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Semantic.edu, an introduction
Semantic.edu, an introduction
Semantic.edu, an introduction
Semantic.edu, an introduction
Semantic.edu, an introduction
Semantic.edu, an introduction
Semantic.edu, an introduction
Semantic.edu, an introduction
Semantic.edu, an introduction
Semantic.edu, an introduction
Semantic.edu, an introduction
Semantic.edu, an introduction
Semantic.edu, an introduction
Semantic.edu, an introduction
Semantic.edu, an introduction
Semantic.edu, an introduction
Semantic.edu, an introduction
Semantic.edu, an introduction
Semantic.edu, an introduction
Semantic.edu, an introduction
Semantic.edu, an introduction
Semantic.edu, an introduction
Semantic.edu, an introduction
Semantic.edu, an introduction
Semantic.edu, an introduction
Semantic.edu, an introduction
Semantic.edu, an introduction
Semantic.edu, an introduction
Semantic.edu, an introduction
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Semantic.edu, an introduction

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  • 1. The Semantic Web <ul><li>The state of play for liberal arts campuses </li></ul><ul><li>December 2009 </li></ul><ul><li>NITLE Research </li></ul>( http://weblogs.elearning.ubc.ca/googlescholar/archives/046534.html )
  • 2. Today’s hour <ul><li>Agenda </li></ul><ul><li>sketch of semantic field </li></ul><ul><li>spectrum of uses (campus + world) </li></ul><ul><li>discussion of uses </li></ul><ul><li>What you can take away </li></ul><ul><li>general awareness of emerging tech </li></ul><ul><li>pointer to interesting projects </li></ul><ul><li>ideas for projects you can do </li></ul><ul><li>network with each other </li></ul>
  • 3. What is the Semantic Web? <ul><li>A set of technologies </li></ul><ul><li>full stack includes: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>RDF </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>OWL </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>SPARQL </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>RDFa </li></ul></ul><ul><li>… and also NLP </li></ul>http://obitko.com/tutorials/ontologies-semantic-web/semantic-web-architecture.html
  • 4. What is the Semantic Web? <ul><li>Policies, practices, strategies </li></ul><ul><li>interoperability (“The Semantic Web is a web of data”, W3C) </li></ul><ul><li>openness </li></ul><ul><li>linked data </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;data integration is the name of the game&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>Sir Tim Berners-Lee, 2008, </li></ul><ul><li>http://blogs.zdnet.com/semantic-web/?p=105 </li></ul>
  • 5. What is the Semantic Web? <ul><li>businesses growing </li></ul><ul><li>Sites </li></ul><ul><li>Tools </li></ul><ul><li>Consulting </li></ul>
  • 6. What is the Semantic Web? <ul><li>A set of technologies? </li></ul><ul><li>Web content with: </li></ul><ul><li>Identifiers </li></ul><ul><li>Exposed metadata (triples) </li></ul><ul><li>Links </li></ul><ul><li>“ By May 2009 this had grown to 4.2 billion RDF triples, interlinked by around 142 million RDF links.” </li></ul>http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Linked_Data
  • 7. What is the Semantic Web? W3C, Alice in Semantic Wonderland http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml-rdfa-primer/alice-example.html <ul><li>RDFa example </li></ul><ul><li>Properties assigned </li></ul>
  • 8. How can this be used? <ul><li>External resources, under the hood </li></ul><ul><li>Semantic tools and services </li></ul><ul><li>Plug-ins and add-ons </li></ul><ul><li>Campus projects </li></ul><ul><li>Pedagogies and research </li></ul>
  • 9. External resources, under the hood http://www.w3.org/2009/Talks/0830-Nanjing-IH/ http://www.readwriteweb.com/archives/google_semantic_data.php
  • 10. External resources, under the hood <ul><li>More: </li></ul><ul><li>Tripit, http://www.tripit.com/ </li></ul><ul><li>Dapper MashupAds, http://www.dapper.net/ </li></ul><ul><li>Snapshots, http://snap.com </li></ul><ul><li>BooRah, http://boorah.com </li></ul>
  • 11. Semantic tools and services <ul><li>&quot;Semantic Knowledge Databases“, like Twine </li></ul><ul><li>Example: Faviki: semantic social bookmarking </li></ul>http://www.readwriteweb.com/archives/semantic_web_what_is_the_killer_app.php
  • 12. Semantic tools and services <ul><li>Presentation and visualization </li></ul>( http://www.sioc.me/ ) ( http://www.sioc.me/ )
  • 13. Plug-ins and add-ons <ul><li>Derive categories, drive suggestions </li></ul>Tagaroo for WordPress, http://tagaroo.opencalais.com/
  • 14. Plug-ins and add-ons <ul><li>Others: </li></ul><ul><li>Zemanta, http://www.zemanta.com/ </li></ul><ul><li>Semantic Mediawiki, http://www.semanticmediawiki.org/wiki/Semantic_MediaWiki </li></ul>
  • 15. Semantic tool in play: ClearForest Gnosis, FF plugin
  • 16. <ul><li>Public museum projects (Powerhouse, Australia) http://tinyurl.com/yq66ss </li></ul>
  • 17. Campus projects <ul><li>Enterprise or medium-scale architecture strategies </li></ul><ul><li>repository (example: http://dspace.nitle.org/ ) </li></ul><ul><li>general campus-housed documentation </li></ul><ul><li>revise metadata strategy and/or run local app </li></ul><ul><li>Rely on growing number of helper apps (i.e., Triplify, GRDDL, etc.) </li></ul>
  • 18. Campus projects <ul><li>Why do such a thing? </li></ul><ul><li>Campus research and connections </li></ul><ul><li>Outreach </li></ul><ul><li>Open content - connect with some academic projects, like OAI </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;make your information more programmable&quot; (Reuters, Tim O’Reilly interview, February 2008, http://radar.oreilly.com/archives/2008/02/reuters-ceo-sees-semantic-web.html ) </li></ul>
  • 19. Campus projects <ul><li>Example: Vitro (Cornell, http://vivo.cornell.edu ) </li></ul><ul><li>-across departments, admin. units </li></ul>
  • 20. Campus projects <ul><li>Ontology editor available: http://vitro.mannlib.cornell.edu/ </li></ul><ul><li>Needed: Java, Apache Tomcat and Ant, MySQL, Subversion </li></ul><ul><li>Howto: create an ontology, then populate </li></ul><ul><li>https://confluence.cornell.edu/display/VITROUSERS/Home </li></ul>
  • 21. Campus projects <ul><li>NIH funds Vitro-powered multi-campus science collaboration </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.ncrr.nih.gov/the_american_recovery_and_reinvestment_act/20091102.asp </li></ul>
  • 22. Pedagogies and research <ul><li>How: use preceding tools </li></ul><ul><li>Why? </li></ul><ul><li>information literacy: better, smarter search </li></ul><ul><li>information aggregation, or &quot;knowledge construction&quot; (Jason Ohler) </li></ul><ul><li>collaborative work, finding and facilitation </li></ul><ul><li>computer science class projects </li></ul>
  • 23. Pedagogies and research <ul><li>CS: create semantic tools </li></ul><ul><li>Example: Welkin, from MIT’s SIMILE </li></ul><ul><li>http://simile.mit.edu/welkin/ </li></ul>
  • 24. Limitations <ul><li>too geeky, not visible </li></ul><ul><li>perceived expense </li></ul><ul><li>no killer app </li></ul><ul><li>complexity and scale of overall semantic enterprise </li></ul><ul><li>ecological growth means natural selection </li></ul>
  • 25. What to do with it? <ul><li>Your turn. </li></ul>
  • 26. What next? <ul><li>What do you see? </li></ul><ul><li>More tools </li></ul><ul><li>More RDF-readable data exposed </li></ul><ul><li>New functions </li></ul><ul><li>RDFa->HTML5? </li></ul><ul><li>Applying SKOS (Simple Knowledge Organization System) to references </li></ul>
  • 27. <ul><li>Some resources </li></ul><ul><li>ENSEMBLE </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.ensemble.ac.uk/ </li></ul><ul><li>Horizon Report </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.nmc.org/horizon </li></ul><ul><li>W3C Semantic Web resource </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.w3.org/2001/sw/ </li></ul>
  • 28. <ul><li>Some resources </li></ul><ul><li>Peter Mika, “Semantic Search Arrives at the Web” (2008) </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.devx.com/semantic/Article/38595/0/page/1 </li></ul><ul><li>Jason Ohler, The Semantic Web in Education </li></ul><ul><li>EDUCAUSE Quarterly, Vol. 31, No. 4, 2008 </li></ul><ul><li>http://connect.educause.edu/Library/EDUCAUSE+Quarterly/TheSemanticWebinEducation/47675 </li></ul>
  • 29. <ul><li>SemTech list of applications </li></ul><ul><li>http://semtech-survey.ecs.soton.ac.uk/technology </li></ul><ul><li>Liberal Education Today blog </li></ul><ul><li>http ://blog.nitle.org/let </li></ul><ul><li>http://blogs.nitle.org/let/?s=semantic </li></ul><ul><li>NITLE </li></ul><ul><li>http://nitle.org </li></ul>

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