I. Web 2.0 <ul><li>Data mashups </li></ul>
  11. 11. I. Web 2.0 examples <ul><li>Collaborative writing platforms: the wiki way </li></ul>
  12. 12. I. Web 2.0 examples <ul><li>Pedagogies </li></ul><ul><li>Collective research </li></ul><ul><li>Group writing </li></ul><ul><li>Document editing </li></ul><ul><li>Information literacy </li></ul>
  13. 13. I. Web 2.0 examples Research: wikis are textually productive
  14. 14. I. Web 2.0 examples -Viégas, Wattenberg, Dave (IBM, 2004)
  15. 15. I. Web 2.0 examples <ul><li>wikis are textually productive </li></ul><ul><li>OhMyNews! , WikiNews </li></ul>
  16. 16. I. Web 2.0 examples <ul><li>Web 2.0 components, movements </li></ul><ul><li>collaborative writing platforms: the blogosphere </li></ul>
  17. 17. I. Web 2.0 examples <ul><li>Addressable content chunks </li></ul>
  18. 18. I. Web 2.0 examples <ul><li>Distributed, attached conversations </li></ul>
  19. 19. I. Web 2.0 examples <ul><li>State of the blogosphere </li></ul><ul><li>50 million blogs tracked by Technorati: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ The blogosphere has been doubling in size every 6 months or so. It is over 100 times bigger than it was just 3 years ago .” (David Sifry, July 2006) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Chart follows… </li></ul></ul>
  20. 20. I. Web 2.0 examples
  21. 21. I. Web 2.0 examples <ul><li>State of the blogosphere </li></ul><ul><li>12 people million using three platforms, including LiveJournal: majority women (Anil Dash, MeshForum 2006) </li></ul><ul><li>Diversity: diaries, public intellectuals, Carnivals, knitters, moblogs, warblogs home and abroad… </li></ul>
  22. 22. I. Web 2.0 examples <ul><li>Components, movements: social objects </li></ul><ul><li>Flickr </li></ul>http:// flickr.com /
  23. 23. I. Web 2.0 examples <ul><li>Reach of Flickr </li></ul><ul><li>100 million images, as of Feb 2006 </li></ul><ul><li>As of October 2006, 4 million Flickr members </li></ul><ul><li>1 million photos uploaded each day </li></ul><ul><li>( http://www.radioopensource.org/photography-20/ ) </li></ul>
  24. 24. I. Web 2.0 examples <ul><li>What can we learn from this? Ton Zylstra: </li></ul><ul><li>“ In general you could say that both Flickr and delicious work in a triangle: person, picture/bookmark, and tag(s). Or more abstract a person, an object of sociality, and some descriptor...” </li></ul>
  25. 25. I. Web 2.0 examples <ul><li>“… In every triangle there always needs to be a person and an object of sociality. The third point of the triangle is free to define[,] as it were.” </li></ul><ul><li>- http://www.zylstra.org , 2006 </li></ul>
  26. 26. I. Web 2.0 examples <ul><li>What can we learn from this? </li></ul><ul><li>Jyri Engesrom is succinct: </li></ul><ul><li>“ The fallacy is to think that social networks are just made up of people. They're not; social networks consist of people who are connected by a shared object.” </li></ul><ul><li>- http://www.zengestrom.com/ , 2005 </li></ul>
  27. 27. I. Web 2.0 examples <ul><li>Social objects principles: tagging </li></ul>
  28. 28. I. Web 2.0 examples <ul><ul><li>“ Home </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Owain </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hestia </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Chickens </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ripton” </li></ul></ul>
  29. 29. I. Web 2.0 examples <ul><li>Folksonomy </li></ul><ul><li>User benefit </li></ul><ul><li>Search </li></ul><ul><li>Retrieval </li></ul><ul><li>Self-awareness </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http:// del.icio.us / </li></ul></ul>
  30. 30. I. Web 2.0 examples <ul><li>Community surfacing </li></ul><ul><li>Ontology </li></ul><ul><li>Concepts </li></ul><ul><li>Collaborative research </li></ul>
  31. 31. I. Web 2.0 examples <ul><li>Case study, tagging museums: </li></ul><ul><li>the Steve project </li></ul>
  32. 32. I. Web 2.0 examples <ul><li>Tagging museums: the Steve project </li></ul><ul><li>Expert discourse, controlled vocab </li></ul>
  33. 33. I. Web 2.0 examples <ul><li>Tagging museums: the Steve project </li></ul><ul><li>Users tag differently </li></ul><ul><li>Curators get it </li></ul><ul><li>(Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2004) </li></ul>
  34. 34. I. Web 2.0 examples <ul><li>AJAX-based projects </li></ul>
  35. 35. I. Web 2.0 examples <ul><li>Components, movements </li></ul><ul><li>Mixing and mashing: the RSS feeding frenzy </li></ul>
  36. 36. I. Web 2.0 examples <ul><li>Components, movements: social objects </li></ul><ul><li>Example: Google Spreadsheets </li></ul>http://spreadsheets.google.com/
  37. 37. I. Web 2.0 examples <ul><li>Components, movements: social objects </li></ul><ul><li>Collaborative </li></ul><ul><li>music: LastFM </li></ul>http:// www.last.fm /
  38. 38. I. Web 2.0 examples <ul><li>Teaching with Web 2.0 </li></ul><ul><li>Distributed conversation </li></ul><ul><li>Collaborative writing </li></ul><ul><li>Object-oriented discussion </li></ul>http://smarthistory.blogspot.com/
  39. 39. I. Web 2.0 examples <ul><li>Social networking </li></ul><ul><li>services </li></ul><ul><li>FaceBook </li></ul><ul><li>MySpace </li></ul><ul><li>CyWorld </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Less than four years after its launch, 15 million people, or almost a third of the country's population, are members.” ( BusinessWeek , September 2005) </li></ul></ul>
  40. 40. I. Web 2.0 examples <ul><li>Web 2.0 influences rich media </li></ul><ul><li>Podcasting </li></ul>
  41. 41. I. Web 2.0 examples <ul><li>What’s happened since February 2004? </li></ul>
  42. 42. I. Web 2.0 examples <ul><li>What’s happened since? </li></ul><ul><li>“ More than 22 million American adults own iPods or MP3 players and 29% of them have downloaded podcasts from the Web so that they could listen to audio files at a time of their choosing.” </li></ul><ul><li>-Pew Internet and American Life study, </li></ul><ul><li>April 2005 </li></ul>
  43. 43. I. Web 2.0 examples <ul><li>What’s happened since? Neologisms: </li></ul><ul><li>godcasting </li></ul><ul><li>nanocasting </li></ul><ul><li>podfading </li></ul><ul><li>podsafe </li></ul><ul><li>podspamming </li></ul><ul><li>podvertising </li></ul><ul><li>porncasting </li></ul>
  44. 44. I. Web 2.0 examples <ul><li>Podcasts and teaching: profcasting </li></ul><ul><li>Bryn Mawr College: Michelle Francl, chemistry </li></ul><ul><li>Duke: Classroom recording </li></ul><ul><li>Learning objects: Gardner Campbell, University of Richmond </li></ul><ul><li>Duke: Course content dissemination </li></ul><ul><li>Information literacy </li></ul>
  45. 45. I. Web 2.0 examples <ul><li>Podcasts and research </li></ul><ul><li>Public intellectual </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Out of the Past </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Engines of Our Ingenuity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Napoleon 101 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>In Our Time </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Trudi Abel, “Digital Durham and the New South” (Duke University, 2006) </li></ul><ul><li>Duke: Field recording </li></ul>
  46. 46. I. Web 2.0 examples <ul><li>Social media: Web 2.0 video </li></ul>(Gootube? Suetube?)
  47. 47. I. Web 2.0 examples <ul><li>Social media: Freesound archive </li></ul>(Freesound archive)
  48. 48. I. Web 2.0 examples <ul><li>(Second Life, 2004-present) </li></ul>Social media: social gaming and Web 2.0?
  49. 49. I. Web 2.0 examples <ul><li>Size of Second Life: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1 million residents, October 2006 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ the new golf”, Second Life (Joi Ito) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Compare the field </li></ul><ul><ul><li>6 million players, World of Warcraft </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1 million players, Virtual Magic Kingdom </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Diversity: platform, genre, content </li></ul></ul>
  50. 50. I. Web 2.0 examples <ul><li>Social news: </li></ul><ul><li>Memeorandum, Tailrank, Digg, TechMeme </li></ul>
  51. 51. II. LMS connections <ul><li>Bridges from LMS: </li></ul><ul><li>Concepts </li></ul><ul><li>Existing outsources </li></ul><ul><li>DIY </li></ul>
  52. 52. II. LMS connections <ul><li>Mainstream courseware: </li></ul><ul><li>Blackboard blocks </li></ul><ul><li>Blackboard Beyond, announced February 2006 </li></ul>
  53. 53. II. LMS connections <ul><li>Mainstream courseware: </li></ul><ul><li>Moodle wikis and blogs </li></ul><ul><li>Tagging forthcoming (Dougiamas) </li></ul>
  54. 54. II. LMS connections <ul><li>Is Web 2.0 in most LMSes? </li></ul><ul><li>Microcontent… yes </li></ul><ul><li>Social networking… somewhat </li></ul><ul><li>Open content, services… not really </li></ul>
  55. 55. II. LMS connections <ul><li>Virtues of closed LMS spaces </li></ul><ul><li>Easier training </li></ul><ul><li>Replicates some familiar closed digital environments </li></ul><ul><li>Student privacy </li></ul><ul><li>Professor privacy </li></ul><ul><li>Campus privacy… </li></ul>
  56. 56. II. LMS connections <ul><li>More: replication of classroom environment </li></ul><ul><li>Copyright (TEACH Act) </li></ul><ul><li>Professor comfort zone </li></ul><ul><li>LAC ethos </li></ul>
  57. 57. II. LMS connections <ul><li>What principles to apply from Web 2.0? </li></ul><ul><li>People tag </li></ul><ul><li>Textual productivity </li></ul><ul><li>Distributed conversations </li></ul><ul><li>Profile-raising </li></ul><ul><li>Ease of microcontent (Benkler, 2005) </li></ul>
  58. 58. II. LMS connections <ul><li>World Wide Web 2.0 </li></ul><ul><li>Net.gen experience </li></ul><ul><li>Technologists </li></ul><ul><li>Media </li></ul>(lonelygirl15, 2006-)
  59. 59. II. LMS connections <ul><li>ePortfolio connections </li></ul><ul><li>Web 2.0 as light ports </li></ul><ul><li>Web 2.0 attached to bigger ports </li></ul>(Helen Barrett, 2006)
  60. 60. II. LMS connections <ul><li>Existing third party sources </li></ul><ul><li>Major players buying, creating </li></ul><ul><ul><li>(Yahoo! Buys del.icio.us, Dec. 2005) </li></ul></ul>
  61. 61. II. LMS connections <ul><li>Existing third party sources </li></ul><ul><li>Major players buying, creating </li></ul><ul><ul><li>(Amazon supports tagging, 2005-) </li></ul></ul>
  62. 62. II. LMS connections <ul><li>DIY: coding </li></ul><ul><li>PennTags social bookmarking </li></ul>
  63. 63. II. LMS connections <ul><li>DIY: hosting </li></ul><ul><li>Minnesota blogs from the library (2003-) </li></ul>
  64. 64. <ul><li>Keeping up </li></ul><ul><li>NITLE Codex http://nitle.org/index.php/nitle/collaborations/codex </li></ul><ul><li>NITLE blog http://b2e.nitle.org </li></ul><ul><li>NITLE Lab http:// nitle.org/index.php/nitle/laboratory </li></ul>