Open content introduction


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A quick sketch of the open content world in 2010, focusing on the small liberal arts colleges' perspective.

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Open content introduction

  1. 1. Open content and open access:the liberal arts situation, 2010<br />NITLE MIV session<br />February 2010<br />
  2. 2. Plan for today’s session<br />Intro<br />Current examples in the wild<br />Academic use: issues<br />Academic types: examples<br />
  3. 3. I: introduction<br />NITLE research<br />New Media Consortium collaboration<br /><br />;<br />
  4. 4. definition<br />What is open?<br />“&quot;open&quot; refers to granting of copyright permissions above and beyond those offered by standard copyright law. &quot;Open content,&quot; then, is content that is licensed in a manner that provides users with the right to make more kinds of uses than those normally permitted under the law - at no cost to the user.” <br /><br />
  5. 5. Wikipedia:<br />“any kind of creative work, or content, published under a license that explicitly allows copying and modifying of its information by anyone, not exclusively by a closed organization, firm or individual.”<br />(as of today)<br />definition<br />
  6. 6. One example<br /><br />
  7. 7. definition<br />What isn&apos;t open?<br />Barriers of cost<br />Format?<br />What level of technology is a barrier?<br />Example: is Facebook open?<br />
  8. 8. One question for 2010<br />Is much of social media open content, for higher education?<br />Reasons for yes: <br />Widely consumed by our community<br />Some produced, ditto<br />Hard to tell boundary<br />Reasons for no:<br />institutional housing<br />legal differences<br />Scale<br />Overlap with professional activities<br />
  9. 9. Most of the content our students experience is open content. This is increasingly true of campus staff.<br />Most of the content we all produce is not.<br />One provocative hypothesis for 2010<br />
  10. 10. II. Current examples in the wild<br />By media: text<br />ebooks (Gutenberg (1971!))<br />Internet Archive, 1,873,889 texts<br />Hypertext<br />Web “1.0” content<br />Internet Archive’s Wayback Machine<br />Wikipedia<br />blogosphere<br />
  11. 11. Images<br />Flickr: 4 billion, as of October 2009 ( <br />Creative Commons licensed?<br />Attribution License: 17,695,366 photos<br />Attribution-NoDerivs: 6,022,562 photos<br />Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs: 41,169,071<br />
  12. 12. Audio<br />Podcasts (iTunesU)<br />FreeSound (PompeuFabra University, Barelona;<br />Much depends on open standards, especially mp3<br />Children of Men (2006) credits<br /><br />
  13. 13. Web video<br />YouTube; others (streaming)<br />Internet Archive: 249,436 items (downloads)<br />
  14. 14. social media and social networks<br />Blogosphere<br />Twitter<br />Facebook public<br />LinkedIn and others<br />
  15. 15. III. Academic issues<br />The appeal<br />Lower costs (consumption)<br />Intellectual commonweal<br />World citizen (production)<br />Pedagogies<br />The problems<br />Cost/benefit (production)<br />Legal concerns (IP, HIPA)<br />Content concerns (consumption)<br />NB: onsumptionvs production<br />
  16. 16. academic examples<br />Campus strategic publication<br />MIT OpenCourseWare,<br />Tufts OCW,<br />Yale Open Sources<br /> Open University<br />
  17. 17. academic examples<br />Campus strategic publication: beyond the campus<br /> <br />20 in the US; 148 international<br />search<br />
  18. 18. example:<br />
  19. 19.
  20. 20.
  21. 21. academic examples<br />Liberal arts colleges?<br />- “Trinity University’s faculty members today endorsed a measure to allow them to bypass some publication restrictions while sharing their scholarly research with the broader academic community...”<br /><br />
  22. 22. “The new Open Access policy also would enable Trinity professors to post the author’s version of the article in a freely-accessible digital repository. Such a repository already exists as part of the Liberal Arts Scholarly Repository, a collaboration among Trinity and other private liberal arts colleges, including Carleton College, Bucknell University, Grinnell College, University of Richmond, St. Lawrence University, and Whitman College.”<br />
  23. 23. academic examples<br />Oberlin:<br />“Each member of the General Faculty and the Administrative and Professional Staff grants to Oberlin College permission to make his or her scholarly journal articles openly accessible in the College’s institutional repository...”<br />
  24. 24. “To assist the College in cataloguing and distributing the published scholarship of its faculty, each General Faculty and A&PS member will, upon publication of the article, provide an electronic copy of the author’s final peer-reviewed version of the article, along with the appropriate bibliographical data, to the Scholarly Communications Officer. This copy will be provided free of charge and in an appropriate format (such as PDF), as specified by the General Faculty Library Committee in consultation with the General Faculty Council…”<br />
  25. 25. academic examples<br />open source in academe: related <br />-LAMP<br />-LMS<br />-browser (FF)<br />-mobile (Android)<br />-gaming: Inform<br />
  26. 26. Big picture, moving forward<br />Growing number of institutions producing content<br />Growing amount of content in the world<br />Increasing foundation and government support<br />
  27. 27. Big picture, moving forward<br />Mobile devices: boom but split<br />And struggles in the world:<br />
  28. 28. More from you!<br />Examples? Problems? Opportunities?<br />