1
GE – Aviation
6/10/2009
The CASSIS Flight Trials
ATM 2009
29 June – 2 July, 2009
Joel K. Klooster and Ana Del Amo, GE Av...
2
GE – Aviation
6/10/2009
Agenda
•CASSIS Background
•What are we trying to solve?
•Flight Trials
• Objectives
• Setup
• Re...
3
GE – Aviation
6/10/2009
CASSIS - CTA / ATM System
Integration Studies
• Explore the concept feasibility
• Conduct severa...
4
GE – Aviation
6/10/2009
What are we trying to solve?
A two-pronged approach
“Path to Performance”
RNAV= (2D) Flexible Ro...
Reference Business Trajectory (RBT)
RBT is authorised by the ANSP, executed
by the flight crew unless there needs to be
in...
Airframers
& Avionics
Suppliers
Only build new functionality
IF
the Operators will buy it!
Airline
Operators
Only buy new ...
7
GE – Aviation
6/10/2009
Stockholm – Arlanda (ESSA)
8
GE – Aviation
6/10/2009
Objectives of Trial Flights
Delay En Route
•Avoid holdings by taking delay en route instead
Impr...
9
GE – Aviation
6/10/2009
CASSIS 2008 CTA Flight Trials
- Over 300 flight tests!
MD80 Family,
B737NG
A330-300
MD80 Family,...
10
GE – Aviation
6/10/2009
11
GE – Aviation
6/10/2009
Experiment Infrastructure
• ARINC 702A-1 Trajectory Bus
– Aircraft current-state
information 2H...
12
GE – Aviation
6/10/2009
ACARS Downlink: Stockholm to
Malmo Flight
Route: ESSAESMS10
---------starts here-----------
1,,...
13
GE – Aviation
6/10/2009
Required Time of Arrival (RTA)
RTA accuracy based on the FMS precision ‘4D’ trajectory
6.0 seco...
14
GE – Aviation
6/10/2009
RTA entered for
destination runway at
departure runway
2Full route including
Green Approach STA...
15
GE – Aviation
6/10/2009
AVTECH NowCast wind uplink
SMHIAVTECH
NowCast Tool
SAS Hermes
(ACARS Msg)
AMDAR AMDAR
4 DT NowC...
16
GE – Aviation
6/10/2009
Results of Royal Flights
11.4 sec9.1 sec7.1 sec9.4 sec3.9 secAbs.Abs.Abs.Abs. σσσσ
19.4 sec17.0...
17
GE – Aviation
6/10/2009
Impact of speed and altitude constraints
100
150
200
250
300
0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50
Dis...
18
GE – Aviation
6/10/2009
Relationship between wind and accuracy
Full Descent Below FL100
19
GE – Aviation
6/10/2009
Error vs. Flap Extension Start
Average
20
GE – Aviation
6/10/2009
Separation Evaluation
•Using Quick Access Recorder (QAR) Data
•“Time Shift” one flight for ∆RTA...
21
GE – Aviation
6/10/2009
Theoretical Separation Evaluation
0.0%0.0%0.0%0.0%0000120 sec120 sec120 sec120 sec
1.5%1.5%1.5%...
22
GE – Aviation
6/10/2009
Evaluation of Individual Cases Revealing
Flights occurred on different days, with very
differen...
23
GE – Aviation
6/10/2009
“Green Approaches” Scandinavian Airlines reports:
>4000 Green Approaches so far
• 60kg fuel sav...
24
GE – Aviation
6/10/2009
Conclusions
•4 second accuracy at IAF, < 15 seconds at
the runway threshold
•Wind error major i...
Next Steps
26
GE – Aviation
6/10/2009
CASSIS 2
Continue success of CASSIS
Expand to other operators and aircraft
•Novair, KLM
•B737, ...
27
GE – Aviation
6/10/2009
RNP AR flights with Novair A321
Further use of CTA in descent
MINT – Minimum CO2 in the TMA
28
GE – Aviation
6/10/2009
Thank You!
Joel K. Klooster
GE Aviation
3290 Patterson Ave SE
Grand Rapids, MI 49512-1991
joel....
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

CASSIS Controlled Time of Arrival Flight Trials: Results and Analysis Presentation 2009

507 views
351 views

Published on

CASSIS was a EuroControl/SESAR research project using FMS RTAs to manage arrival flows. NorthernCross was one aspect of the program.

Published in: Technology, Business
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
507
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
7
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

CASSIS Controlled Time of Arrival Flight Trials: Results and Analysis Presentation 2009

  1. 1. 1 GE – Aviation 6/10/2009 The CASSIS Flight Trials ATM 2009 29 June – 2 July, 2009 Joel K. Klooster and Ana Del Amo, GE Aviation Patrick Manzi, LFV Group Copyright (2009) General Electric Company, U.S.A.
  2. 2. 2 GE – Aviation 6/10/2009 Agenda •CASSIS Background •What are we trying to solve? •Flight Trials • Objectives • Setup • Results •Conclusions & Next Steps
  3. 3. 3 GE – Aviation 6/10/2009 CASSIS - CTA / ATM System Integration Studies • Explore the concept feasibility • Conduct several hundred trials with revenue-flights • Produce CTA ConOps document http://www.eurocontrol.int/tma2010/public/standard_page/CASSIS.html
  4. 4. 4 GE – Aviation 6/10/2009 What are we trying to solve? A two-pronged approach “Path to Performance” RNAV= (2D) Flexible Routing RNP = (3D) RNAV +Integrity +Availability +Containment 4D-RNP TBO = (4D) RNP + Negotiation with ATC via datalink for Reference Business Trajectory. Time-guidance < 10 second accuracy anywhere in profile. POLICY: Integration of Air+Ground and C+N+S Industry Consensus: RTCA NextGen Task Force TECHNICAL: Use best existing equipage for Mid-Term Importance of operational evaluations that “Learn and Leave Behind” Take managed investment risks in deployment
  5. 5. Reference Business Trajectory (RBT) RBT is authorised by the ANSP, executed by the flight crew unless there needs to be intervention for the purpose of separation CTACTACTACTA AUTHORIZEDAUTHORIZEDAUTHORIZEDAUTHORIZED RBTRBTRBTRBT EXECUTEDEXECUTEDEXECUTEDEXECUTED RBTRBTRBTRBT Current PositionCurrent PositionCurrent PositionCurrent Position AGREEDAGREEDAGREEDAGREED RBTRBTRBTRBT ContinuousContinuousContinuousContinuous DescentDescentDescentDescent ArrivalArrivalArrivalArrival “The unique 4D description of the trajectory”
  6. 6. Airframers & Avionics Suppliers Only build new functionality IF the Operators will buy it! Airline Operators Only buy new functionality IF ATC offers benefits for it! ATC Only provide benefits IF Supplier equipage available, and supports ATC goals Value of CASSIS Bringing all players together to “break the cycle”
  7. 7. 7 GE – Aviation 6/10/2009 Stockholm – Arlanda (ESSA)
  8. 8. 8 GE – Aviation 6/10/2009 Objectives of Trial Flights Delay En Route •Avoid holdings by taking delay en route instead Improve Arrival Management •Strategic Planning – extend planning horizon Delay on Ground •Pop-up flights disrupt the arrival sequence “Royal Flights” •32 flights, RTA to IAF or Runway
  9. 9. 9 GE – Aviation 6/10/2009 CASSIS 2008 CTA Flight Trials - Over 300 flight tests! MD80 Family, B737NG A330-300 MD80 Family, B737NG MD80 Family, B737NG Aircraft Types Hammar (Northern) Eltok (Western) Hammar (Northern) Hammar (Northern) Entry points YesYesNoCTA as a spacing tool NoYesNo“Royal Flights” YesYesNoDelay on ground Low and HighLow and HighLowTraffic situation ~100~100~100Number of flights Round 3Round 3Round 3Round 3 December 2008December 2008December 2008December 2008 Round 2Round 2Round 2Round 2 September, 2008September, 2008September, 2008September, 2008 Round 1Round 1Round 1Round 1 JuneJuneJuneJune----JulyJulyJulyJuly 2008200820082008
  10. 10. 10 GE – Aviation 6/10/2009
  11. 11. 11 GE – Aviation 6/10/2009 Experiment Infrastructure • ARINC 702A-1 Trajectory Bus – Aircraft current-state information 2Hz – Aircraft 4D trajectory predictions (Intent) – Each minute or when FP changes – Full trajectory to runway – Includes vertical wpts and turns Intent Bus in B737 since 2006 A R IN C 429 Trajectory Bus AOC ATC Current A/C State and Trajectory Predictions ACARS Dedicated ARINC 429 Bus and/or via ACARS
  12. 12. 12 GE – Aviation 6/10/2009 ACARS Downlink: Stockholm to Malmo Flight Route: ESSAESMS10 ---------starts here----------- 1,,,N59397E017581. 1,R,113,N59401E018009,108,090122. C,,,N59376E018019,500,090227. 0,R,557,N59359E017585,769,090306. 0,L,934,N59302E017443,1279,090456. 0,,,N59070E017184,2511,090907. 0,R,1893,N59044E017155,2604,090932. B,,,N58515E016548,3032,091149. 8,,,N58380E016335,3500,091408. 0,,,N58366E016312,3500,091423. 0,,,N57592E015342,3500,092051. 0,,,N57388E015041,3500,092420. 0,,,N57024E014122,3500,093032. 0,,,N56455E013489,3500,093323. 9,,,N56354E013354,3500,093504. Time! 09:04:56 Time! 09:04:56 0,L,934,N59302E017443,1279,0904560,L,934,N59302E017443,1279,090456 Point Type Fly-by waypoint Point Type Fly-by waypoint Turn Radius 9.34 NM Turn Radius 9.34 NM Lat / Lon N59º30.2’ E017º44.3’ Lat / Lon N59º30.2’ E017º44.3’ Altitude 12,790 feet Altitude 12,790 feet Turn Direction Left Turn Direction Left
  13. 13. 13 GE – Aviation 6/10/2009 Required Time of Arrival (RTA) RTA accuracy based on the FMS precision ‘4D’ trajectory 6.0 second tolerance Reprogrammable in Clb, Crz, Des Time Flight Path DistanceRTA Waypoint ACT RTA PROGRESS 2/3 R T A W P T R T A EPH 1012:00 z R T A S P D T I M E E R R O R 273 / .733 ON TIME GMT 0930:30Z D I S T - - T O E P H - - A L T / E T A 205 N M F L 2 5 0 / 1012:05 z F I R S T - - R T A W I N D O W - - -L A S T 1008:23 Z 1014:30Z - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - < LIMITS Crew Entered RTA Time Time Window Maximum Speed Profile Minimum Speed Profile RTA Speed Profile
  14. 14. 14 GE – Aviation 6/10/2009 RTA entered for destination runway at departure runway 2Full route including Green Approach STAR entered on ground 1 ATC Arlanda Lift-Off Climb En-route GE engineer conducting the flight from the jumpseat and recording cockpit data and voice with digital video camera4 40min before ETA ground system automatically requests full remaining 4D trajectory description in order to be able to plan for this aircraft and merge it with ordinary traffic. 5 Trajectory downlink cast through “NowCast” winds field on the ground 6 NowCast winds uplinked to cockpit via ACARS and digested by the FMS 7 4D Trajectory downlinked every 3 minutes throughout flight 3 Descent Aircraft performs Green Approach with RTA-to-RWY and best winds forecast! 9 Strategic Communication Description 3min before ToD ground system automatically request 4DT in order to get accurate ETA/RTA from aircraft. 8
  15. 15. 15 GE – Aviation 6/10/2009 AVTECH NowCast wind uplink SMHIAVTECH NowCast Tool SAS Hermes (ACARS Msg) AMDAR AMDAR 4 DT NowCas t Arlanda 4 DT NowCas t 1111 2222
  16. 16. 16 GE – Aviation 6/10/2009 Results of Royal Flights 11.4 sec9.1 sec7.1 sec9.4 sec3.9 secAbs.Abs.Abs.Abs. σσσσ 19.4 sec17.0 sec10.9 sec14.7 sec4.0 sec Abs.Abs.Abs.Abs. MeanMeanMeanMean 23.6 sec19.7 sec10.9 sec17.3 sec5.9 secRel.Rel.Rel.Rel. σσσσ 3.1 sec-6.6 sec7.6 sec3.3 sec-0.4 sec Rel.Rel.Rel.Rel. MeanMeanMeanMean ThresholdThresholdThresholdThreshold (ETA(ETA(ETA(ETA----2)2)2)2) ThresholdThresholdThresholdThreshold (ETA+2)(ETA+2)(ETA+2)(ETA+2) ThresholdThresholdThresholdThreshold (ETA)(ETA)(ETA)(ETA) ThresholdThresholdThresholdThreshold (All)(All)(All)(All) IAFIAFIAFIAF CTA AccuraciesCTA AccuraciesCTA AccuraciesCTA Accuracies
  17. 17. 17 GE – Aviation 6/10/2009 Impact of speed and altitude constraints 100 150 200 250 300 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 Distance To Go (NM) Speed(knots) 2007 Speed Profile 2008 Speed Profile
  18. 18. 18 GE – Aviation 6/10/2009 Relationship between wind and accuracy Full Descent Below FL100
  19. 19. 19 GE – Aviation 6/10/2009 Error vs. Flap Extension Start Average
  20. 20. 20 GE – Aviation 6/10/2009 Separation Evaluation •Using Quick Access Recorder (QAR) Data •“Time Shift” one flight for ∆RTA relative to a second flight •Examine flights with RTA at runway only • Flights to same runway and STAR only •33 valid flight pairs 66 comparisons •Runway spacing of 60 – 120 seconds
  21. 21. 21 GE – Aviation 6/10/2009 Theoretical Separation Evaluation 0.0%0.0%0.0%0.0%0000120 sec120 sec120 sec120 sec 1.5%1.5%1.5%1.5%1111105 sec105 sec105 sec105 sec 13.6%13.6%13.6%13.6%999990 sec90 sec90 sec90 sec 86.4%5775 sec75 sec75 sec75 sec 97.0%6460 sec60 sec60 sec60 sec PercentPercentPercentPercentNumberNumberNumberNumber 3NM / 1000 ft3NM / 1000 ft3NM / 1000 ft3NM / 1000 ft Separation ViolationsSeparation ViolationsSeparation ViolationsSeparation ViolationsTarget LandingTarget LandingTarget LandingTarget Landing SeparationSeparationSeparationSeparation
  22. 22. 22 GE – Aviation 6/10/2009 Evaluation of Individual Cases Revealing Flights occurred on different days, with very different wind conditions
  23. 23. 23 GE – Aviation 6/10/2009 “Green Approaches” Scandinavian Airlines reports: >4000 Green Approaches so far • 60kg fuel saved on each • 756 Metric Ton CO2 reduced • 2,300 kg of NOx reduced • 240,000 kg of fuel saved SAS-Sweden potential 36,000 Green Approaches yearly into Stockholm alone • $5.8M fuel reduction plus $4M yield improvement yearly • 23,000 Metric Ton CO2 reduction yearly • 79 Metric Ton of NOx reduction yearly • Noise reduced by 50% (65db exposure area) LFV committed to 80% “Green Approaches” by 2012!
  24. 24. 24 GE – Aviation 6/10/2009 Conclusions •4 second accuracy at IAF, < 15 seconds at the runway threshold •Wind error major impact on time accuracy •Flap extension and speed/altitude constraints significant role beyond IAF •Separation must be dealt with, but not an impossible problem to solve •Further integration with ATM tools an integral next step
  25. 25. Next Steps
  26. 26. 26 GE – Aviation 6/10/2009 CASSIS 2 Continue success of CASSIS Expand to other operators and aircraft •Novair, KLM •B737, A320 Improve integration with ground equipment
  27. 27. 27 GE – Aviation 6/10/2009 RNP AR flights with Novair A321 Further use of CTA in descent MINT – Minimum CO2 in the TMA
  28. 28. 28 GE – Aviation 6/10/2009 Thank You! Joel K. Klooster GE Aviation 3290 Patterson Ave SE Grand Rapids, MI 49512-1991 joel.klooster@ge.com +1 616.241.7501

×