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I School 2008 talk notes
I School 2008 talk notes
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I School 2008 talk notes

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The slide stack I work from during my February 2008 iSchool session.

The slide stack I work from during my February 2008 iSchool session.

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  • 1. Web 2.0, a new wave of teaching, and learning February 2008 UC Berkeley School of Information
  • 2. Plan of the talk
    • Pieces of Web 2.0
    • Pedagogies and publics
    • Storytelling
    • Policies, fears, and the great divide
    (Vermont trees and sky, winter 2008)
  • 3. Thematics
    • Emergence in
    • time and space
    • Pedagogy
    • Open determinism
    (“Sorpdragon,” Voicethread 2007)
  • 4. One problem
    • How does academia apprehend emerging technologies?
    • Panic/siege mode
    • Vendors
    • Futurism methods
    • Networks
  • 5. One odd metaphor
    • Web 2.0 and education is like gaming and education: awareness is challenging
    • Huge, financially and quantitatively successful worlds
    • Global and rapidly developing scope
    • Bad anxieties, policies, and media coverage
    • Perceived lack of seriousness
  • 6. Five responses
    • Web 2.0 and education is like gaming and education: intersections are happening
    • Take advantage of preexisting projects and services
    • Mod/warp/hack
    • DIY
    • Literacy: new media
    • Influence
    (World of Warcraft)
  • 7.
    • Too much information?
    • Early modern era
    • Gutenberg + religious struggle
    • Glossators (Franciscus Accursius, Denis Godefroi)
    • Then the Geneva Bible
    Another response: consider antecedents
  • 8.
    • Another response to overload
    • Cyclopedia (Ephraim Chambers, 1728)
    • Encyclopedie (1751-1772)
  • 9.
    • (Another precursor, lacking the technology: Isidore of Seville, Etymologiae , 636)
    • Another response to overload
    • Cyclopedia (Ephraim Chambers, 1728)
    • Encyclopedie (1751-1772)
  • 10. I. Web 2.0
    • ( http://emptybottle.org/bullshit/ )
  • 11.
    • The term’s history: Tim O’Reilly, 2005
    • Expands “social software”
    • Draws on Web history
  • 12. I. Web 2.0
    • Microcontent, rather than sites or large documents
    (NITLE blog Liberal Education Today, http://b2e.nitle.org )
  • 13. I. Web 2.0
    • Multiply authored microcontent
  • 14.
    • Open content and/or services and/or standards…
    (Pepysblog, 2003-)
  • 15.
    • … leading to networked conversations
    (Pepysblog, 2003-)
  • 16.
    • O’Reilly: Web 2.0 is a platform for development
    • Open APIs
    • Access to data
    • Virtue of the lazyweb
    ( http://www.hurricanearchive.org/ , Center for History and New Media,George Mason University)
    • Programming staff
    • Perceived recognition
  • 17.
    • Perpetual beta (O’Reilly, now history)
  • 18.
    • Web 2.0 components, movements
    • Collaborative writing platforms: the wiki way
  • 19.
    • Web 2.0 components, movements
    • Consider the most notorious/famous
  • 20. -Viégas, Wattenberg, Dave (Historyflow, IBM, 2004) Wikis are (often) textually productive
  • 21.
    • Web 2.0 components, movements
    • collaborative writing platforms: the blogosphere
  • 22.
    • Addressable content chunks…
  • 23.
    • … leading to distributed and/or attached conversations
    (Radio Open Source blog/podcast)
  • 24.
    • “ Technorati is now tracking over 70 million weblogs, and we're seeing about 120,000 new weblogs being created worldwide each day. That's about 1.4 blogs created every second of every day.”
    (David Sifry, April 2007 )
  • 25.
    • State of the blogosphere, more
    • Diversity: diaries, public intellectuals, carnivals, knitters, moblogs, warblogs home and abroad…
    • 12 people million using three platforms, including LiveJournal: majority women (Anil Dash, MeshForum 2006)
    NIH guidelines, http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/bv.fcgi?rid=citmed.section.61024
  • 26.
    • Web 2.0 components, movements: social photos
  • 27.
    • Reach of Flickr
    • 26 million searchable, shareable images in Flickr (December 2006)
    • Global, not national
    • Metadata is good enough
    • Gaming inspiration
    (Ben Harris-Roxas, 2006)
  • 28.
    • Social news :
    • Memeorandum, Tailrank, Digg, TechMeme
    • Google News
  • 29. Web 2.0 and rich media
    • Web 2.0 influences rich media,
    • or social media
    • Podcasting
  • 30. Web 2.0 and rich media
    • Web 2.0 influences rich media,
    • or social media
    • Podcasting
    (Orson Wells, hero to podcasters everywhere)
  • 31.
    • How old is the term?
  • 32.
    • How old is the term?
    • “… all the ingredients are there for a new boom in amateur radio.
      • But what to call it? Audioblogging? Podcasting ? GuerillaMedia?”
    • (Ben Hammersley, The Guardian
    • February 12, 2004)
  • 33.
    • How old is the term? “… all the ingredients are there for a new boom in amateur radio.
      • But what to call it? Audioblogging? Podcasting ? GuerillaMedia?”
    • (Ben Hammersley, The Guardian
    • February 12, 2004)
  • 34.
    • What’s happened since “podcasting” in 2004? Neologisms:
    • godcasting
    • nanocasting
    • podfading
    • podsafe
    • podspamming
    • podvertising
    • porncasting
  • 35.
    • Web 2.0 influences rich media: video
    (Gootube? Suetube?)
  • 36.
    • Web 2.0 influences rich media: video
    (Gootube? Suetube?)
  • 37.
    • Videoblogging
    • (vlog?
    • vog?)
    (Ask a Ninja; Rocketboom; Howard Rheingold)
  • 38.
    • Social object: the person
    • FaceBook
    • MySpace
    • LinkedIn
    • ZoomInfo
    • CyWorld…
    “ Less than four years after its launch, 15 million people, or almost a third of the country's population, are members.” ( BusinessWeek , September 2005)
  • 39. (Le Monde, 2008)
  • 40.
    • Social organization of information, new forms: folksonomy
    • Search
    • Retrieval
    • Self-awareness
      • http://del.icio.us/
      • for DoctorNemo
  • 41.
    • Community surfacing
    • Ontology
    • Concepts
    • Collaborative research
  • 42.
    • Tagging museums:
    • the Steve project
    • Users tag differently than professionals
    • Curators get it
    (Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2004)
  • 43.
    • Folksonomic libraries: PennTags
    • Coded locally
    • Collection awareness
    • Also tags the open web
    ( http://tags.library.upenn.edu/ )
  • 44.
    • Extrapolating principles: Ton Zylstra on the social object:
    “ In general you could say that both Flickr and del.icio.us work in a triangle: person, picture/ bookmark, and tag(s). Or more abstract a person, an object of sociality , and some descriptor...” (Zylstra in Second Life, 2007)
  • 45.
    • “… In every triangle there always needs to be a person and an object of sociality . The third point of the triangle is free to define[,] as it were.”
    • - http://www.zylstra.org , 2006
    • (emphases added)
  • 46.
    • (“Online Communities”, XKCD, April 2007 )…
    For academia, this can seem a bit overwhelming
  • 47.
    • (“Online Communities”, XKCD, April 2007 )
    • Already out of date
    For academia, this can seem a bit overwhelming
  • 48. Pedagogies and publications
    • Teaching with Web 2.0: it’s not all new
    • - Web 1.0, internet pedagogies
    • Hypertext
    • Web audience
    • Discussion fora
    • Collaborative document authoring
    • Groupware
  • 49.
    • Teaching with Web 2.0: it’s not all new
    • Earlier pedagogies
    • Journaling
    • Media literacy
  • 50.
    • Teaching with Web 2.0: principles
    http://smarthistory.blogspot.com/ Distributed conversation Collaborative writing Object-oriented discussion Connectivism (G. Siemens, 2004)
  • 51.
    • Wiki pedagogies
    • Collective research
    • Group writing
    • Document editing
    • Information literacy
    • Discussion
    • Knowledge accretion
    (Romantic Audiences project Bowdoin College, 2005-present
    • Discussion
    • Knowledge accretion
  • 52.
    • Social object pedagogies
    • Prompts
    • Discussion object
    • Composition materials
  • 53.
    • More social object pedagogies
    • Annotate details
    • Remix (“Make it mine”)
    Edugadget http://www.edugadget.com/2005/05/07/flickr-creative-commons
  • 54.
    • Teaching with Web 2.0: “ net.gen ”:
    • “ Fully half of all teens and 57 percent of teens who use the Internet could be considered Content Creators, according to a survey by the Pew Internet & American Life Project.”
    http://www.pewtrusts.com/pdf/PIP_Teens_1105.pdf
  • 55.
    • “ [S]tudents… write words on paper, yes— but… also compose words and images and create audio files on Web logs (blogs), in word processors, with video editors and Web editors and in e-mail and on presentation software and in instant messaging and on listservs and on bulletin boards—and no doubt in whatever genre will emerge in the next ten minutes.
    • Note that no one is making anyone do any of this writing .”
    Kathleen Blake Yancey, "Made Not Only in Words: Composition in a New Key." CCC 56.2 (2004):297-328. Emphasis added.
  • 56.
    • RSS pedagogies
    • Pushing student-created content (mother blog, Feed to Javascript)
    (Bloglines)
    • Shaping Web reading
    • Web 2.0 wrangling
  • 57.
    • Academic open archives for social media
    • Freesound archive
    • DIY copyright
    • Social networking values
    • University of Pompeu Fabra (Barcelona)
    ( http://freesound.iua.upf.edu/ )
  • 58.
    • Podcasts and teaching: profcasting
    • Bryn Mawr College: Michelle Francl, chemistry
    • Duke: “Classroom recording”
    • Learning objects: Gardner Campbell, University of Richmond
    • Duke: “Course content dissemination”
    • Information literacy
  • 59.
    • Student program podcasting on campus
    • War News Radio
    • (Swarthmore College)
    • PEPI courses (University of British Columbia, department of Land and Food Resources)
  • 60.
    • Media to enhance other media
    • Podcast + pdfs: Allegheny College, Gothcast
  • 61.
    • Podcasts and research
    • Public intellectual
      • Out of the Past
      • Engines of Our Ingenuity
      • In Our Time
      • University Channel
      • The Missing Link
  • 62.
    • New forms of scholarly communication
    CommentPress implementation, Institute for the Future of the Books McKenzie Wark, Eugene Lang College
  • 63.
    • More bookblogging
  • 64.
    • Still more bookblogging
    Siva Vaidhyanathan, University of Virginia
  • 65.
    • Combining Web 2.0 forms
    • Podcasting
    • Blogging
    • Digital storytelling
    • Web-based photography
    • YouTube
    • Video mashups
    • Middlebury College, Jason Mittell and Barbara Ganley
    • Blend teaching with research
    • BG now involved in rural community media
  • 66.
    • Web 2.0 problems: privacy
    • Contrary to class safe space (Gary Kornblith, Oberlin College)
    • Culture of too much disclosure
    • Problem increasing archivally
    • Copyright?
  • 67.
    • Some responses
    • Can block comments and/or readers
    • Teachable moment: what is privacy in 2007?
    • Complement other practices
    • Create academic networks
  • 68. Support strategies
    • Local hosting
    • Campus identity
    • Stability
    • Integration into other services
    • Preservation
    • Time
    • Offshore hosting
    • Third party identity
    • Stability
    • Integration into their other services
    • Preservation
    • Different time
  • 69. Add ubicomp
    • All of Web 2.0, just more so
    • Ambient
    • Accelerating
    • Annotating
    http:// www.phonebashing.com /
  • 70.
    • (Found on BBC site, June 2005)
    Except for American unilateralism
  • 71.
    • Pedagogies: new forms
    (John Schott, Carleton College, 2006)
  • 72.
    • Pedagogies: new forms
    University of Umea, 2004
  • 73.
    • Challenges
    • Platform profusion
    • Walled gardens
    • Network limitations
    • Student privacy
    • Faculty/staff privacy
    • Copyright poaching
    • (Blackbelt Jones,
    • November 2007;
    • Open Handset Alliance)
  • 74. Virtual worlds as social software
    • Pedagogy: team and community formation
    • “ Emotional bandwidth” (Linden Labs)
    • Social presence
    • Self-expression
    Second Life scene, Bryan Zelmanov
  • 75.
    • Pedagogy: good old virtual reality
    • Visualization
    • Collaborative objects
    Metaverse; Croquet, UBC
  • 76.
    • Challenges
    • Walled gardens
    • Material limitations
    • Cultural anxieties
    • Preservation
    • Privacy
    • Research 101
    (Brazil)
  • 77. III. Web 2.0 Storytelling
    • Lonelygirl15
    • One YouTube
    • Another YouTube
    • Myspace
    • Blogs
    • Discussion frenzy
    • Media attention
    (2006-)
  • 78.
    • Alternate reality games ( ARG s)
    • Permeability of game boundary (space and time)
    • Focus on distributed, collaborative cognition
    • Increased ephemerality
    (Perplex City, 2003-2006; Silver Ladder, 2007-)
  • 79.
    • Political ARGs
    (World Without Oil, May 2007)
  • 80.
    • ARG pedagogy
    • Creation for constructivism
    • Information literacy
    • Object of study
    (Trinity University library, 2007-; University of North Texas, 2007-)
  • 81.
    • Flickr and storytelling
    • Tell a story in 5 frames group
    “ Gender Miscommunication”, Nightingai1e, 2006
  • 82.  
  • 83.  
  • 84.  
  • 85. “ Gender Miscommunication” (Nightingai1e, 2006)
  • 86. Social photo stories
    • Or remix social media into narratives
    • Example: "Food to Farm", Eli the Bearded (2008)
    • Library of Congress collections
  • 87. Social photo stories
  • 88. Social photo stories
  • 89. Social photo stories
    • Flickr, Tell A Story in Five Frames group ( http://www.flickr.com/groups/visualstory/ )
    Example: "Food to Farm", Eli the Bearded (2008)
  • 90. Social photo stories Example: "Food to Farm", Eli the Bearded (2008)
  • 91. Social photo stories
    • Pedagogies:
    • Remix
    • Archive work
    • Social presentation
    • Visual literacy
    ( http://www.flickr.com/groups/visualstory/discuss/72157603786255599/ ; http://www.flickr.com/photos/library_of_congress/ )
  • 92.
    • Social workshopping
    In the Tell a story in 5 frames group, 'Alone With The Sand' , moliere1331 (2005)
  • 93.
    • Folksonomizing stories: ManyEyes Project
  • 94. IV. Policies, fears, and the great divide (Valdis Krebs, 2004)
  • 95. (Blackboard)
    • Huge market share
    • Copyright
    • Privacy
    • Familiarity
    • Classroom
    • Other online environments
  • 96. C.S. Mott Children's Hospital National Poll on Children’s Health, May 2007
  • 97. CMSes approach Web 2.0 Scholar.com, from Blackboard Beyond
  • 98. Keeping up
    • NITLE workshop tag cloud, 2008
  • 99. National Institute for Technology and Liberal Education (NITLE) http://nitle.org Liberal Education Today blog http://b2e.nitle.org

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