The scientific method is the process by which scientists, collectively and over time, endeavor to construct an accurate representation of the world. There are various thought processes that are used when the scientific method is employed
A journal is a publication issued periodically that reports original research. Manuscripts submitted by researchers are scrutinized by an editor and a referee before they are accepted for publication. This is known as the peer review process . The articles are very detailed and include detailed experimental procedures. It is aimed at a very specialized audience of researchers in the field.
Scientists and engineers regularly attend conferences to report recent research findings to their colleagues. Most conferences are organized by professional societies such as the American Society of Civil Engineers and the Transportation Research Board . Conferences may be held annually, bi-annually, or irregularly. Some are one-time events.
A conference proceeding is the permanent record of the papers presented at a conference. They are held as books or as CD-ROMs in a library.
Many conferences do not publish their proceedings, some publish only abstracts, and that papers from such meetings
A magazine is a publication issued periodically that has scientific and technical articles that are translated into a language suitable for a more general audience. Magazine articles are usually written by a journalist rather than the scientist who has done the research. Some magazines are aimed at the lay public while others are suitable for technically trained people. Some examples magazines in transportation:
A monograph is librarians' jargon for a book that is only published once. Books are obviously written at levels ranging from elementary to graduate school level. Recent research done over a longer period of time is reported in monographs. Now, the information is available to a much wider audience. There are thousands of monographs written in disciplines related to transportation.
A handbook , in print or electronic format, is a summary of the highlights of a topic, written more as a review than of an instructional work. It is usually the product of many experts who write chapters about their specialized fields. They are particular useful for providing tabular data and are helpful in finding diverse, hard-to-find data which does not become outdated quickly.
Scientists and engineers conceive ideas and perform experiments in the laboratory. They want to make the results of their research public. They will write a manuscript documenting their research results and submit to the editor of an appropriate journal for publication. The editor will refer the manuscript to an authority in the field who will review it and accept or deny it for publication. They may also present their findings at a professional conference.
The published information flows from the top of the chart to the bottom. Students needing information must start their research at the bottom of the chart. Tertiary literature such as handbooks, encyclopedias, and textbooks must be consulted first. If the desired information is not found there, the researcher must try to find information in reviews, journals and conference proceedings. Such publications are indexed in subject specific databases.
Scopus is a multidisciplinary database that contains records going back to the mid 1960s, offering newly-linked citations across the widest body of scientific abstracts available in one place.
Designed and developed with researchers and librarians, Scopus is the easy way to get expert results. It offers superior support of the literature research process. Integrated web search plus seamless linking to full-text articles and other library resources make Scopus quick, easy and comprehensive.
It is always advisable to search more than one database when an exhaustive search is needed since coverage of databases differ
combines the records from TRB's Transportation Research Information Services (TRIS) Database and the OECD's Joint Transport Research Centre’s International Transport Research Documentation (ITRD) Database.
Publisher Databases at NJIT With Transportation Content
American Society of Civil Engineers
American Society of Mechanical Engineers
IEEE/IEL Electronic Library
Institute of Physics
Science Direct (Elsevier)
Wiley Journals Online
NJIT Library Home Page http://library.njit.edu
The Boolean AND narrows your search by retrieving only documents that contain every one of the keywords that you enter. The more terms you enter, the narrower your search becomes. EXAMPLE: mass transit AND New Jersey
The Boolean OR expands your search by returning documents in which either or both keywords appear. The more keywords you enter, the more documents you retrieve. EXAMPLE: buses OR trains EXAMPLE: buses OR trains OR automobiles