Bruna LuizaBruna Fontoura  Giovana Perini  Marina Garcia
   Oral-based approach;   Visual exploration;   Teacher gives model;   Many repetitions;
   Role play;   Drill: Repeat main line    ◦ Change main line with new vocabulary    ◦ Create and answer Yes/No question...
   Students need to use language without    stopping to think;   Teachers are responsible for leading    students;   Di...
   Grammar and vocabulary are presented    through dialogs;   The interaction teacher-student is directed;   Each langu...
   Pronunciation is taught since the beginning;   Students errors are avoided and teacher    draw their attention to the...
   The teacher presents a sentence and then    encouraged students to substitute the terms;   Question-answer drill;   ...
   Caleb Gattegno   Shares certain principles with the Cognitive    Aproach:   “Teaching should be subordinated to    l...
   Goals of the teachers:•   self-expression (thought , perceptions,    fellings)•   develop independence•   onw inner cr...
   Role of the Teacher•   Technician or engineer•   “Only the learner can do the learning”•   Respect the student’s auton...
   Role of the Students•   Use of what they know•   Free themselves of any obstacles•   Actively engage – personal respon...
   As Gattegno says:“The teacher works with the students; the    students work on the language.”
   Teaching / Learning Process•   Starts through what the students already    know•   Situations to focus the attention o...
•   Minimal spoken cues•   Students receive a great deal of practice•   Students gain autonomy by exploring the    languag...
   Teacher-Student Interactions•   Teacher is silent – give cues•   Non-verbal gestures, tools he has available•   Studen...
   Techniques and Materials•   Sound-color chart•   Teacher’s Silent•   Peer Correction•   Self-Correction Gestures•   St...
   References   LARZEN-FREEMAN, D. The Audio-Lingual    Method. The Silent Way.In: Techniques and    principles in langu...
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The Audio-lingual Method and The Silent Way

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The Audio-lingual Method and The Silent Way

  1. 1. Bruna LuizaBruna Fontoura Giovana Perini Marina Garcia
  2. 2.  Oral-based approach; Visual exploration; Teacher gives model; Many repetitions;
  3. 3.  Role play; Drill: Repeat main line ◦ Change main line with new vocabulary ◦ Create and answer Yes/No questions based on main line; No grammar rule;
  4. 4.  Students need to use language without stopping to think; Teachers are responsible for leading students; Dialogs are taught through repetition and imitation;
  5. 5.  Grammar and vocabulary are presented through dialogs; The interaction teacher-student is directed; Each language has its unique system; The language skills order are: listening, speaking, reading and writing;
  6. 6.  Pronunciation is taught since the beginning; Students errors are avoided and teacher draw their attention to their difficulties; Students are guided to repeat as accurately and quick as they can; The teacher begins the chain drill and then pass the turn to the students;
  7. 7.  The teacher presents a sentence and then encouraged students to substitute the terms; Question-answer drill; Minimal pairs are presented by the teachers, contrasting to the students native language; Students fills the blanks of the dialogs;
  8. 8.  Caleb Gattegno Shares certain principles with the Cognitive Aproach: “Teaching should be subordinated to learning” Gattegno: learning- initiate by ourselves, mobilizing our inner resources;
  9. 9.  Goals of the teachers:• self-expression (thought , perceptions, fellings)• develop independence• onw inner criteria for correctness
  10. 10.  Role of the Teacher• Technician or engineer• “Only the learner can do the learning”• Respect the student’s autonomy
  11. 11.  Role of the Students• Use of what they know• Free themselves of any obstacles• Actively engage – personal responsibility
  12. 12.  As Gattegno says:“The teacher works with the students; the students work on the language.”
  13. 13.  Teaching / Learning Process• Starts through what the students already know• Situations to focus the attention on the structures of the language
  14. 14. • Minimal spoken cues• Students receive a great deal of practice• Students gain autonomy by exploring the language and by making choices• Students describe their reactions
  15. 15.  Teacher-Student Interactions• Teacher is silent – give cues• Non-verbal gestures, tools he has available• Student-Student interaction is desirable
  16. 16.  Techniques and Materials• Sound-color chart• Teacher’s Silent• Peer Correction• Self-Correction Gestures• Structured Feedback
  17. 17.  References LARZEN-FREEMAN, D. The Audio-Lingual Method. The Silent Way.In: Techniques and principles in language teaching. 2nded. Oxford. 2008.
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