Social Software, teaching, and learning: fall 2007
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Social Software, teaching, and learning: fall 2007

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Overview of Web 2.0 for teaching and learning, updated as of fall 2007. Goes with a one-day workshop.

Overview of Web 2.0 for teaching and learning, updated as of fall 2007. Goes with a one-day workshop.

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Social Software, teaching, and learning: fall 2007 Social Software, teaching, and learning: fall 2007 Presentation Transcript

  • Social software for teaching and learning: Web 2.0, fall 2007 NITLE Workshop to go
  • Plan of the talk
    • Web 2.0
    • Rich media web 2.0
    • More pedagogies
    • New forms
    (Middlebury waterfall, spring 2006)
  • Thematics
    • Emergence in
    • time and space
    • Pedagogy
    • Open determinism
    (Radio Open Source blog/podcast, 2006)
  • One problem
    • How to apprehend emerging technologies?
    • Panic/siege mode
    • Vendors
    • Futurism methods
    • Networks
  • One response: antecedents
    • One response to too much information: humble marginal annotation
    • Glossators (Franciscus Accursius, Denis Godefroi)
    • Then the Geneva Bible
    • Managing texts, readers
    (Early English Books Online)
    • Another response to overload
    • Cyclopedia (Ephraim Chambers, 1728)
    • Encyclopedie (1751-1772)
    • Another response to overload
    • Cyclopedia (Ephraim Chambers, 1728)
    • Encyclopedie (1751-1772)
    • (Another precursor, lacking the technology: Isidore of Seville, Etymologiae , 636)
  • One metaphor
    • Web 2.0 and education is like gaming and education: awareness is challenging
    • Huge, financially and quantitatively successful worlds
    • Global and rapidly developing scope
    • Bad anxieties, policies, and media coverage
    • Perceived lack of seriousness
  • One metaphor
    • Web 2.0 and education is like gaming and education: intersections are possible
    • Take advantage of preexisting projects
    • Mod/warp/hack
    • DIY
    • Literacy: new media
    • Influence
    (World of Warcraft)
  • I. Web 2.0
    • The term’s history: Tim O’Reilly, 2005
    • Expands “social software”
    • Draws on Web history
  • I. Web 2.0
    • Microcontent, rather than sites or large documents
    (NITLE blog)
  • I. Web 2.0
    • Multiply authored microcontent
  • I. Web 2.0
    • Open content and/or services and/or standards…
    (Pepysblog, 2003-)
  • I. Web 2.0
    • … leading to networked conversations
    (Pepysblog, 2003-)
  • I. Web 2.0
    • Data mashups
    (Google Maps meets Twitter)
  • I. Web 2.0
    • Perpetual beta (O’Reilly, now history)
  • I. Web 2.0
    • O’Reilly: platforms for development
  • I. Web 2.0
    • Web 2.0 components, movements
    • Collaborative writing platforms: the wiki way
  • I. Web 2.0 Research: wikis are textually productive -Viégas, Wattenberg, Dave (IBM, 2004)
  • I. Web 2.0
    • Web 2.0 components, movements
    • collaborative writing platforms: the blogosphere
  • I. Web 2.0
    • Addressable content chunks
  • I. Web 2.0
    • Distributed and/or attached conversations
  • I. Web 2.0
    • State of the blogosphere
    • 70 million blogs tracked by Technorati:
      • “ Technorati is now tracking over 70 million weblogs, and we're seeing about 120,000 new weblogs being created worldwide each day. That's about 1.4 blogs created every second of every day.”
        • (David Sifry, April 2007 )
      • Chart follows…
  • I. Web 2.0
  • I. Web 2.0
    • State of the blogosphere, more
    • 12 people million using three platforms, including LiveJournal: majority women (Anil Dash, MeshForum 2006)
    • Diversity: diaries, public intellectuals, carnivals, knitters, moblogs, warblogs home and abroad…
  • I. Web 2.0
    • Web 2.0 components, movements: social objects
    http:// flickr.com /
    • Photo sharing:
    • Flickr
  • I. Web 2.0
    • Reach of Flickr
    • 100 million images, as of Feb 2006
    • As of October 2006, 4 million Flickr members (3/4 not in the US)
    • 1 million photos uploaded each day
    • ( http://www.radioopensource.org/photography-20/ )
  • I. Web 2.0
    • Reach of Flickr
    • 26 million searchable, shareable images in Flickr (December 2006)
    • Metadata is good enough
    • Gaming inspiration
    (Ben Harris-Roxas, 2006)
  • I. Web 2.0
    • Social news:
    • Memeorandum, Tailrank, Digg, TechMeme
  • I. Web 2.0
    • Social bookmarking
    • Del.icio.us
    • Also Furl, Scholar.com, StumbleUpon, Digg, Reddit, MyWeb (Yahoo)
  • I. Web 2.0
    • Social object: the person
    • FaceBook
    • MySpace
    • LinkedIn
    • ZoomInfo
    • CyWorld
    “ Less than four years after its launch, 15 million people, or almost a third of the country's population, are members.” ( BusinessWeek , September 2005)
    • This can all be a bit overwhelming
    (“Online Communities”, XKCD, April 2007 )
  • I. Web 2.0
    • What can we learn from this? Ton Zylstra:
    • “ In general you could say that both Flickr and del.icio.us work in a triangle: person, picture/bookmark, and tag(s). Or more abstract a person, an object of sociality , and some descriptor...”
  • I. Web 2.0
    • “…In every triangle there always needs to be a person and an object of sociality . The third point of the triangle is free to define[,] as it were.”
    • - http://www.zylstra.org , 2006
    • (emphases added)
  • I. Web 2.0
    • New forms: folksonomy
    • Search
    • Retrieval
    • Self-awareness
      • http://del.icio.us/
      • for DoctorNemo
  • I. Web 2.0
    • Community surfacing
    • Ontology
    • Concepts
    • Collaborative research
  • I. Web 2.0
    • Tagging museums: the Steve project
    • Users tag differently
    • Curators get it
    (Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2004)
  • I. Web 2.0
    • Tagging libraries: PennTags
    • Coded locally
    • Also tags the open web
    http://tags.library.upenn.edu/
  • I. Web 2.0
    • Components, movements
    • Mixing and mashing:
    • the RSS feed
  • I. Web 2.0
    • -Alex Iskold, The Read/Write Web , April 2007
    • http://www.readwriteweb.com/archives/the_future_of_rss.php
    “ RSS is basically a filtered push - the user subscribes (pulls in) to channels that he/she likes, and after that content is delivered automatically.”
  • II. Web 2.0 and rich media
    • Web 2.0 influences rich media
    • Podcasting
  • II. Web 2.0 and rich media
    • How old is the term? “… all the ingredients are there for a new boom in amateur radio.
      • But what to call it? Audioblogging? Podcasting ? GuerillaMedia?”
    • (Ben Hammersley, The Guardian
    • February 12, 2004)
  • II. Web 2.0 and rich media
    • What’s happened since February 2004?
  • II. Web 2.0 and rich media
    • What’s happened since “podcasting” in 2001? Neologisms:
    • godcasting
    • nanocasting
    • podfading
    • podsafe
    • podspamming
    • podvertising
    • porncasting
  • II. Web 2.0 and rich media
    • Web 2.0 influences rich media: more audio
    • Freesound archive
    • DIY copyright
    • Social networking values
    (http://freesound.iua.upf.edu/)
  • II. Web 2.0 and rich media
    • Web 2.0 influences rich media: video
    (Gootube? Suetube?)
  • II. Web 2.0 and rich media
    • Videoblogging
    • (vlog?
    • vog?)
    (Rocketboom, Amanda Congdon) (already moved on) (Ask a Ninja)
  • III. Web 2.0 pedagogies
    • Teaching with Web 2.0: it’s not all new
    • - Web 1.0, internet pedagogies
    • Hypertext
    • Web audience
    • Discussion fora
    • Collaborative document authoring
    • Groupware
  • III. Web 2.0 pedagogies
    • Teaching with Web 2.0: it’s not all new
    • Earlier pedagogies
    • Journaling
    • Media literacy
  • III. Web 2.0 pedagogies
    • Teaching with Web 2.0: CMS involvement
    • Moodle modules
  • III. Web 2.0 pedagogies
    • Teaching with Web 2.0: Blackboard Beyond
  • III. Web 2.0 pedagogies
    • Teaching with Web 2.0: principles
    • Distributed
    • conversation
    • Collaborative
    • writing
    • Object-oriented
    • discussion
    http://smarthistory.blogspot.com/
  • III. Web 2.0 pedagogies
    • Teaching with Web 2.0: more principles
    • Ease of entry
    • Personalization
  • III. Web 2.0 pedagogies
    • Wiki pedagogies
    • Collective research
    • Group writing
    • Document editing
    • Information literacy
    • Discussion
    • Knowledge accretion
    (Romantic Audiences project Bowdoin College, 2005-present
  • III. Web 2.0 pedagogies
    • Social object pedagogies
    • Prompts
    • Discussion object
    • Composition materials
  • III. Web 2.0 pedagogies
    • Social object pedagogies
    • Annotate details
    • Remix (“Make it mine”)
    Edugadget http://www.edugadget.com/2005/05/07/flickr-creative-commons
  • III. Web 2.0 pedagogies
    • New forms: profcasting
    • Bryn Mawr College: Michelle Francl, chemistry
    • Duke: Classroom recording
  • III. Web 2.0 pedagogies
    • Student program podcasting on campus
    • War News Radio
    • (Swarthmore College)
  • III. Web 2.0 pedagogies
    • Podcasts and research
    • Public intellectual
      • Out of the Past
      • Engines of Our Ingenuity
      • In Our Time
      • University Channel
      • (Napoleon 101)
  • III. Web 2.0 pedagogies
    • Instrumental to pedagogy: enhance other media
    • Handouts: Allegheny College, Gothcast
  • Illustrations in pdf format
  • III. Web 2.0 pedagogies
    • Enhance other media
    • Middlebury College, Barbara Ganley
    • Podcasting with…
    • Blogging
    • Digital storytelling
    • Photography
    • Study abroad
  • III. Web 2.0 pedagogies
    • Teaching with Web 2.0: “net.gen”:
    • “ Fully half of all teens and 57 percent of teens who use the Internet could be considered Content Creators, according to a survey by the Pew Internet & American Life Project.”
    http://www.pewtrusts.com/pdf/PIP_Teens_1105.pdf
  • III. Web 2.0 pedagogies
    • “ [S]tudents… write words on paper, yes— but… also compose words and images and create audio files on Web logs (blogs), in word processors, with video editors and Web editors and in e-mail and on presentation software and in instant messaging and on listservs and on bulletin boards—and no doubt in whatever genre will emerge in the next ten minutes.
    • Note that no one is making anyone do any of this writing.”
    Kathleen Blake Yancey, "Made Not Only in Words: Composition in a New Key." CCC 56.2 (2004):297-328.
  • III. Web 2.0 pedagogies
    • RSS pedagogies
    • Shaping Web reading
    • Pushing student-created content (mother blog, Feed to Javascript)
    • Web 2.0 wrangling
    (Bloglines)
  • III. Web 2.0 pedagogies
    • Podcasts and teaching: profcasting
    • Bryn Mawr College: Michelle Francl, chemistry
    • Duke: Classroom recording
    • Learning objects: Gardner Campbell, University of Richmond
    • Duke: Course content dissemination
    • Information literacy
  • III. Web 2.0 pedagogies
    • Blog problem: privacy
    • Contrary to class safe space (Gary Kornblith, Oberlin College)
    • Culture of too much disclosure
    • Problem increasing archivally
    • Some responses
    • Can block comments and/or readers
    • Teachable moment: what is privacy in 2007?
    • Complement other practices
  • IV. Web 2.0 storytelling
    • Lonelygirl15
    • One YouTube
    • Another YouTube
    • Myspace
    • Blogs
    • Discussion frenzy
    • Media attention
    (2006-)
  • IV. Web 2.0 storytelling
    • Alternate reality games
    • Permeability of game boundary (space and time)
    • Focus on distributed, collaborative cognition
    • Increased ephemerality
    (Perplex City, 2003-2006)
  • IV. Web 2.0 storytelling
    • ARG pedagogy?
    • Creation for constructivism
    • Information literacy
    • Object of study
    (Nine Inch Nails game, ongoing)
  • IV. Web 2.0 storytelling
    • Political ARG?
    (World Without Oil, May 2007)
  • IV. Web 2.0 storytelling
    • Flickr and storytelling
    • Tell a story in 5 frames group
    “ Gender Miscommunication” (Nightingai1e, 2006)
  • IV. Web 2.0 storytelling
  • IV. Web 2.0 storytelling
  • IV. Web 2.0 storytelling
  • IV. Web 2.0 storytelling “ Gender Miscommunication” (Nightingai1e, 2006)
  • IV. Web 2.0 storytelling
    • Flickr and storytelling
    • In the Tell a story in 5 frames group, 'Alone With The Sand'
    (moliere1331, 2005)
  • One provocation (Valdis Krebs, 2004)
  • A second provocation C.S. Mott Children's Hospital National Poll on Children’s Health, May 2007 The persistence of fears
  • Keeping up
    • National Institute for Technology and
    • Liberal Education http:// nitle.org
    • NITLE blog http://b2e.nitle.org