Tourism & Hospitality Geography The Geography of Resources for Tourism
Objectives <ul><li>Appreciate the nature of resources for tourism. </li></ul><ul><li>Distinguish the methods used to class...
Resources for Tourism <ul><li>3 characteristics of tourism resources; </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Tourist resources is normally ...
Planning for Tourism Resources <ul><li>Tourism brought economic benefits of employment, income and development. </li></ul>...
Continued.. <ul><li>Tourism planning; </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Is based on sound research </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Involves...
Carrying Capacity <ul><li>It refers to the ability of a destination to take tourism use without deteriorating in some way....
Continued.. <ul><li>Different  types of carrying capacity: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>From the point of view of the  resource <...
Tourism Resources at the World Scale <ul><li>Physical features </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mountains </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>...
Tourist Resources at the National Scale <ul><li>Classification of resources for tourism </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Natural </li...
Continued.. <ul><li>Evaluation of resources for tourism </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Measurement of the suitability of the resour...
Tourist Resources at the Local Scale <ul><li>Private sector (banks) </li></ul><ul><li>Public sector </li></ul><ul><ul><li>...
The Tourist Area Life Cycle The authorities attempt to “re-launch” the destination by providing new facilities, attracting...
Conclusion <ul><li>Developed tourist resources are cultural appraisals, considered by society to be of economic value. </l...
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3 Tourism Resources

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  1. 1. Tourism & Hospitality Geography The Geography of Resources for Tourism
  2. 2. Objectives <ul><li>Appreciate the nature of resources for tourism. </li></ul><ul><li>Distinguish the methods used to classify and evaluate resources for tourism. </li></ul><ul><li>Outline the main factors favoring the development of tourist resources. </li></ul><ul><li>Understand the way that destinations evolve. </li></ul><ul><li>Appreciate the need for tourism planning and sustainable development. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Resources for Tourism <ul><li>3 characteristics of tourism resources; </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Tourist resources is normally taken to refer to tangible objects. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tourist resources are not used solely by tourists. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tourist resources are perishable. </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Planning for Tourism Resources <ul><li>Tourism brought economic benefits of employment, income and development. </li></ul><ul><li>Economic imperative overlooked the environmental social and cultural consequences. </li></ul><ul><li>Tourism planning evolved from an inflexible, physical planning approach to a flexible process which seeks to maximize the benefits and minimize the costs of tourism. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Continued.. <ul><li>Tourism planning; </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Is based on sound research </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Involves local community in setting goals and priorities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Is implemented by the public sector in partnership with the private sector </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Key concept to tourism planning is; </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Carrying Capacity. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Planner determine the level of use that can be sustained by a tourist resource and manage to that level. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Carrying Capacity <ul><li>It refers to the ability of a destination to take tourism use without deteriorating in some way. </li></ul><ul><li>Mathieson and Wall (1982); </li></ul><ul><li>“ The maximum number of people who can use a site without unacceptable alteration in the physical environment and without an unacceptable decline in the quality of experience gained by visitors.” </li></ul>
  7. 7. Continued.. <ul><li>Different types of carrying capacity: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>From the point of view of the resource </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Physical carrying capacity </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Refers to number of facilities </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Environmental or biological carrying capacity </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Limits of use in the ecosystem </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>From the point of view of the visitor </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Psychological or behavioral carrying capacity </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The point at which the visitor feels that additional tourist would spoil their experience </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>From the point of view of the host community </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Social carrying capacity </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The ability of the host community to tolerate tourism </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Tourism Resources at the World Scale <ul><li>Physical features </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mountains </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>More gently slopping hill lands </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Elevated plateaus </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(land above surface) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lowland plains </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Cultural features </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cultural differences across the world in terms of language, art, festivals, folklore, handicrafts, food, music and the way of life of different peoples </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Tourist Resources at the National Scale <ul><li>Classification of resources for tourism </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Natural </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Human-made </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Human-made and purpose-built </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Special events </li></ul></ul><ul><li>A broader view of the tourism resource base </li></ul><ul><ul><li>User-oriented areas of highly intensive development close to population centers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Resource-based areas where the type of resource determines the use of the area </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>An intermediate category, where access is the determining factor </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Continued.. <ul><li>Evaluation of resources for tourism </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Measurement of the suitability of the resource base to support different forms of tourism. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Problem- to include the varied requirements of different users. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The tourism product </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Attractions, accessibility, amenities and ancillary services, combined to provide tourism product. </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Tourist Resources at the Local Scale <ul><li>Private sector (banks) </li></ul><ul><li>Public sector </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Central government </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>State-funded organization </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Voluntary sector </li></ul><ul><li>-non profit making organizations (initiative) </li></ul><ul><li>Local community </li></ul>
  12. 12. The Tourist Area Life Cycle The authorities attempt to “re-launch” the destination by providing new facilities, attracting new markets and re-investing. Rejuvenation Visitors visit new places. Destination depends on a smaller geographical catchments and repeat visit. Decline Peak visitor number. The destination is unfashionable with environmental, social and economic problems. Promotional efforts needed. Stagnation Destination is fully-fledged part of the tourist industry. The rate of increase of visitors is reducing. Recreational business emerged. Consolidation Large # of visitors. Control passed to national & international companies. Change in image and overuse may begin. Development Local initiatives provide facilities and advertising ensues. Large # of visitors. Tourist season & public sector involvement. Involvement Small # of adventurous tourists, un-spoilt nature and cultural features Exploration
  13. 13. Conclusion <ul><li>Developed tourist resources are cultural appraisals, considered by society to be of economic value. </li></ul><ul><li>Tourism planning for resources become vital as it could minimize the cost of tourism and to maintain integrity of the resource base. </li></ul>
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