Knight2

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Knight2

  1. 1. Web 2.0 in fall 2008 A sketch for the Knight Foundation
  2. 2. <ul><li>Plan of talk </li></ul><ul><li>Antecedent </li></ul><ul><li>Exploring the term </li></ul><ul><li>New forms </li></ul><ul><li>A glimpse of scale </li></ul>http://orwelldiaries.wordpress.com/
  3. 3. I. Antecedents <ul><li>One response to too much information: the humble marginal annotation </li></ul><ul><li>Glossators (Franciscus Accursius, Denis Godefroi) </li></ul><ul><li>Then the Geneva Bible </li></ul>
  4. 4. Antecedents <ul><li>Managing texts, readers </li></ul>(Early English Books Online)
  5. 5. Antecedents <ul><li>Another response to overload </li></ul><ul><li>Cyclopedia (Ephraim Chambers, 1728) </li></ul><ul><li>Encyclopedie (1751-1772) </li></ul>
  6. 6. Antecedents <ul><li>Another response to overload </li></ul><ul><li>Cyclopedia (Ephraim Chambers, 1728) </li></ul><ul><li>Encyclopedie (1751-1772) </li></ul><ul><li>(Another precursor, lacking the technology: Isidore of Seville, Etymologiae , 636) </li></ul>
  7. 7. II. What is Web 2.0? <ul><li>Past the hype: </li></ul><ul><li>A design architecture </li></ul><ul><li>An information ideology </li></ul><ul><li>A style </li></ul><ul><li>Just one imbricated layer </li></ul>
  8. 8. What is Web 2.0? <ul><li>(Web 2.0 Bullshit Generator, http://emptybottle.org/bullshit/ ) </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>The term’s history: Tim O’Reilly, 2005 </li></ul><ul><li>Expands “social software” </li></ul><ul><li>Draws on Web history </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>Microcontent, rather than sites or large documents </li></ul>(NITLE blog Liberal Education Today, http://b2e.nitle.org )
  11. 11. I. Web 2.0 <ul><li>Multiply authored microcontent </li></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>Open content and/or services and/or standards… </li></ul>(Pepysblog, 2003-)
  13. 13. <ul><li>… leading to networked conversations </li></ul>(Pepysblog, 2003-)
  14. 14. <ul><li>O’Reilly: Web 2.0 is a platform for development </li></ul><ul><li>Open APIs </li></ul><ul><li>Access to data </li></ul><ul><li>“ Mashup” </li></ul>(Ushahidi project, http://www.ushahidi.com/ ) <ul><li>Programming staff </li></ul><ul><li>Perceived recognition </li></ul>
  15. 15. <ul><li>Web 2.0 components, movements </li></ul><ul><li>Collaborative writing platforms: the wiki way </li></ul>
  16. 16. -Viégas, Wattenberg, Dave (Historyflow, IBM, 2004) Wikis are (often) textually productive
  17. 17. <ul><li>Web 2.0 components, movements </li></ul><ul><li>collaborative writing platforms: the blogosphere </li></ul>(Radio Open Source blog/podcast)
  18. 18. <ul><li>State of the blogosphere, more </li></ul><ul><li>Diversity: diaries, public intellectuals, carnivals, knitters, moblogs, warblogs home and abroad… </li></ul><ul><li>12 people million using three platforms, including LiveJournal: majority women (Anil Dash, MeshForum 2006) </li></ul>NIH guidelines, http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/bv.fcgi?rid=citmed.section.61024
  19. 19. <ul><li>Podcasting, since 2004 Neologisms: </li></ul><ul><li>godcasting </li></ul><ul><li>nanocasting </li></ul><ul><li>podfading </li></ul><ul><li>podsafe </li></ul><ul><li>podspamming </li></ul><ul><li>podvertising </li></ul><ul><li>porncasting </li></ul>(Missing Link podcast, Southwestern University)
  20. 20. <ul><li>Web 2.0 influences rich media: video </li></ul>(Gootube? Suetube?)
  21. 21. <ul><li>Videoblogging </li></ul><ul><li>(vlog? vog?) </li></ul>(Ask a Ninja; Rocketboom; Howard Rheingold)
  22. 22. <ul><li>Social object: the person </li></ul><ul><li>FaceBook </li></ul><ul><li>MySpace </li></ul><ul><li>LinkedIn </li></ul><ul><li>ZoomInfo </li></ul><ul><li>CyWorld… </li></ul>“ Less than four years after its launch, 15 million people, or almost a third of the country's population, are members.” ( BusinessWeek , September 2005)
  23. 23. <ul><li>Extrapolating principles: Ton Zylstra on the social object: </li></ul>“ In general you could say that both Flickr and del.icio.us work in a triangle: person, picture/ bookmark, and tag(s). Or more abstract a person, an object of sociality , and some descriptor...” (Zylstra in Second Life, 2007)
  24. 24. <ul><li>“… In every triangle there always needs to be a person and an object of sociality . The third point of the triangle is free to define[,] as it were.” </li></ul><ul><li>- http://www.zylstra.org , 2006 </li></ul><ul><li>(emphases added) </li></ul>
  25. 25. <ul><li>(“Online Communities”, XKCD, April 2007 )… </li></ul>For academia, this can seem a bit overwhelming
  26. 26. <ul><li>(“Online Communities”, XKCD, April 2007 ) </li></ul><ul><li>Already out of date </li></ul>For academia, this can seem a bit overwhelming
  27. 27. <ul><li>III. New forms </li></ul><ul><li>Social organization of information? </li></ul><ul><li>folksonomy </li></ul><ul><li>Search </li></ul><ul><li>Retrieval </li></ul><ul><li>Self-awareness </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://del.icio.us/ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>for DoctorNemo </li></ul></ul>
  28. 28. <ul><li>Community surfacing </li></ul><ul><li>Ontology </li></ul><ul><li>Concepts </li></ul><ul><li>Collaborative research </li></ul>
  29. 29. Keeping up <ul><li>NITLE workshop tag cloud, 2008 </li></ul>
  30. 30. <ul><li>Web 2.0 storytelling </li></ul><ul><li>Tell a story in 5 frames group </li></ul>“ Gender Miscommunication”, Nightingai1e, 2006
  31. 34. “ Gender Miscommunication” (Nightingai1e, 2006)
  32. 35. Social photo stories <ul><li>Or remix social media into narratives </li></ul><ul><li>Example: &quot;Farm to Food&quot;, Eli the Bearded (2008) </li></ul><ul><li>Library of Congress collections </li></ul>
  33. 36. Social photo stories
  34. 37. Social photo stories
  35. 38. Social photo stories <ul><li>Flickr, Tell A Story in Five Frames group ( http://www.flickr.com/groups/visualstory/ ) </li></ul>Example: &quot;Food to Farm&quot;, Eli the Bearded (2008)
  36. 39. Social photo stories Example: &quot;Food to Farm&quot;, Eli the Bearded (2008)
  37. 40. Social photo stories <ul><li>Pedagogies: </li></ul><ul><li>Remix </li></ul><ul><li>Archive work </li></ul><ul><li>Social presentation </li></ul><ul><li>Visual literacy </li></ul>( http://www.flickr.com/groups/visualstory/discuss/72157603786255599/ ; http://www.flickr.com/photos/library_of_congress/ )
  38. 41. <ul><li>Social workshopping </li></ul>In the Tell a story in 5 frames group, 'Alone With The Sand' , moliere1331 (2005)
  39. 42. IV. A question of scale <ul><li>How large is Web 2.0 in 2008? </li></ul>World Information Access 2008 Report http://www.wiareport.org/index.php/56/blogger-arrests
  40. 43. <ul><li>“ Technorati is now tracking over 70 million weblogs, and we're seeing about 120,000 new weblogs being created worldwide each day. That's about 1.4 blogs created every second of every day.” </li></ul>(David Sifry, April 2007 )
  41. 44. (Flickr blog, March 2008)
  42. 45. <ul><li>Will YouTube kill the podcasting star? </li></ul>(eMarketer, February 2008; Via Podcasting News)
  43. 46. (Le Monde, January 14 2008)
  44. 47. (March 2008 http://wikimediafoundation.org/wiki/Press_releases/10M_articles )
  45. 48. <ul><li>A new economic system? </li></ul><ul><li>Yale University Press, 2006 </li></ul>
  46. 49. National Institute for Technology and Liberal Education (NITLE) http://nitle.org Liberal Education Today blog http://b2e.nitle.org

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