Celia
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Celia Document Transcript

  • 1. Vocabulary: cottage:a small house in the country to ring/rang/rung:to make a bell make a sound, especially to call someone's attention to you or to call someone to help you to greet/ed/ed: to say hello to someone or help them excitable: becoming excited too easily required:needed to apply/ed/: to make a formal request crossroad: to dive/dove/diven:to jump into the water tighten/ed/ed: to fasten something firmly by turning it to tremble/d/d: to shake slightly suspicion:a feeling you have that someone is probably guilty of doing something wrong or dishonest relieved:feeling happy because you are no longer worried about something asylum:protection given to someone by a government governess: a female teacher in the past, who lived with a rich family and taught their children at home guardian:someone who guards or protects something reference: clue satusfactory:acceptable to bear/bore/borne: to stand for something. glance:a quick look youthful:typical of young people, or seeming young charm:a special quality someone or something has that makes people like them, feel attracted to them, or be easily influenced by them - used to show approval. youthful:typical of young people, or seeming young feature:a part of something that you notice because it seems important, interesting, or typical sketch:simple, quickly-made drawing that does not show much detail to enquire/d/d:to ask someone for information: outline:the main ideas or facts about something, without the details: moonlit:lit by the moon unwilling:not wanting to do something and refusing to do it to disturb/ed/ed:to interrupt someone so that they cannot continue what they are doing eventful:full of interesting or important even beyond:on or to the further side of something to rescue/d/d:to save someone or something from a situation of danger or bitterly:in a way that produces or shows feelings of great sadness or anger post:position baronet:a member of the British nobility, lower in rank than a baron, whose title passes to his son when he dies scar:permanent mark that is left on your skin after you have had a cut or wound balance:a state in which all your weight is evenly spread so that you do not fall misery:great suffering that is caused for example by being very poor or very sick to delay/ed/ed: to wait until a later time to do something awkward:strange
  • 2. grave:the place in the ground where a dead body is buried gravestone: tombstone objection:a reason that you have for opposing or disapproving of something, or something you say that expresses this cloak:a warm piece of clothing like a coat without sleeves that hangs loosely from your shoulders hood:a part of a coat, jacket etc that you can pull up to cover your head: anxiety:concern to withdraw/ed/ed:to stop taking part in an activity, belonging to an organization etc, or to make someone do this temper:a tendency to become angry suddenly or easily to avoid/ed/ed: to prevent something bad from happening to earn/ed/ed: to get money loyalty:the quality of remaining faithful to your friends, principles, country etc to resign/ed/ed:to officially announce that you have decided to leave your job or an organization delighted:very pleased and happy to depart/ed/ed: to leave income:the money that you earn from your work or that you receive from investments, the government etc to insist/ed/ed:to say firmly and often that something is true, especially when other people think it may not be true to sigh/ed/ed:to breathe in and out making a long sound, especially because you are bored, disappointed, tired etc debt:a sum of money that a person or organization owes effort:the physical or mental energy that is needed to do something: sensible: reasonable, practical, and showing good judgment dreadful:terrible faintly: to bang/ed/ed:to hit something hard, making a loud noise instantly:immediately sake:n order to help, improve, or please someone or something: expedition:a long and carefully organized journey, especially to a dangerous or unfamiliar place, or the people that make this journey: to explore/d/d: to look at gloomy:depressing to suppose/d/d:to guess to rise/d/d off: to slip out/ped/ped: to say something, without intending loan:an amount of money that you borrow from a bank etc to deceive/d/d: to trick to growl/ed/ed:to make a low angry voice( snarl) to put off/pu/put: to put out due to: expected to happen to postpone/d/d:to put back to dismiss/ed/ed: to refuse to consider someone's idea, opinion etc, because you think it is not serious, true, or important
  • 3. hospitality:friendly behaviour towards visitors to insult/ed/ed:to offend someone by saying or doing something they think is rude brushed:brushed cloth has been made so it is soft to set off/set/set: to put off rustle:the noise made when something rustles silk: a thin smooth soft cloth made from very thin thread which is produced by a silkworm: to deliberate/d/d:to think about something very carefully secrecy:the process of keeping something secret, or when something is kept a secret to climb out/ed/ed:to go out to creep/t/t:to move in a quiet, careful way, especially to avoid attracting attention to undo/undid/undid: to open something that is tied, fastened or wrapped: to gain/ed/ed:to obtain or achieve something you want or need to sink/sank/sunk:to go down below the surface of water, mud etc to ruin/ed/ed: to spoil or destroy something completely: stiff:if someone or a part of their body is stiff, their muscles hurt and it is difficult for them to move to creep/crept/crept: to move in a quiet, careful way, especially to avoid attracting attention strike:a period of time when a group of workers deliberately stop working because of a disagreement about pay, working conditions etc hammer:a tool with a heavy metal part on a long handle, used for hitting nails into wood to storm/ed/ed out:to go somewhere in a noisy fast way that shows you are extremely angry needlework:the activity or art of sewing, or things made by sewing to roll up/ed/ed:to fold the sleeves or legs of something that you are wearing upwards, so that they are shorter loyal:always supporting your friends, principles, country etc to achieve/d/d:to successfully complete something or get a good result, especially by working hard to tame/d/d: to reduce the power or strength of something and prevent it from causing trouble fondness: slight: small in degree persuasive:able to make other people believe something or do what you ask to resist/ed/ed:to stop yourself from having something that you like very much or doing something that you want to do to shiver/ed/ed: to tremble to regret/ed/ed:to feel sorry about something you have done and wish you had not done it to protest/ed/ed:to come together to publicly express disapproval or opposition to something shallow:measuring only a short distance from the top to the bottom to wise/d/d:to realize the truth about a bad situation to dare/d/d::to be brave enough to do something that is risky or that you are afraid to do - used especially in questions or negative sentences postbag: mailbag to punish/ed/ed:to make someone suffer because they have done something wrong or broken the law despair:a feeling that you have no hope at all to seize/d/d:to grab pattern:the regular way in which something happens, develops, or is done steadily: self-confidence: sure that you can do things well, that people like you etc
  • 4. admirable:having many good qualities that you respect and admire flash/ed/ed:to shine suddenly and brightly for a short time, or to make something shine in this way to intend/ed/ed:to have something in your mind as a plan or purpose to pursue/d/d:to continue doing an activity or trying to achieve something over a long period of time willing:prepared to do something, or having no reason to not want to do it lodging:a place to stay suchlike:and things of that kind vestry:a small room in a church where a priest puts on his or her vestments and where holy plates, cups etc are kept clerk:someone who keeps records or accounts in an office bit:a little to curl/ed/ed:to form a twisted or curved shape, or to make something do this revenge:something you do in order to punish someone who has harmed or offended you reputation:the opinion that people have about someone or something because of what has happened in the past amazement: astonishment disgust:a strong feeling of dislike, annoyance, or disapproval to insist/ed/ed:to say firmly and often that something is true, especially when other people think it may not be true to squash/ed/ed:to flatten to bump/ed/ed:to hit or knock against something bail:money left with a court of law to make sure that a prisoner will return when their trial starts cracking:great enquiry:inquiry to estabish/ed/ed:to found, to start a company shameless:not seeming to be ashamed of your bad behaviour although other people think you should be ashamed: verdict:an official decision made in a court of law, especially about whether someone is guilty of a crime or how a death happened plain:obvious to urge/d/d:to strongly suggest that someone does something practically:almost to blame/d/d:to say that somebody is guilty for something recovery: the process of getting better typhus:a serious infectious disease carried by insects that live on the bodies of people and animals: to fetch/ed/ed/:to go and get something or someone and bring them back: to overcome/overcame/overcame:to successfully control a feeling or problem that prevents you from achieving something to resign/ed/ed:to officially announce that you have decided to leave your job or an organization suitable:having the right qualities for a particular person, purpose, or situation jumpy:anxious wicked:evil deception:the act of deliberately making someone believe something that is not true to gasp/ed/ed:to breathe in suddenly in a way that can be heard, especially because you are surprised or in pain
  • 5. dreadful:terrible overtake/ook/en:to go past a moving vehicle or person because you are going faster than them and want to get in front of them: to spoil/ed/ed:to ruin veiled:a veiled threat, warning, attack, reference etc is expressed so that its exact meaning is hidden or unclear sunlit:made brighter by light from the sun to claim/ed/ed:to state that something is true penniless:somebody that has no money to faint/ed/ed:to pass out unreliable:unable to be trusted or depended on plot:a secret plan by a group of people, to do something harmful or illegal mercy:if someone shows mercy, they choose to forgive or to be kind to someone who they have the power to hurt or punish owe: solve/d/d:to find the resolution to determine/d/d:to establish to challenge/d/d:to refuse to accept that something is right, fair, or legal to part/ed/ed:to move the two sides of something apart, or to move apart, making a space in the middle hesitation:when someonehesitates to tempt/ed/ed:to try to persuade someone to do something by making it seem attractive fortnight:twoweeks obliged: something that somebody must do contradict: when somebody disagree with something to nudge/d/d:to push someone gently, usually with your elbow, in order to get their attention inexpressible:an inexpressible feeling is too strong to be described in words to terrify/ied/ied:to make someone extremely afraid to disguise/d/d:to change someone's appearance so that people cannot recognize them thread:a long thin string of cotton, silk etc used to sew or weave cloth: to fold/ed/ed:to bend a piece of paper, cloth etc by laying or pressing one part over another: to collapse/d/d:to suddenly fall down or become unconscious because you are ill or weak; to fail to label/led/led:to attach a label onto something or write information on something publicly:in a way that is intended for anyone to know, see, or hear to struggle/d/d:to try extremely hard to achieve something, even though it is very difficult morgue:mortuary to identify/identified/identified:to recognize magistrate:someone, not usually a lawyer, who works as a judge in a local court of law, dealing with less serious crimes to spare/d/d:to make something such as time, money, or workers available for someone, especially when this is difficult for you to do
  • 6. Bibliography William Wilkie Collins (8 January 1824 – 23 September 1889) was an English novelist, playwright, and author of short stories. He wrote 30 novels, more than 60 short stories, 14 plays, and over 100 pieces of non-fiction work. He was born in LondonFrom and the ages of 12-15 he lived with his parents in Italy, which made a great impression on him. After his father's death in 1847, Collins produced his first published book, Memoirs of the Life of William Collins, Esq., R.A. . An instrumental event in Collins' career occurred in March 1851 when he was introduced to Charles Dickens by a mutual friend, Augustus Egg. They became friends and collaborators. Collins became an editor of Dickens' Household Words, several of Collins' novels were serialized in Dickens' weekly publication " All the Year Round, and Dickens later edited and published them himself. Collins' younger brother Charles Allston Collins married Dickens' younger daughter Kate. Collins suffered from a form of arthritis known as "rheumatic gout" and became severely addicted to the opium that he took to relieve the pain.Because of this, he had a lot ilusions.Collins never married, He is buried in Kensal Green Cemetery, West London. His grave notes him as the author of The Woman in White. Grave Number 31754, Square 141, Row 1.